3,012 results match your criteria doppler ultrasonographic


Evaluation of ultrasonographic optic nerve sheath diameter and central retinal artery Doppler indices by point-of-care ultrasound in pediatric patients with increased intracranial pressure.

Turk J Pediatr 2021 ;63(2):300-306

Departments of Pediatric Neurology, Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.

Background: Measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) with point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is a non-invasive and radiation-free technique that can be used to assess increased intracranial pressure (ICP). Ophthalmic artery and central retinal artery Doppler indices can be used like transcranial Doppler to evaluate increased ICP. This study aims to examine the diagnostic value of ONSD measurements and central retinal artery Doppler indices in the evaluation of pediatric patients with increased ICP. Read More

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January 2021

A Systematic Review of the Inclusion of Non-Inflammatory Ultrasonographic Enthesopathy Findings in Enthesitis Scoring Indices.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Apr 8;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 543 Taylor Ave, Columbus, OH 43203, USA.

Ultrasound has advanced the diagnosis and management of patients with inflammatory rheumatic conditions. It can be used to identify and monitor enthesitis, a cardinal feature of spondyloarthropthies. Several enthesitis scoring systems utilizing ultrasound to determine entheseal involvement have been developed. Read More

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Development and reliability of a novel ultrasonographic joint-specific scoring system for synovitis with reference atlas for patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

RMD Open 2021 Apr;7(2)

Department of Rheumatology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Objective: To develop an ultrasonographic image acquisition protocol and a joint-specific scoring system for synovitis with reference atlas in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and to assess the reliability of the system.

Methods: Seven rheumatologists with extensive ultrasound experience developed a scanning protocol and a semiquantitative joint-specific scoring system for B-mode (BM) synovitis for the elbow, wrist, metacarpophalangeal 2-3, proximal interphalangeal 2-3, hip, knee, ankle and metatarsophalangeal 2-3 joints. An ultrasonographic reference atlas for BM synovitis, divided in four age groups (2-4, 5-8, 9-12, 13-18 years), and power Doppler (PD) activity was then developed. Read More

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A Novel Methodology for Semi-automatic Measurement of Arterial Stiffness by Doppler Ultrasound: Clinical Feasibility and Reproducibility.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Ultrasound Medicine, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China. Electronic address:

The conventional manual approach to measurement of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) by Doppler ultrasonography is time consuming and operator dependent. Here we report a new semi-automated methodology for more efficient and objective measurement of aortic PWV and results of tests of its clinical feasibility and reproducibility. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) was measured in 50 patients with suspected coronary artery disease (aged 59. Read More

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Transthoracic Right Heart Echocardiography for the Intensivist.

J Intensive Care Med 2021 Apr 15:8850666211003475. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: The impact of critical illness on the right ventricle (RV) can be profound and RV dysfunction is associated with mortality. Intensivists are becoming more facile with bedside echocardiography, however, pedagogy has largely focused on left ventricular function. Here we review measurements of right heart function by way of echocardiographic modalities and list clinical scenarios where the RV dysfunction is a salient feature. Read More

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A novel grey Scale and Power Doppler ultrasonographic score for idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: Siena Myositis Ultrasound Grading Scale.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neurosciences, University of Siena, Italy.

Objectives: No clear-cut guidelines exist about the use of diagnostic procedures for idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and only scanty and conflicting data report the use of ultrasound (US). In this regard, we aimed to assess if grey-scale (GS) and Power Doppler (PD) US, graded with a 0-3-points-scale, may be a reliable tool in a cohort of patients affected by IIM.

Methods: All patients underwent US examination of both thighs in axial and longitudinal scans. Read More

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Ultrasonographic features of eccrine spiradenoma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e25469

Department of Ultrasound, Hebei General Hospital, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Rationale: Eccrine spiradenoma (ES) is a rare benign skin adnexal tumor originating from eccrine sweat glands. The features of ES on ultrasonography (US) have received little attention. Therefore, we report the sonographic findings in a case of an ES that originated from the abdominal wall and discuss the previously reported cases. Read More

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[Algorithm of ultrasonographic examination of patency of venous stents].

Angiol Sosud Khir 2021 ;27(1):48-51

Department of Cardiovascular and Endovascular Surgery, Kazan State Medical University of the RF Ministry of Public Health, Kazan, Russia.

