63,683 results match your criteria dyspnea


Dyspnea and COVID-19: A Review of Confounding Diagnoses during the Postpartum Period.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Nov 6;43(11):862-869. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

The puerperium is a complex period that begins with placental delivery and lasts for 6 weeks, during which readaptation of the female organism and redistribution of blood volume occur. This period is conducive to the occurrence of thromboembolic events. In the context of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the virus responsible for COVID-19, the attention of the scientific community and health professionals has been focused on obtaining insights on different aspects of this disease, including etiology, transmission, diagnosis, and treatment. Read More

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November 2021

Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of patients with pathology proven right-sided papillary fibroelastomas.

Int J Cardiol 2021 Dec 3. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Papillary fibroelastoma (PFE) are one of the most common primary cardiac neoplasms. They are most commonly found on cardiac valves especially on the left side of the heart and have been associated with an increased risk of embolization. To date, no large studies looked at the clinical significance of right-sided PFE (R-PFE). Read More

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December 2021

Current Status of Studies Investigating Asthma-Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Overlap in Korea: A Review.

Authors:
Yong Suk Jo

Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) 2021 Dec 6. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

A considerable number of individual exhibit features of both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), defined as asthma-COPD overlap (ACO). Many studies have reported that these patients are known to have a greater burden of symptoms, including cough and dyspnea, and experience more exacerbations and hospitalizations than those with non-ACO COPD or asthma. Although diagnostic criteria for ACO have not yet been clearly established, their clinical significance remains to be determined. Read More

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December 2021

Successful management of severe allergic reactions to platelet transfusion with omalizumab: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Nov;100(44):e27724

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: An allergic transfusion reaction is a common side effect of transfusions of red blood cells. Using washed red blood cells is the most effective method for preventing such a reaction. However, the availability of other washed transfusion components, including platelets, is limited. Read More

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November 2021

Suprascapular nerve block and axillary nerve block versus interscalene nerve block for arthroscopic shoulder surgery: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Nov;100(44):e27661

Department of Orthopedic, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, No.168 Litang Road, Dongxiaokou Town, Changping District, Beijing, China.

Background: The interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) is a commonly used nerve block technique for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy surgery; however, it is associated with potentially serious complications. The use of suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) and axillary Nerve Block (ANB) has been reported as an alternative nerve block with fewer reported side effects for shoulder arthroscopy. This review aimed to compare the impact of SSNB and ANB with ISB during shoulder arthroscopy surgery. Read More

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November 2021

Using 18F-FDG PET/CT to rule out Richter transformation as cause of deterioration in a patient with chronic lymphatic leukemia and severe COVID-19: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Nov;100(44):e27545

Department of Clinical Physiology, Nuclear Medicine & PET, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Rationale: This case report demonstrates the use of flourine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) to rule out Richter transformation (RT) as the cause of clinical deterioration in a patient with chronic lymphatic leukemia (CLL) and severe COVID-19. 18F-FDG PET/CT can be used to establish the diagnosis of RT in patients with CLL, but the use of 18F-FDG PET/CT to exclude RT as the cause of clinical deterioration in patients with CLL and severe COVID-19 has not previously been described.

Patient Concerns: A 61-year-old male with CLL and COVID-19 developed increased dyspnea, malaise and fever during hospitalization for treatment of severe and prolonged COVID-19. Read More

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November 2021

Efficacy and safety of intrapleural streptokinase in tubercular empyema thoracis - old wine in new wineskin.

Trop Doct 2021 Dec 6:494755211050193. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Department of Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases, 30036Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra.

Tubercular empyema thoracis continues to be one of the leading causes of morbidity in low-income countries. Despite antitubercular therapy (ATT) and thoracostomy, empyema drainage is hampered by multiple septations, loculations, debris, and blood clots leading to complications. In a comparative experimental study to estimate the efficacy and safety of intrapleural streptokinase (IPSTK) in tubercular empyema, 30 cases of chronic multiloculated tubercular empyema were compared by radiological improvement by chest radiography, duration and volume of fluid drained, and degree of dyspnoea according to the modified Borg scale, depending on whether streptokinase was used or not. Read More

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December 2021

Intravascular ultrasound-guided drug-coated balloon venoplasty for in-stent restenosis in pulmonary veins stenosis: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Nov 6;5(11):ytab384. Epub 2021 Nov 6.

