21,178 results match your criteria displayed enhanced


An iron oxide nanoworm hybrid on an interdigitated microelectrode silica surface to detect abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Mikrochim Acta 2021 May 11;188(6):185. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Cardiology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory for Genetic Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disease, Jilin Provincial Cardiovascular Research Institute, Changchun, Jilin, 130031, China.

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is abnormal swelling in the abdominal aorta and a prevalent life-threatening disease. This research introduces a new interdigitated microelectrode (IDME)-sensing surface modified by iron oxide nanoworms (IONWs) for detecting the AAA biomarker insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1). A sandwich pattern was formulated with the IGF1 aptamer and IGFBP1 (IGF binding protein-1) on the IONW-constructed IDME hybrid to identify IGF1. Read More

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Tumor Spheroids of an Aggressive Form of Central Neurocytoma Have Transit-Amplifying Progenitor Characteristics with Enhanced EGFR and Tumor Stem Cell Signaling.

Exp Neurobiol 2021 Apr;30(2):120-143

Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03082, Korea.

Central neurocytoma (CN) has been known as a benign neuronal tumor. In rare cases, CN undergoes malignant transformation to glioblastomas (GBM). Here we examined its cellular origin by characterizing differentiation potential and gene expression of CN-spheroids. Read More

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Oral immunization with recombinant Lactobacillus plantarum expressing Nudix hydrolase and 43 kDa proteins confers protection against Trichinella spiralis in BALB/c mice.

Acta Trop 2021 May 7:105947. Epub 2021 May 7.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China; Jilin Provincial Engineering Research Center of Animal Probiotics, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China; Key Laboratory of animal production and product quality safety of Ministry of Education, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China. Electronic address:

Trichinellosis is a significant food-borne zoonotic parasitic disease caused by parasite Trichinella. Given the side effects of anti-Trichinella drugs (e.g. Read More

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PAF enhances cancer stem cell properties via β-catenin signaling in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Cell Cycle 2021 May 10:1-11. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Minimally Invasive Intervention, Shaanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital, Xi'an, China.

Increasing proofs have declared that liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) are the main contributors to tumor initiation, metastasis, therapy resistance, and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying CSCs regulation remain largely unclear. Recently, PCNA-associated factor (PAF) was identified to play a key role in maintaining breast cancer cell stemness, but its role in liver cancer stem cells has not been declared yet. Read More

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Parametric Optimization of 3D Printed Hydrogel-Based Cardiovascular Stent.

Pharm Res 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Division of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutics Sciences, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 2464 Charlotte Street, HSB-4242, Kansas City, MO, 64108, USA.

Purpose: This study aimed to develop personalized biodegradable stent (BDS) for the treatment of coronary heart disease. Three-dimensional (3D) printing technique has offered easy and fast fabrication of BDS with enhanced reproducibility and efficacy.

Methods: A variety of BDS were printed with 3 types of hydrogel (~5 ml) resources (10%w/v sodium alginate (SA), 10%w/v cysteine-sodium alginate (SA-CYS), and 10%w/v cysteine-sodium alginate with 0. Read More

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Cryptotanshinone Inhibits ERα-Dependent and -Independent BCRP Oligomer Formation to Reverse Multidrug Resistance in Breast Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 22;11:624811. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Pharmacology and Safety Evaluation of Chinese Materia Medica, School of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Both long-term anti-estrogen therapy and estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer contribute to drug resistance, causing poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) plays an important role in multidrug resistance. Here, we show that cryptotanshinone (CPT), an anti-estrogen compound, inhibited the oligomer formation of BCRP on the cell membrane, thus blocking its efflux function. Read More

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Hazard Perception, Presence, and Simulation Sickness-A Comparison of Desktop and Head-Mounted Display for Driving Simulation.

Front Psychol 2021 22;12:647723. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Education, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany.

Driving simulators are becoming increasingly common in driver training and assessment. Since virtual reality is generally regarded as an appropriate environment for measuring risk behavior, simulators are also used to assess hazard perception, which is considered to be one of the most important skills for safe driving. Simulators, which offer challenges that are indeed comparable to driving in real traffic, but at a very low risk of physical injury, have the potential to complement theoretical and practical driver trainings and tests. Read More

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Soil biotic and abiotic effects on seedling growth exhibit context dependent interactions: evidence from a multi-country experiment on Pinus contorta invasion.

New Phytol 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Umeå, Sweden, 90183.

