47,246 results match your criteria eating disorders


Impact of the coronavirus pandemic on anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa presentations to an Australian tertiary paediatric hospital.

J Paediatr Child Health 2021 Sep 27. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Adolescent Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Aim: The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has led to increased concerns about adolescent mental health. This study aimed to determine the effect of the pandemic on adolescent eating disorders (EDs) by measuring changes in the number and severity of presentations to an Australian paediatric ED service that utilises a standardised approach to triage and assessment.

Methods: A 4-year retrospective chart review (2017-2020) of all patients (n = 457) presenting to the Royal Children's Hospital Eating Disorder Service, Melbourne, was undertaken. Read More

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September 2021

Clinicians as a critical link: Understanding health professionals' beliefs and attitudes toward anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder.

Scand J Psychol 2021 Sep 27. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Understanding the perspectives of health professionals remains an understudied issue, yet may help bridge research-practice gaps and pinpoint important areas for education, training, and research. This study investigated attitudes toward anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED) among Nordic health professionals specialized within the eating disorder (ED) field. Participants (n = 144) completed a modified ED-version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire which assessed attitudes and beliefs toward perceived symptom controllability, severity, treatment effectiveness, and views on the prognosis of AN, BN, and BED. Read More

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September 2021

Stigmatization and attitudes toward eating disorders: a comparison between native German adolescents, Turkish immigrant adolescents in Germany, and native Turkish adolescents.

J Ment Health 2021 Sep 26:1-10. Epub 2021 Sep 26.

Center for Psychotherapy Research, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background And Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes toward eating disorders in native German adolescents (Germans), adolescents with Turkish migration background in Germany (Immigrants), and native Turkish adolescents (Turks).

Method: A total of 507 adolescents ( = 139 Germans;  = 126 Immigrants;  = 242 Turks) read a vignette describing a 16-year-old female with bulimic symptoms. Participants completed questionnaires on mental health literacy, stigmatization, desirability of eating disorder-related behaviors and acquaintance with bulimic symptoms. Read More

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September 2021

Toward a Biological, Psychological and Familial Approach of Eating Disorders at Onset: Case-Control ANOBAS Study.

Front Psychol 2021 9;12:714414. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Niño Jesús University Children's Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Eating disorders (ED) are considered as heterogeneous disorders with a complex multifactor etiology that involves biological and environmental interaction. The aim was to identify specific ED bio-psychological-familial correlates at illness onset. A case-control (1:1) design was applied, which studied 50 adolescents diagnosed with ED at onset (12-17 years old) and their families, paired by age and parents' socio-educational level with three control samples (40 with an affective disorder, 40 with asthma, and 50 with no pathology) and their respective families. Read More

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September 2021

Electrodermal Response to Mirror Exposure in Relation to Subjective Emotional Responses, Emotional Competences and Affectivity in Adolescent Girls With Restrictive Anorexia and Healthy Controls.

Front Psychol 2021 10;12:673597. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czechia.

Body image disturbances and the attendant negative emotions are two of the major clinical symptoms of eating disorders. The objective of the present experimental study was to shed more light on the degree of association or dissociation between the physiological and emotional response to mirror exposure in patients with restrictive mental anorexia, and on the relationships between the physiological response and characteristics connected with emotional processing. Thirty adolescent girls with the restrictive type of anorexia and thirty matched healthy controls underwent bilateral measurement of skin conductance (SC) during rest, neutral stimulus exposure, and mirror exposure, and completed a set of measures focused on emotion regulation competencies, affectivity, and eating disorder pathology. Read More

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September 2021

Inpatients experiences about the impact of traumatic stress on eating behaviors: an exploratory focus group study.

J Eat Disord 2021 Sep 26;9(1):119. Epub 2021 Sep 26.

Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Concurrent Substance Abuse and Mental Health Disorders, Innlandet Hospital Trust, P.O. Box 104, 2381, Brumunddal, Norway.

Background: Unhealthy changes in eating behavior among people experiencing trauma have been observed. There is, however, a lack of in-depth knowledge regarding the impact of the after effects of traumatic life experiences on eating behavior. Because eating behavior represents important components for promotion and maintenance of good health throughout life, this study aimed to explore inpatients' lived experiences of the impact of traumatic stress on eating behavior. Read More

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September 2021

Relationship between eating disorders and internalized problems in chilean adolescents.

