84,995 results match your criteria dose-dependent manner

Sodium metabisulfite as a cytotoxic food additive induces apoptosis in HFFF2 cells.

Food Chem 2021 Apr 20;358:129910. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Valencia, Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:

Sodium metabisulfite (SMB), an antioxidant agent, is extensively used as a preservative in food industry. The current study was aimed to clarify its potential toxic effects on human fetal foreskin fibroblasts (HFFF2) cells, in vitro. Subsequently, MTT results illustrated that exposure to SMB significantly (p < 0. Read More

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Phlorizin attenuates visceral hypersensitivity and colonic hyperpermeability in a rat model of irritable bowel syndrome.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 May 3;139:111649. Epub 2021 May 3.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Asahikawa Medical University, 2-1-1-1 Midorigaoka-Higashi, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, 078-8510, Japan; Department of General Medicine, Asahikawa Medical University, 2-1-1-1 Midorigaoka-Higashi, Asahikawa, Hokkaido 078-8510, Japan.

Visceral hypersensitivity and impaired gut barrier are crucial contributors to the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and those are mediated via corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)-Toll like receptor 4-pro-inflammatory cytokine signaling. Phlorizin is an inhibitor of sodium-linked glucose transporters (SGLTs), and known to have anti-cytokine properties. Thus, we hypothesized that phlorizin may improve these gastrointestinal changes in IBS, and tested this hypothesis in rat IBS models, i. Read More

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CopA3 peptide induces permanent cell-cycle arrest in colorectal cancer cells.

Mech Ageing Dev 2021 May 3:111497. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Biotechnology, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, 38453, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Cell-cycle arrest reflects an accumulation of responses to DNA damage that sequentially affects cell growth and division. Herein, we analyzed the effect of the 9-mer dimer defensin-like peptide, CopA3, against colorectal cancer cell growth and proliferation in a dose-dependent manner upon 96 h of treatment. As observed, CopA3 treatment significantly affected cancer cell growth, reduced colony formation ability, increased the number of SA-β-Gal positive cells, and remarkably reduced Ki67 protein expression. Read More

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Therapeutic targets and biological mechanisms of action of curcumin against Zika virus: in silico and in vitro analyses.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 May 3:174144. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05029, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus, that could cause congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), characterized by microcephaly, neurological complications and fetal deaths. No specific treatments for ZIKV are currently available, highlighting the urgent global need to identify and develop therapeutic agents. Drug repositioning of approved natural compounds can provide effective alternative solutions for novel antiviral development. Read More

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Virtual screening of natural compounds for potential inhibitors of Sterol C-24 methyltransferase of Leishmania donovani to overcome leishmaniasis.

J Cell Biochem 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Biotechnology, Infection and Immunity Lab (414), Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University), New Delhi, India.

Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by trypanosomatid parasite belonging to the genera Leishmania. Leishmaniasis is transmitted from one human to other through the bite of sandflies. It is endemic in around 98 countries including tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, Southern America, and the Mediterranean region. Read More

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1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 Supplementation during Pregnancy Is Associated with Allergic Rhinitis in the Offspring by Modulating Immunity.

J Immunol Res 2021 14;2021:6638119. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Otolaryngology, Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310006, China.

Background: Maternal supplementation with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD3) has immunologic effects on the developing fetus through multiple pathways. This study was aimed at investigating the effects of VD3 supplementation on immune dysregulation in the offspring during allergic rhinitis.

Methods: Different doses of VD3 as well as control were given to pregnant female mice. Read More

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Drug Intake and Actinic Keratosis: A Case-Control Study.

Dermatol Pract Concept 2021 Mar 12;11(2):e2021031. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Dermatology, IRCCS Policlinico di Sant'Orsola. Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Italy.

Background: Actinic keratosis (AK) is a form of premalignant keratinocyte dysplasia. Recently, the role of photosensitizing drugs in the development of AK has been postulated.

Objective: This study evaluated a possible association between the use of photosensitizing drugs and the development of AK. Read More

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Fraxinellone Has Anticancer Activity by Inducing Osteosarcoma Cell Apoptosis via Promoting Excessive Autophagy Flux.

