4,877,490 results match your criteria disease


Palmitoleic Acid Protects against Hypertension by Inhibiting NF-κB-Mediated Inflammation.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 Apr 17:e2001025. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Scope: The role of palmitoleic acid (POA) in hypertension or blood pressure remains uncertain. We aim to investigate the epidemiological association between circulating POA and primary hypertension in humans, and subsequently evaluate the effects of exogenous POA on blood pressure and aortic remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs).

Methods And Results: We conducted a case-control study of 349 hypertensive and 1396 normotensive children and adolescents, and found hypertensive cases showed significant lower erythrocyte phospholipid POA than normotensive controls (P < 0. Read More

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Intermediate vs Standard-dose Prophylactic Anticoagulation in Patients with COVID-19 Admitted to ICU: Ninety-day Results from the INSPIRATION Trial.

Thromb Haemost 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran, Iran (the Islamic Republic of).

Background: Thrombotic complications are considered among the main extrapulmonary manifestations of COVID-19. The optimal type and duration of prophylactic antithrombotic therapy in these patients remain unknown.

Methods: This manuscript reports the final (90-day) results of the Intermediate versus Standard-dose Prophylactic anticoagulation In cRitically-ill pATIents with COVID-19: An opeN label randomized controlled trial (INSPIRATION) study. Read More

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Cushing's disease: Does low-dose pasireotide offer a comparable efficacy and safety to high-dose?

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2021 Feb 26;2021. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Townsville University Hospital, Queensland, Australia.

Summary: Whilst literature is expanding on pasireotide use in the management of Cushing's disease (CD), there is still currently much unknown about long-term and low-dose pasireotide use in CD. We present a 60-year-old female with residual CD after transphenoidal surgery (TSS), being successfully managed with S.C. Read More

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February 2021

Pituitary metastasis unveiling a lung adenocarcinoma.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2021 Feb 26;2021. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Endocrinology Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário do Porto, EPE, Porto, Portugal.

Summary: Pituitary metastasis (PM) can be the initial presentation of an otherwise unknown malignancy. As PM has no clinical or radiological pathognomonic features, diagnosis is challenging. The authors describe the case of a symptomatic PM that revealed a primary lung adenocarcinoma. Read More

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February 2021

Inflammatory Bowel Disease as a Precondition for Stroke or TIA: A Matter of Crohn's Disease Rather than Ulcerative Colitis.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Apr 14;30(7):105787. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Epidemiology, IQVIA, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Background: As a chronic systemic inflammation may be associated with an increased risk of vascular events, the aim of the present study was to assess the incidence of stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease over a period of 15 years.

Methods: This cohort study included patients for whom the initial diagnosis of an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (Crohn's disease: CD and ulcerative colitis: UC) was documented anonymously between 2000 and 2015 in 1,262 general practices in Germany. IBD patients were matched to patients without IBD using propensity scores based on age, sex, physician, co-diagnoses and co-therapies. Read More

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Exploring the changes of brain immune microenvironment in Alzheimer's disease based on PANDA algorithm combined with blood brain barrier injury-related genes.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Apr 14;557:159-165. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

College of Information Engineering, Shanghai Maritime University, 1550 Haigang Ave., Shanghai, 201306, PR China. Electronic address:

Studies have shown that the specific entry of peripheral cells into the brain parenchyma caused by BBB injury and the imbalance of the immune microenvironment in the brain are closely related to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Because of the difficulty of obtaining data inside the brain, it is urgent to find out the relationship between the peripheral and intracerebral data and their influence on the development of AD by machine learning methods. However, in the actual algorithm design, it is still a challenge to extract relevant information from a variety of data to establish a complete and accurate regulatory network. Read More

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TRIM27 protects against cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury by suppression of apoptosis and inflammation via negatively regulating p53.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Apr 14;557:127-134. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of General Medicine, The Sixth Annex Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Wulumuqi, 830002, China. Electronic address:

Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) has high morbidity and mortality worldwide, but the underlying mechanisms have not been entirely understood. TRIM27 is one of the Tri-domain proteins (TRIM) family proteins with crucial roles in numerous life processes. In the study, we attempted to explore the effects of heart-conditional knockout of TRIM27 (TRIM27) on MI/R progression both in vivo and in vitro. Read More

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Impact of Immunoablation and Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (AHSCT) on Treatment Cost of Multiple Sclerosis: Real-World Nationwide Study.

Value Health Reg Issues 2021 Apr 14;25:104-107. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Medical University of Warsaw, Hematology, Oncology, and Internal Diseases, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Objectives: To provide real-world data on the impact of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) on treatment costs of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Poland.