Haemodynamics and Interventional Cardiology Unit, University Hospital of Albacete, C/ Hermanos Falcó, 02006, Albacete, Spain.

Background: Pulmonary veins stenosis (PVS) after atrial fibrillation radiofrequency ablation is an uncommon complication. When it occurs, percutaneous treatment is the preferred approach. There is a lack of standardized procedures, and when stenting restenosis is relatively common. Read More

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November 2021

A 2-month post-COVID-19 follow-up study on patients with dyspnea.

Health Sci Rep 2021 Dec 17;4(4):e435. Epub 2021 Nov 17.

Non-communicable Disease Control Directorate General of Health Services Dhaka Bangladesh.

Background And Aims: Dyspnea is one of the most common symptoms associated with the COVID-19 caused by novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of dyspnea, observe co-variables, and find predictors of dyspnea after 2 months of recovery from COVID-19.

Methods: A total of 377 patients were included in the study based on their responses and clinical findings during initial admission to the hospital with COVID-19. Read More

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December 2021

Multimodal Diagnostic Workup of Primary Pericardial Mesothelioma: A Case Report.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 19;8:758988. Epub 2021 Nov 19.

Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.

Primary pericardial mesothelioma is an extremely rare tumor, and early identification and accurate diagnosis may improve its clinical outcome. In this study, we reported a case of a 70-year-old woman who presented with dyspnea. Conventional transthoracic echocardiography showed massive pericardial effusion. Read More

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November 2021

Case Report: An Unusual Cause for Recurrent Hemopericardium in a Patient With Dyspnea.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 15;8:755106. Epub 2021 Nov 15.

Department of Cardiology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, Netherlands.

The case concerns a female presenting with dyspnoea resulting from recurrent hemopericardium. Pericardiocentesis, coronary angiography, and extensive laboratory and imaging studies did not reveal the underlying etiology of the hemopericardium. Only after repeat and exploratory surgery, diffuse venous pericardial hemorrhages with localized thrombi typical of angiosarcoma were discovered. Read More

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November 2021

Case Report: Bullous Lung Disease Following COVID-19.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 17;8:770778. Epub 2021 Nov 17.

Section of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States.

More than 87% of patients report the persistence of at least one symptom after recovery from the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Dyspnea is one of the most frequently reported symptoms following severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS CoV-2) infection with persistent chest radiological abnormalities up to 3 months after symptom onset. These radiological abnormalities are variable and most commonly include ground-glass opacities, reticulations, mosaic attenuation, parenchymal bands, interlobular septal thickening, bronchiectasis, and fibrotic-like changes. Read More

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November 2021

Guillain-Barré Syndrome in an Elderly Patient as a Complication of COVID-19 Infection.

Cureus 2021 Oct 30;13(10):e19154. Epub 2021 Oct 30.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, SAU.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an infection that mainly affects the respiratory system. It may present with fever, fatigue, dry cough, and dyspnea. In addition, numerous studies and case reports discussed those viruses showing their effects on the nervous system. Read More

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October 2021

Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive Primary Lung Adenocarcinoma Presenting With Pericardial Effusion and Tamponade in a COVID-19 Patient: A Case Report.

Cureus 2021 Oct 29;13(10):e19127. Epub 2021 Oct 29.

Internal Medicine, WellSpan York Hospital, York, USA.

Primary lung cancer usually presents in older adults with a smoking history. However, there is an estimated incidence of 15-20% among men who have never smoked. The diagnosis of lung malignancy can often be incidental. Read More

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October 2021

Subaortic stenosis secondary to pannus from a mechanical mitral valve.

J Cardiol Cases 2021 Nov 4;24(5):247-249. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, TN, United States.

A variety of conditions can lead to left ventricle outflow tract obstruction, but cases of subaortic stenosis decades following a mitral valve replacement are exceedingly rare. Any abnormal positioning of a prosthetic valve can result in continuous turbulence leading to permanent deposition of fibrous tissue. We present a case of a 56-year-old female that underwent mechanical mitral valve replacement, due to severe rheumatic mitral valve disease, with recurrent admissions for dyspnea. Read More

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November 2021

Patients With Myasthenia Gravis With Acute Onset of Dyspnea: Predictors of Progression to Myasthenic Crisis and Prognosis.

