207,798 results match your criteria early stage

Veliparib in combination with carboplatin/paclitaxel-based chemoradiotherapy in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

Lung Cancer 2021 Jul 21;159:56-65. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, 5801 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Veliparib is a potent poly(ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) 1 and 2 inhibitor that impedes repair of DNA damage induced by cytotoxic and radiation therapies. This phase 1 study evaluated veliparib in combination with chemoradiotherapy in patients with unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Materials And Methods: Patients received veliparib orally twice daily (BID) in escalating doses (60-240 mg, Day -3 to 1 day after last dose of radiation) combined with weekly carboplatin (area under the curve [AUC] 2 mg/mL/min), paclitaxel (45 mg/m), and daily radiation therapy (60 Gy in 30 fractions), followed by two cycles of veliparib (120-240 mg BID, Days -2 through 5 of each 21-day cycle), carboplatin (AUC 6 mg/mL/min, Day 1 of each cycle), and paclitaxel (200 mg/m, Day 1 of each cycle) consolidation. Read More

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Female primary urethral carcinoma: A rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 10;85:106100. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Urology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, General Hospital dr. Zainoel Abidin, Banda Aceh, Indonesia.

Introduction: Primary tumors of the female urethra are exceedingly rare and account for <0.02% of the malignant disease occurring in women. This disease usually presents late and, hence, has a poor outcome. Read More

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Knee strength outcomes in adolescents by age and sex during late-stage rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Phys Ther Sport 2021 Jul 18;51:102-109. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Connecticut Children's, Sports Physical Therapy, Farmington, CT, United States.

Objective: To determine if knee strength differences exist according to age group and sex among adolescents during late-stage anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) rehabilitation.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Methods: Consecutive patients who had undergone ACLR with a hamstring autograft completed isokinetic knee strength assessment. Read More

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The journey of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) as a biomarker in breast cancer: clinical utility in an era of checkpoint inhibition.

Ann Oncol 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Division of Research, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Pathology, GZA-ZNA Hospitals, Antwerp, Belgium.

In 2014, we described a method to quantify percentage of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) on haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained slides of breast cancer samples using light microscopy that could be performed easily by pathologists with no extra stains. The aim of detailing the method was to facilitate independent research groups replicating our prognostic findings using TIL quantity in early-stage breast cancers. A global working group of breast pathologists was convened to standardize, test reproducibility, and refine the method. Read More

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Osteohistology of Greererpeton provides insight into the life history of an early Carboniferous tetrapod.

J Anat 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Museum of Comparative Zoology and Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.

The vertebrate transition to land is one of the most consequential, yet poorly understood periods in tetrapod evolution. Despite the importance of the water-land transition in establishing modern ecosystems, we still know very little about the life histories of the earliest tetrapods. Bone histology provides an exceptional opportunity to study the biology of early tetrapods and has the potential to reveal new insights into their life histories. Read More

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[Metacognitions and quality of life in survivorship after breast cancer diagnosis].

Riv Psichiatr 2021 Jul-Aug;56(4):217-222

Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica, Sanità Pubblica, Scienze della Vita e dell'Ambiente, Università dell'Aquila.

Aim: Aim of the study was to measure the belief and metacognition strategies trend in the survivorship of fertile women with breast cancer. We wanted to observe the metacognitive performance of young women went out primary treatment getting survivors; we wanted to assess the impact of metacognitive strategies in coping with survivorship in cancer patients who have been diagnosed at an early age.

Methods: Seventy two women in age range 30-55 year olds (mean 48; sd= ±6) with breast cancer diagnosis participated in the study. Read More

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Artificial intelligence in myopia: current and future trends.

Curr Opin Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore Eye Research Institute Duke-NUS Medical School, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Purpose Of Review: Myopia is one of the leading causes of visual impairment, with a projected increase in prevalence globally. One potential approach to address myopia and its complications is early detection and treatment. However, current healthcare systems may not be able to cope with the growing burden. Read More

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Wearable RF Near-Field Cough Monitoring by Frequency-Time Deep Learning.

