5 results match your criteria diverse ligno-cellulosic

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Conserved white-rot enzymatic mechanism for wood decay in the Basidiomycota genus Pycnoporus.

DNA Res 2020 Apr;27(2)

INRAE, UMR1163, Biodiversity and Biotechnology of Fungi, Aix Marseille University, 13009 Marseille, France.

White-rot (WR) fungi are pivotal decomposers of dead organic matter in forest ecosystems and typically use a large array of hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes to deconstruct lignocellulose. However, the extent of lignin and cellulose degradation may vary between species and wood type. Here, we combined comparative genomics, transcriptomics and secretome proteomics to identify conserved enzymatic signatures at the onset of wood-decaying activity within the Basidiomycota genus Pycnoporus. Read More

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Utilization of two agrowastes for adsorption and removal of methylene blue: kinetics and isotherm studies.

Water Sci Technol 2017 Mar;75(5-6):1138-1147

Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Tezpur University, Tezpur, P.O. Napaam, Assam 784028, India E-mail:

Fresh water streams contaminated with synthetic dye-containing effluents pose a threat to aquatic and human life either by preventing aquatic photosynthesis or by entering into the food chain. Adsorptive removal of such dyes with potent biosorbents is an important technique to reduce bioaccumulation and biomagnifications of the dyes in human life. We report use of betel nut (BN) husk and banana peel (BP), two most abundant ligno-cellulosic wastes, as efficient adsorbents for the removal of the basic dye methylene blue (MB). Read More

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Biochar from commercially cultivated seaweed for soil amelioration.

Sci Rep 2015 Apr 9;5:9665. Epub 2015 Apr 9.

MACRO - the Centre for Macroalgal Resources and Biotechnology, College of Marine and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville Australia 4811.

Seaweed cultivation is a high growth industry that is primarily targeted at human food and hydrocolloid markets. However, seaweed biomass also offers a feedstock for the production of nutrient-rich biochar for soil amelioration. We provide the first data of biochar yield and characteristics from intensively cultivated seaweeds (Saccharina, Undaria and Sargassum--brown seaweeds, and Gracilaria, Kappaphycus and Eucheuma--red seaweeds). Read More

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The biotechnological use and potential of plant pathogenic smut fungi.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2013 Apr 2;97(8):3253-65. Epub 2013 Mar 2.

Institute for Microbiology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, 40204 Düsseldorf, Germany.

Plant pathogens of the family Ustilaginaceae parasitise mainly on grasses and cause smut disease. Among the best characterised members of this family are the covered smut fungus Ustilago hordei colonising barley and oat as well as the head smut Sporisorium reilianum and the corn smut Ustilago maydis, both infecting maize. Over the past years, U. Read More

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Functional metagenomics unveils a multifunctional glycosyl hydrolase from the family 43 catalysing the breakdown of plant polymers in the calf rumen.

PLoS One 2012 25;7(6):e38134. Epub 2012 Jun 25.

CSIC, Institute of Catalysis, Madrid, Spain.

Microbial communities from cow rumen are known for their ability to degrade diverse plant polymers at high rates. In this work, we identified 15 hydrolases through an activity-centred metagenome analysis of a fibre-adherent microbial community from dairy cow rumen. Among them, 7 glycosyl hydrolases (GHs) and 1 feruloyl esterase were successfully cloned, expressed, purified and characterised. Read More

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