J Eat Disord 2021 Sep 26;9(1):118. Epub 2021 Sep 26.

Escuela de Psicología Y Filosofía, Universidad de Tarapacá & Centro Justicia Educacional CJE, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Eating disorders (ED) are associated with internalized problems (INTP), such as depression and anxiety. Evidence shows that ED and INTP are associated with comorbidities. The relationship between these variables has not been the focus of studies on young people from Northern Chile. Read More

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September 2021

Childhood Obesity and Maternal Personality Traits: A New Point of View on Obesity Behavioural Aspects.

Pediatr Rep 2021 Sep 1;13(3):538-545. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", 81100 Caserta, Italy.

The epidemic spread of childhood obesity in Western society has interested many researchers, who agree in defining it as a multifactorial disease in which not only eating habits and sedentary lifestyle play a role, but also genetic predisposition. The aim of this study was to analyze the personality profile of a group of mothers of children with obesity and to compare this profile to that of a group of mothers of children without obesity. A total of 258 mothers participated in the study (126 mothers of children with obesity and 132 mothers of children without obesity). Read More

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September 2021

Disordered Eating Behaviors in Young Individuals With Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.

Pediatr Neurol 2021 Sep 3;125:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Pediatric Neurology Institute, Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) in young individuals with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and to identify predictors of DEBs in this population.

Methods: Individuals with IIH aged eight to 25 years and their matched controls responded to a self-rating survey comprised of the Eating Attitude Test-26 for assessing the presence of DEBs and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale.

Results: Fifty-three subjects with IIH and 106 healthy controls were included. Read More

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September 2021

A case of trichotillomania with binge eating disorder: combined with N-acetylcysteine synergistic therapy.

Ann Gen Psychiatry 2021 Sep 25;20(1):46. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Huzhou Third Municipal Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Huzhou University, 2088 Tiaoxi Road, Huzhou, 313000, Zhejiang, China.

Background: Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs) are a group of intractable and chronic mental disorders. Trichotillomania (TTM) is a common type of OCRDs characterized by repetitive hair pulling, driven by escalating tension before the action and during the attempts to resist it. Binge eating disorder (BED) is a common type of eating disorder characterized by recurrent compulsive episodes of binge eating. Read More

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September 2021

Smartphone application for adolescents with anorexia nervosa: an initial acceptability and user experience evaluation.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Sep 25;21(1):467. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent, CHU de Toulouse, Hôpital Purpan, Place du Dr Baylac, TSA 40031, 31059, Toulouse cedex 9, France.

Background: Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is a key target for E-Health programs considering the many barriers hindering patients' access to care and the disorder's severity. Although these programs have become more common and effective, they often have low adherence, especially among youth. This can hinder their implementation and effectiveness in real-world settings. Read More

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September 2021

Concurrent validity of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns-5 (QEWP-5) in the general population.

Eat Behav 2021 Sep 20;43:101571. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Psychiatry Institute (IPUB), Group of Obesity and Eating Disorders (GOTA), Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. Electronic address:

The Questionnaire on Eating and Weight Patterns-5 is a self-report instrument developed for the screening of Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Bulimia Nervosa (BN) according to DSM-5. The present study aimed to examine the concurrent validity of the Brazilian version of QEWP-5 to assess BED and BN in the general population. The Brazilian version of QEWP-5 was administered to 2297 subjects, aged from 18 to 60 years. Read More

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September 2021

The presence of migraine symptoms was associated with a higher likelihood to present eating disorders symptoms among teenage students.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Physiotherapy Department, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Av. Jorn. Aníbal Fernandes, w/n, Cidade Universitária, Recife, PE, 50740-560, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the association between migraine and signs and symptoms of eating disorders among teenagers. And as secondary objectives: to investigate the prevalence of eating disorders signs and symptoms and to identify the prevalence of migraine among teenagers.

Methods: Cross-sectional study was carried out in public schools which included adolescents aged 11-18 years, of both sexes. Read More

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September 2021

Concerns and recommendations for using Amazon MTurk for eating disorder research.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Charleston Area Medical Center - Institute for Academic Medicine, Charleston, West Virginia, USA.

