119,609 results match your criteria dysfunction inflammation


JTE-013 Alleviates Inflammatory Injury and Endothelial Dysfunction Induced by Sepsis In Vivo and Vitro.

J Surg Res 2021 May 7;265:323-332. Epub 2021 May 7.

Special Functions Section, The Fourth Sanatorium Area of Hangzhou Special Service Sanatorium Center of Air Force, Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province, China. Electronic address:

Background: Nowadays, there is no approved targeted agent for lung injury induced by sepsis. S1PR2 is confirmed to be a promising diagnosis and treatment target. JTE-013 as S1PR2 antagonists may be an agent of great potential. Read More

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MicroRNAs in pemphigus and pemphigoid diseases.

Autoimmun Rev 2021 May 7:102852. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Dermatology, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Autoimmune blistering diseases are a heterogenous group of dermatological disorders characterized by blisters and erosions of the skin and/or mucous membranes induced by autoantibodies against structural proteins of the desmosome or the dermal-epidermal adhesion complex including the hemidesmosome. They consist of the two major disease groups, pemphigus and pemphigoid diseases (PPDs). The diagnosis is based on clinical findings, histopathology, direct immunofluorescence, and detection of circulating autoantibodies. Read More

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Protective effect of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 against rat corneal dysfunction caused by streptozotocin-induced type I diabetes.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2021 May 8:15353702211013308. Epub 2021 May 8.

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Department, General Hospital of Western Theater Command, Chengdu 610083, PR China.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 plays a pivotal role in detoxifying aldehydes, and our previous study revealed that aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 could alleviate diabetic retinopathy-associated damage. We aimed to characterize the potential role of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 in diabetic keratopathy. Twenty-four rats with streptozotocin-induced (60 mg/kg, single intraperitoneal injection) type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) were divided the T1DM group and the T1DM + Alda1 (an activator of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2) group (5 mg/kg/d, intraperitoneal injection, 1/2/3 months), while an additional 12 healthy rats served as the control group. Read More

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Upregulation of Inflammatory Cytokines in Pulmonary Embolism Using Biochip-Array Profiling.

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2021 Jan-Dec;27:10760296211013107

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Loyola University Medical Center, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL, USA.

The complex pathophysiology of pulmonary embolism (PE) involves hemostatic activation, inflammatory processes, cellular dysfunction, and hemodynamic derangements. Due to the heterogeneity of this disease, risk stratification and diagnosis remains challenging. Biochip-array technology provides an integrated high throughput method for analyzing blood plasma samples for the simultaneous measurement of multiple biomarkers for potential risk stratification. Read More

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Wnt Signaling Cascades and Their Role in Coronary Artery Health and Disease.

J Cell Signal 2021 ;2(1):52-62

Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.

The Wnt signaling is classified as two distinct pathways of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling, and the non-canonical pathways of planar cell polarity and Wnt/Ca pathways. However, the scientific discoveries in recent years have shown that canonical and non-canonical Wnts pathways are intertwined and have complex interaction with other major signaling pathways such as hedgehog, Hippo and TOR signaling. Wnt signaling plays important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation and migration during embryonic development. Read More

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January 2021

IL-17 drives salivary gland dysfunction via inhibiting TRPC1-mediated calcium movement in Sjögren's syndrome.

Clin Transl Immunology 2021 29;10(4):e1277. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Pathology Shenzhen Institute of Research and Innovation The University of Hong Kong Hong Kong.

Objectives: This study aims to determine a role of interleukin-17A (IL-17) in salivary gland (SG) dysfunction and therapeutic effects of targeting IL-17 in SG for treating autoimmune sialadenitis in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS).

Methods: Salivary IL-17 levels and IL-17-secreting cells in labial glands of pSS patients were examined. Kinetic changes of IL-17-producing cells in SG from mice with experimental Sjögren's syndrome (ESS) were analysed. Read More

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Ulinastatin Ameliorates IL-1-Induced Cell Dysfunction in Human Nucleus Pulposus Cells via Nrf2/NF-B Pathway.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 21;2021:5558687. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Navy Medical University (Second Military Medical University), No. 415 Fengyang Road, Shanghai 200003, China.

Low back pain (LBP) has been a wide public health concern worldwide. Among the pathogenic factors, intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) has been one of the primary contributors to LBP. IDD correlates closely with inflammatory response and oxidative stress, involving a variety of inflammation-related cytokines, such as interleukin 1 beta (IL-1), which could result in local inflammatory environment. Read More

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Potential Networks Regulated by MSCs in Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure: Exosomal miRNAs and Intracellular Target Genes.

