42 results match your criteria dromedaries iranian

Microscopic and molecular detection of Deraiophoronema evansi (Lewis, 1882) in domestic Bactrian camels (Camelus bactrianus) of Mongolia.

Parasitol Int 2021 Jun 12:102404. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Science, Zaisan, 17042, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Electronic address:

Cameline filarosis is an important parasitic disease having an economic impact on the camel industry around the world. However, there has been no study on filarosis in Bactrian camels of Mongolia. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to detect and identify microfilariae of Deraiophoronema evansi (D. Read More

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Genomic prediction for growth using a low-density SNP panel in dromedary camels.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 7;11(1):7675. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Persian BayanGene Research and Training Center, 7134767617, Shiraz, Iran.

For thousands of years, camels have produced meat, milk, and fiber in harsh desert conditions. For a sustainable development to provide protein resources from desert areas, it is necessary to pay attention to genetic improvement in camel breeding. By using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) method we produced over 14,500 genome wide markers to conduct a genome- wide association study (GWAS) for investigating the birth weight, daily gain, and body weight of 96 dromedaries in the Iranian central desert. Read More

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Genome-Wide Diversity, Population Structure and Demographic History of Dromedaries in the Central Desert of Iran.

Genes (Basel) 2020 05 29;11(6). Epub 2020 May 29.

Persian BayanGene Research and Training Center, 7134767617 Shiraz, Iran.

The development of camel husbandry for good production in a desert climate is very important, thus we need to understand the genetic basis of camels and give attention to genomic analysis. We assessed genome-wide diversity, linkage disequilibrium (LD), effective population size (Ne) and relatedness in 96 dromedaries originating from five different regions of the central desert of Iran using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS). A total of 14,522 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) with an average minor allele frequency (MAF) of 0. Read More

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Zoonotic implications of camel diseases in Iran.

Vet Med Sci 2020 08 11;6(3):359-381. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Research Centre for Emerging and Reemerging infectious diseases, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Approximately 60% of all human pathogens and 75% of emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic (of animal origin). Camel zoonotic diseases can be encountered in all camel-rearing countries. In this article, all studies carried out on camel zoonotic diseases in Iran are reviewed to show the importance of camels for public health in this country. Read More

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'Candidatus Bartonella dromedarii' in the dromedary camels of Iran: Molecular investigation, phylogenetic analysis, hematological findings, and acute-phase proteins quantitation.

Vet Microbiol 2019 Oct 31;237:108404. Epub 2019 Aug 31.

Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

The genus Bartonella is comprised of Gram-negative coccobacilli, aerobic, and facultative intracellular bacteria which are transmitted by hematophagous vectors (e.g., fleas, lice, sandflies, and ticks). Read More

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October 2019

Genome-Wide Identification of Microsatellites and Transposable Elements in the Dromedary Camel Genome Using Whole-Genome Sequencing Data.

Front Genet 2019 26;10:692. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, College of Aburaihan, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Transposable elements (TEs) along with simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are prevalent in eukaryotic genome, especially in mammals. Repetitive sequences form approximately one-third of the camelid genomes, so study on this part of genome can be helpful in providing deeper information from the genome and its evolutionary path. Here, in order to improve our understanding regarding the camel genome architecture, the whole genome of the two dromedaries (Yazdi and Trodi camels) was sequenced. Read More

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Molecular evidence of Trypanosoma evansi infection in Iranian dromedary camel herds

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(2):159-165

Department of Pathobiology, Parasitology Division, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zabol University; Daneshgah Str., Zabol 986167-3831, Iran

Trypanosoma evansi is a pathogenic African animal protozoan, affecting livestock and wild animals worldwide and Iran. The present study was carried out to detect the infection of T. evansi in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) of southeastern Iran. Read More

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Brucella abortus contamination of camel milk in two Iranian regions.

Prev Vet Med 2019 Aug 17;169:104708. Epub 2019 Jun 17.

