78 results match your criteria distance antimony


Developmental neurotoxicity of antimony (Sb) in the early life stages of zebrafish.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 May 8;218:112308. Epub 2021 May 8.

Key Laboratory for Biorheological Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, State and Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for Vascular Implants, Bioengineering College of Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China. Electronic address:

Accumulating studies have revealed the toxicity of antimony (Sb) to soil-dwelling and aquatic organisms at the individual level. However, little is known about the neurotoxic effects of antimony and its underlying mechanisms. To assess this issue, we investigated the neurotoxicity of antimony (0, 200, 400, 600 and 800 mg/L) in zebrafish embryos. Read More

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Evolution of Topological Surface States Following Sb Layer Adsorption on BiSe.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Apr 2;14(7). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Institut für Theoretische Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, 35392 Gießen, Germany.

Thin antimony layers adsorbed on bismuth selenide (Bi2Se3) present an exciting topological insulator system. Much recent effort has been made to understand the synthesis and electronic properties of the heterostructure, particularly the migration of the topological surface states under adsorption. However, the intertwinement of the topological surface states of the pristine Bi2Se3 substrate with the Sb adlayer remains unclear. Read More

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Spatial Distribution and Environmental Risk of Arsenic and Antimony in Soil Around an Antimony Smelter of Qinglong County.

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Resource and Environmental Engineering College, Guizhou University, Guiyang, 550025, China.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb) in soils around an antimony smelter at Qinglong together with the soil pollution levels and potential ecological risk. The results show that (1) total concentrations of As (23 ~ 539 mg/kg) and Sb (19.7 ~ 5681 mg kg) were higher than the Guizhou province-level background values (As, 20; Sb, 2. Read More

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Risk of gastric cancer in the environs of industrial facilities in the MCC-Spain study.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jun 3;278:116854. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Epidemiology Section, Public Health Division, Department of Health of Madrid, C/San Martín de Porres, 6, 28035, Madrid, Spain; Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology & Public Health (CIBER en Epidemiología y Salud Pública - CIBERESP), Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Gastric cancer is the fifth most frequent tumor worldwide. In Spain, it presents a large geographic variability in incidence, suggesting a possible role of environmental factors in its etiology. Therefore, epidemiologic research focused on environmental exposures is necessary. Read More

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A mixed radial, angular, three-body distribution function as a tool for local structure characterization: Application to single-component structures.

J Chem Phys 2020 May;152(19):194502

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, Germany.

A mixed radial, angular three-body distribution function g(r, θ) is introduced, which allows the local atomic order to be more easily characterized in a single graph than with conventional correlation functions. It can be defined to be proportional to the probability of finding an atom C at a distance r from atom B while making an angle θ with atoms A and B, under the condition that atom A is the nearest neighbor of B. As such, our correlation function contains, for example, the likelihood of angles formed between the nearest and the next-nearest-neighbor bonds. Read More

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Sources of 24-h personal exposure to PM-bound metals: results from a panel study in Wuhan, China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 29;28(22):27555-27564. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Occupational & Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, Hubei, China.

Atmospheric PM-bound metals have been widely addressed, but research on the exposure levels and sources of personal PM-bound metals among urban community residents is limited. The aim of this study is to explore the exposure levels and sources of 24-h personal PM-bound metals among community inhabitants in Wuhan, China. We conducted a penal study of 216 observations with measurements of 16 metals bounded to 24-h personal PM samples in April-May, 2014, 2017. Read More

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Concentrations of selected trace elements in surface soils near crossroads in the city of Bratislava (the Slovak Republic).

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Feb 23;28(5):5455-5471. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

GEOtest, a.s., Šmahova 1244/112, 627 00, Brno, Czech Republic.

