148,127 results match your criteria domestic cat

The Course of Microfilaremia in Experimentally Infected Cats.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Infectious Diseases and College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA.

As one of the causative agents of lymphatic filariasis in humans, has been established as the laboratory model of choice for studying this infection owing to its viability in small animal hosts, with the domestic cat being significant among these. The usefulness of individual feline infections is highly dependent on the levels of circulating microfilariae in the blood; thus, characterizing the course of microfilaremia benefits our understanding of this model. In -endemic regions, cats are also known reservoirs of infection, and describing microfilaremia in a controlled setting may improve transmission modeling. Read More

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Clinical and epidemiological aspects of feline sporotrichosis caused by Sporothrix brasiliensis and in vitro antifungal susceptibility.

Vet Res Commun 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Dermatological, Infectious, and Parasitic Diseases, School of Medicine (FAMERP), São José Do Rio Preto, São José do Rio Preto, Brazil.

Sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis resulting from the traumatic implantation of pathogenic Sporothrix species. In Brazil, zoonotic transmission plays an important role in the epidemiology of the disease, involving especially cats. The objective of this study was to isolate Sporothrix spp. Read More

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Pathological and Immunohistochemical Microscopy of Natural Cases of Canine and Feline Neoplastic Mammary Lesions.

Microsc Microanal 2021 Jun 15:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Pathology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Edfina22758, Egypt.

Mammary cancer is the second most common tumor worldwide. Small animal mammary neoplasms provide an outstanding model to study cancer in humans, as tumors in both share a similar environment, histopathologic features, and biological behavior. This study aims to investigate the percentage and microscopy of breast tumors in affected dogs and cats; its relationship to breed, age, and sex; and the immunohistochemical expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), Ki-67, and cytokeratin 8. Read More

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Agreement among different scales for causality assessment in drug-induced Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.

Curr Drug Saf 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry-605006, India.

Background And Objective: Identification of the offending drug is crucial and challenging in cases of severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADR) like Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Poor reproducibility and varying levels of agreement have been observed among different causality assessment tools (CATs) in assessing severe CADRs. This study was conducted to examine the agreement among four different CATs in assessing cases of drug-induced SJS, TEN and SJS/TEN overlap. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of the interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) for cases of feline mycobacteriosis.

Prev Vet Med 2021 Jun 8;193:105409. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The Roslin Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, EH25 9RG, United Kingdom.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) for diagnosing infections with members of the Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis-complex (MTBC) and non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in domestic cats, and to generate defined feline-specific cut-off values using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis to improve test performance. Records of 594 cats that had been tested by IGRA were explored to identify individuals that had a culture and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-confirmed case of mycobacterial disease, and those that had a final diagnosis of non-mycobacterial disease. Read More

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Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) exposure in pet cats and dogs in Minnesota, USA.

Virulence 2021 12;12(1):1597-1609

Department of Veterinary & Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is continuing to spread globally. SARS-CoV-2 infections of feline and canine species have also been reported. However, it is not entirely clear to what extent natural SARS-CoV-2 infection of pet dogs and cats is in households. Read More

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December 2021

Role of an 1930_1931del TC gene mutation in a temporal cluster of macrocyclic lactone-induced neurologic toxicosis in cats associated with products labeled for companion animal use.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 Jul;259(1):72-76

Objective: To determine whether 1930_1931del TC predisposed cats to macrocyclic-lactone toxicosis and the frequency of the 1930_1931del TC gene mutation in banked feline DNA samples.

Sample: DNA samples from 5 cats presented for neurologic clinical signs presumed to be caused by exposure to macrocyclic lactones and 1,006 banked feline DNA samples.

Procedures: The medical history pertaining to 5 cats was obtained from veterinarians who examined, treated, or performed necropsies on them. Read More

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Effects of potential confounding variables on accuracy of a commercially available veterinary point-of-care hematocrit meter in the evaluation of blood samples from dogs and cats.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 Jul;259(1):49-55

Objective: To assess the agreement in measurements of Hct values and hemoglobin (Hgb) concentrations in blood samples from dogs and cats between a commercially available veterinary point-of-care (POC) Hct meter and a laboratory-based (LAB) analyzer and to determine the effects of various conditions (ie, lipemia, hyperbilirubinemia, hemolysis, autoagglutination, and reticulocytosis) on the accuracy of the POC meter.