Front Genet 2021 23;12:650536. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a severe syndrome associated with high mortality. Alterations in the liver microenvironment are one of the vital causes of immune damage and liver dysfunction. Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) have been reported to alleviate liver injury via exosome-mediated signaling; of note, miRNAs are one of the most important cargoes in exosomes. Read More

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Corrigendum: Immunomodulatory Effects of Diterpenes and Their Derivatives Through NLRP3 Inflammasome Pathway: A Review.

Front Immunol 2021 22;12:692302. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Zabol Medicinal Plants Research Center, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2020. Read More

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Role of CCR2 Myeloid Cells in Inflammation Responses Driven by Expression of a Surfactant Protein-C Mutant in the Alveolar Epithelium.

Front Immunol 2021 22;12:665818. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Acute inflammatory exacerbations (AIE) represent precipitous deteriorations of a number of chronic lung conditions, including pulmonary fibrosis (PF), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. AIEs are marked by diffuse and persistent polycellular alveolitis that profoundly accelerate lung function decline and mortality. In particular, excess monocyte mobilization during AIE and their persistence in the lung have been linked to poor disease outcome. Read More

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Yi-Qi-Jian-Pi Formula Suppresses RIPK1/RIPK3-Complex-Dependent Necroptosis of Hepatocytes Through ROS Signaling and Attenuates Liver Injury and .

Front Pharmacol 2021 23;12:658811. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Pharmacology and Safety Evaluation of Chinese Materia Medica, School of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is described as a characteristic of acute jaundice and coagulation dysfunction. Effective treatments for ACLF are unavailable and hence are urgently required. We aimed to define the effect of Yi-Qi-Jian-Pi Formula (YQJPF) on liver injury and further examine the molecular mechanisms. Read More

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Resveratrol in Rodent Models of Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review of Experimental Studies.

Front Pharmacol 2021 22;12:644219. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Mr. & Mrs. Ko Chi-Ming Centre for Parkinson's Disease Research, School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease featured by progressive degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons (DA) accompanied with motor function impairment. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that natural compounds from herbs have potent anti-PD efficacy in PD models. Among those compounds, resveratrol, a polyphenol found in many common plants and fruits, is more effective against PD. Read More

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Estrogen-Related Receptor γ Agonist DY131 Ameliorates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Liver Injury.

Front Pharmacol 2021 23;12:626166. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

Sepsis-associated liver dysfunction remains a challenge in clinical practice with high mortality and limited specific therapies. DY131 is a pharmacological agonist of the orphan receptor estrogen-related receptor (ERR) γ which plays a crucial role in regulating energy generation, oxidative metabolism, cell apoptosis, inflammatory responses, etc. However, its role in acute liver injury is unknown. Read More

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[A case of hemolysis and acute kidney disease caused by rectal damage due to glycerin enema].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2021 ;118(5):473-479

Department of Gastroenterology and Oncology, Tokushima University of Biochemical Sciences.

A male patient in his sixties with a long-term history of schizophrenia had been received glycerin enema once or twice a week in a mental hospital. He was emergently transferred to our hospital due to fever, vomiting, hematuria, and dyspnea. Laboratory findings on admission showed an elevation of white blood cells indicating inflammation, hemolysis, and renal dysfunction. Read More

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In-depth analysis of the mechanisms of aloe polysaccharides on mitigating subacute colitis in mice via microbiota informatics.

Carbohydr Polym 2021 Aug 7;265:118041. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, No.1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, 214122, China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, No.1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, 214122, China; International Joint Laboratory on Food Safety, Jiangnan University, No.1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, 214122, China. Electronic address:

Aloe polysaccharides (APs) are indigestible bioactive polysaccharides, while can be fermented by colonic microbiota. Although plant polysaccharides can alleviate subacute ulcerative colitis (SUC), the mechanisms APs regulated SUC via colonic microbiota have not been fully explored. Hence, to elucidate the complex interactions between the novel APs, colonic microbiota, SCFAs, and inflammation, the SUC mouse model and in-depth analysis were performed, including multiple bioinformatics analysis and structural equation modeling (SEM). Read More

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Non-Motor Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease: The Neurobiology of Early Psychiatric and Cognitive Dysfunction.