It is well known that road transport emits various trace elements into the environment, which are deposited in soils in the vicinity of roads, so-called roadside soils, and thus contributes to the deterioration of their chemical state. The aim of this work was to determine concentrations of some metals and metalloids (arsenic (As), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), antimony (Sb), vanadium (V), and zinc (Zn)) in soils from crossroads with traffic signals, which are characterized by deceleration of vehicles and increased emissions of elements related mainly to brake and tyre wear. The results confirmed a moderate enrichment of soils with Cu, Pb, and Zn (enrichment factor (EF) values > 2) and significant enrichment for Sb (EF > 5), while the other elements showed no or minimal enrichment. Read More

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February 2021

Encapsulating Ultrafine Sb Nanoparticles in Na Pre-Intercalated 3D Porous TiCT MXene Nanostructures for Enhanced Potassium Storage Performance.

ACS Nano 2020 Oct 25;14(10):13938-13951. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Key Laboratory for Liquid-Solid Structural Evolution and Processing of Materials, Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, P.R. China.

Taking into consideration the advantages of the highly theoretical capacity of antimony (Sb) and abundant surface redox reaction sites of Na pre-intercalated 3D porous TiCT (Na-TiCT) architectures, we elaborately designed the Sb/Na-TiCT hybrid with Sb nanoparticles homogeneously distributed in 3D porous Na-TiCT architectures through a facile electrostatic attraction and carbothermic reduction process. Na-TiCT architectures with more open structures and larger active specific surface area not only could certainly alleviate volume changes and hinder the aggregation of Sb nanoparticles in the cycling process to improve the structural stability but also significantly strengthen the electron-transfer kinetics and provide unblocked K diffusion channels to promote ionic/electronic transport rate. Furthermore, the ultrafine Sb nanoparticles could efficiently shorten K transport distance and expose more accessible active sites to improve capacity utilization. Read More

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October 2020

Residential proximity to industrial pollution sources and colorectal cancer risk: A multicase-control study (MCC-Spain).

Environ Int 2020 11 19;144:106055. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Cancer and Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Chronic Diseases, National Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Avda. Monforte de Lemos 5, 28029 Madrid, Spain; Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology & Public Health (CIBER en Epidemiología y Salud Pública - CIBERESP), Av. de Monforte de Lemos 3-5, 28029 Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Colorectal cancer is the third most frequent tumor in males and the second in females worldwide. In Spain, it is an important and growing health problem, and epidemiologic research focused on potential risk factors, such as environmental exposures, is necessary.

Objectives: To analyze the association between colorectal cancer risk and residential proximity to industries, according to pollution discharge route, industrial groups, categories of carcinogens and other toxic substances, and specific pollutants released, in the context of a population-based multicase-control study of incident cancer carried out in Spain (MCC-Spain). Read More

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November 2020

Detection of Pb, Ba, and Sb in Cadaveric Maggots and Pupae by ICP-MS.

J Forensic Sci 2020 Nov 10;65(6):2188-2193. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES, 29075-910, Brazil.

The concentrations of lead (Pb), barium (Ba), and antimony (Sb), characteristic of GSR, were determined in soil sediments and immature (larvae) of cadaveric flies of the family Calliphoridae, by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). This research refers to a case study from two real crime scenes in which the corpses were in an advanced state of decomposition. In case 1, the victim had holes similar to gunshot wounds, and in case 2, there was no evidence of perforations in the corpse. Read More

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November 2020

Structures and Chemical Bonding in Antimony(III) Bromide Complexes with Pyridine.

Chemistry 2020 Dec 28;26(69):16338-16348. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Institute of Chemistry, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya emb. 7/9, 199034, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Weakly or "partially" bonded molecules are an important link between the chemical and van der Waals interactions. Molecular structures of six new SbBr -Py complexes in the solid state have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In all complexes all Sb atoms adopt a pseudo-octahedral coordination geometry which is completed by additional Sb⋅⋅⋅Br contacts shorter than the sum of the van der Waals radii, with Br-Sb⋅⋅⋅Br angles close to 180°. Read More

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December 2020

Disentangling sources of trace element air pollution in complex urban areas by lichen biomonitoring. A case study in Milan (Italy).

