20,203 results match your criteria dry matter


Effects of malic or citric acid on the fermentation quality, proteolysis and lipolysis of alfalfa silage ensiled at two dry matter contents.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China.

This study evaluated the effects of two organic acids on the fermentation of alfalfa silages at different dry matter (DM) contents. Alfalfa was wilted to DM contents of 30% (moderately low) and 38% (normal) and ensiled without additives (control) or treated with 0.6% fresh matter DL-malic acid (MA) or 0. Read More

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September 2021

Assessment of the reuse of Covid-19 healthy personal protective materials in enhancing geotechnical properties of Najran's soil for road construction: Numerical and experimental study.

J Clean Prod 2021 Oct 25;320:128772. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Civil Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Najran University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The COVID-19 pandemic has not only caused a global health crisis, but it has also had significant environmental and human consequences. During the COVID-19 pandemic, this study focused on emerging challenges in managing healthy personal protective materials (HPPM) in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, using silty sand (SM) soil as an example since it covers large areas in KSA and in the whole world. The main objective of this paper is to find a novel way to minimize pandemic-related waste by using HPPM as waste materials in road construction. Read More

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October 2021

Sedative-hypnotic, anxiolytic and possible side effects of Salvia limbata C. A. Mey. Extracts and the effects of phenological stage and altitude on the rosmarinic acid content.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Sep 10:114630. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Salvia limbata C. A. Mey. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of Vanillic Acid on Dynamic Fermentation Parameter, Nitrogen Distribution, Bacterial Community, and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Stylo Silage.

Front Microbiol 2021 25;12:690801. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, Guangdong Province Research Center of Woody Forage Engineering Technology, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China.

Vanillic acid () is a phenolic acid derivative commonly found in plants and foods, with a pleasant creamy odor and pharmacologic activities, which is hypothesized to help improve silage fermentation. The silage profile of stylo silage ensiled with addition of VA was evaluated. The results showed that VA addition resulted in the decrease of pH value (5. Read More

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Estimation of total flux of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons facilitated by methane ebullition into water column from global lake sediments.

Water Res 2021 Aug 28;204:117611. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, 159 Longpan Road, Nanjing 210037 China. Electronic address:

Methane ebullition and contamination are two typical characteristics from lakes, however, these two are generally studied independently. In fact, the exchange of matter and energy between methane bubbles and their surrounding environment can be very active to enhance the contaminant transport. There is limited research on understanding the characteristics and trends of gas ebullition facilitated contaminant emissions in large areas considering water and air as receptors. Read More

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Associations between exposure to landscape fire smoke and child mortality in low-income and middle-income countries: a matched case-control study.

Lancet Planet Health 2021 Sep;5(9):e588-e598

BIC-ESAT and SKL-ESPC, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Peking University Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: The prevalence of landscape fires has increased, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We aimed to assess the impact of exposure to landscape fire smoke (LFS) on the health of children.

Methods: We conducted a sibling-matched case-control study and selected 552 155 children (aged <18 years) from Demographic and Health Surveys in 55 LMICs from 2000 to 2014. Read More

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September 2021

Role of PGPR on the physiology of sunflower irrigated with produced water containing high total dissolved solids (TDS) and its residual effects on soil fertility.

Int J Phytoremediation 2021 Sep 10:1-13. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Nano Biosolution, Islamabad, Pakistan.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the bioremediation potential of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) PGPR isolates from high total dissolved solids (TDS) bearing produced water on the water quality, soil physicochemical properties and growth and physiology of sunflower irrigated with high TDS bearing produced water having salinity level 130 times higher above seawater and also containing traces of oil and grease. Seeds of sunflower hybrid Parsun 3 were soaked for 3-4 h prior to sowing in 72 h old culture of PGPR strains W1 and W2 isolated from high TDS bearing polluted water. The control plants were irrigated with 90% diluted TDS water supplemented with 5 ml LB media. Read More

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September 2021

Trace mineral source impacts rumen trace mineral metabolism and fiber digestion in steers fed a medium-quality grass hay diet.

J Anim Sci 2021 Sep;99(9)

Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.

Twelve Angus steers (BW 452.8 ± 6.1 kg) fitted with ruminal cannulae were used to determine the impact of trace mineral (TM) source on digestibility, ruminal volatile fatty acid (VFA) composition, ruminal soluble concentrations of Cu, Zn, and Mn, and relative binding strength of trace minerals located in the rumen insoluble digesta fraction. Read More

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September 2021

Data on assessment of flours from advanced genotypes and improved cassava varieties for industrial applications.