Methods: Medical data of 105 patients who underwent AHSCT in the years 2011 to 2016 were obtained from the National Health Fund (NHF) database. Treatment costs were calculated from the public payer's perspective per patient-year for the total available period as well as 12 months before and after AHSCT. Read More

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Real-world experience with botulinum toxin A for the treatment of hemifacial spasm: A study of 1138 injections.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2021 Apr 2;205:106632. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Section of Neurology, Institute for Neurosciences, St. Luke's Medical Center, Quezon City, Philippines; Movement Disorders Service and Section of Neurology, Institute for Neurosciences, St. Luke's Medical Center, Quezon City, Philippines; Department of Neurosciences, College of Medicine - Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines Manila, Philippines; Movement Disorders Service and Section of Neurology, Institute for Neurosciences, St. Luke's Medical Center, Global City, Philippines. Electronic address:

Background: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a chronic, potentially disabling disorder that often requires long-term management with botulinum toxin (BoNT). In a country where healthcare costs limit compliance to medical follow-up and treatment, the study aims to provide a real-world experience on the use of BoNT for HFS among Filipinos.

Methods: We retrospectively collected data from 162 HFS patients who received 1138 botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections from 2006 to 2019 in our movement disorders center in the Philippines. Read More

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Functional measurement of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway activation predicts responsiveness of RAS-mutant cancers to MEK inhibitors.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Apr 14;149:184-192. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Center for Personalized Cancer Therapy, University of California San Diego Moores Cancer Center, La Jolla, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: RAS variant-related functional impact on the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, and correlation between MAPK activation and MAPK/ERK kinase (MEK) inhibitor responsiveness, is not established.

Patients And Methods: Of 1,693 tumours sequenced, 576 harboured a RAS alteration; 62 patients received an MEK inhibitor (MEKi) and had RAS mutations that were functionally characterised. We report that RAS mutants have variable levels of MAPK activity, as measured by a functional cell-based assay that quantified MAPK pathway activation after transfection with a variety of RAS mutations. Read More

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Perspectives on natural compounds in chemoprevention and treatment of cancer: an update with new promising compounds.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Apr 14;149:165-183. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, School of Pharmacy, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, 25701, USA. Electronic address:

Cancer is the second deadliest disease worldwide. Although recent advances applying precision treatments with targeted (molecular and immune) agents are promising, the histological and molecular heterogeneity of cancer cells and huge mutational burdens (intrinsic or acquired after therapy) leading to drug resistance and treatment failure are posing continuous challenges. These recent advances do not negate the need for alternative approaches such as chemoprevention, the pharmacological approach to reverse, suppress or prevent the initial phases of carcinogenesis or the progression of premalignant cells to invasive disease by using non-toxic agents. Read More

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Chronical rhino-orbital mucormycosis in an immunocompetent host: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 10;82:105882. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Faculté de Médecine et Pharmacie, Hassan II University of Casablanca, B.P 5696, Casablanca, Morocco; Service de Stomatologie et chirurgie Maxillo-faciale, Hôpital 20 Août, CHU Ibn Rochd, B.P 2698, Casablanca, Morocco.

Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fungal infection caused by molds within the order Mucorales. The rhino-orbital-cerebral localization is the most frequent. It is a destructive, necrotizing and potentially fatal disease. Read More

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Gastric remnant mesentero-axial volvulus following Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy: A rare complication.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 7;82:105873. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Esophageal Institute, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Acute gastric volvulus is a surgical emergency with a mortality as high as 15-20%. The rarity of gastric volvulus requires high index of clinical suspicion especially in the patients with altered anatomy, to allow immediate surgical intervention and reduce the morbidity and mortality.

Presentation Of Case: We present an unusual case of gastric remnant volvulus several months following Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy performed in an obese patient for severe, recurrent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and failed prior fundoplication. Read More

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Adult Hirschsprung's disease: A case report and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 10;82:105881. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Trumbull Regional Medical Center, USA.