Chemosphere 2020 Oct 23;256:127155. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Life Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. Electronic address:

In this study we investigated the bioaccumulation of selected trace elements in lichen samples transplanted for three months in Milan, Italy, with the aim of assessing the main environmental contaminants and the overall pollution load, and of disentangling the main air pollution sources as well as of estimating fluxes of element deposition. The results highlighted Cu and Sb as important contaminants and suggested a common origin for these two elements from railways and non-exhaust sources of vehicular traffic such as brake abrasion. High or very high global air pollution emerged for all study sites. Read More

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October 2020

Expression and interactions of stereochemically active lone pairs and their relation to structural distortions and thermal conductivity.

IUCrJ 2020 May 31;7(Pt 3):480-489. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Center for Materials Crystallography, Department of Chemistry and iNANO, Aarhus University, Langelandsgade 140, Aarhus 8000, Denmark.

In chemistry, stereochemically active lone pairs are typically described as an important non-bonding effect, and recent interest has centred on understanding the derived effect of lone pair expression on physical properties such as thermal conductivity. To manipulate such properties, it is essential to understand the conditions that lead to lone pair expression and provide a quantitative chemical description of their identity to allow comparison between systems. Here, density functional theory calculations are used first to establish the presence of stereochemically active lone pairs on antimony in the archetypical chalcogenide MnSbO. Read More

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Relative Abundance of Thiolated Species of As, Mo, W, and Sb in Hot Springs of Yellowstone National Park and Iceland.

Environ Sci Technol 2020 04 23;54(7):4295-4304. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Sturlugata 7, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland.

Geothermal waters often are enriched in trace metal(loid)s, such as arsenic, antimony, molybdenum, and tungsten. The presence of sulfide can lead to the formation of thiolated anions; however, their contributions to total element concentrations typically remain unknown because nonsuitable sample stabilization and chromatographic separation methods convert them to oxyanions. Here, the concurrent widespread occurrence of thioarsenates, thiomolybdates, thiotungstates, and thioantimonates, in sulfide-rich hot springs from Yellowstone National Park and Iceland is shown. Read More

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Determining the effects of past gold mining using a sediment palaeotoxicity model.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 14;718:137308. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

University of Ottawa, Department of Biology, Gendron Hall, 30 Marie Curie, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada. Electronic address:

Ore processing techniques used in Yellowknife's largest mining operation, Giant Mine, is responsible for the atmospheric release of approximately 20,000 t of particulate arsenic trioxide and other heavy metal(loids). This rapid deposition of heavy metal(loids) may have caused ecological disturbances to aquatic food webs. Here we use Pb and Cs dated lake sediment cores from 20 lakes within a 40 km radius of Yellowknife to examine the spatial-temporal distribution of arsenic, antimony and lead. Read More

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Antiproliferative activity and apoptosis induction, of organo-antimony(III)-copper(I) conjugates, against human breast cancer cells.

Mol Divers 2020 Nov 11;24(4):1095-1106. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Section of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Ioannina, 45110, Ioannina, Greece.

Three known organo-antimony(III)-copper(I), mixed-metal small bioactive molecules (SBAMs) of formula [Cu(tpSb)Cl] (1), [Cu(tpSb)Br] (2) and [Cu(tpSb)I] (3) (tpSb = triphenylstibine) were used for the clarification of their antiproliferative activity against human breast cancer cells: MCF-7 (hormone-dependent cells) and MDA-MB-231 (hormone-independent cells). The in vitro toxicity of 1-3 was studied against normal human foetal lung fibroblast cells (MRC-5). The genotoxicity of 1-3 was determined by the presence of micronucleus. Read More

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November 2020

The source apportionment, pollution characteristic and mobility of Sb in roadside soils affected by traffic and industrial activities.

J Hazard Mater 2020 02 30;384:121352. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

State Key Laboratory on Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, PR China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, Shanghai, 200092, PR China. Electronic address:

Antimony (Sb), as an emerging pollutant, has aroused people's concerns for its wide usage in industrial production. In this study, we identify and quantify the traffic-derived Sb and investigate its mobility in roadside soils affected by traffic and industrial activities. 73 surface roadside soils and 5 transects in three areas nearby different industries (smelting, power and refining, and waste incineration) were collected and analyzed. Read More

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February 2020

Antimony selenide/graphene oxide composite for sensitive photoelectrochemical detection of DNA methyltransferase activity.