Objective: Our original aim was to validate and norm common eating disorder (ED) symptom measures in a large, representative community sample of transgender adults in the United States. We recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk), a popular online recruitment and data collection platform both within and outside of the ED field. We present an overview of our experience using MTurk. Read More

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September 2021

Feasibility and Acceptability of Comprehensive Virtual Treatment in Eating Disorders: Perspectives from Patients, Parents and Therapists During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Rev Colomb Psiquiatr 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Programa Equilibrio para trastornos alimentarios, afectivos y de ansiedad, Bogotá, Colombia.

Background: Lockdowns and social distancing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic have brought about the need to continue treatment virtually in patients with Eating Disorders (ED).

Objective: To evaluate feasibility, acceptability and adherence to virtual treatment in patients, families and therapists.

Methods: Fourteen patients, 10 family members and eight therapists from an intensive outpatient program for ED answered online surveys and a SWOT analysis was performed with the responses. Read More

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September 2021

Alcohol drinking in one's thirties and forties is associated with body mass index in men, but not in women: A longitudinal analysis of the 1970 British Cohort Study.

Prev Med 2021 Sep 21:106811. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Institute Sport Exercise Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Our objective was to investigate longitudinal associations between alcohol drinking and body mass index (BMI). Alcohol drinking (exposure), BMI (outcome), smoking habit, occupation, longstanding illness, and leisure time physical activity (potential confounders) were assessed at ages 30, 34, 42, and 46 in the 1970 British Birth Cohort Study. Multilevel models were used to cope with the problem of correlated observations. Read More

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September 2021

Understanding risk factors for disordered eating symptomatology in athletes: A prospective study.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(9):e0257577. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

University College London, London, England, United Kingdom.

Disordered eating and eating disorders have huge impact on athletic health and performance. Understanding risk factors for disordered eating development is paramount to protecting the health and performance of these athletes. This project tested a model longitudinally to test whether body dissatisfaction (mediated by negative affect) and societal pressures (mediated by internalisation) predicted bulimic symptomatology at 1 year. Read More

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September 2021

An Epidepic in the Pandemic: The Most Difficult Challenge for Young Adolescents.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):142-147

Departmentt of Psychology, University Magna Graecia, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy,

The pandemic due to COVID-19 has had a huge psychological impact on individuals all over the world, in particular the international literature is noting an increase in pathologies among children and adolescents adolescenti (Pappa et al. 2020, Keles et al. 2020, Pigaiani et al. Read More

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September 2021

New Therapeutic Strategies for Eating Disorders and Obesity Treatment.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):84-85

Mental Health Department, Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale di Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy,

Eating disorders are disabling, deadly, and costly mental disorders that considerably impair physical health and disrupt psychosocial functioning. Disturbed attitudes towards weight, body shape, and eating play a key role in the origin and maintenance of eating disorders. Eating disorders have been increasing over the past 50 years and changes in the food environment have been implicated. Read More

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September 2021

Psychiatric Comorbidity in Bariatric Surgery: A Retrospective Study in a General Hospital.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):75-79

Department of Psychiatry, University of Perugia, Piazzale Lucio Severi, 1, 06132, S. Andrea delle Fratte, Perugia, Italy.

Background: Candidates for bariatric surgery undergo a multidisciplinary evaluation in the pre-operative phase, including a psychiatric visit aimed at the screening for psychiatric comorbidities, including feeding and eating disorders (FEDs), which are shortcomings to the intervention or predictors of worse prognosis. The presence of FEDs, such as Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Bulimia Nervosa (BN), is associated with higher rates of other psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, there is evidence of the association between obesity and Depressive Disorders, as well as B and C Cluster Personality Disorders. Read More

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September 2021

Eating Disorders and Psychofarmachology: Rethink the Treatment of Eating Disorders.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):63-68

IRCCS Istituto Auxologico, U.O. Eating Disorder "San Giuseppe" Hospital, Verbania, Italy,

The pharmacological approach to eating disorders (ED) is effective in a few conditions, and to date, no treatment has shown certain efficacy in treating patients with this disorder. Furthermore, attempts to regulate hunger and satiety through modulation pharmacological effects of neurotransmitters and neuropeptides have shown only short-term benefit. However, in light of the serious impact of DCA on patients and the scarcity of non-pharmacological therapeutic approaches, research in this area should not be abandoned, also because new generation "molecules" become increasingly available. Read More

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September 2021

Narcolepsy genetic marker HLA DQB1*06:02 and excessive daytime sleepiness in Parkinson disease patients treated with dopaminergic agents.