The success of invasive plants is influenced by many interacting factors, but evaluating multiple possible mechanisms of invasion success and elucidating the relative importance of abiotic and biotic drivers is challenging, and therefore rarely achieved. We used live, sterile or inoculated soil from different soil origins (native range and introduced range plantation; and invaded plots spanning three different countries) in a fully factorial design to simultaneously examine the influence of soil origin and soil abiotic and biotic factors on the growth of invasive Pinus contorta. Our results displayed significant context-dependency in that certain soil abiotic conditions in the introduced ranges (soil nitrogen, phosphorous, or carbon content) influenced responses to inoculation treatments. Read More

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Scleraxis expressing scleral cells respond to inflammatory stimulation.

Histochem Cell Biol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Institute of Tendon and Bone Regeneration, Spinal Cord Injury and Tissue Regeneration Center Salzburg, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

The sclera is an ocular tissue rich of collagenous extracellular matrix, which is built up and maintained by relatively few, still poorly characterized fibroblast-like cells. The aims of this study are to add to the characterization of scleral fibroblasts and to examine the reaction of these fibroblasts to inflammatory stimulation in an ex vivo organotypic model. Scleras of scleraxis-GFP (SCX-GFP) mice were analyzed using immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR for the expression of the tendon cell associated marker genes scleraxis (SCX), mohawk and tenomodulin. Read More

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Peptidic biofunctionalization of laser patterned dental zirconia: A biochemical-topographical approach.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jun 20;125:112096. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Biomaterials, Biomechanics and Tissue Engineering Group (BBT), Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTECH, 08019 Barcelona, Spain; Barcelona Research Center in Multiscale Science and Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTECH, 08019 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

A dual approach employing peptidic biofunctionalization and laser micro-patterns on dental zirconia was explored, with the aim of providing a flexible tool to improve tissue integration of restorations. Direct laser interference patterning with a femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser was employed, and two periodic grooved patterns were produced with a periodicity of 3 and 10 μm. A platform containing the cell-adhesive RGD and the osteogenic DWIVA peptides was used to functionalize the grooved surfaces. Read More

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The antiandrogenic effect of neferine, liensinine, and isoliensinine by inhibiting 5-α-reductase and androgen receptor expression via PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in prostate cancer.

Pharmazie 2021 May;76(5):225-231

School of Medicine, Yichun University, Yichun, China.

Neferine, liensinine, and isoliensinine are bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids extracted from seed-embryos of Gaertn. In this study, we evaluated the anticancer activities and mechanism of action of these natural products in prostate cancer cells by MTT, wound healing, ELISA and Western blotting. Neferine, liensinine, and isoliensinine showed growth inhibition and displayed a significant anti-migration activity in prostate cancer cells. Read More

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Using Conformational constraints at position 6 of Angiotensin II to generate compounds with enhanced AT2R selectivity and proteolytic stability.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2021 May 6:128086. Epub 2021 May 6.

Laboratory of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Ioannina, Ioannina 45110, Greece; University Research Center of Ioannina (URCI), Institute of Materials Science and Computing, Ioannina, Greece. Electronic address:

The Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS) plays a crucial role in numerous pathological conditions. Two of the critical RAS players, the angiotensin receptors AT1R and AT2R, possess differential functional profile, although they share high sequence similarity. Although the main focus has been placed on AT1R, several epidemiological studies have evidenced that activation of AT2R could operate as a multimodal therapeutic target for different diseases. Read More

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An electrochemical aptasensor based on AuPt alloy nanoparticles for ultrasensitive detection of amyloid-β oligomers.

Talanta 2021 Aug 31;231:122360. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology and Ecology, College of Life Sciences and Oceanography, School of Biomedical Engineering, Health Science Center, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518060, China. Electronic address:

Amyloid-β oligomer is an important biomarker and a potential therapeutic target of Alzheimer's disease in its early stage. Here, we combined superhydrophobic carbon fiber paper (CFP) with AuPt alloy nanoparticles to prepare a CFP/AuPt nanocomposite with larger specific surface area and hydrophobic surface. On this basis, we constructed an electrochemical aptasensor based on CFP/AuPt for the ultrasensitive detection of amyloid-β oligomers. Read More

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Metal organic framework-derived C-doped ZnO/TiO nanocomposite catalysts for enhanced photodegradation of Rhodamine B.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Apr 1;599:566-576. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Integrated Composites Laboratory (ICL), Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. Electronic address:

A series of C-doped ZnO/TiO composites with various molar ratios of ZnO to TiO were synthesized by one-step controllable pyrolysis of Zn/Ti bimetallic metal-organic frameworks (Zn/Ti-MOF). The Zn/Ti-MOF was prepared using a facile microwave hydrothermal method. Electron microscopic analysis proved that the composites presented regularity cubic morphology with an edge length of about 1 μm and the C atoms were successfully doped into ZnO/TiO composites. Read More

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Gel-like carbon dots: A high-performance future photocatalyst.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Apr 28;599:519-532. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Chemistry, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA. Electronic address:

To protect water resources, halt waterborne diseases, and prevent future water crises, photocatalytic degradation of water pollutants arouse worldwide interest. However, considering the low degradation efficiency and risk of secondary pollution displayed by most metal-based photocatalysts, highly efficient and environmentally friendly photocatalysts with appropriate band gap, such as carbon dots (CDs), are in urgent demand. In this study, the photocatalytic activity of gel-like CDs (G-CDs) was studied using diverse water pollution models for photocatalytic degradation. Read More

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Sar1b mutant mice recapitulate gastrointestinal abnormalities associated with chylomicron retention disease.