J Mater Chem B 2019 11 9;7(43):6789-6795. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Medical School, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China.

Antimony selenide (SbSe) as a p-type semiconductor material has recently attracted extensive attention for its excellent photoelectric properties in applications of thin film solar cells. However, applying SbSe as a photoelectrochemically (PEC) active material for constructing biosensors has never been reported. In this work, by using SbSe/graphene oxide (SbSe-GO) as both the PEC probe and substrate for biomolecule conjugation, a "signal-off" sandwich-type PEC biosensor was proposed for DNA methyltransferase (Dam MTase) activity detection based on gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) as quenchers. Read More

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November 2019

Degradation of chloramphenicol using Ti-Sb/attapulgite ceramsite particle electrodes.

Water Environ Res 2019 Aug 13;91(8):756-769. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Key laboratory of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region's Eco-Environment, State Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China.

Ti-Sb/attapulgite ceramsite particle electrodes were prepared for the efficient degradation of chloramphenicol (CAP) in wastewater. To observe the surface morphology and structural characteristics of the Ti-Sb/attapulgite ceramsite particle electrodes, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction were used for characterization. Parameters affecting the degradation efficiency and the energy consumption of the Ti-Sb/attapulgite ceramsite particle electrodes, such as current density, electrode distance, initial pH, conductivity, air flow, and packing ratio, were examined. Read More

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Atmospheric deposition of antimony in a typical mercury-antimony mining area, Shaanxi Province, Southwest China.

Environ Pollut 2019 Feb 1;245:173-182. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, 550002, PR China. Electronic address:

Mercury-antimony (HgSb) mining activities are important anthropogenic sources of Hg and Sb to the local environment. The Xunyang HgSb mine situated in Shaanxi Province is an active Hg mine in China. To understand the emission, transportation, and deposition of Sb through HgSb mining activities, current study systematically monitored the Sb concentration in precipitation in the Xunyang HgSb mining district. Read More

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February 2019

Numerical simulation and exploration of electrocoagulation process for arsenic and antimony removal: Electric field, flow field, and mass transfer studies.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 18;228:336-345. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, PR China.

In order to intuitively and clearly evaluate the potential and current distribution, the fluid flow and mixing, as well as mass transfer involved in electrocoagulation process for As and Sb removal, numerical simulation of electric field, flow field and mass transfer were constructed by Comsol Multiphysics and verified by experiments. Results displayed that the primary current and potential distribution were improved by changing electrode distance or adding insulator in a batch reactor. When configuration 2 and 2 cm electrode distance were applied, a more uniform primary current distribution and higher electrode current efficiency were obtained. Read More

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December 2018

Enhanced oxidation potential of Ti/SnO-Cu electrode for electrochemical degradation of low-concentration ceftazidime in aqueous solution: Performance and degradation pathway.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 24;212:594-603. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

College of Environmental & Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China. Electronic address:

In order to develop an efficient electrode to remove pharmaceutical and personal care products from wastewater, copper and antimony doped Ti/SnO electrode were prepared by thermal decomposition. Electrochemical characterization was undertaken on Ti/SnO-Cu using cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry, indicating an ultra-high 2.1 V of oxygen evolution potential, better stability, and superior corrosion resistance rather than traditional Ti/SnO-Sb electrode. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of Different Swabs for Sampling Inorganic Gunshot Residue from Gunshot Wounds: Applicability and Reliability for the Determination of Firing Distance.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 5;64(2):558-564. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Pavia, V.le Taramelli 12, 27100, Pavia, Italy.

This study concentrates on samples of bare pork skin, with and without bristles, and dried bovine ribs shot with a semi-automatic pistol to find the best methodology and sampling surface in the search for inorganic gunshot residues (IGSR). Four quadrants of known surface areas were sampled at different distances from the bullet's hole with different swabs: tapes in graphite, Leukosilk® white tape, 3M® transparent tape, and a cotton swab to assess the technique able to collect the highest amounts of IGSR with the lowest contribution of the blank. The cotton swab wet in 10% HNO gave the best results. Read More

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Are Antimony-Bismuth Aprons as Efficient as Lead Rubber Aprons in Providing Shielding against Scattered Radiation?

