202,049 results match your criteria eating habits


Dietary Patterns for Promoting Kidney Health.

Contrib Nephrol 2021 Jul 27;199:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

State University of Ceará (UECE), Fortaleza, Brazil.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is considered a public health problem and part of the growing burden of noncommunicable diseases. Many studies have searched for ways to reduce the risk of complications and death. One possible approach to modify the course of this disease is the adoption of healthy dietary habits. Read More

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Developmental stages and growth of the proventriculus of post-hatching Muscovy duck: Light and electron microscopic study.

Microsc Res Tech 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Histology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt.

The present study was implemented to provide comprehensive information on the developmental sequence of the proventriculus of Muscovy ducks by gross examination, macro-micrometric analysis and by using light microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Samples from 55 healthy post-hatching Muscovy ducks of both sexes ranging from 1 to 60 days old. The proventriculus began cranially opposite to the cranial end of the liver at 1-15 days old, but in front this level at 30 and 60 days old. Read More

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A Relationship Between Mortality and Eating Breakfast and Fiber.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Jul-Aug;34(4):678-687

From the Department of Family Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV 26505 (DEK, JX).

Background: Recent studies suggest that intermittent fasting or skipping breakfast may be good strategies for weight loss and better health. The objective of this study was to determine whether regular breakfast is associated with overall or cardiovascular mortality.

Methods: Cohort study with follow-up mortality data from the NHANES 1999-2002. Read More

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February 2021

Influence of COVID-19 pandemic and related quarantine procedures on metabolic risk.

Prim Care Diabetes 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Public Health Promotion Unit, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland; Diabetes Research Group, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has changed the lives of many people across the globe. In addition to the effect of the virus on the biological functions in those infected individuals, many countries have launched government policy with additional impact of these quarantine procedures on the metabolic health of many people worldwide. This mini-review aimed to highlight current evidence regarding the influence of metabolic health due to these quarantine procedures including decrease in physical activity, changes in unhealthy eating habits, increase in stress, and provide recommendations of healthy lifestyle during COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Life-course effects of early life adversity exposure on eating behavior and metabolism.

Adv Food Nutr Res 2021 19;97:237-273. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociências, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde (ICBS), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas: Bioquímica/Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Environmental variations in early life influence brain development, making individuals more vulnerable to psychiatric and metabolic disorders. Early life stress (ELS) has a strong impact on the development of eating behavior. However, eating is a complex behavior, determined by an interaction between signals of energy homeostasis, neuronal circuits involved in its regulation, and circuits related to rewarding properties of the food. Read More

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Dietary phytochemical index in relation to risk of stroke: a case-control study.

Nutr Neurosci 2021 Jul 26:1-8. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background & Aim: No study explores the association of dietary phytochemical index (DPI) with stroke. This study was undertaken to obtain the required insight in this regard in Iranian adults.

Methods: This hospital-based case-control study was carried out on 195 stroke patients (diagnosed based on clinical and brained CT findings) and 195 control subjects with no history of cerebrovascular diseases or neurologic disorders). Read More

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Breastfeeding Motivation Predicts Infant Feeding Intention and Outcomes: Evaluation of a Novel Adaptation of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire.

J Hum Lact 2021 Jul 26:8903344211032128. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA.

Background: Identifying those at risk for suboptimal breastfeeding outcomes remains critical for improving maternal and child health. Prenatal breastfeeding motivation may be a key predictor useful for identifying those who would benefit from additional breastfeeding support.

Research Aims: To (1) validate a breastfeeding-specific adaptation of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire (TSRQ-BF); and (2) determine if breastfeeding motivation predicts prenatal breastfeeding intentions and early breastfeeding outcomes. Read More

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Fish Ingest Microplastics Unintentionally.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China.