J Lipid Res 2021 May 5:100085. Epub 2021 May 5.

Research Center, CHU Ste-Justine; Departments of Pharmacology & Physiology,; Nutrition. Electronic address:

Chylomicron retention disease (CRD) is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with biallelic Sar1b mutations leading to defects in intracellular chylomicron (CM) trafficking and secretion. To date, a direct cause-effect relationship between CRD and Sar1b mutation has not been established, but genetically modified animal models provide an opportunity to elucidate unrecognized aspects of these mutations. To examine the physiological role and molecular mechanisms of Sar1b function, we generated mice expressing either a targeted deletion or mutation of human Sar1b using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Read More

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Loss of immune homeostasis in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Thorax 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Introduction: Autoreactivity against pulmonary vascular structures is thought to be involved in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We hypothesised that aberrant B-cell activation contributes to IPAH aetiology.

Methods: Mice with enhanced B-cell activation due to B-cell-specific overexpression of the B-cell receptor (BCR) signalling molecule Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) were subjected to lung injury and examined for several pulmonary hypertension (PH) indices. Read More

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Hijacking Dorsal Raphe to Improve Metabolism and Depression-like Behaviors via BDNF Gene Transfer in Mice.

Diabetes 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

State Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100005, China

Moods and metabolism modulate each other. High comorbidity of depression and metabolic disorders such as diabetes and obesity poses a great challenge to treat such condition. Here we report the therapeutic efficacy of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) by gene transfer in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) in a chronic unpredictable mild stress model of depression (CUMS) and models of diabetes and obesity. Read More

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Adamantyl Isothiocyanates as Mutant p53 Rescuing Agents and Their Structure-Activity Relationships.

J Med Chem 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Oncology, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. 20007, United States.

Mutant p53 rescue by small molecules is a promising therapeutic strategy. In this structure-activity relationship study, we examined a series of adamantyl isothiocyanates (Ad-ITCs) to discover novel agents as therapeutics by targeting mutant p53. We demonstrated that the alkyl chain connecting adamantane and ITC is a crucial determinant for Ad-ITC inhibitory potency. Read More

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Enhancing the Photocatalytic Conversion of Pt(IV) Substrates by Flavoprotein Engineering.

J Phys Chem Lett 2021 May 7:4504-4508. Epub 2021 May 7.

Donostia International Physics Center, Paseo Manuel de Lardizabal 4, Donostia 20018, Spain.

Our recent work demonstrates that certain flavoproteins can catalyze the redox activation of Pt(IV) prodrug complexes under light irradiation. Herein, we used site-directed mutagenesis on the mini singlet oxygen generator (mSOG) to modulate the photocatalytic activity of this flavoprotein toward two model Pt(IV) substrates. Among the prepared mutants, Q103V mSOG displayed enhanced catalytic efficiency as a result of its longer triplet excited-state lifetime. Read More

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Blue LED causes autophagic cell death in human osteosarcoma by increasing ROS generation and dephosphorylating EGFR.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Orthopedics, Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumour in adolescence. Lately, light-emitting diodes (LED)-based therapy has emerged as a new promising approach for several diseases. However, it remains unknown in human OS. Read More

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Postpubertal Spermatogonial Stem Cell Transplantation Restores Functional Sperm Production in Rhesus Monkeys Irradiated Before and After Puberty.

Andrology 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Experimental Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, 77030.

Background: Cancer treatment of prepubertal patients impacts future fertility due to the abolition of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). In macaques, spermatogenesis could be regenerated by intratesticular transplantation of SSCs, but no studies have involved cytotoxic treatment before puberty and transplantation after puberty, which would be the most likely clinical scenario.

Objectives: To evaluate donor-derived functional sperm production after SSC transplantation to adult monkeys that had received testicular irradiation during the prepubertal period. Read More

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Synthesis of cyclotetrapeptide analogues of c-PLAI and evaluation of their antimicrobial properties.

R Soc Open Sci 2021 Mar 24;8(3):201822. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043, Japan.