Neuroscientist 2021 May 8:10738584211011979. Epub 2021 May 8.

Nash Family Department of Neuroscience and Friedman Brain Institute, The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that has been recognized for over 200 years by its clinically dominant motor system impairment. There are prominent non-motor symptoms as well, and among these, psychiatric symptoms of depression and anxiety and cognitive impairment are common and can appear earlier than motor symptoms. Although the neurobiology underlying these particular PD-associated non-motor symptoms is not completely understood, the identification of PARK genes that contribute to hereditary and sporadic PD has enabled genetic models in animals that, in turn, have fostered ever deepening analyses of cells, synapses, circuits, and behaviors relevant to non-motor psychiatric and cognitive symptoms of human PD. Read More

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Repurposing Nintedanib for Pathological Cardiac Remodeling and Dysfunction.

Pharmacol Res 2021 May 6:105605. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294-1913, USA. Electronic address:

Heart Failure (HF) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Myocardial fibrosis, one of the clinical manifestations implicated in almost every form of heart disease, contributes significantly to HF development. However, there is no approved drug specifically designed to target cardiac fibrosis. Read More

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Surfactant protein D and bronchopulmonary dysplasia: a new way to approach an old problem.

Respir Res 2021 May 8;22(1):141. Epub 2021 May 8.

Division of Neonatology and Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave. ML7029, Cincinnati, OH, 45229-3039, USA.

Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a collectin protein synthesized by alveolar type II cells in the lungs. SP-D participates in the innate immune defense of the lungs by helping to clear infectious pathogens and modulating the immune response. SP-D has shown an anti-inflammatory role by down-regulating the release of pro-inflammatory mediators in different signaling pathways such as the TLR4, decreasing the recruitment of inflammatory cells to the lung, and modulating the oxidative metabolism in the lungs. Read More

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CardiOvaScular Mechanisms In Covid-19: methodology of a prospective observational multimodality imaging study (COSMIC-19 study).

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 05 8;21(1):234. Epub 2021 May 8.

Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: 8-28% of patients infected with COVID-19 have evidence of cardiac injury, and this is associated with an adverse prognosis. The cardiovascular mechanisms of injury are poorly understood and speculative. We aim to use multimodality cardiac imaging including cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) and positron emission tomography with 2-deoxy-2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-D-glucose integrated with computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) to identify the cardiac pathophysiological mechanisms related to COVID-19 infections. Read More

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Association of obesity-related inflammatory pathways with lung function and exercise capacity.

Respir Med 2021 Apr 30;183:106434. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

From the Cardiovascular Research Center, Division of Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Cardiology Division of Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Obesity has multifactorial effects on lung function and exercise capacity. The contributions of obesity-related inflammatory pathways to alterations in lung function remain unclear.

Research Question: To examine the association of obesity-related inflammatory pathways with pulmonary function, exercise capacity, and pulmonary-specific contributors to exercise intolerance. Read More

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The association between treatment and systemic inflammation in acromegaly.

Growth Horm IGF Res 2021 Apr 30;57-58:101391. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Internal Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Objective: Acromegaly is characterized by an excess of growth hormone (GH) and insulin like growth-factor 1 (IGF1), and it is strongly associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Both acute and long-lasting pro-inflammatory effects have been attributed to IGF1. Previous results suggest the presence of systemic inflammation in treated patients. Read More

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Microglial MT1 activation inhibits LPS-induced neuroinflammation via regulation of metabolic reprogramming.

Aging Cell 2021 May 8:e13375. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Neurology, Suzhou Clinical Research Center of Neurological Disease, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. Although its pathogenesis remains unclear, a number of studies indicate that microglia-mediated neuroinflammation makes a great contribution to the pathogenesis of PD. Melatonin receptor 1 (MT1) is widely expressed in glia cells and neurons in substantia nigra (SN). Read More

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[Impact of cardiovascular metabolic diseases on COVID-19: review of recent progress].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Apr;41(4):628-632

Department of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710004, China.

The high comorbidity between cardiovascular and metabolic diseases (CVMD) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the consequent high mortality and the potential risk of cardiovascular damage have brought great challenges to the clinical diagnosis and treatment of the condition. The latest studies found that advanced age, immune function defects, inflammatory factor storms and oxidative stress damage all potentially contribute to the high comorbidity of the two. Direct virus invasion, myocardial oxygen supply and demand imbalance and vascular endothelial and coagulation dysfunction may be important mechanisms for cardiovascular injury in COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Current views on neuropeptides in atopic dermatitis.