Brucellosis Department, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran. Electronic address:

Brucella spp. commonly infect humans in various regions worldwide. Human brucellosis mainly spreads through the consumption of contaminated raw dairy products and meat from domestic livestock (water buffalo, goats, sheep, cattle, pigs and camels). Read More

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Copper, Iron, Manganese, Zinc, Cobalt, Arsenic, Cadmium, Chrome, and Lead Concentrations in Liver and Muscle in Iranian Camel (Camelus dromedarius).

Biol Trace Elem Res 2020 Apr 29;194(2):390-400. Epub 2019 Jun 29.

Department of Food Hygiene and Aquaculture, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

Camel meat as healthy food has received much attention for human consumption. In the present study, liver and muscle from 60 camels (Camelus dromedarius) including 26 males and 34 females were sampled to determine the concentration of As, Cd, Pb, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn, and Co using the inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Based on the obtained results, the average content of essential or toxic elements in the liver and muscle was as follows: 111. Read More

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The first detection of Amblyomma hebraeum (Acarina: Ixodidae) in Iran.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2019 04 19;16:100276. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Research Center for Health Sciences, Institute of Health, Department of Medical Entomology, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

Amblyomma hebraeum (Koch, 1844), has been already reported from along the coast of South Africa, eastern Swaziland, southern Mozambique, eastern Botswana, and in southern and eastern regions of Zimbabwe. The aim of this study was to determine the ecto-parasites and the harmful arthropods of wildlife animals, collected from cages of Shiraz zoo in Fars province, southern Iran, in 2016. Accordingly, the Ticks collected from the white camels were identified as Amblyomma hebraeum. Read More

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J Zoo Wildl Med 2018 12;49(4):844-848

Anaplasma phagocytophilum infects a wide variety of wild and domestic animals and causes an emerging zoonotic tick-borne disease. There are no available data regarding the presence of A. phagocytophilum in camels ( Camelus dromedarius). Read More

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December 2018

Genetic variants analysis of three dromedary camels using whole genome sequencing data.

PLoS One 2018 20;13(9):e0204028. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, College of Aburaihan, University of Tehran, Pakdasht, Iran.

Whole genome wide identification and annotation of genetic variations in camels is in its first steps. The aim of this study was the identification of genome wide variants, functional annotations of them and enrichment analysis of affected genes using whole genome sequencing data of three dromedary camels. The genomes of two Iranian female dromedary camels that mostly used to produce meat and milk were sequenced to 41. Read More

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Molecular epidemiology, associated risk factors, and phylogenetic analysis of anaplasmosis in camel.

Microb Pathog 2018 Oct 24;123:377-384. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, PR China. Electronic address:

Camel Anaplasmosis is caused by members of family Anaplasmatacae, a tick transmitted, obligate intracellular bacteria. The etiological bacteria are transmitted by ixodid tick species. The species have multi host range distribution that is why it is crucial to diagnose it timely. Read More

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October 2018

Modification of IgE binding to α-casein by proteolytic activity of Enterococcus faecium isolated from Iranian camel milk samples.

J Biotechnol 2018 Jun 15;276-277:10-14. Epub 2018 Apr 15.

UR 1268, INRA BIA-FIPL, B.P. 71627, 44316, Nantes Cedex 03, France.

Milk is a perfect source of nutrients for neonates. When breast feeding cannot be done, an infant's alimentation is usually initiated to cow's milk, among the primary foods. It has been reported that about 2. Read More

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Identification of Bactrian camel cell lines using genetic markers.

In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 2018 Apr 1;54(4):265-271. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Agriculture, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (rah), Shahr-e- rey Branch, Islamic Azad university, Tehran, Iran.

Iranian Bactrian camel population is less than 100 animals. Iranian biological resource center produced more than 50 Bactrian camel fibroblast cell lines as a somatic cell bank for conservation animal genetic resources. We compared two type markers performance, including 14 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPDs) (dominant) and eight microsatellite (co-dominant) for cell line identification, individual identification and investigation genetic structure of these samples. Read More

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J Zoo Wildl Med 2017 12;48(4):1026-1030

Camels ( Camelus dromedarius) are important, multipurpose local animals in Iran. Despite their importance, camelid parasitic diseases have not received adequate attention in the veterinary literature. The present study investigated the prevalence of, and molecularly identified, camel piroplasms in Iran. Read More

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December 2017

Heterogenity of Echinococcus canadensis genotype 6 - the main causative agent of cystic echinococcosis in Birjand, Eastern Iran.

