35 results match your criteria diverse sudanese

Genetic diversity of the Sudanese: insights on origin and implications for health.

Hum Mol Genet 2021 Apr;30(R1):R37-R41

Institute of Endemic Diseases, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.

By virtue of their cultural, linguistic and genetic legacies, many populations from Sudan have deep histories in the region and retain high genetic diversities. Sudan's location in north east Africa, a unique spot believed to act as a climatic refuge during periods of climate extremes, might have dictated that fate. Among the marked consequences of this diversity is the potential to provide information on the origin and structure of human populations within and outside the continent, as well as migration patterns towards various parts of the African continent, and out of Africa. Read More

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The genetic variation of lactase persistence alleles in Sudan and South Sudan.

Genome Biol Evol 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Human Evolution, Department of Organismal Biology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Lactase persistence (LP) is a well-studied example of a Mendelian trait under selection in some human groups due to gene-culture co-evolution. We investigated the frequencies of genetic variants linked to LP in Sudanese and South Sudanese populations. These populations have diverse subsistence patterns, and some are dependent on milk to various extents, not only from cows, but also from other livestock such as camels and goats. Read More

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Communicating COVID-19 health information to culturally and linguistically diverse communities: insights from a participatory research collaboration.

Public Health Res Pract 2021 Mar 10;31(1). Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Health and Social Care Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, VIC, Australia.

Objective: To consider the challenges of communicating COVID-19 directives to culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities in Australia, and present evidence-based solutions to influence policy and practice on promoting relevant health behaviours; to advance participatory research methodologies for health behaviour change. Type of program or service: We present a case study of a participatory research collaboration between CALD community leaders and health behaviour change scientists during the COVID-19 crisis. The goal was to better understand the role of community leaders in shaping health behaviours in their communities and how that role might be leveraged for better health outcomes. Read More

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Georeferenced phylogenetic analysis of a global collection of wild and cultivated species.

Ecol Evol 2021 Feb 27;11(4):1918-1936. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Research Gatersleben Germany.

The geographical origin of watermelon () remains debated. While a first hypothesis suggests the center of origin to be West Africa, where the endemic sister species thrives, a second hypothesis suggests northeastern Africa where the white-fleshed Sudanese Kordophan melon is cultivated. In this study, we infer biogeographical and haplotype genealogy for , and using noncoding cpDNA sequences (T-L and F32 regions) from a global collection of 135 accessions. Read More

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February 2021

A Functional Network Perspective on Posttraumatic Stress in Refugees: Implications for Theory, Classification, Assessment, and Intervention.

Transcult Psychiatry 2021 04 9;58(2):268-282. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

There is an important, long-standing debate regarding the universality vs. specificity of trauma-related mental health symptoms in socio-culturally and linguistically diverse population groups, such as refugees and asylum seekers. Network theory, an emerging development in the field of psychological science, provides a novel data analytic methodology to evaluate and empirically examine long-standing questions about the structure and function of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Read More

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Dual-Targeted Autoimmune Sword in Fatal Epilepsy: Patient's glutamate receptor AMPA GluR3B peptide autoimmune antibodies bind, induce Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in, and kill both human neural cells and T cells.

J Autoimmun 2020 08 10;112:102462. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Goldyne Savad Institute of Gene Therapy, Hadassah Hebrew University Hospital, Jerusalem, 91120, Israel. Electronic address:

Nodding Syndrome (NS) is a fatal pediatric epilepsy of unknown etiology, accompanied by multiple neurological impairments, and associated with Onchocerca volvulus (Ov), malnutrition, war-induced trauma, and other insults. NS patients have neuroinflammation, and ~50% have cross-reactive Ov/Leiomodin-1 neurotoxic autoimmune antibodies. RESULTS: Studying 30 South Sudanese NS patients and a similar number of healthy subjects from the same geographical region, revealed autoimmune antibodies to 3 extracellular peptides of ionotropic glutamate receptors in NS patients: AMPA-GluR3B peptide antibodies (86%), NMDA-NR1 peptide antibodies (77%) and NMDA-NR2 peptide antibodies (87%) (in either 1:10, 1:100 or 1:1000 serum dilution). Read More

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Patients' cultural and spiritual explanatory models in health encounters: a focus on the efficacy of cancer prevention strategies in women from South Sudan.

Paula Peterson

Aust J Prim Health 2020 Jun;26(3):227-233

Community Engagement, Mater Misericordiae Brisbane Ltd, Mater Centre for Integrated Care and Innovation, Raymond Terrace, South Brisbane, Qld 4101, Australia. Email:

This qualitative study examined non-clinical factors that affect health, namely the cultural and spiritual beliefs of the patient. The study focuses on women from South Sudan. Although the overt religious adherence of these women is familiar to mainstream Australia (i. Read More

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Eating and physical activity behaviours among ethnic groups in Queensland, Australia.