Microplastics (size of plastic debris <5 mm) occur in various environments worldwide these days and cause detrimental effects on biota. However, the behavioral responses of fish to microplastics in feeding processes are not well understood. In the present study, juveniles from four fish species and two common shapes of microplastics were used to explore fish feeding responses. Read More

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Barriers to Accessing Healthy Food and Food Assistance During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Racial Justice Uprisings: A Mixed-Methods Investigation of Emerging Adults' Experiences.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Background: A steep rise in food insecurity is among the most pressing US public health problems that has resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Objective: This study aimed to (1) describe how food-insecure emerging adults are adapting their eating and child-feeding behaviors during COVID-19 and (2) identify barriers and opportunities to improve local food access and access to food assistance.

Design: The COVID-19 Eating and Activity Over Time study collected survey data from emerging adults during April to October 2020 and completed interviews with a diverse subset of food-insecure respondents. Read More

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Morphometrical, histological, and scanning electron microscopic investigations on the hard palate of Rahmani sheep (Ovis aries).

Microsc Res Tech 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt.

The present study investigated the hard palate of Rahmani sheep (Ovis aries). Samples from nine healthy adult male sheep were investigated using morphometrical, histological and scanning electron microscopic examination. Morphologically, the hard palate was elongated, narrow rostrally, and wide caudally. Read More

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Characterization of a novel stimulus-induced glial calcium wave in larval peripheral segmental nerves and its role in PKG-modulated thermoprotection.

J Neurogenet 2021 Jul 26:1-15. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida.

Insects, as poikilotherms, have adaptations to deal with wide ranges in temperature fluctuation. Allelic variations in the gene that encodes a cGMP dependent protein kinase, were discovered to have effects on behavior in by Dr. Marla Sokolowski in 1980. Read More

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Long photoperiod impairs learning in male but not female medaka.

iScience 2021 Jul 25;24(7):102784. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Institute of Biological and Chemical Systems, Biological Information Processing (IBCS-BIP), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany.

Day length in conjunction with seasonal cycles affects many aspects of animal biology. We have studied photoperiod-dependent alterations of complex behavior in the teleost, medaka (), a photoperiodic breeder, in a learning paradigm whereby fish have to activate a sensor to obtain a food reward. Medaka were tested under a long (14:10 LD) and short (10:14 LD) photoperiod in three different groups: mixed-sex, all-males, and all-females. Read More

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Effects of Intertidal Position on Metabolism and Behavior in the Acorn Barnacle, .

Integr Org Biol 2021 30;3(1):obab010. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Biological Sciences, Center for Coastal Marine Sciences, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA.

The intertidal zone is characterized by persistent, tidally-driven fluctuations in both abiotic (e.g., temperature, oxygen, and salinity) and biotic (e. Read More

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Inter- and intraspecific variation in the species complex demonstrates size and shape partitioning among species.

PeerJ 2021 12;9:e11777. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Cell Biology and Anatomy, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center- New Orleans, New Orleans, United States of America.

Neotropical leaf-nosed bats (family Phyllostomidae) are one of the most diverse mammalian families and spp. is one of the most speciose phyllostomid genera. In spite of their species diversity, previous work on crania using linear morphometrics has uncovered limited interspecific variation. Read More

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Diet and temperature modify the relationship between energy use and ATP production to influence behavior in zebrafish ().

Ecol Evol 2021 Jul 21;11(14):9791-9803. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

School of Life and Environmental Sciences University of Sydney Sydney NSW Australia.

Food availability and temperature influence energetics of animals and can alter behavioral responses such as foraging and spontaneous activity. Food availability, however, is not necessarily a good indicator of energy (ATP) available for cellular processes. The efficiency of energy transduction from food-derived substrate to ATP in mitochondria can change with environmental context. Read More

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What, how, and how much do herbivores eat? The Continuous Bite Monitoring method for assessing forage intake of grazing animals.

Ecol Evol 2021 Jul 25;11(14):9217-9226. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Forage Plants and Agrometeorology Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre RS Brazil.