Front Pharmacol 2021 19;12:653212. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Osteosarcoma is a malignant bone tumor that is easy to metastasize in the early stage and has a very poor prognosis. Fraxinellone (FRA) is one of the main components isolated from the plant. Its anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects have been confirmed, but the research on the anti-cancer effect of FRA and its potential mechanism is relatively scarce. Read More

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Forsythoside A Alleviates High Glucose-Induced Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Podocytes by Inactivating MAPK Signaling via MMP12 Inhibition.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 28;14:1885-1895. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Clinical Research Center for Medical Sciences, IMMU, Chifeng University School of Basic Medical Sciences, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia, 024000, People's Republic of China.

Background: Podocyte injury serves an important role during the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of forsythoside A (FA) on high glucose (HG)-induced podocyte injury and to identify the possible mechanisms.

Methods: MPC-5 podocytes were cultured under HG conditions. Read More

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Effects of urethane and isoflurane on the sensory evoked response and local blood flow in the early postnatal rat somatosensory cortex.

Sci Rep 2021 May 5;11(1):9567. Epub 2021 May 5.

Laboratory of Neurobiology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, 420000, Russia.

Functional studies in the central nervous system are often conducted using anesthesia. While the dose-dependent effects of anesthesia on neuronal activity have been extensively characterized in adults, little is known about the effects of anesthesia on cortical activity and cerebral blood flow in the immature central nervous system. Substitution of electrophysiological recordings with the less-invasive technique of optical intrinsic signal imaging (OIS) in vivo allowed simultaneous recordings of sensory-evoked functional response and local blood flow changes in the neonatal rat barrel cortex. Read More

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Angiotensin (1-7) Attenuates the Nociceptive Behavior Induced by Substance P and NMDA via Spinal MAS1.

Biol Pharm Bull 2021 ;44(5):742-746

Division of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University.

The intrathecal (i.t.) injection of substance P (SP) and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) induce transient nociceptive response by activating neurokinin (NK) 1 and NMDA receptors, respectively. Read More

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January 2021

Anticancer and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Diosmin against Dalton Ascitic Lymphoma Induced Leukemia.

J Oleo Sci 2021 ;70(5):665-673

Department of Hematology, Yunnan Cancer Hospital.

Cancer is the world's biggest health problem and cancer-induced mortality happened all over the planet after the heart disease. The present study was to scrutinize the anti-leukemia effect of diosmin against Dalton Ascitic Lymphoma (DAL) induced leukemia in mice. DAL cell was used for induction the solid tumor. Read More

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January 2021

Anti-diabetic Role of Adropin in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats via Alteration of PI3K/Akt and Insulin Signaling Pathway.

J Oleo Sci 2021 ;70(5):657-664

Department of Endocrinology, Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a hyperglycemia-related multifactorial condition with an elevated risk of microvascular and microvascular complications associated with this disease. The current experimental study was to examine the antidiabetic activity of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced adropin against diabetic rats by altering the PI3K/Akt and insulin signaling pathways. STZ (60 mg/kg) was used for the induction of DM and rats were divided into different groups and received the adropin (20, 40 and 80 mg/kg) and glibenclamide (10 mg/kg) till 28 days. Read More

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January 2021

Nicotinamide improves NAD levels to protect against acetaminophen-induced acute liver injury in mice.

Hum Exp Toxicol 2021 May 5:9603271211014573. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Pathophysiology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose causes acute liver injury (ALI). Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is an essential coenzyme, and NAD is oxidized type which synthesized from nicotinamide (NAM). The present study aimed to investigate the role of NAD in ALI and protective property of NAM. Read More

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Significance of site-specific radiation dose and technique for success of implant-based prosthetic rehabilitation in irradiated head and neck cancer patients-A cohort study.

Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Background: Radiotherapy aggravates implant-based prosthetic rehabilitation in patients with head and neck cancer.

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of radiation dose at implant and parotid gland site for prosthetic rehabilitation.

Material And Methods: The retrospective study includes 121 irradiated head and neck cancer patients with 751 inserted implants. Read More

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CIP2A silencing alleviates doxorubicin resistance in MCF7/ADR cells through activating PP2A and autophagy.