Samples: Blood samples from 86 dogs and 18 cats.

Procedures: Blood samples were run in duplicate on the POC meter, which reported Hgb concentration, measured via optical reflectance, and a calculated Hct value. Read More

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Evaluation of preoperative ultrasonographic parameters to predict renal recovery in long-term survivors after treatment of feline ureteral obstructions: 2012-2019.

J Feline Med Surg 2021 Jun 14:1098612X211023645. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Lamb Statistical Consulting, West Saint Paul, MN, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether preoperative ultrasound imaging characteristic(s) in cats suffering from unilateral benign ureteral obstructions are predictive of outcome after successful renal decompression with a subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) device.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of 37 cats with unilateral, benign ureteral obstruction. Preoperative imaging characteristics (including renal pelvis diameter, parenchymal thickness [transverse plane], renal length and pelvic size:overall renal size) and biochemical data were evaluated for all cats diagnosed with a unilateral ureteral obstruction treated with a SUB device. Read More

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Characteristics of arterial catheter use and related complications in dogs and cats in an intensive care unit.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Veterinary Surgical and Radiological Sciences|School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA.

Objective: To identify characteristics of arterial catheter use, including indwelling times and reasons for removal, and analyze potential risk factors for complications based on patient- and catheter-related variables.

Design: Prospective clinical study from July 2012 to September 2016.

Setting: University teaching hospital. Read More

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Assessment of Volume Status and Fluid Responsiveness in Small Animals.

Front Vet Sci 2021 28;8:630643. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Companion Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Intravenous fluids are an essential component of shock management in human and veterinary emergency and critical care to increase cardiac output and improve tissue perfusion. Unfortunately, there are very few evidence-based guidelines to help direct fluid therapy in the clinical setting. Giving insufficient fluids and/or administering fluids too slowly to hypotensive patients with hypovolemia can contribute to continued hypoperfusion and increased morbidity and mortality. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of an Anti-nerve Growth Factor Antibody (Frunevetmab) for the Treatment of Degenerative Joint Disease-Associated Chronic Pain in Cats: A Multisite Pilot Field Study.

Front Vet Sci 2021 28;8:610028. Epub 2021 May 28.

Translational Research in Pain Program, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, United States.

Pain management for cats with degenerative joint disease (DJD) remains a critical unmet need. Recent work has shown promise for a feline-specific anti-nerve growth factor monoclonal antibody (frunevetmab) to deliver safe and effective pain management. Our objectives were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of frunevetmab administered twice using two administration routes (subcutaneous and intravenous) compared to placebo. Read More

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Ad hoc method for the assessment of animal diseases caused by bacteria resistant to antimicrobials.

EFSA J 2021 Jun 3;19(6):e06645. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

The European Commission requested EFSA assess antimicrobial-resistant bacteria responsible for animal transmissible diseases, with a view to listing such pathogens for European Union action. This Scientific Opinion addresses the ad hoc method developed: (i) to give a global state of play as regards resistant animal pathogens that cause transmissible animal diseases, (ii) to identify the most relevant bacteria in the EU and (iii) to summarise their actual or potential animal health impact, and to perform their assessment for being listed and categorised according to the criteria of Articles 7, 5, 9 and 8 within the Animal Health Law (AHL) framework. An extensive literature review is carried out to give the global state of play of selected resistant bacteria that constitute a threat to animal health (i). Read More

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The Probable Association between Chronic Infection and Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Case-Control Study.

Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis 2021 24;2021:2508780. Epub 2021 May 24.

USERN Office, Abadan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.

Purpose: The probable association between () infection and diabetes mellitus (DM) is still controversial, and there are several studies with conflicting results. Thus, this study was performed to assess the possible association between chronic infection and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and T2DM.