Determining herbage intake is pivotal for studies on grazing ecology. Direct observation of animals allows describing the interactions of animals with the pastoral environment along the complex grazing process. The objectives of the study were to evaluate the reliability of the continuous bite monitoring (CBM) method in determining herbage intake in grazing sheep compared to the standard double-weighing technique method during 45-min feeding bouts; evaluate the degree of agreement between the two techniques; and to test the effect of different potential sources of variation on the reliability of the CBM. Read More

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Saliva pH and Flow Rate in Patients with Periodontal Disease and Associated Cardiovascular Disease.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Jul 26;27:e931362. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Internal Medicine, County Emergency Hospital Sibiu, Faculty of Medicine, Lucian Blaga University, Sibiu, Romania.

BACKGROUND Periodontal disease, a frequent oral health problem, is connected with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess the unstimulated saliva flow rate and saliva pH as markers of the severity of periodontal disease in patients with cardiovascular disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS A cohort of 155 patients (78 men and 77 women, aged 30-92 years) was included, and a structured questionnaire obtained information about their health status, oral healthcare behaviors, and eating habits. Read More

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Association between parental attitudes towards their offspring's diet and children's actual dietary habits - The SENDO project.

Nutr Hosp 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Food Sciences and Physiology. Facultad de Farmacia y Nutrición. Universidad de Navarra.

Introduction: the preschool stage is a critical period for teaching and modeling healthy habits to positively influence children's health and wellbeing throughout their lifetime.

Objectives: to evaluate the association between parental attitudes towards their offspring's dietary habits in Spanish children aged 4 to 7 years participating in the SEguimiento Del Niño para un Desarrollo Óptimo (SENDO) project.

Methods: we defined an index to measure information on parental attitudes towards their offspring's diet (0 to 8 points), and another one to measure children's actual dietary habits (0 to 19 points). Read More

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[Weight status in the 6- to 9-year-old school population in Spain: results of the ALADINO 2019 Study].

Nutr Hosp 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Vocalía Asesora para la Estrategia NAOS. Agencia Española de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutrición. Ministerio de Consumo.

Introduction: childhood obesity is a public health problem whose prevalence has grown steadily in recent decades.

Objective: to describe the weight status of schoolchildren aged 6 to 9 years in Spain in 2019, and their associated factors.

Methods: ALADINO is a cross-sectional study in schoolchildren aged 6 to 9 years, representative of the Spanish population, and aligned with the Child Obesity Surveillance Initative of the WHO Regional Office for Europe. Read More

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Food intake and meal pattern in response to hyperosmotic-induced dehydration in obese and lean Zucker rats.

Nutrition 2020 10;70S:100011. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Surgery, Surgical Metabolism and Nutrition Laboratory, University Hospital, State University of New York Health Science Center, Syracuse, New York, United States.

Objectives: Obese Zucker rats display neurochemical modifications in the brain characteristic of dehydration, but are nevertheless hyperphagic. This suggests that the obese animals can be resistant to dehydration-induced anorexia. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis by comparing the effects of dehydration on food intake and feeding pattern between obese and lean Zucker rats. Read More

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A higher dietary restraint is associated with higher BMI: A cross-sectional study in college students.

Physiol Behav 2021 Jul 22:113536. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Gastronomy, Food Science Torribera Campus, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; INSA-UB, Nutrition and Food Safety Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: College students tend to have eating and lifestyle behaviors that can lead to weight gain. Paradoxically, weight gain could also lead to calorie restriction, a practice that is common among those who are concerned about their body weight. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the association between habits related to overweight and obesity and dietary intake, physical activity, and BMI among college students. Read More

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Exploring qualities of ethnically diverse parents related to the healthy home environment of toddlers.

Appetite 2021 Jul 21;167:105608. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, USA. Electronic address:

Parents serve as role models and household policy makers for their children's home social environment. Also, parents may influence the home physical environment through the provision of resources to support their children's dietary, activity, and sleep behaviors. Understanding the parental characteristics related to children's home environment may allow for tailoring obesity interventions to families' needs. Read More

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cFos-ANAB: A cFos-based Web Tool for Exploring Activated Neurons and Associated Behaviors.