IEEE Trans Biomed Circuits Syst 2021 Jul 26;PP. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Coughing is a common symptom for many respiratory disorders, and can spread droplets of various sizes containing bacterial and viral pathogens. Mild coughs are usually overlooked in the early stage, not only because they are barely noticeable by the person and the people around, but also because the present recording method is not comfortable, private, or reliable for long-term monitoring. In this paper, a wearable radio-frequency (RF) sensor is presented to recognize the mild cough signal directly from the local trachea vibration characteristics, and can isolate interferences from nearby people. Read More

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Identification of microRNA transcriptome throughout the lifespan of yak () corpus luteum.

Anim Biotechnol 2021 Jul 26:1-13. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Key Laboratory of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau Animal Genetic Resource Reservation and Utilization, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau Animal Genetic Resource Reservation and Utilization Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Ministry of Education, Southwest Minzu University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

The corpus luteum (CL) is a temporary organ that plays a critical role for female fertility by maintaining the estrous cycle. MicroRNA (miRNA) is a class of non-coding RNAs involved in various biological processes. However, there exists limited knowledge of the role of miRNA in yak CL. Read More

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OCTA and Functional Signs of Preclinical Retinopathy in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2021 Jul 1;52(S1):S30-S34. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Background And Objective: There is an emerging role for optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in detecting microvasculature changes in diabetic retinopathy (DR). This study aimed to investigate visual functions and OCTA parameters of retinal and choriocapillaris (CC) flow in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) without apparent DR.

Patients And Methods: Patients and age-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled. Read More

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Postdiagnosis Smoking Cessation and Reduced Risk for Lung Cancer Progression and Mortality : A Prospective Cohort Study.

Ann Intern Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Centre of Oncology, Moscow, Russia (A.M., O.S., D.Z.).

Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and about one half of patients with lung cancer are active smokers at diagnosis.

Objective: To determine whether quitting smoking after diagnosis of lung cancer affects the risk for disease progression and mortality.

Design: Prospective study of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were recruited between 2007 and 2016 and followed annually through 2020. Read More

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Efficacy of bath-psoralen and ultraviolet A therapy for mycosis fungoides - retrospective analysis of 62 cases.

J Dermatol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Geriatric and Environmental Dermatology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan.

Photochemotherapy with psoralen and ultraviolet A (PUVA) is widely used for refractory skin diseases. Bathwater delivery of 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOPS) with subsequent UVA irradiation (bath-PUVA) or oral administration of 8-MOPS with UVA is used to treat mycosis fungoides. We retrospectively analyzed 62 patients with mycosis fungoides (8 stage IA, 30 stage IB, 5 stage IIB, 18 stage IIIA, and 1 stage IVA2) treated with bath-PUVA at the Dermatology Clinic of Nagoya City University Hospital from November 2004 to December 2013. Read More

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Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Use and Risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in the California Teachers Study.

Drugs Aging 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine whether use of regular aspirin and/or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Methods: In the California Teachers Study cohort (N = 88,481) we identified diagnoses of AMD up to December 31, 2012 by linkage to statewide hospital discharge records. Aspirin, ibuprofen, other NSAIDs, and acetaminophen use and comprehensive risk factor information were collected via self-administered questionnaires at baseline in 1995-1996 and a follow-up questionnaire in 2005-2006. Read More

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Does nutrition support during chemotherapy increase long-term survival of cancer patients? Lessons from the past and future perspectives.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Milan, Via Festa del Perdono 11, 20100, Milan, Italy.

Purpose: The aim of this review was to analyze the potential effect of the nutritional support (oral supplementation/counseling, tube feeding, parenteral nutrition) combined with chemotherapy on long-term survival of cancer patients.

Methods: Using various electronic databases, we retrieved all English language papers on the combination nutritional support and chemotherapy and including data on long-term survival.

Results: 29 trials (4 non-RCT) were retrieved. Read More

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Optical Sectioning and Visualization of the Intervertebral Disc from Embryonic Development to Degeneration.

J Vis Exp 2021 Jul 8(173). Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Laboratory of Cell Biology, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospital of Tübingen.

Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is a leading cause of low back pain and it entails a high degree of impairment for the affected individuals. To decode disc degeneration and to be able to develop regenerative approaches a thorough understanding of the cellular biology of the IVD is essential. One aspect of this biology that still remains unanswered is the question of how cells are spatially arranged in a physiological state and during degeneration. Read More

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The significance of imaging examinations during follow-up for malignant melanoma.

Eur J Dermatol 2021 Jun;31(3):357-363

Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Oncodermatology, Medical School, Clinical Center - University of Pécs, 1. Akac Street, P.O.B.: H-7632 Pécs, Hungary.

Currently, there is a general lack of consensus regarding optimal strategy and imaging during follow-up for patients suffering from melanoma. Our aim was to analyse the utility of various imaging procedures, in particular CT scans, during the follow-up of patients with different stages of melanoma. A retrospective analysis of the medical records of patients suffering from melanoma diagnosed between 2001 and 2011 was carried out at the Department of Dermatology, University of Pécs. Read More

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Could Immunonutrition Help in the Fight against COVID-19 in Cancer Patient?

Nutr Cancer 2021 Jul 26:1-10. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

The rapid and widespread global pandemic of 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has had unprecedented negative health and economic impacts. Immune responses play a key role in the development of COVID-19, including the disruption of immune balance and cytokine storms caused by excessive inflammatory responses. Due to the effects of cancer itself and treatment, patients often accompanied by immunosuppression appear to be a susceptible population for COVID-19. Read More

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Diffusion tensor imaging in sport-related concussion: A systematic review using an a priori quality rating system.

J Neurotrauma 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Neuroscience Research Australia, 6803, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of brain white matter (WM) may be useful for characterizing the nature and degree of brain injury following sport-related concussion (SRC) and assist in establishing objective diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review using an a priori quality rating strategy to determine the most consistent DTI WM changes following SRC. Articles published in English (until June 2020) were retrieved via standard research engine and grey literature searches (N=4932), using PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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First report of black spot on Ophiopogon japonicus caused by Alternaria alternata in Zhejiang Province, China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

China Jiliang University, 92270, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China;

Ophiopogon japonicus (Linn. f.) Ker-Gawl, a traditional Chinese medicinal plant, is widely cultured in China. Read More

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[Effects of Coconut Chaff Biochar Amendment on Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Paddy Fields in Hot Areas].

Huan Jing Ke Xue 2021 Aug;42(8):3931-3942

College of Tropical Crops, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China.

Based on the rice-vegetable crop rotation model, in-situ measurements of nitrous oxide (NO) and methane (CH) emissions were conducted in double-cropping rice fields in Hainan to determine the impact of coconut chaff biochar on greenhouse gas emissions. The experiment involved four treatments:conventional farming fertilization (CON), nitrogen fertilizer combined with 20 t ·hm biochar (B1), nitrogen fertilizer combined with 40 t ·hm biochar (B2), and no nitrogen fertilizer, as the control (CK). The NO and CH emissions were measured using static chamber-gas chromatography during the two paddy seasons, and the global warming potential (GWP) and greenhouse gas intensity (GHGI) were also estimated. Read More

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Individualized vocational and educational support and training for youth at clinical high risk for psychosis.

Early Interv Psychiatry 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Aim: Early intervention for psychosis has been of high interest in the past two decades. Research demonstrates that clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR-p) populations experience impairments in role functioning. Although several vocational and cognitive interventions exist for people living with psychosis, there are no known evidence-based treatments for role functioning difficulties during the CHR-p stage. Read More

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ATF3 induces RAB7 to govern autodegradation in paligenosis, a conserved cell plasticity program.

EMBO Rep 2021 Jul 26:e51806. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Differentiated cells across multiple species and organs can re-enter the cell cycle to aid in injury-induced tissue regeneration by a cellular program called paligenosis. Here, we show that activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is induced early during paligenosis in multiple cellular contexts, transcriptionally activating the lysosomal trafficking gene Rab7b. ATF3 and RAB7B are upregulated in gastric and pancreatic digestive-enzyme-secreting cells at the onset of paligenosis Stage 1, when cells massively induce autophagic and lysosomal machinery to dismantle differentiated cell morphological features. Read More

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Analysis of MR Signs to Distinguish Between ARCO Stages 2 and 3A in Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: MRI is the most effective diagnostic tool of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), especially for early diagnosis, but its detection of subchondral or cortical fractures is less accurate than CT. Therefore, it is difficult to accurately stage ONFH in the peri-collapse period by MRI.