Analysed in the article are the results of ultrasonographic examination of patency of venous stents implanted in 86 patients with obstructive lesions of the iliofemoral segment of deep veins. The authors proposed an algorithm of triplex scanning, making it possible to optimize ultrasonographic examination, as well as increasing the accuracy of assessing the state of the stent and patency of the stented segments of veins. The first stage was to examine the state of the stented venous segment in the mode of grey-scale scanning (B-mode), for which purpose the study was performed in the longitudinal and transverse projections. Read More

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Heel fat pad involvement in rheumatoid arthritis: a review and case series.

Clin Rheumatol 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Rheumatology, Boston University/Boston Medical Center, 725 Albany Street, Boston, MA, 02118, USA.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease affecting not only the synovial joints but also multiple extra-articular sites, including ankle and foot soft tissue. Hindfoot abnormalities usually follow those in the forefoot, with up to 4 out of 10 patients experiencing talalgia during their disease course. Enthesophytosis, retrocalcaneal bursitis, and plantar fasciitis are among the most common etiologies, while heel fat pad abnormalities like subcalcaneal bursitis are rare. Read More

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Ultrasonographic characteristics of Killian-Jamieson diverticula.

J Clin Ultrasound 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Medical Ultrasound, Affiliated Hospital to Nantong University, Nantong, China.

Purpose: A Killian-Jamieson diverticulum (KJD) may be mistaken for a thyroid nodule on ultrasound (US). The purpose of this retrospective study was to search for specific US features that would help differentiate between KJD and thyroid nodules.

Methods: A total of 12 patients with KJD who had undergone an US examination of the neck were identified. Read More

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Effect of Autologous Expanded Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells or Leukocyte-Poor Platelet-Rich Plasma in Chronic Patellar Tendinopathy (With Gap >3 mm): Preliminary Outcomes After 6 Months of a Double-Blind, Randomized, Prospective Study.

Am J Sports Med 2021 May 30;49(6):1492-1504. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders, University of Salerno School of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, Salerno, Italy.

Background: Patellar tendinopathy is common. The success of traditional management, including isometric or eccentric exercises combined with shockwave therapy and even surgery, is limited. Therefore, it is important to determine whether biological treatments such as ultrasound-guided intratendinous and peritendinous injections of autologous expanded bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) or leukocyte-poor platelet-rich plasma (Lp-PRP) improve clinical outcomes in athletic patients with patellar tendinopathy. Read More

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Intrathyroidal Ectopic Thymus and Sonoelastographic Findings.

Curr Med Imaging 2021 Mar 28. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Department of Radiology, American Hospital, Istanbul. Turkey.

Background: Intrathyroidal ectopic thymus (IET) can be misdiagnosed as thyroid nodules.

Purpose: To evaluate the sonoelastographic findings of IET in pediatric population.

Methods: Twelve children who had been examined with ultrasound (US) and strain elastography between December 2012 and December 2019 were included in this retrospective study. Read More

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Ageing changes testes and epididymis blood flow without altering biometry and echodensity in dogs.

Anim Reprod Sci 2021 May 22;228:106745. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Animal Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Rua Prof. Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87, São Paulo, 05508-270, Brazil. Electronic address:

Senescence leads to deleterious effects in testicular function, sperm quality and fertility in dogs. There, however, are no consistent results of vascular changes in the testes and epididymis during natural ageing in dogs. The aim of this study, therefore, was to compare testes and epididymis blood flow, biometry and echodensity between young and senile dogs. Read More

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Refined ultrasonographic criteria for sinusoidal obstruction syndrome after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Int J Hematol 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Division of Laboratory and Transfusion Medicine, Hokkaido University Hospital, N14 W5, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8648, Japan.

Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS)/veno-occlusive disease is a life-threatening complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We previously reported the efficacy of the Hokkaido Ultrasonography (US)-based scoring system (HokUS-10) for US findings. To establish easier-to-use criteria, we retrospectively evaluated US findings from 441 patients, including 30 patients with SOS using the HokUS-10 scoring system. Read More

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Ultra-high-frequency ultrasound and machine learning approaches for the differential diagnosis of melanocytic lesions.