Methods: In this case-control study, a total of 105 diabetic subjects including 36 patients with T1DM and 69 patients with T2DM were recruited. Read More

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Distinct modulation of tracheal and laryngopharyngeal cough via superior laryngeal nerve in cat.

Respir Physiol Neurobiol 2021 Jun 10;293:103716. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Institute of Medical Biophysics, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University in Bratislava, Malá Hora 4, 036 01 Martin, Slovak Republic.

Unilateral and bilateral cooling and bilateral transsection of the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) were employed to modulate mechanically induced tracheobronchial (TB) and laryngopharyngeal (LPh) cough in 12 anesthetized cats. There was little effect of SLN block or cut on TB. Bilateral SLN cooling reduced the number of LPh (<50 %, p < 0. Read More

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Feline Idiopathic Cystitis: Pathogenesis, Histopathology and Comparative Potential.

J Comp Pathol 2021 May 16;185:18-29. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland, Australia.

Bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is a debilitating disease in humans, particularly women, with patients experiencing chronic, intractable, lower urinary and pelvic pain. Although rodent models have been used, feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC) is a naturally occurring bladder disease of cats that is frequently considered to be the preferred model for BPS. Histologically, FIC is most similar to the non-Hunner BPS subtype. Read More

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A retrospective evaluation of the indications, complications, and outcomes associated with epicardial pacemakers in 20 cats from a single institution.

J Vet Cardiol 2021 May 13;36:89-98. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2015 Linden Dr. Madison, WI 53706, USA.

Introduction: The objective of this retrospective study was to describe the indications, complications, and long-term outcomes in a group of cats that received an epicardial pacing (EP) system.

Animals: Twenty client-owned cats.

Materials And Methods: Medical records were reviewed for signalment, presenting complaint, primary electrocardiogram (ECG) diagnosis, presence of structural heart disease, presence of congestive heart failure (CHF), presence of major or minor complications, and survival time. Read More

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Pancreatic enzyme activity in the bile of healthy cats and its association with biliary morphology.

J Vet Intern Med 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, 18-9 Kita, Kita Ward, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

Background: In human medicine, congenital maljunction of the common bile duct (CBD) and main pancreatic duct (MPD), or pancreatobiliary maljunction (PBM), is a known cause of cholecystitis.

Objective: Pancreatic enzyme activity in the bile (a diagnostic marker for PBM) of healthy cats was measured to determine normal values and evaluate its relationship with biliary morphology.

Animals: Fifty-two healthy cats. Read More

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Variable accuracy, precision, and consistency of compounded famciclovir formulated for management of feline herpesvirus-1 in cats.

Vet Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA.

Objective: To evaluate compounded famciclovir suspensions for accuracy, precision, and consistency in drug content.

Procedures: Two compounded famciclovir concentrations were evaluated (250 and 400 mg/mL, 30 preparations total from nine 503A compounding pharmacies) with U.S. Read More

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The occurence of endoparasites in Slovakian household dogs and cats.

Vet Res Commun 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice, Komenského 73, 041 81, Košice, Slovak Republic.

Pets play a pivotal role as definitive or reservoir hosts for many zoonotic parasites. Dogs and cats without any clinical signs may be a carrier for the infection. In a one-year study, collected fecal samples of 257 dogs and 50 cats were examined coproscopically for endoparasite infections. Read More

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Management of Human and Animal Bites.

Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Cook County Health, Chicago, IL, USA; Midwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address:

Dogs are the animal most frequently implicated in causing bite injuries to the human face. Dog bite injuries are most prevalent in younger patients. Pasteurella species are commensals of the oral microbiome of dogs and cats and are frequently implicated in infections resulting from dog and cat bite injuries. Read More

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Absence of renal cortical anisotropic backscattering artifact in feline chronic kidney disease.