Z Zhu Z Wei

Clin Transl Oncol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Thyroid and Breast Department, Cangzhou Central Hospital, No.16 Xinhua West Rd, Cangzhou city, Hebei Province, 061000, China.

Background: Cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of various types of cancer. Here, we investigated whether manipulating CIP2A abundance could enhance the treatment effects of doxorubicin in MCF-7/ADR cells.

Methods: CIP2A silencing was achieved by specific siRNAs. Read More

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Cordycepin inhibits the proliferation of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor cells through the p53/Sp1/tubulin pathway.

Am J Cancer Res 2021 15;11(4):1247-1266. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Institute for Systems Biology Seattle, Washington, USA.

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most common hereditary neurocutaneous disorders. In addition to skin pigmentation and cutaneous neurofibroma, some patients developed the plexiform neurofibroma since birth. Plexiform neurofibroma has abundant Schwann cells, fibroblasts, mast cells, blood vessels, and connective tissues, which increases the risk of developing a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST). Read More

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Inhibition of Rice Serotonin -Acetyltransferases by MG149 Decreased Melatonin Synthesis in Rice Seedlings.

Biomolecules 2021 Apr 29;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea.

We examined the effects of two histone acetyltransferase (HAT) inhibitors on the activity of rice serotonin -acetyltransferases (SNAT). Two rice recombinant SNAT isoenzymes (SNAT1 and SNAT2) were incubated in the presence of either MG149 or MB3, HAT inhibitors. MG149 significantly inhibited the SNAT enzymes in a dose-dependent manner, especially SNAT1, while SNAT2 was moderately inhibited. Read More

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Lumican Inhibits Osteoclastogenesis and Bone Resorption by Suppressing Akt Activity.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 29;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 05505, Korea.

Lumican, a ubiquitously expressed small leucine-rich proteoglycan, has been utilized in diverse biological functions. Recent experiments demonstrated that lumican stimulates preosteoblast viability and differentiation, leading to bone formation. To further understand the role of lumican in bone metabolism, we investigated its effects on osteoclast biology. Read More

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Combining Mobilizing Agents with Busulfan to Reduce Chemotherapy-Based Conditioning for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Cells 2021 Apr 30;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Immunology, Leiden University Medical Center, 2333 ZA Leiden, The Netherlands.

In the context of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation, conditioning with myelo- and immune-ablative agents is used to eradicate the patient's diseased cells, generate space in the marrow and suppress immune reactions prior to the infusion of donor HSCs. While conditioning is required for effective and long-lasting HSC engraftment, currently used regimens are also associated with short and long-term side effects on extramedullary tissues and even mortality. Particularly in patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), who are generally less than 1-year old at the time of transplantation and often suffer from existing comorbidities. Read More

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Short chain fatty acids delay the development of hepatocellular carcinoma in HBx transgenic mice.

Neoplasia 2021 May 1;23(5):529-538. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Biology, College of Science and Technology, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The HBV encoded oncoprotein, HBx, alters the expression of host genes and the activity of multiple signal transduction pathways that contribute to the pathogenesis of HCC by multiple mechanisms independent of HBV replication. However, it is not clear which pathways are the most relevant therapeutic targets in hepatocarcinogenesis. Read More

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Aloperine improves osteoporosis in ovariectomized mice by inhibiting RANKL-induced NF-κB, ERK and JNK approaches.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 May 1;97:107720. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Spinal Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital, University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan 421000, China. Electronic address:

Presently, postmenopausal osteoporosis mainly caused by excessive activation of in vivo osteoclasts has become a global public health burden. Natural compounds have gradually become the potential drugs for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Aloperine is a new alkaloid extracted from the leaves and seeds of sophora bean. Read More

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GS-441524 inhibits African swine fever virus infection in vitro.

Antiviral Res 2021 May 1:105081. Epub 2021 May 1.

Key Laboratory of Zoonosis Prevention and Control of Guangdong Province, College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China; African Swine Fever Regional Laboratory of China (Guangzhou), Guangzhou, People's Republic of China; Research Center for African Swine Fever Prevention and Control, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China; National Engineering Research Center for Breeding Swine Industry, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a highly infectious and lethal swine pathogen that causes serious socio-economic consequences in endemic countries for which no safe and effective vaccine is currently available. GS-441524, a 1-cyano-substituted adenine C-nucleoside ribose analogue, inhibits viral RNA transcription by competing with natural nucleosides (ATP, TTP, CTP, and GTP) and effectively inhibits viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity. However, whether GS-441524 can inhibit the replication of DNA viruses is unknown. Read More

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Telmisartan attenuates human glioblastoma cells proliferation and oncogenicity by inducing the lipid oxidation.