J Med Imaging Radiat Sci 2018 Jun 5;49(2):201-206. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Life Sciences and Health, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.

Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the absorption ability of two lead-free aprons with a lead apron.

Method: The absorption ability of three aprons was measured and compared; Opaque Fusion 0.35 mm (OpaqFu) bilayer apron containing bismuth and antimony, No Lead 0. Read More

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Bandgap-Tunable Preparation of Smooth and Large Two-Dimensional Antimonene.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2018 07 12;57(28):8668-8673. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Key Lab of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education/Guangdong Province, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, 518060, China.

As a highly stable band gap semiconductor, antimonene is an intriguing two-dimensional (2D) material in optoelectronics. However, its short layer distance and strong binding energy make it challenging to prepare high-quality large 2D antimonene; therefore, its predicted tunable band gap has not been experimentally confirmed. Now, an approach to prepare smooth and large 2D antimonene with uniform layers that uses a pregrinding and subsequent sonication-assisted liquid-phase exfoliation process has been established. Read More

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Enrichment and sources of trace metals in roadside soils in Shanghai, China: A case study of two urban/rural roads.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Aug 16;631-632:942-950. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

State Key Laboratory on Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, PR China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, Shanghai 200092, PR China. Electronic address:

The road traffic has become one of the main sources of urban pollution and could directly affect roadside soils. To understand the level of contamination and potential sources of trace metals in roadside soils of Shanghai, 10 trace metals (Sb, Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, Cd, Pb, Hg, Mn and Zn) from two urban/rural roads (Hutai Road and Wunign-Caoan Road) were analyzed in this study. Antimony, Ni, Cu, Cd, Pb, Hg and Zn concentrations were higher than that of soil background values of Shanghai, whereas accumulation of Cr, Co and Mn were minimal. Read More

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Traffic-related distribution of antimony in roadside soils.

Environ Pollut 2018 Jun 10;237:704-712. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Department of Geosciences, Soil Geography/Soil Science, University of Cologne, D-50923 Köln, Germany.

Vehicular emissions have become one of the main source of pollution of urban soils; this highlights the need for more detailed research on various traffic-related emissions and related distribution patterns. Since the banning of asbestos in the European Union, its substitution with antimony (Sb) in brake linings has led to increased inputs of this toxic metalloid to environmental compartments. The objective of this study was to provide detailed information about the spatial distribution patterns of Sb and to assess its mobility and bioavailability. Read More

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Profiling of illicit cocaine seized in China by ICP-MS analysis of inorganic elements.

Forensic Sci Int 2017 Jul 29;276:77-84. Epub 2017 Apr 29.

National Narcotics Laboratory, Drug Intelligence and Forensic Center of the the Ministry of Public Security, Beijing, China.

For the first time in China, the inorganic element profiling of cocaine specimens was performed at the National Narcotics Laboratory. An inductive coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous analysis of 26 inorganic elements, including sodium (Na), magnesium (Mg), aluminuim (Al), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), vanadium (V), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), selenium (Se), molybdenum (Mo), silver (Ag), cadmium (Cd), antimony (Sb), barium (Ba), lanthanum (La), cerium (Ce), thallium (Tl), lead (Pb), thorium (Th), and uranium (U) in illicit cocaine samples. Ultrasonic assisted dissolution was applied for sample preparation. Read More

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Antimony and arsenic exhibit contrasting spatial distributions in the sediment and vegetation of a contaminated wetland.

Chemosphere 2017 Aug 12;180:388-395. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, QLD 4215, Australia. Electronic address:

Antimony is a priority environmental contaminant that is relatively poorly studied compared to other trace metal(loid)s. In particular, the behaviour of antimony in wetland sediments, where anaerobic conditions often dominate, has received considerably less attention compared to well-drained terrestrial soil environments. Here we report the results of a spatial assessment of antimony in the sediments and vegetation of a freshwater wetland exposed to stibnite tailings for the past forty years. Read More

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