Exp Dermatol 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Dermatology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Malignant melanoma (MM) is one of the most dangerous skin cancers. The aim of this study was to present a potential new method for the differential diagnosis of MM from melanocytic naevi (MN). We examined 20 MM and 19 MN with a new ultra-high-frequency ultrasound (UHFUS) equipped with a 70 MHz linear probe. Read More

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Effects of Sedation with Medetomidine and Dexmedetomidine on Doppler Measurements of Ovarian Artery Blood Flow in Bitches.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Feb 19;11(2). Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain.

The aim was to evaluate if medetomidine and dexmedetomidine affected arterial ovarian blood flow in dogs. The dogs were randomly assigned to two different groups. In Group 1, medetomidine (10 µg/kg) was administered intramuscularly and, in Group 2, dexmedetomidine (5 µg/kg) was used. Read More

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February 2021

Examination of oral hemangiomas by intraoral ultrasonography.

Oral Radiol 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

Objectives: Oral hemangioma is a benign vascular tumor characterized by the presence of numerous blood vessels. We aimed to examine the clinical and ultrasonographic findings of patients diagnosed with oral hemangioma in our ultrasonography (USG) archive, retrospectively.

Methods: This study was conducted by examining 20 patients diagnosed with oral hemangioma and underwent USG examination in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology of Atatürk University Faculty of Dentistry from 2016 to 2020. Read More

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Scrotal trauma: interest of preoperative ultrasound in the prediction of the rupture of the tunica albuginea.

Med Glas (Zenica) 2021 02;18(1):128-132

Department of Urology, University Hospital "Ospedale Riuniti", Ancona, Italy.

Aim Scrotal bruises are quite frequent injuries affecting young subjects, with psychological repercussions on body image and fertility. The interest of ultrasound in the context of the emergency remains controversial. The aim of our study was to investigate clinical, ultrasonographic and operative features of scrotal contusions, and to evaluate the contribution of ultrasound in the description of traumatic lesions. Read More

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February 2021

Ultrasonographic technique to differentiate enhanced myometrial vascularity/arteriovenous malformation from retained products of conception.

J Ultrasound 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health, Spectrum Health Medical Group, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.

Purpose: To objective of this study is to discuss the ultrasonographic technique to diagnose uterine enhanced myometrial vascularity/arteriovenous malformation (EMV/AVM) and differentiate it from retained products of conception. The study also reviews the management and outcome of EMV/AVM.

Methods: We present a series of three women who developed EMV after early pregnancy loss and a control case of incomplete abortion, where colour Doppler ultrasound was used to distinguish retained products of conception from features of EMV. Read More

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Doppler assessment of the fetus in pregnant women recovered from COVID-19.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 May 1;47(5):1757-1762. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

University of Health Sciences, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ministry of Health, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the maternal-fetal Doppler patterns in pregnant women recovered from COVID-19.

Methods: This prospective case-control study was conducted in Ankara City Hospital between July 1, 2020 and August 30, 2020. Thirty pregnant women who were diagnosed with COVID-19 and completed the quarantine process were compared with 40 healthy pregnant women in terms of the fetal Doppler parameters. Read More

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Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Cerebrovascular Abnormalities in Children With Acute Bacterial Meningitis.

Front Neurol 2020 12;11:558857. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States.

Bacterial meningitis (BM) is a global public health concern that results in significant morbidity and mortality. Cerebral arterial narrowing contributes to stroke in BM and may be amenable to intervention. However, it is difficult to diagnose in resource-limited settings where the disease is common. Read More

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February 2021

Is Ocular Sonography a Reliable Method for the Assessment of Elevated Intracranial Pressure in Children?

J Pediatr Intensive Care 2021 Mar 7;10(1):14-22. Epub 2020 Sep 7.

Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey.

Point-of-care ultrasound has been widely used by clinicians at the bedside in recent years. Various types of point-of-care ultrasound practices are employed, especially in pediatric emergency rooms and intensive care units. Pediatric intensive care specialists perform point-of-care ultrasound virtually as a part of physical examination since it provides just-in-time vital clinical information, which could assist in acute management strategies in critically ill patients. Read More

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Intramuscular hemangioma in the anterior scalene muscle in an infant boy: a case report.

Folia Med Cracov 2020 11;60(3):113-119

Second Propedeutic Department of Internal Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, General Hospital "Hippokration", Greece.