Neurosci Bull 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Medical Information Center, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, 310058, China.

cFos is one of the most widely-studied genes in the field of neuroscience. Currently, there is no systematic database focusing on cFos in neuroscience. We developed a curated database-cFos-ANAB-a cFos-based web tool for exploring activated neurons and associated behaviors in rats and mice, comprising 398 brain nuclei and sub-nuclei, and five associated behaviors: pain, fear, feeding, aggression, and sexual behavior. Read More

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Molecular characterization and functional analysis of multidrug resistance-associated genes of Pinewood nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) for nematicides.

Pestic Biochem Physiol 2021 Aug 12;177:104902. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

School of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China. Electronic address:

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Pinewood nematode, PWN) is the causative agent of pine wilt disease (PWD) which caused serious threat to pine forests in the world, especially in East Asia and Western Europe. At present, the control of PWD mainly rely on the massive use of pesticide despite the damage to human health and environmental safety. Developing novel drug targets is the optimized strategy for developing new method to control PWN. Read More

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Exploring differences in perceptions of child feeding practices between parents and health care professionals: a qualitative study.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jul 23;21(1):1449. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Wellbeing and Preventable Chronic Diseases Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT, 0810, Australia.

Background: Evidence on child feeding practice is often based on the perspectives and experiences of parents and less that of health practitioners. In this study, we explored child feeding practice in Aboriginal communities in northern Australia from both the parents and health practitioners' perspectives with the aim of informing nutrition improvement programs.

Methods: Qualitative research methods were employed. Read More

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Timing of WIC Enrollment and Responsive Feeding among Low-Income Women in the US.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 20;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.

We examined associations between the timing of The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) enrollment and responsive feeding and assessed food security as a possible effect modifier. We used data from the nationally representative WIC Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study-2. Our sample includes women-infant dyads interviewed through the first 13 months of age ( = 1672). Read More

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Pro-Healthy Diet Properties and Its Determinants among Aging Masters Athletes.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 17;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Anthropology and Biometry, Poznan University of Physical Education, 61-871 Poznań, Poland.

Qualitative dietary assessments are not common in aging athletes. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate diet quality and its determinants among aging masters athletes. Eighty-six participants of the 8th World Masters Indoor Athletics Championships were enrolled in the study (age range 36-65 years). Read More

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Cariogenic Risk and COVID-19 Lockdown in a Paediatric Population.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 15;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Section of Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomics, Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy.

The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 disease COVID-19 pandemic caused several lifestyle changes, especially among younger people. The study aimed to describe the impact of eating habits, lifestyle, and home oral hygiene during the COVID-19 pandemic, on the cariogenic risk in the Italian paediatric population, by using an online survey. The survey was conducted through a virtual questionnaire divided into four parts: child personal and anthropometric data; oral health; child dietary habits (KIDMED test); and child lifestyle, before and during COVID-19 lockdown. Read More

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Theme Trends and Knowledge-Relationship in Lifestyle Research: A Bibliometric Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 14;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Software and Digital Healthcare Convergence, Yonsei University, Wonju 26493, Korea.

Healthy living habits (healthy eating, regular physical activity, abstinence from smoking, restrictions on alcohol consumption, and stress management) can help prevent a significant number of diseases. The purpose of this study is to use a bibliometric analysis to analyze the relationships between countries, institutions and authors through lifestyle studies from 2016 to 2020 to find out the latest research trends. This study utilized bibliometric data collected through Scopus including thesis titles, authors, agencies, countries/regions, publication years, and keywords. Read More

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Associations among Solo Dining, Self-Determined Solitude, and Depression in South Korean University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 10;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 10.

College of Nursing, Gachon University, Incheon 21936, Korea.

Although solo dining motivated by self-determined solitude can be a positive and healthy experience for individuals, solo dining that is not motivated by self-determined solitude can trigger physical and mental health problems. This study examined the associations among solo dining, self-determined solitude, and depression in university students. Accordingly, an online survey was conducted on 372 university students. Read More

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