Exp Dermatol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Dermatology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, No. 138, Tongzipo Road, Yuelu District, Changsha, Hunan, China, 410013.

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease involving skin barrier dysfunction and immune imbalance. However, the mechanism of AD is not clear completely, may be related to heredity and environment. Neuropeptides are a class of peptides secreted by nerve endings, they may play roles in promoting vasodilation, plasma extravasation, chemotaxis of inflammatory cells, and mediating pruritus. Read More

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Elevated dimethylarginine, ATP, cytokines, metabolic remodeling involving tryptophan metabolism and potential microglial inflammation characterize primary open angle glaucoma.

Sci Rep 2021 May 7;11(1):9766. Epub 2021 May 7.

Disease Biology Lab, SSSIHL-Agilent Center for Excellence in Multiomics and Cell Sciences, Dept. of Biosciences, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, 515 134, India.

Glaucoma of which primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) constitutes 75%, is the second leading cause of blindness. Elevated intra ocular pressure and Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) dysfunction are hallmarks of POAG. We analyzed clinical data, cytokine profile, ATP level, metabolomics and GEO datasets to identify features unique to POAG. Read More

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ADIPOR1 deficiency-induced suppression of retinal ELOVL2 and docosahexaenoic acid levels during photoreceptor degeneration and visual loss.

Cell Death Dis 2021 May 7;12(5):458. Epub 2021 May 7.

Laboratory of Retinal Cell Biology, Tokyo, Japan.

Lipid metabolism-related gene mutations can cause retinitis pigmentosa, a currently untreatable blinding disease resulting from progressive neurodegeneration of the retina. Here, we demonstrated the influence of adiponectin receptor 1 (ADIPOR1) deficiency in retinal neurodegeneration using Adipor1 knockout (KO) mice. Adipor1 mRNA was observed to be expressed in photoreceptors, predominately within the photoreceptor inner segment (PIS), and increased after birth during the development of the photoreceptor outer segments (POSs) where photons are received by the visual pigment, rhodopsin. Read More

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Macrophage miR-210 induction and metabolic reprogramming in response to pathogen interaction boost life-threatening inflammation.

Sci Adv 2021 May 7;7(19). Epub 2021 May 7.

Laboratory of Tumor Inflammation and Angiogenesis, CCB, VIB, Leuven, Belgium.

Unbalanced immune responses to pathogens can be life-threatening although the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we show a hypoxia-inducible factor 1α-dependent microRNA (miR)-210 up-regulation in monocytes and macrophages upon pathogen interaction. MiR-210 knockout in the hematopoietic lineage or in monocytes/macrophages mitigated the symptoms of endotoxemia, bacteremia, sepsis, and parasitosis, limiting the cytokine storm, organ damage/dysfunction, pathogen spreading, and lethality. Read More

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Single-cell Transcriptomics Uncover a Novel Role of Myeloid Cells and T-lymphocytes in the Fibrotic Microenvironment in Peyronie's Disease.

Eur Urol Focus 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Laboratory of Experimental Urology, Department of Development and Regeneration, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Urology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Peyronie's disease (PD) is an acquired fibrotic disease affecting the penile tunica albuginea that can lead to curvature and deformities, shortening, and erectile dysfunction. Although immunological mechanisms have been suggested for the pathophysiology of PD, these have not been investigated using single-cell transcriptomics.

Objective: To investigate the immunological signature of plaques from PD patients using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq). Read More

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Heme oxygenase-1 induction mitigates burn-associated early acute kidney injury via the TLR4 signaling pathway.

Burns 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Burns, The Second Affiliated Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou 310009, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Early acute kidney injury (AKI) after burn contributes to disastrous prognoses for severely burned patients. Burn-induced renal oxidative stress and secondary proinflammatory mediator release contribute to early AKI development, and Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 regulates inflammation. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a stress-responsive enzyme that plays a vital role in protecting against ischemia-induced organ injury via its antioxidant properties and regulation of inflammation. Read More

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Ethanolic extract of C. Koch improves pulmonary function and inflammation in LPS-induced acute lung injury mice.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Department of Anatomical Sciences, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Objectives: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a life-threatening pulmonary dysfunction associated with severe inflammation. There are still no effective pharmacological therapies for the treatment of ALI. In this concern, several anti-inflammatory agents could be used as add-on therapy to inhibit inflammation. Read More

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