Public Health Nutr 2020 08 25;23(11):1991-1999. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Ethnic Communities Council of Queensland, West End, QLD4101, Australia.

Objective: To examine differences in eating and physical activity behaviours among ethnic groups in Queensland, Australia, and differences in those behaviours due to the duration of residency in Australia.

Design: Cross-sectional study using baseline data collected for the Living Well Multicultural-Lifestyle Modification Program between October 2014 and June 2017.

Setting: Culturally and linguistically diverse communities (CALD), including Afghani, Somali, Burmese, Pacific and South Sea Islander, Sri Lankan, Sudanese and Vietnamese, living in Queensland, Australia. Read More

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Terminalia laxiflora and Terminalia brownii contain a broad spectrum of antimycobacterial compounds including ellagitannins, ellagic acid derivatives, triterpenes, fatty acids and fatty alcohols.

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 4;227:82-96. Epub 2018 May 4.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Viikki Biocenter, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, FIN-00014, Finland. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels, (Sudanese Arabic name: Darout الدروت) and Terminalia brownii Fresen (Sudanese Arabic name: Alshaf ألشاف) (Combretaceae) are used in Sudanese traditional folk medicine and in other African countries for treatment of infectious diseases, TB and its symptoms, such as cough, bronchitis and chest pain.

Aim Of Study: Because of the frequent use of T. Read More

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December 2018

Theileria lestoquardi in Sudan is highly diverse and genetically distinct from that in Oman.

Infect Genet Evol 2018 08 13;62:46-52. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box 35, 123 Al-Khod, Oman; Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, Ashworth Laboratories, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. Electronic address:

Malignant ovine theileriosis is a severe tick-borne protozoan disease of sheep and other small ruminants which is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. The disease is of considerable economic importance in Sudan as the export of livestock provides a major contribution to the gross domestic product of this country. Molecular surveys have demonstrated a high prevalence of sub-clinical infections of Theileria lestoquardi, the causative agent, among small ruminants. Read More

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New strains of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus discovered on diseased papaya and tomato plants in Burkina Faso.

Arch Virol 2017 Jun 22;162(6):1791-1794. Epub 2017 Feb 22.

CIRAD, UMR PVBMT, Pôle de Protection des Plantes, 7 Chemin de l'IRAT, 97410, Saint-Pierre, Ile de La Réunion, France.

This is the first description of full genome sequences of chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus (CpCDV; genus Mastrevirus; family Geminiviridae) identified in papaya and tomato plants sampled in Burkina Faso. The CpCDV full genome sequences from papaya and tomato share the highest pairwise sequence identity (84% and 93.5%) with Sudanese isolates of the CpCDV-K and CpCDV-M strains, respectively. Read More

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Mental health and psychosocial support for South Sudanese refugees in northern Uganda: a needs and resource assessment.

Confl Health 2016 7;10(1):18. Epub 2016 Sep 7.

Peter C. Alderman Foundation, Bedford, New York USA ; Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD USA ; Peter C. Alderman Foundation Uganda, Mawanda Road, Plot 855, 1st floor, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Since December 2013, an armed conflict in South Sudan has resulted in the displacement of over 2.2 million people, more than 270,000 of whom are presently in refugee settlements located throughout Uganda. Existing literature suggests that refugees are at increased risk for a range of mental health and psychosocial problems. Read More

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September 2016

Cancer screening education: can it change knowledge and attitudes among culturally and linguistically diverse communities in Queensland, Australia?

Health Promot J Austr 2016 06 29;27(2):140-147. Epub 2016 Jun 29.

School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Qld 4059, Australia.

Screening for cancer of the cervix, breast and bowel can reduce morbidity and mortality. Low participation rates in cancer screening have been identified among migrant communities internationally. Attempting to improve low rates of cancer screening, the Ethnic Communities Council of Queensland developed a pilot Cancer Screening Education Program for breast, bowel and cervical cancer. Read More

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Characterization of Bacterial Communities in Selected Smokeless Tobacco Products Using 16S rDNA Analysis.

PLoS One 2016 19;11(1):e0146939. Epub 2016 Jan 19.

Division of Laboratory Sciences at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.

The bacterial communities present in smokeless tobacco (ST) products have not previously reported. In this study, we used Next Generation Sequencing to study the bacteria present in U.S. Read More

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Impacts of a Support Intervention for Zimbabwean and Sudanese Refugee Parents: "I Am Not Alone".

Can J Nurs Res 2015 Dec;47(4):113-140

Society, Culture and Environment and Youth and Children's Studies, Wilfrid Laurier University, Brantford, Ontario.