Vet Q 2021 Jun 10:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Renal cortical anisotropy backscattering artifact (CABA) is a focal hyperechoic region where the tubules are parallel to the incident ultrasound beam, reflecting most of the beams to the transducer. To investigate the association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the absence of renal CABA in cats. Ultrasonographic renal images of 40 cats with CKD (stage II-IV) and 36 clinically healthy cats were blindly evaluated by two observers to determine the visibility of renal CABA. Read More

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Detection of Toxoplasma gondii in water for human consumption from water wells (jagüeyes) in the rural area of the municipality of Sincelejo

Biomedica 2021 05 31;41(Supl. 1):82-99. Epub 2021 May 31.

Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad de Sucre, Sincelejo, Colombia.

Introduction: Toxoplasmosis is an orally-transmitted zoonosis that may appear after consuming food contaminated with any infective form of Toxoplasma gondii. Its transmission by water has been reported in several countries including Colombia. The rural population of Sincelejo could be at risk of contracting toxoplasmosis through this route given that they lack potable water. Read More

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A novel bone marrow-sparing treatment for primary erythrocytosis in a cat: Onion powder.

J Vet Intern Med 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Epidemiology, University of California, Davis, California, USA.

Primary erythrocytosis (PE) is a rare myeloproliferative neoplasm in cats resulting in the overproduction of erythrocytes. Current treatment modalities include repeated phlebotomy and chemotherapeutic drugs. These treatments may not be well tolerated by the cat and can present safety and financial challenges to owners. Read More

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in a Maine Coon cat: case report and literature review.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2021 Jun 10:10406387211022298. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

BluePearl Pet Hospital, Auburn Hills, MI, USA.

A 15-y-old castrated male Maine Coon cat was evaluated for an ulcerated soft tissue mass on the right hindlimb that had been observed for 4 mo and had grown rapidly. A 3 × 3 cm soft, raised, amorphous, and ulcerated subcutaneous mass was observed on the lateral right metatarsus. In-house cytology via fine-needle aspiration was nondiagnostic. Read More

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When Polarization Triggers Out-Group "Counter-Projection" Across the Political Divide.

Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2021 Jun 10:1461672211021211. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

University of Oregon, Eugene, USA.

Although projecting one's own characteristics onto another person is pervasive, "counter-projection," or seeing the of oneself in others is also sometimes found, with implications for intergroup conflict. After a focused review of previous studies finding counter-projection (often unexpectedly), we map conditions for counter-projection to an individual out-group member. Counter-projection requires identified antagonistic groups, is moderated by in-group identity, and is moderated by which information is assessed in the target person. Read More

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Additives in pet food: are they safe?

J M Craig

J Small Anim Pract 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Re-Fur-All Referrals, Newbury, Berkshire, RG14 7QH, UK.

A good, nutritious diet is essential for the health and well-being of our domestic pets. Today, most pet dogs and cats are fed highly processed food bearing little resemblance to canine and feline ancestral diets. Additives are included in processed pet food to provide nutritional benefits, ensure food safety, and maintain the desirable features of colour, flavour, texture, stability and resistance to spoilage. Read More

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Catching viral breast cancer.

Infect Agent Cancer 2021 Jun 10;16(1):37. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

We have considered viruses and their contribution to breast cancer.

Mouse Mammary Tumour Virus: The prevalence of mouse mammary tumour virus (MMTV) is 15-fold higher in human breast cancer than in normal and benign human breast tissue controls. Saliva is the most plausible means of transmission. Read More

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A novel Filobacterium sp can cause chronic bronchitis in cats.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(6):e0251968. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Centre for Veterinary Education, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Cilia-associated respiratory bacillus (CARB; now known as Filobacterium rodentium gen. nov., sp. Read More

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Comparison of three regional anaesthetic techniques for infraorbital or maxillary nerve block in cats: a cadaveric study.

J Feline Med Surg 2021 Jun 9:1098612X211020163. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Robert H Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Objectives: The maxillary nerve courses very close to the globe, rendering cats - with their large eyes - at risk of globe penetration during infraorbital or maxillary nerve blocks. Therefore, the goals of the study were to compare the distribution and potential complications of three infraorbital or maxillary regional injection techniques.

Methods: Twenty-three bilateral maxillae of cat cadavers were used in a randomised blinded trial. Read More

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