J Neurol 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Parkinson Disease and Movement Disorders Center, Albany Medical College, 47 New Scotland Ave, Albany, NY, 12208, USA.

Objective: To determine whether narcolepsy Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) risk allele DQB1*0602 is associated with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and inappropriate sleep in patients with Parkinson disease (PD).

Background: EDS is a common and disabling non-motor manifestation of PD, affecting quality of life and driving performance. DQB1*0602 is an HLA risk allele for narcolepsy. Read More

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September 2021

Emotion dysregulation across the span of eating disorder symptoms: Findings from a community sample of adolescents.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: Emotion dysregulation is proposed as a key factor within eating disorder pathology. However, less is known about specific emotion regulation difficulties experienced by adolescents with varying levels of eating disorders symptoms. The present study examined the relationship between eating disorder behaviors and specific facets of emotion dysregulation, and differences in emotion dysregulation between eating disorder diagnostic groups. Read More

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September 2021

Mental health of adolescents after bariatric surgery: A textual analysis.

Clin Obes 2021 Sep 23:e12480. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Psychology, Paris Vincennes-Saint Denis University, Saint-Denis, France.

Mental health after bariatric surgery during adolescence has been little explored. This is a sensitive period in terms of self-image on which bariatric surgery could have negative effects because of the rapid and significant changes in morphology it induces. Previous studies have explored mental effects using questionnaires and only related to psychopathological disorders. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of a self-care training program using smartphones on general health, nutrition status, and sleep quality in the elderly.

Psychogeriatrics 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Self-care training programs can be an important means for educating the elderly in behaviours that promote health and the quality of life. Since sleep disorders, and problems related to eating patterns and general health, become more apparent with age, we aimed to investigate the effect of a self-care training program using smartphones on general health, nutritional status, and sleep quality of the elderly.

Methods: In this randomized quality improvement trial with a pretest/post-test design, 54 healthy and independent elderly were enrolled and randomly allocated to intervention and control groups. Read More

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September 2021

Subjective and objective binge episodes in relation to eating disorder and depressive symptoms among middle-aged women.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina, CB #3270 Davie Hall, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.

Purpose: Evidence suggests loss of control over eating may be the driving component of binge eating, a transdiagnostic symptom of eating disorders and highly comorbid with depressive symptoms. Prior studies have evaluated eating disorder and depressive symptoms across types of binge episodes among adolescent and young adult samples, yet no studies have focused on middle-aged women who may be particularly vulnerable to both binge eating and depressive symptoms. The goal of this study was to compare eating disorder symptoms and depressive symptoms across different types of binge eating episodes among middle-aged women. Read More

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September 2021

Predictors of unrecognised comorbid depression in patients with schizophrenia at Amanuel mental specialized hospital, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 23;11(9):e049026. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department Midwifery, Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: The occurrence of depression in patients with schizophrenia (PWS) increases the risk of relapse, frequency and duration of hospitalisation, and decreases social and occupational functioning.

Objective: This study aimed to assess prevalence of unrecognised comorbid depression and its determinants in PWS.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted from 1 to 30 March 2019 at Amanuel mental specialized hospital among 300 PWS. Read More

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September 2021

When food moves from friend to foe: Why avoidant/restrictive food intake matters in irritable bowel syndrome.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Center for Neurointestinal Health, Gastroenterology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.

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September 2021

Open science practices for eating disorders research.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, USA.

This editorial seeks to encourage the increased application of three open science practices in eating disorders research: Preregistration, Registered Reports, and the sharing of materials, data, and code. For each of these practices, we introduce updated International Journal of Eating Disorders author and reviewer guidance. Updates include the introduction of open science badges; specific instructions about how to improve transparency; and the introduction of Registered Reports of systematic or meta-analytical reviews. Read More

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September 2021