N Engl J Med 2021 09;385(12):1104-1115
From the Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Program (P.D.P., P.P., J.E.M., T.M., F.M., C.M., H.M., D.B., M.M., M.H., M.G., M.A.G.), the Blantyre Malaria Project (N.N., O.M.N.), the Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (Q.D.), the District Health Office, Blantyre District Council (G.K.), and Kamuzu University of Health Sciences (M.A.G.) - all in Blantyre, Malawi; the Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore (Y.L., J.K.T., F.A., K.S., E.R., M.B., K.K., M.B.L., K.M.N.); and Oxford Vaccine Group, the Department of Paediatrics, Oxford University, Oxford (J.E.M.), Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (C.M., M.H., M.G.), and the Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool (M.A.G.), and the Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, London (R.S.H.) - all in the United Kingdom.
Background: Typhoid fever caused by multidrug-resistant H58 Typhi is an increasing public health threat in sub-Saharan Africa.
Methods: We conducted a phase 3, double-blind trial in Blantyre, Malawi, to assess the efficacy of Vi polysaccharide typhoid conjugate vaccine (Vi-TCV). We randomly assigned children who were between 9 months and 12 years of age, in a 1:1 ratio, to receive a single dose of Vi-TCV or meningococcal capsular group A conjugate (MenA) vaccine. Read More