Data Brief 2021 Oct 28;38:107332. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Chemistry, Chancellor College, University of Malawi, P.O Box 280, Zomba, Malawi.

The data presented in this article are related to the research paper "Physicochemical parameters and functional properties of flours from advanced genotypes and improved cassava varieties for industrial applications" [1]. The genotypes were collected from a multi-location (Uniform yield Trial) trial of the IITA breeding program in Malawi. The data were obtained using multiple analytical techniques and methodology such as oven-drying, sieving, colorimetry, titration, acid hydrolysis method, the Kjeldahl procedure, UV/VIS spectrophotometry, and centrifugation. Read More

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October 2021

Dataset on the effect of foliar application of different concentrations of silicon dioxide and organosilicon compounds on the growth and biochemical contents of oak leaf lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. crispa) grown in phytotron conditions.

Data Brief 2021 Oct 26;38:107328. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Acad. E. Budevski, Institute of Electrochemistry and Energy Systems, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria.

This article presents comparative data regarding the effect of foliar application of silicon dioxide and organosilicon compounds on soilless-grown Oak leaf lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. crispa). Data were derived from dry and fresh samples. Read More

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October 2021

Ginger root powder enhanced the growth productivity, digestibility, and antioxidative capacity to cope with the impacts of heat stress in rabbits.

J Therm Biol 2021 Aug 8;100:103075. Epub 2021 Aug 8.

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh, 33516, Egypt. Electronic address:

Heat stress is the most significant environmental factor involved in the impairment of the health status of rabbits and lowering their productivity. Using medicinal feed additives is suggested to relieve heat stress-induced oxidative stress in rabbits. The study investigated the possible protective role of ginger root (Zingiber officinale) against heat stress in rabbits. Read More

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Responses of beef calves to long-term heat stress exposure by evaluating growth performance, physiological, blood and behavioral parameters.

J Therm Biol 2021 Aug 18;100:103033. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sanghuh College of Life Sciences, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05029, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to explore the responses of beef calves to long-term heat stress (HS) exposure at various levels in comparison with the animals under thermoneutral conditions by evaluating growth performance, physiological, blood, and behavioural parameters. Data were collected from sixteen beef calves (BW: 136.9 ± 6. Read More

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Sulfur, fresh cassava root and urea independently enhanced gas production, ruminal characteristics and in vitro degradability.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Sep 9;17(1):304. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center (TROFREC), Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, 40002, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Background: Total fresh cassava root (FCR) production was 275 million tonnes in 2018 which equals 61.1 % of the total production, and Thailand produced 10.7 % FCR of the total production. Read More

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September 2021

The Effect of Hemp Cake ( L.) on the Characteristics of Meatballs Stored in Refrigerated Conditions.

Molecules 2021 Aug 31;26(17). Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Meat Technology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 31, 60-624 Poznan, Poland.

Hemp cake, a by-product of cold pressing oil from hemp seeds, is a nutritious ingredient that could be used for the production of new or reformulated meat products. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of inclusion of 0.9%, 2. Read More

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The Effects of Dietary PBDE Exposure and Rearing Temperature on Tadpole Growth, Development, and Their Underlying Processes.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Depression of growth rate due to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) has been documented in birds, mammals, amphibians, and fish at single temperatures. However, the underlying energetic mechanism for this effect and how it might change in relation to changing environmental temperature remains unstudied. Here, we used a simple energy budget to address hypotheses regarding PBDEs on tadpole (Lithobates pipiens) growth; that reductions in growth are linked to increased respiratory costs, reductions in digestive performance, differences in body composition, reductions in food intake, or a combination of these factors. Read More

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September 2021

Partitioning and Translocation of Dry Matter and Nitrogen During Grain Filling in Spring Barley Varieties and Their Roles in Determining Malting Quality.

Front Plant Sci 2021 23;12:722871. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Department of Plant Sciences, Technical University of Munich, Freising, Germany.

To meet the strict requirements for the malting quality of both grain size and protein content for malting barley, a better understanding of the partitioning and remobilization of dry matter (DM) and nitrogen (N) from individual vegetative organs during grain filling may contribute to adjusting a balance in both quality parameters to satisfy the malting criteria of the brewing industry. A 2-year experiment that included 23 spring malting barley varieties was carried out to determine the DM and N partitioning in different organs at anthesis and maturity and to estimate their remobilization to grains. In contrast to the genetic variation of the 23 barley varieties, year effect was the most important single factor influencing the DM and N accumulation at pre-anthesis, and the DM and N translocation from their reserves at pre-anthesis. Read More

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Livestock as vectors of organic matter and nutrient loading in aquatic ecosystems in African savannas.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(9):e0257076. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, University of Eldoret, Eldoret, Kenya.