Knowledge about the beneficial effects of social support has not been used to systematically develop and evaluate interventions to help refugee new parents cope. The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate a social support intervention for refugee new parents. A multi-method research design was used and participatory research strategies were employed. Read More

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December 2015

Phylogenetic analysis of eight sudanese camel contagious ecthyma viruses based on B2L gene sequence.

Virol J 2015 Aug 12;12:124. Epub 2015 Aug 12.

Department of Virology, Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, P. O. Box 8067, Al Amarat, Khartoum, Sudan.

Background: Camel contagious ecthyma (CCE) is an important viral disease of camelids caused by a poxvirus of the genus parapoxvirus (PPV) of the family Poxviridae. The disease has been reported in west and east of the Sudan causing economical losses. However, the PPVs that cause the disease in camels of the Sudan have not yet subjected to genetic characterization. Read More

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HIV-infected People in Sudan Moving Toward Chronic Poverty: Possible Interventions.

J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 2016 Jan-Feb;27(1):30-43. Epub 2015 Jun 14.

We sought to identify the socioeconomic impact on people living with HIV (PLWH) in Sudan. Focus group discussions were used to collect data and identify the most outstanding domains of HIV impact on PLWH and the survival mechanisms that may be common to a group of diverse HIV-infected persons (n = 30). The findings indicated that the most striking financial and social impacts were due to stigma associated with HIV in the conservative Sudanese society, which led to loss of work with all its consequences (e. Read More

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The genetics of East African populations: a Nilo-Saharan component in the African genetic landscape.

Sci Rep 2015 May 28;5:9996. Epub 2015 May 28.

Institut de Biologia Evolutiva (UPF-CSIC), Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la Salut, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

East Africa is a strategic region to study human genetic diversity due to the presence of ethnically, linguistically, and geographically diverse populations. Here, we provide new insight into the genetic history of populations living in the Sudanese region of East Africa by analysing nine ethnic groups belonging to three African linguistic families: Niger-Kordofanian, Nilo-Saharan and Afro-Asiatic. A total of 500 individuals were genotyped for 200,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Read More

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Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors across six African Immigrant Groups in Minnesota.

BMC Public Health 2015 Apr 22;15:411. Epub 2015 Apr 22.

Program in Health Disparities Research, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, 55414, USA.

Background: Although African immigrants represent a large and growing segment of the U.S. population, there are little or no data available on the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among this diverse population. Read More

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Reflecting on the tensions faced by a community-based multicultural health navigator service.

Aust Health Rev 2014 Nov;38(5):584-8

Centre for National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (CONROD) and Centre for Community Science, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Parklands Drive, Southport, Qld 4215, Australia. Email:

The community navigator model was developed to assist four culturally and linguistically diverse communities (Sudanese, Burmese, Pacific Islander Group, Afghani) in south-east Queensland to negotiate the Australian health system and promote health. Using participatory action research, we developed the model in partnership with community leaders and members, the local health department and two non-governmental organisations. Following implementation, we evaluated the model, with the results published elsewhere. Read More

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November 2014

Mortality disparities among groups participating in an East Africa surveying expedition: the Herbert Henry Austin expedition of 1900-1901.

J Community Health 2013 Oct;38(5):965-75

Downstate Medical Center, State University of New York, MSC 43, 450 Clarkson Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA.

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a number of European expeditions traveled to the region of Lake Rudolf, now largely in northern Kenya. Although diverse in intent, many of these were undertaken in the interests of furthering colonial territorial claims. In 1900-1901, Major Herbert Henry Austin led a British expedition down to the lake from Khartoum in the north. Read More

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October 2013

Dietary intake of Sudanese women: a comparative assessment of nutrient intake of displaced and non-displaced women.

Nutr Health 2012 Apr;21(2):131-44

Institute of Brain Chemistry and Human Nutrition, London Metropolitan University, London, UK.

Objectives: To determine the daily intake of essential micro- and macronutrients in Sudanese women, with specific focus on dietary fat and essential fatty acids, and compare the dietary intakes of internally displaced women with those of the non-displaced population.

Methods: Dietary intakes of displaced southern (n=44) and non-displaced southern (n=30) and northern (n=39) Sudanese women were obtained by single 24-hour recall method, and daily nutrient intakes were calculated using 'Foodbase' nutritional software. The displaced women were recruited from Mayo and Soba Aradi camps, south of Khartoum city; and non-displaced southern and northern Sudanese women were recruited from antenatal clinics, universities, hospitals and the community in Khartoum city and Omdurman, Sudan. Read More

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Analysis of the genetic variants of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in inhabitants of the 4th Nile cataract region in Sudan.

Blood Cells Mol Dis 2013 Feb 10;50(2):115-8. Epub 2012 Nov 10.