Purpose: To improve the accuracy of MR for distinguishing between Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) stages 2 and 3A in ONFH. Read More

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miRNA-34 and miRNA-210 target hexamerin genes enhancing their differential expression during early brain development of honeybee (Apis mellifera) castes.

Insect Mol Biol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Departamento de Biologia Celular e do Desenvolvimento, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal de Alfenas, UNIFAL-MG, Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

During the honeybee larval stage, queens develop larger brains than workers, with morphological differentiation appearing at the fourth larval phase (L4), just after a boost in nutritional difference both prospective females experience. The molecular promoters of this caste-specific brain development are already ongoing in previous larval phases. Transcriptomic analyses revealed a set of differentially expressed genes in the L3 brains of queens and workers, which represents the early molecular response to differential feeding females receive during larval development. Read More

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Considering a risk profile based on emergency department utilization in young people with eating disorders: Implications for early detection.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Objective: While screening tools are available for the early identification of eating disorders, it may not be feasible to employ them in an emergency department (ED). Establishing a risk profile may improve the screening process. The purpose of this study was to investigate ED service utilization among patients with eating disorders and create a risk profile to help detect eating disorders at an earlier and more treatable stage. Read More

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Rab7 is required for mesoderm patterning and gastrulation in Xenopus.

Biol Open 2021 Jul 12;10(7). Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Zoology, Institute of Biology, University of Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany.

Early embryogenesis requires tightly controlled temporal and spatial coordination of cellular behavior and signaling. Modulations are achieved at multiple levels, from cellular transcription to tissue-scale behavior. Intracellularly, the endolysosomal system emerges as an important regulator at different levels, but in vivo studies are rare. Read More

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[Analysis of brain perfusion single-photon emission tomography images using an easy Zscore imaging system for early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Jul;41(7):1093-1100

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

Objective: To analyze single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) images of cerebral blood flow perfusion using an easy Z-score imaging system (eZIS) and explore the value of SPECT and eZIS in early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 71 subjects undergoing brain perfusion SPECT examination in our department from September, 2018 to September, 2020 and identified 31 eligible subjects for this study. Among these subjects, according to the NIA-AA criteria (2011 edition), 12 were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment due to AD (MCI) and 11 with AD dementia stage (AD); 8 elderly subjects were healthy without cognitive impairment (NC). Read More

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Learning the High Bar Longswing:I. Task Dynamics and Emergence of the Coordination Pattern.

J Sports Sci 2021 Jul 26:1-15. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, USA.

We studied novice gymnasts (N = 25) learning to form the longswing movement coordination pattern. The focus was the emerging behavioural organisation of centre of mass (CM) dynamics and the relative phase of the bar-CM angular motion. Seven novices learned a complete longswing by the end of the study, 8 novices showed no improvement in proportion of circle completed, and the remainder produced modest but persistent increments of final swing height without achieving a full circle. Read More

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Prognostic and immunological significance of metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 among different kinds of cancers.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):4247-4258

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Lung Cancer Metastasis and Tumor Microenvironment, Tianjin Lung Cancer Institute, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, People's Republic of China.

LncRNAs belong to the type of noncoding RNA transcripts, which exceed 200 nucleotides in size. MALAT1 as one of the earlier identified lncRNAs in cancer is investigated by more and more scientific researchers. Expression, clinical significance and function of MALAT1 in pan-cancer exist as big difference. Read More

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December 2021

Novel inflammatory markers in the blood of patients with knee synovitis.

J Int Med Res 2021 Jul;49(7):3000605211029557

Shenzhen Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Objective: Synovitis is a joint disease that seriously affects patient quality of life, but there are currently no diagnostic markers. The albumin to fibrinogen ratio (AFR) and monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR) are non-invasive and cost-effective markers for various systemic inflammatory diseases. However, these markers have not yet been investigated for synovitis. Read More

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