Populations of large wildlife have declined in many landscapes around the world, and have been replaced or displaced by livestock. The consequences of these changes on the transfer of organic matter (OM) and nutrients from terrestrial to aquatic ecosystems are not well understood. We used behavioural data, excretion and egestion rates and C: N: P stoichiometry of dung and urine of zebu cattle, to develop a metabolism-based estimate of loading rates of OM (dung), C, N and P into the Mara River, Kenya. Read More

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September 2021

Indicators of full value feeding rations for dairy cows.

Braz J Biol 2021 6;82:e254111. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

M. Kozybayev North Kazakhstan University, Department of Food Security, Petropavl, Kazakhstan.

This article presents the results of the level of feeding and the health status of dairy cows in a commercial dairy farm on the content of the main components in milk (fat, protein, urea). The aim of the research was to study the milk productivity and composition of milk of cows, to analyze the level of feeding and the content of basic nutrients in the diet of the farm. The farm breeds purebred Holstein cattle with a high genetic potential for productivity. Read More

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September 2021

[Effects of spraying desiccant on dehydration characteristics and grain quality of summer maize hybrids differing in maturity].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2020 Aug;31(8):2613-2620

College of Agronomy, Shandong Agricultural University/State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Tai'an 271018, Shandong, China.

Water content of summer maize hybrids grown in China is too high at harvesting stage, which limits the development of grain mechanical harvesting technology. Spraying the desiccant can regulate physiological process of crop grain filling and reduce water content at harvest. We explored the effects of spraying the desiccant on the dehydration process, grain moisture, and grain quality of summer maize hybrids differing in maturity. Read More

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[Effects of water-nitrogen combination on dry matter, nitrogen accumulation and yield of winter wheat].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2020 Aug;31(8):2593-2603

Tai'an Academy of Agricultural Science, Tai'an 271000, Shandong, China.

In two growing seasons of wheat (2015-2017), we conducted a field trial with Taishan 28 in Tai'an Academy of Agricultural Science Feicheng experimental base, Tai'an City, Shandong Province. There were four irrigation levels of 150 (A), 300 (A), 450 (A), and 600 (A) m·hm, and four nitrogen application levels of 90 (B), 135 (B), 180 (B), and 225 (B) kg·hm. We examined the effects of the combination effects of irrigation and nitrogen on dry matter accumulation and transport, nitrogen accumulation and transport, water consumption and utilization, photosynthetic characteristics, wheat grain yield and yield components of wheat. Read More

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Enhancement of the Cd phytoremediation efficiency of Festuca arundinacea by sonic seed treatment.

Chemosphere 2021 Sep 3;287(Pt 2):132158. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

College of Resources and Environment, Yangtze University, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

It has been reported that both naturally occurring and artificially created sounds can alter the physiological parameters of various plants. A series of experiments were designed in the present study to estimate the physiological responses and the variation in the Cd decontamination capacity of Festuca arundinacea under sonic wave treatments. Plant seeds were treated by sound waves of frequency 200, 300, 400, 500, and 1000 Hz, and the germinated seedlings were transplanted to Cd-polluted soil. Read More

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September 2021

Technical note: The Comparison of pH and Redox Potential in Different Locations in the Reticulo-Rumen of Growing Beef Steers Supplemented with Different Levels of Quebracho Extract.

J Anim Sci 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, USA.

Rumen acidosis is a common metabolic disorder occurring when organic acid production exceeds clearance capacity, reducing ruminal pH. The occurrence of acidosis has been directly correlated to the ratio of concentrate to forage in the diet. However, rates of substrate fermentation and acid absorption vary at different locations in the reticulo-rumen. Read More

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September 2021

Characterization of a novel beta-cypermethrin-degrading strain of Lactobacillus pentosus 3-27 and its effects on bioremediation and the bacterial community of contaminated alfalfa silage.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Aug 31;423(Pt A):127101. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu Province, China; Probiotics and Biological Feed Research Centre, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China. Electronic address:

In this study, a novel beta-cypermethrin (beta-cyp)-degrading strain Lactobacillus pentosus 3-27 (LP3-27) was screened from beta-cyp-contaminated silage. The strain could degrade 96% of beta-cyp (50 mg/L) in MSM medium after 4 d of culture, while the strain lost its degradation ability when the beta-cyp concentration reached 250 mg/L. The effects of LP 3-27 on fermentation, bacterial community, and bioremediation of contaminated alfalfa silage at two dry matter (DM) contents were studied. Read More

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Performance and Dry Matter Accumulation of Groundnut in an Ultisol Amended with Phosphorus and Lime.