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are interesting compounds owing to their ability to kill several pathogens. In order to identify new AMPs, c-PLAI analogues were synthesized and evaluated together with their linear precursors for their antimicrobial properties against two Gram-positive bacteria ( and ), two Gram-negative bacteria ( and ), and two fungal strains ( and ). The new c-PLAI analogues were prepared through a combination of solid- and solution-phase syntheses, as previously employed for the synthesis of c-PLAI. Read More

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Identification, Expression, and Interaction Analysis of Ovate Family Proteins in Reveals a Role of PtOFP1 Regulating Drought Stress Response.

Front Plant Sci 2021 20;12:650109. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China.

Ovate family proteins (OFPs) are a family of plant growth regulators that play diverse roles in many aspects of physiological processes. OFPs have been characterized in various plant species including tomato, , and rice. However, little is known about OFPs in woody species. Read More

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Increased RET activity coupled with a reduction in the gene dosage causes intestinal aganglionosis in mice.

eNeuro 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division for Neural Differentiation and Regeneration, Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan

Mutations of the gene encoding the tyrosine kinase causes Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) and medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Current consensus holds that HSCR and MTC are induced by inactivating and activating RET mutations, respectively. However, it remains unknown whether activating mutations in the gene have adverse effects on ENS development in vivo. Read More

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Heterogeneous NiS@FeNiS@NF nanosheet arrays directly used as high efficiency bifunctional electrocatalyst for water decomposition.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Apr 20;599:300-312. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Key Laboratory of Eco-Environment-Related Polymer Materials of Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials of Gansu Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070, PR China. Electronic address:

Developing and designing bifunctional electrocatalysts are very important for the production of hydrogen from water electrolysis. The reasonable interface modulation can effectively lead to the optimization of electronic configuration through the interface electron transfer in the heterostructures and thus resulting in the enhanced efficiency. In this work, self-supported and heterogeneous interface-rich NiS@FeNiS@NF electrocatalyst for overall water splitting was designed and prepared through a controllable step-wise hydrothermal process. Read More

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EBV miRNAs are potent effectors of tumor cell transcriptome remodeling in promoting immune escape.

PLoS Pathog 2021 May 6;17(5):e1009217. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Pathology, Tulane University School of Medicine, Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America.

The Epstein Barr virus (EBV) contributes to the tumor phenotype through a limited set of primarily non-coding viral RNAs, including 31 mature miRNAs. Here we investigated the impact of EBV miRNAs on remodeling the tumor cell transcriptome. Strikingly, EBV miRNAs displayed exceptionally abundant expression in primary EBV-associated Burkitt's Lymphomas (BLs) and Gastric Carcinomas (GCs). Read More

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"Everyone collaborated and came together": The civic promise (and pitfalls) of yPAR for immigrant-origin students in an era of deportation.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Re-imagining Migration.

Objectives: In recent years, increased anti-immigrant hostility has trickled into school settings creating toxic climates for immigrant-origin (I-O) students (Rogers, , 2019, UCLA's Institute for Democracy, Education, and Access). Through youth participatory action research (yPAR), this study qualitatively examined how a class of Emerging Bilingual (EB) students aimed to promote more inclusive learning environments by designing, implementing, and evaluating a school-wide program. Here, we consider how the students experienced growth in their civic development as well as how they contended with resistances encountered during the project. Read More

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Repurposing the FDA-approved anticancer agent ponatinib as a fluconazole potentiator by suppression of multidrug efflux and Pma1 expression in a broad spectrum of yeast species.

Microb Biotechnol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes, Center for Single-Cell Omics, School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025, China.

Fungal infections have emerged as a major global threat to human health because of the increasing incidence and mortality rates every year. The emergence of drug resistance and limited arsenal of antifungal agents further aggravates the current situation resulting in a growing challenge in medical mycology. Here, we identified that ponatinib, an FDA-approved antitumour drug, significantly enhanced the activity of the azole fluconazole, the most widely used antifungal drug. Read More

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BRASSINOSTEROID-SIGNALLING KINASES 7 and 8 associate with the FLS2 immune receptor and are required for flg22-induced PTI responses.

Mol Plant Pathol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

School of Plant Sciences and Food Security, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Pattern-triggered immunity (PTI) is typically initiated in plants by recognition of pathogen- or damage-associated molecular patterns (PAMP/DAMPs) by cell surface-localized pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). Here, we investigated the role in PTI of Arabidopsis thaliana brassinosteroid-signalling kinases 7 and 8 (BSK7 and BSK8), which are members of the receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase subfamily XII. BSK7 and BSK8 localized to the plant cell periphery and interacted in yeast and in planta with FLS2, but not with other PRRs. Read More

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