Medical Biology Laboratory, Pomeranian Medical University, Powstancow Wlkp 72, Szczecin, Poland.

Malaria is one of the most common diseases in the African population. Genetic variance in glucose dehydrogenase 6-phosphate (G6PD) in humans determines the response to malaria exposure. In this study, we aimed to analyze the frequency of two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (G202A and A376G) present in two local tribes of Sudanese Arabs from the region of the 4th Nile cataract in Sudan, the Shagia and Manasir. Read More

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February 2013

'Community navigators': making a difference by promoting health in culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities in Logan, Queensland.

Aust J Prim Health 2011 ;17(4):347-54

Population and Social Health Research Program, Griffith Health Institute, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith University, Southport, Qld 4215, Australia.

A key component of the 2011 Australian National Health Reform, via the Access and Equity Policy, is to improve access to quality health services for all Australians including CALD communities. Awareness has been raised that certain CALD communities in Australia experience limited access to health care and services, resulting in poor health outcomes. To address this issue, the Community Navigator Model was developed and implemented in four CALD communities in Logan, Queensland, through a partnership between government and non-government organisations. Read More

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February 2012

Diverse viscerotropic isolates of Leishmania all express a highly conserved secretory nuclease during human infections.

Mol Cell Biochem 2012 Feb 22;361(1-2):169-79. Epub 2011 Oct 22.

Cell Biology Section, Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-0425, USA.

Previously, we characterized a gene encoding the unique nuclease (LdNuc(s)) from a Sudanese isolate of the human pathogen Leishmania donovani. This parasite secretory enzyme is involved in the salvage of host-derived purines and is constitutively expressed by both developmental forms of the parasite. Currently, we assessed whether an LdNuc(s)-like nuclease was conserved among other geographically disparate isolates of L. Read More

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February 2012

The nexus between bridewealth, family curse, and spontaneous abortion among southern Sudanese women.

J Nurs Scholarsh 2011 Dec 17;43(4):376-84. Epub 2011 Oct 17.

Boston College, Boston University School of Public Health/Department of International Health, Boston, MA 02169, USA.

Purpose: In this study we explored women's experiences with abortion complications in the postwar context of South Sudan. Abortion complications are the leading cause of admissions to gynecology units in major hospitals of South Sudan. Payment of bridewealth by the husband to the woman's relatives is critical and a symbolic binding of the commitment between families and clans. Read More

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December 2011

Culturally and linguistically diverse peoples' knowledge of accessibility and utilisation of health services: exploring the need for improvement in health service delivery.

Aust J Prim Health 2011 ;17(2):195-201

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith Health Institute, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Qld 4222, Australia.

With 28% of Australia's population having a culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) background, the health system faces an increasing challenge to provide accessible and culturally competent health care. The view that all CALD communities are homogenous and solutions can be developed for the entire nation is detrimental. Despite available health services, CALD communities are reluctant to use them due to cultural differences, perceived racism and misunderstandings leading to the existing health disparities. Read More

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Evaluation of the effects of VKORC1 polymorphisms and haplotypes, CYP2C9 genotypes, and clinical factors on warfarin response in Sudanese patients.

Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2011 Nov 18;67(11):1119-30. Epub 2011 May 18.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, #50 Ilwon-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 135-710, South Korea.

Objective: African populations, including the Sudanese, are underrepresented in warfarin pharmacogenetic studies. We designed a study to determine the associations between the polymorphisms and haplotype structures of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 and warfarin dose response in Sudanese patients, one of the most genetically diverse populations in Africa.

Material And Methods: The effect of the CYP2C9 polymorphisms (*2, *3, *5, *6, *8, *9, and *11), 20 VKORC1 tag SNPs and haplotypes, and clinical covariates were comprehensively assessed in 203 Sudanese warfarin-treated patients. Read More

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November 2011

Physical activity behaviours of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) women living in Australia: a qualitative study of socio-cultural influences.

BMC Public Health 2011 Jan 11;11:26. Epub 2011 Jan 11.

School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Australia continues to witness rising levels of immigration by individuals from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) origins. With this rapidly growing diverse population, Australia faces a number of population health challenges. In particular, CALD women have been shown to be at an increased risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and poor mental health. Read More

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January 2011

Community based parasitic screening and treatment of Sudanese refugees: application and assessment of Centers for Disease Control guidelines.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2009 Mar;80(3):425-30

San Diego State University Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego, California 92182, USA.

Centers for Disease Control guidelines for schistosomiasis and strongyloidiasis in Sudanese and Somali refugees are not widely implemented. Given limited prevalence data, we conducted a seroprevalence study of schistosomiasis, strongyloidiasis, and loiasis in Sudanese refugees across diverse ages. Sudanese refugees, ages 4-78, were recruited via community organizations. Read More

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