Vet Parasitol 2017 Oct 30;245:78-85. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran; Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran. Electronic address:

Little is known about the genotypes of Echinococcus spp. and their life cycles in eastern Iran. We analysed the partial sequences of the nad1 and cox1 genes from 17 isolates from hydatid cyst-infected patients (n=9), camels (n=5) and sheep (n=3) in Birjand, eastern Iran. Read More

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October 2017

infection and major risk factors for Iranian one-humped camels ().

J Parasit Dis 2017 Sep 5;41(3):854-858. Epub 2017 Apr 5.

Parasitology Division, Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran.

is a cosmopolitan protozoan which affects camelids and may cause illness and economic losses. The present study was aimed to determine the prevalence and geographic distribution of . in Iranian one-humped camels of South East Iran. Read More

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September 2017

Parasitic diseases of camels in Iran (1931-2017) - a literature review.

Parasite 2017 15;24:21. Epub 2017 Jun 15.

Institute of Parasitology, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria.

Parasitic diseases of camels are major causes of impaired milk and meat production, decreases in performance or even death. Some camel parasites also represent a threat to human health. About 171,500 one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) and 100-300 two-humped camels (Camelus bactrianus) live in Iran. Read More

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Changes in volatile composition and sensory properties of Iranian ultrafiltered white cheese as affected by blends of Rhizomucor miehei protease or camel chymosin.

J Dairy Sci 2016 Oct 8;99(10):7744-7754. Epub 2016 Aug 8.

Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Inonu University, 44280 Malatya, Turkey. Electronic address:

The effect of using various combinations of Rhizomucor miehei protease and camel chymosin (100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, and 0:100, respectively) on volatile composition and sensory scores in Iranian ultrafiltered white cheese was studied during 90d of ripening. A solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometric method was used for determining the volatile compounds of the cheeses. Forty compounds including esters (12), acids (6), ketones (9), alcohols (3), and miscellaneous compounds (10) were identified. Read More

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October 2016

Molecular detection of bovine leukemia virus in peripheral blood of Iranian cattle, camel and sheep.

Pol J Vet Sci 2015 ;18(4):703-7

Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is a deltaretrovirus which infects and induces proliferation of B-lymphocytes in the peripheral blood circulation and in lymphoid organs primarily of cattle, leading to leukemia/lymphoma. This study was carried out to investigate the presence of BLV in cattle, sheep and camels from the Chaharmahal va Bakhtiary and Isfahan provinces in Iran. A total of 874 blood samples collected from cattle, sheep and camels were used in this study to detect BLV using a nested-PCR. Read More

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Molecular identification and phylogenetic analysis of Dipetalonema evansi (LEWIS, 1882) in camels (Camelus dromedarius) of Iran.

Parasitol Res 2016 Apr 11;115(4):1605-10. Epub 2016 Jan 11.

Institute of Parasitology, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, A-1210, Vienna, Austria.

Despite the economic importance of camels, the parasites that affect them have not received adequate attention so far and molecular studies are scarce compared to other livestock. In this study, we characterized peripheral blood microfilariae in 200 healthy one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) from south-east Iran by microscopy and molecular tools to receive a more detailed insight into prevalence and species that affect them. Moreover, adult specimens of the filarial nematode Dipetalonema evansi were collected from the carcass of an infected animal. Read More

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Structure of vomeronasal organ (Jacobson organ) in male Camelus Domesticus Var. dromedaris persica.

Anat Histol Embryol 2014 Dec 22;43(6):423-8. Epub 2013 Oct 22.