The extremely rare localization of an intramuscular hemangioma (IMH) into the anterior scalene muscle was the motive for the present case report, aiming to highlight major, atypical characteristics. An 11-month-old boy with free medical history presented with a painless and progressively growing lesion 4.5 × 4 cm in diameter, located in the left supraclavicular region over the last 4 months. Read More

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November 2020

Efficacy of Noninvasive Technologies in Triaging Traumatic Brain Injury and Correlating With Intracranial Pressure: A Prospective Study.

J Surg Res 2021 Jun 1;262:27-37. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of General Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati Ohio. Electronic address:

Background: There is interest in methods of measuring noninvasive intracranial pressure (ICP), including pupillometry, ultrasonographic transcranial Doppler (TCD), and optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), for diagnosing traumatic brain injury (TBI) in limited resource environments. Whether these technologies have diagnostic agreement is unknown. We hypothesized that ONSD, pupillometry, and TCD could both distinguish severe TBI and correlate with ICP. Read More

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Clinical, Laboratory and Ultrasonographic Interrelations in Giant Cell Arteritis.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Apr 23;30(4):105601. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Department of Neurology, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, EPE, Porto, Portugal; Department of Clinic Neurosciences and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine of University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

Objectives: The diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) is based on the presence of clinical and laboratory features. Color-duplex sonography (CDS) may supplant the limited sensitivity of temporal artery biopsy. The aim of our work was to characterize clinical and laboratory findings in patients with positive CDS for GCA. Read More

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Synovitis and Tenosynovitis on Ultrasound as Predictors of DMARD Tapering Failure in Patients with Long-Standing Rheumatoid Arthritis in Clinical Remission or Low Disease Activity.

J Ultrasound Med 2021 Jan 25. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Serviço de Reumatologia, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of synovitis and tenosynovitis detected by grayscale (GS) and by power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US) in relation to failure of tapering disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.

Methods: Long-standing RA patients who de-escalated treatment were included in this prospective cohort study. All patients underwent 3 ultrasonographic and clinical assessments, at baseline and every 3 or 4 months, over a period of 6-8 months. Read More

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January 2021

[The Ultrasonographic Features of Female Reproductive System Extraosseous Ewing's Sarcoma].

Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Jan;52(1):149-152

Department of Ultrasound, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Objective: This study investigated the clinicopathological traits and ultrasound features of female reproductive system extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma (EES) and explored the diagnostic value of ultrasonography for this condition.

Methods: Cases of female pelvic EES diagnosed and treated at our hospital between June 2009 and June 2019 were included in this study. Pathology data and ultrasound manifestations were assessed retrospectively to summarize the clinical traits and ultrasound features of female reproductive system EES. Read More

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January 2021

Ultrasonographic tissue perfusion analysis at implant and palatal donor sites following soft tissue augmentation: A clinical pilot study.

J Clin Periodontol 2021 Apr 3;48(4):602-614. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Biointerfaces Institute and Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Aim: To describe the application of power Doppler Ultrasonography (US) for evaluating blood flow at implant and palatal donor sites following soft tissue augmentation with the connective tissue graft (CTG).

Materials And Methods: Five patients exhibiting a peri-implant soft tissue dehiscence received treatment with a coronally advanced flap and corresponding CTG. Power Doppler US was used for assessing blood volume at baseline, 1 week, 1 month, 6 months and 12 months post-surgery for assessing blood-flow dynamics at the implant and palatal donor sites. Read More

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Recurrent uterine artery pseudo-aneurysm requiring repeat embolization during pregnancy - A case report.

Case Rep Womens Health 2021 Jan 14;29:e00280. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Department of Obstetrics and gynecology, University Hospital of Ghent, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Uterine artery pseudo-aneurysms (UAP) mainly occur after traumatic delivery or traumatic pregnancy termination. A UAP can be either asymptomatic or present with symptoms such as vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, hypovolemic shock, or fever when infected. We describe a patient diagnosed with a uterine artery pseudo-aneurysm in pregnancy that required repeat embolization. Read More

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January 2021

Small testes: clinical characteristics and ultrasonographic findings.

Ultrasonography 2020 Nov 3. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

The purpose of this pictorial essay is to describe the ultrasonographic and clinical findings of patients with small testes due to a wide range of causes. We retrospectively reviewed the ultrasonographic and clinical findings of various causes of small testes. We present various causes of small testes on ultrasonography including Klinefelter syndrome, testicular torsion, mumps orchitis, inguinal hernia, cryptorchidism, varicocele, and trauma. Read More

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November 2020