Front Neurol 2021 18;12:767961. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Department of Neurology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Life-threatening myasthenic crisis (MC) occurs in 10-20% of the patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). It is important to identify the predictors of progression to MC and prognosis in the patients with MG with acute exacerbations. This study aimed to explore the predictors of progression to MC in the patients with MG with acute onset of dyspnea and their short-term and long-term prognosis. Read More

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November 2021

Clinical Features of COVID-19 Patients in the First Year of Pandemic: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Biol Res Nurs 2021 Dec 4:10998004211055866. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Mental Health Nursing Department of Nursing, Midwifery and Health Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, 373117Northumbria University, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, UK.

Background: The new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) carries a high risk of infection and has spread rapidly around the world. However, there are limited data about the clinical symptoms globally. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to identify the prevalence of the clinical symptoms of patient with COVID-19. Read More

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December 2021

[Successful treatment of refractory chylothorax associated with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma by multidisciplinary care].

Rinsho Ketsueki 2021 ;62(11):1623-1627

Department of Hematology and Oncology, the University of Tokyo.

Chylothorax is an intrathoracic leakage of chyle due to thoracic duct damage. Malignant lymphoma is the most common nontraumatic cause of chylothorax. In March 2019, a 74-year-old woman presented to our department with bilateral pleural effusion and mesenteric/retroperitoneal masses. Read More

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January 2021

Pericardial and myocardial involvement after SARS-CoV-2 infection: a cross-sectional descriptive study in healthcare workers.

Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2021 Nov 5. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Enfermedades Cardiovasculares (CIBERCV), Spain; Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Salamanca (IBSAL), Salamanca, Spain; Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction And Objectives: The cardiac sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection are still poorly documented. We conducted a cross-sectional study in healthcare workers to report evidence of pericardial and myocardial involvement after SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Methods: We studied 139 healthcare workers with confirmed past SARS-CoV-2 infection. Read More

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November 2021

[Introduction of an anticholinesterase drug in the context of myasthenia, in a severe asthmatic patient].

Rev Mal Respir 2021 Dec 2. Epub 2021 Dec 2.

Service de pneumologie, hôpital Haut-Lévêque, CHU de Bordeaux, Bordeaux cedex, France; Service des maladies respiratoires, pôle cardiothoracique, CHU de Bordeaux, U1219 BPH Bordeaux population health research center, team: EPICENE, UMR1219; ISPED Institut de santé publique d'épidémiologie et de développement, avenue Magellan, 33604 Bordeaux, France. Electronic address:

Association of asthma with myasthenia gravis presents a twofold peculiarity. First, as dyspnea characterizes both conditions, diagnostic orientation is difficult. Second, from a therapeutic standpoint, the initiation of anticholinesterase treatment requires a multidisciplinary approach due to possible contraindication for asthma. Read More

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December 2021

E-cigarette, or vaping, product use Associated Lung Injury (EVALI): new scenarios for physicians and radiologists.

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2021 Dec 3. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Monaldi Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliera dei Colli, Naples.

A 59-year-old female ex-smoker with 40 pack year smoking history and a 5-year current e-cigarette (EC) use history, presented with progressive dyspnea on exertion and daily cough for 2 months. A CT scan showed a consolidation area with air bronchogram in the middle lobe and non-calcific bilateral nodules, which could be attributed to community-acquired pneumonia. The patient was treated with empiric antibiotics and systemic steroids for 10 days. Read More

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December 2021

Prevalence and impact of airway diseases on clinical outcomes in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Korean J Intern Med 2021 Dec 7. Epub 2021 Dec 7.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background/aims: The prevalence and effects of airway diseases, including asthma, eosinophilic bronchitis (EB), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) have not been thoroughly studied in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of airway diseases in patients with IPF and to identify the differences in symptoms based on the presence of airway diseases.

Methods: This single-institution prospective cohort study was conducted from June 2017 to September 2018, at the Seoul National University Hospital. Read More

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December 2021

[Electronic cigarette use-associated lung injury: a case report and literature review].

Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2021 May;44(5):481-487

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine,Beijing Hospital National Center of Gerontology,Institute of Geriatric Medcine, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing 100730,China.