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Center of Basic Medical Research, Institute of Medical Innovation and Research, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most common primary brain tumors, which accounts up to 80% of malignant brain tumors and the 5-year relative survival rate is below 5%. Recent studies showed that the lipid metabolism played an essential role in GBM development. As a peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors γ (PPAR-γ) agonist, telmisartan improves the lipid metabolism and has been used to treat hypertension for long time. Read More

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Cisatracurium inhibits the growth and induces apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells by promoting lincRNA-p21.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):1505-1516

Department of Anesthesiology, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China.

As a common muscle relaxant, cisatracurium has shown good antitumor effect on some tumors. Recent studies reported that cisatracurium could inhibit the progression of colon cancer by upregulating tumor suppressor gene p53. However, its role in ovarian cancer and its regulatory effect on p53 and p53 downstream targeting gene long intergenic noncoding RNA p21 (lincRNA-p21) is still unknown. Read More

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December 2021

MicroRNA-222 alleviates radiation-induced apoptosis by targeting BCL2L11 in cochlea hair cells.

Biosci Rep 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, China.

Radiation-induced hair cell injury is detrimental for human health but the underlying mechanism is not clear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have critical roles in various types of cellular biological processes. The present study investigated the role of miR-222 in the regulation of ionizing radiation (IR)-induced cell injury in auditory cells and its underlying mechanism. Read More

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Commiphoranes K-O, new terpenoids from Resina Commiphora and their anti-inflammatory activities.

Chem Biodivers 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xiaoguwei Street, Guangzhou, CHINA.

Commiphorane K ( 1 ), a new dinorditerpenoid, commiphoranes L-N ( 2 - 4 ), three new gremacrane-type sesquiterpenoids, and commiphorane O ( 5 ), one new guaiane-type sesquiterpenoid were isolated from Resina Commiphora . Their structures were characterized by spectroscopic and computational methods. In particular, the structure of 4  was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Read More

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Therapeutic effect of SP-8356 on pulmonary embolism-associated cardiac injury is mediated by its ability to suppress apoptosis and inflammation.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of South China University, Hengyang, China.

The cyclophilin A-CD147 interaction has been reported to be one of the most potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of acute pulmonary embolism. The signalling of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) was also reported in the pathogenesis of cardiac injury. Since SP-8356 is regarded as a novel Inhibitor of CD147-Cyclophilin, the study aimed to evaluate potential therapeutic effects of SP-8356 for pulmonary embolism-associated cardiac injury. Read More

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Symptomatic and preventive effects of the novel phosphodiesterase-9 inhibitor BI 409306 in an immune-mediated model of neurodevelopmental disorders.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zürich-Vetsuisse, Zürich, Switzerland.

BI 409306, a phosphodiesterase-9 inhibitor under development for treatment of schizophrenia and attenuated psychosis syndrome (APS), promotes synaptic plasticity and cognition. Here, we explored the effects of BI 409306 treatment in the polyriboinosinic-polyribocytidilic acid (poly[I:C])-based mouse model of maternal immune activation (MIA), which is relevant to schizophrenia and APS. In Study 1, adult offspring received BI 409306 0. Read More

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Progranulin Ameliorates Lung Inflammation in an LPS-induced Acute Lung Injury Mouse Model by Modulating Macrophage Polarization and the MAPK Pathway.

Ann Clin Lab Sci 2021 Mar;51(2):220-230

Department of Respiratoryand Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, School of Medicine, To ngji University, Pudong, Shanghai, and Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China

Objective: Progranulin (PGRN) has been confirmed to exhibit anti-inflammatory activity. Nevertheless, the mechanisms of PGRN in acute lung injury (ALI) remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to explore the role of PGRN in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI model and in primary bone marrow-derived macrophages, as well as to investigate the underlying mechanism of PGRN. Read More

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