Pak J Biol Sci 2021 Jan;24(8):847-857

<b>Background and Objective:</b> Adequate yield improvement in groundnut may not be achieved in acid sand Ultisol through the application of mineral phosphorus alone, however, a combined application of lime and phosphorus fertilizer may be a better management option in such soils. Hence, this study evaluated the effects of four levels of lime (0, 2.0, 4. Read More

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January 2021

Ovitrap Preference in the Black Soldier Fly, (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae).

Pak J Biol Sci 2021 Jan;24(5):562-570

<b>Background and Objective:</b> The adult female of the Black Soldier Fly (BSF) usually performs oviposition near decaying organic matter in cracks found in dry areas. In mass-rearing facilities or on a laboratory scale, females usually lay eggs on the provided ovitrap which is made of various types of materials. This study was aimed to observe the female preferential behaviour for ovitrap types during the oviposition period. Read More

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January 2021

Using an Algorithm to Fit a GAMLSS Model on Dry Matter Data from .

Pak J Biol Sci 2021 Jan;24(4):468-476

<b>Background and Objective:</b> Forage production in the tropics is generally asymmetrically distributed. Hence the need to use more complex models, especially when multiple comparisons are made and there are very large deviations from normality. The objective of this research is to fit a Generalized Additive Model for Location, Scale and Shape (GAMLSS) model on accumulated dry matter data from <i>Brachiaria brizantha</i> using a model selection algorithm. Read More

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January 2021

Effect of Cooking Oil on the Fatty Acid Profile of Beef Sausage Fortified with Edible Deboned Meat Waste.

Int J Food Sci 2021 26;2021:5592554. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Medicinal Plants and Economic Development (MPED), Research Center, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa.

Application of cooking oil during thermal processing can influence the nutritional qualities of meat products during consumption. This study determined the effect of frying with sunflower and olive oil on the fatty acid profile of sausage fortified with edible meat waste (EMW) as a fat replacer was evaluated. Fresh beef sausages were formulated in ratios of 30% lean meat (LM) and 70% EMW, 50% LM and 50% EMW, and 90% LM and 10% fat (control) and designated as T1, T2, and T3, respectively. Read More

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Reducing metabolizable protein supply: Effects on milk production, blood metabolites, and health in early-lactation dairy cows.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

William H. Miner Agricultural Research Institute, Chazy, NY 12921. Electronic address:

Our objective was to evaluate the effect of metabolizable protein (MP) supply on milk production, blood metabolites, and health in dairy cows during early lactation. Three experimental diets were formulated to contain 114, 107, 101 g of MP/kg of dry matter (DM; 114MP, 107MP, and 101MP, respectively) with crude protein contents of 17.0, 16. Read More

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September 2021

Abomasal infusion of corn starch and β-hydroxybutyrate in early-lactation Holstein-Friesian dairy cows to induce hindgut and metabolic acidosis.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Wageningen Livestock Research, Wageningen University & Research, PO Box 338, 6700 AH, Wageningen, the Netherlands.

The objectives of this study were to induce hindgut and metabolic acidosis via abomasal infusion of corn starch and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), respectively, and to determine the effects of these physiological states in early-lactation dairy cows. In a 6 × 6 Latin square design, 6 rumen-fistulated Holstein-Friesian dairy cows (66 ± 18 d in milk) were subjected to 5 d of continuous abomasal infusion treatments followed by 2 d of rest. The abomasal infusion treatments followed a 3 × 2 factorial design, with 3 levels of corn starch and 2 levels of BHB. Read More

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September 2021

Uranium stability in a large wetland soil core probed by electron acceptors, carbonate amendments and wet-dry cycling in a long-term lysimeter experiment.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 20;803:149783. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Institute of Radiation Physics, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Understanding the hydro-biogeochemical conditions that impact the mobility of uranium (U) in natural or artificial wetlands is essential for the management of contaminated environments. Field-based research indicates that high organic matter content and saturation of the soil from the water table create favorable conditions for U accumulation. Despite the installation of artificial wetlands for U remediation, the processes that can release U from wetland soils to underlying aquifers are poorly understood. Read More

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