To improve the clinical recognition of electronic cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury. A 67 year old patient with lung injury induced by e-cigarette was reported. The concentrations of vitamin E acetate (VEA) and tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) in BALF were measured by UHPLC-MS/MS. Read More

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Pralsetinib (Gavreto): Treatment of metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer in patients positive for RET fusions.

Am J Health Syst Pharm 2021 Dec 5. Epub 2021 Dec 5.

Miami Cancer Institute, Baptist Health South Florida, Miami, FL, USA.

Disclaimer: In an effort to expedite the publication of articles, AJHP is posting manuscripts online as soon as possible after acceptance. Accepted manuscripts have been peer-reviewed and copyedited, but are posted online before technical formatting and author proofing. These manuscripts are not the final version of record and will be replaced with the final article (formatted per AJHP style and proofed by the authors) at a later time. Read More

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December 2021

Examining the repeatability of a novel test to measure exertional dyspnoea in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Respir Physiol Neurobiol 2021 Dec 2;296:103826. Epub 2021 Dec 2.

School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Southport, QLD, Australia; Allied Health Research Collaborative. The Prince Charles Hospital Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Heart Lung Institute. The Prince Charles Hospital Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Menzies Health Institute of Queensland, Griffith University, Southport, QLD, Australia.

Background: Exertional dyspnoea(ED) is a hallmark of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). We examined the repeatability and face validity of the end-exercise ED(ED) response during the Dyspnoea Challenge and compared those to the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in COPD.

Methods: Twenty-six individuals with COPD(13 Females, age:69 ± 5. Read More

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December 2021

Unclear retroperitoneal tumors, an interdisciplinary challenge - A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Nov 25;89:106634. Epub 2021 Nov 25.

Department of General and visceral surgery, University Hospital of Ulm, Albert-Einstein Allee 23, 89081 Ulm, Germany.

Introduction And Importance: Unclear retroperitoneal tumors impose major challenges for clinicians. Tumors can originate primarily from retroperitoneal tissue or secondarily invade into the retroperitoneum. While benign lesions also occur, malignant tumors are far more common. Read More

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November 2021

Respiratory obstruction due to tonsillar lymphoglandular polyp in a brachycephalic dog: a case report.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Dec 4;17(1):372. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Surgery Department, 930 Campus Road, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA.

Background: Respiratory distress is one of the most common afflictions of brachycephalic dogs. Dogs in respiratory distress usually present to the emergency service with a constellation of clinical signs including but not limited to: stertorous breathing, dyspnea, gagging, cyanotic mucus membranes, hyperthermia, and commonly a history of gastrointestinal signs. While Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome is the most common cause of respiratory distress in dogs with brachycephalic conformation, any condition eliciting an inflammatory response in the oropharynx, can result in obstruction. Read More

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December 2021

Validation of the risk stratification score in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: study protocol of a prospective, multi-centre, observational, 3-year clinical trial.

BMC Pulm Med 2021 Dec 4;21(1):396. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Division of Respirology, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, ON, Canada.

Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by a poor prognosis, with a progressive decline in lung function and considerable variability in the disease's natural history. Besides lung transplantation (LTx), the only available treatments are anti-fibrosing drugs, which have shown to slow down the disease course. Therefore, predicting the prognosis is of pivotal importance to avoid treatment delays, which may be fatal for patients with a high risk of progression. Read More

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December 2021

Acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia complicated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis caused by chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Dec 4;21(1):1207. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Center of Respiratory Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, No 2, East Yinghua Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, China.

Background: Acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia (AFOP) is a rare lung condition that is associated with acute lung injury. Its etiology may be idiopathic or secondary to a series of conditions, including immune-related diseases, unclassified connective tissue diseases, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, infections, hematological diseases and drug induced lung toxicity. We report for the first time a case of AFOP complicated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) caused by chronic active Epstein-Barr virus (CAEBV) infection. Read More

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December 2021

Aortic Size and Clinical Care Pathways Before Type A Aortic Dissection.

Am J Cardiol 2021 Nov 30. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation and Minneapolis Heart Institute, Abbott Northwestern Hospital, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Electronic address:

Patients with aortic enlargement are recommended to undergo serial imaging and clinical follow-up until they reach surgical thresholds. This study aimed to identify aortic diameter and care of patients with aortic imaging before aortic dissection (AD). In a retrospective cohort of AD patients, we evaluated previous imaging results in addition to ordering providers and indications. Read More

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November 2021