Department of Basic Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a tubular structure in the roof of nasal cavity. The important role of this organ is olfaction of sexual odour. In this study, position, anatomical structure and histology of VNO in Iranian camels (camelus domesticus var. Read More

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December 2014

Molecular genotyping of Echinococcus granulosus from dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius) in eastern Iran.

J Helminthol 2015 Jan 10;89(1):100-4. Epub 2013 Sep 10.

Department of Pathobiology,School of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad,Mashhad,Iran.

With the aim of genotyping Echinococcus granulosus cysts found in Iranian dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius), 50 cysts of E. granulosus were collected from five geographical regions in Iran. Cysts were characterized using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) gene and sequencing fragments of the genes coding for mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1). Read More

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January 2015

Incidence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli serogroups in ruminant's meat.

Meat Sci 2013 Oct 1;95(2):381-8. Epub 2013 May 1.

Department of Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran.

To assess the presences of Escherichia coli, its serogroups, virulence factors and antibiotic resistance properties in ruminant's meat, a total of 820 raw meat samples were collected and then evaluated using culture, PCR and disk diffusion methods. Totally, 238 (29.02%) samples were positive for presence of Escherichia coli. Read More

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October 2013

Gastrointestinal helminths of camels (Camelus dromedarius) in center of Iran.

Trop Biomed 2013 Mar;30(1):56-61

Department of Pathobiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Camels are multipurpose animals in Iran. As parasitic diseases are the major cause of impaired meat and milk production in this animal, the present study aimed at determining gastrointestinal helminthic infections of Iranian camels in the center of the country. Gastrointestinal (GI) tract of 144 carcasses of one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) slaughtered in Yazd, Esfahan and Kerman provinces' abattoirs were examined for adult helminths. Read More

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Phylogenetic analysis of immunomodulatory protein genes of camelpoxvirus obtained from India.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2013 Jul 6;36(4):415-24. Epub 2013 Apr 6.

National Research Centre on Camel, Post Bag No. 7, Jorbeer, Bikaner 334 001, Rajasthan, India.

The haemagglutinin (HA) encoding gene and genes encoding for immunomodulatory proteins i.e., schlafen-like protein, epidermal growth factor and golgi anti apoptotic protein of camelpoxvirus (CMLV) obtained from Indian dromedarian camels were cloned and characterized. Read More

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Genetic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Trypanosoma evansi in Iranian dromedary camels.

Parasitol Res 2013 Feb 25;112(2):899-903. Epub 2012 Sep 25.

Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, PO box 71345, Shiraz, Iran.

Whole blood samples were collected from 117 male clinically healthy Camelus dromedarius aged between 6 months to 18 years from several farms in Yazd Province of Iran. Trypanosoma evansi-affected camels were detected by Giemsa-stained blood smears, and the positive blood samples (4 out of 117) were submitted to PCR examination and phylogenetic analysis. Basic Local Alignment Search Tool data of the obtained complete internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences revealed that they corresponded to those of T. Read More

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February 2013

Genotypic characterization of Iranian camel (Camelus dromedarius) isolates of Echinoccocus granulosus.

J Parasitol 2011 Apr 17;97(2):251-5. Epub 2010 Nov 17.

Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, P.O. Box 1731, Shiraz 71345, Iran.

In the present study, Echinoccocus granulosus isolates collected from camels (Camelus dromedarius) in eastern Iran were characterized based on the nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial CO1 and NDI genes. The molecular results for camel isolates demonstrated that at least 2 different genotypes are present, i.e. Read More

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Rostellar hook morphology of larval Echinococcus granulosus isolates from the Indian buffalo and Iranian sheep, cattle and camel.

J Helminthol 2011 Sep 6;85(3):239-45. Epub 2010 Sep 6.

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Isolates of Echinococcus granulosus from the Indian buffalo and Iranian sheep, cattle and camels were characterized on the basis of rostellar hook morphology of the protoscolices. Results obtained indicated phenotypic polymorphism among parasites isolated from different host species. Isolates from buffalo are morphologically quite different from those of the more common sheep and cattle isolates and may represent a different strain, adapted to buffalo. Read More

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September 2011