Introduction & Importance: Adult Hirschsprung's disease (AHD) is a difficult diagnosis to make due to its rarity, frequently after emergency interventions have been conducted. We present a case of possible AHD and sketch a classic presentation of Adult Hirschsprung's Disease. This would help recognize and include AHD in the differential diagnoses of chronic constipation where appropriate. Read More

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Screening of tick-borne pathogens in argasid ticks in Zambia: Expansion of the geographic distribution of Rickettsia lusitaniae and Rickettsia hoogstraalii and detection of putative novel Anaplasma species.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2021 Apr 5;12(4):101720. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Laboratory of Parasitology, Graduate School of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. Electronic address:

Ticks (Ixodidae and Argasidae) are important arthropod vectors of various pathogens that cause human and animal infectious diseases. Many previously published studies on tick-borne pathogens focused on those transmitted by ixodid ticks. Although there are increasing reports of viral pathogens associated with argasid ticks, information on bacterial pathogens they transmit is scarce. Read More

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Abdominal Computed Tomography Angiography and Venography in Evaluation of Hemorrhagic and Thrombotic lesions in Hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

Clin Imaging 2021 Apr 14;79:12-19. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Shamplion Street, Alexandria 21131, Egypt. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report imaging findings at computed tomography angiography (CTA) and venography (CTV) of the abdomen and pelvis in evaluation of hemorrhagic and thrombotic lesions in hospitalized patients with COVID-19.

Methods: In this retrospective observational study, patients admitted to a single tertiary care center from April 1 to July 20, 2020, who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and developed acute abdominal pain or decreasing hemoglobin levels over the course of hospitalization were included. Abdominal CTA/CTV imaging studies performed in these patients were reviewed, and acute hemorrhagic or thromboembolic findings were recorded. Read More

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis-stimulated whole blood culture to detect host biosignatures for tuberculosis treatment response.

Tuberculosis (Edinb) 2021 Apr 10;128:102082. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

DSI-NRF Centre of Excellence for Biomedical Tuberculosis Research, South African Medical Research Council Centre for Tuberculosis Research, Division of Molecular Biology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Host markers to monitor the response to tuberculosis (TB) therapy hold some promise. We evaluated the changes in concentration of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb)-induced soluble biomarkers during early treatment for predicting short- and long-term treatment outcomes. Read More

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Decreased quality of life and spirometric alterations even after mild-moderate COVID-19.

Respir Med 2021 Apr 14;181:106391. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital General de Zona No.27 Del Instituto Mexicano Del Seguro Social, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:

Background: The follow-up of recovered COVID-19 patients is still limited. We aimed to evaluate the changes in quality-of-life (QOL) and spirometric alterations in the convalescent phase of 115 patients with at least 30 days post-COVID-19.

Methods: We included patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection, available past medical records and at least 30 days after the onset of symptoms. Read More

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Decreased serum testosterone levels associated with 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity in 7-year-old children from a dioxin-exposed area of Vietnam.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Mar 30;783:146701. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Japan.

Since 2008, we have conducted epidemiological cohort studies on the relationship between dioxin exposure and disruption with children in the area sprayed with defoliants during the Vietnam War. In a long-term survey of children through the age of five, we observed androgen disruption due to decreased dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and testosterone levels. In this study of 7-year-old, we separately elucidated androgen disruption for boys and girls, and discussed with respect to hormone disruption with sex differences on the steroid hormone biosynthesis process. Read More

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Complex renal cysts combined with hemorrhage during crizotinib treatment for ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma.

Cancer Treat Res Commun 2021 Apr 9;27:100373. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Shanghai Lung Cancer Center, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Xuhui District, West Huaihai Road No. 241, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

The oral small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), crizotinib has been approved as a first-generation anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor in treatment of advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recently, development of complex renal cysts has been reported with crizotinib usage, highlighting the importance of accurate differentiation between complex renal cysts and new metastasis in NSCLC. Here we describe a case study with confirmed EGFR wild-type and ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma who developed complex renal cysts combined with hemorrhage during crizotinib treatment, with no abnormal clinical symptoms or kidney functions observed. Read More

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Generation of human induced pluripotent stem cell lines (UNIMGi003-A and UNIMGi004-A) from two Italian siblings affected by Unverricht-Lundborg disease.

Stem Cell Res 2021 Apr 9;53:102329. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Magna Græcia University, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy. Electronic address:

Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD) is an inherited form of progressive myoclonus epilepsy caused by mutations in the gene encoding Cystatin B (CSTB), an inhibitor of lysosomal proteases. The most common mutation described in ULD patients is an unstable expansion of a dodecamer sequence located in the CSTB gene promoter. This expansion is causative of the downregulation of CSTB gene expression and, consequently, of its inhibitory activity. Read More

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Does Ostmann's fat pad size correlate with development of chronic otitis media in children?

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 14;145:110710. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare Ostmann's fat pad (OFP) size between healthy ears and ears with chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma (COMwC) in children, to assess its role in the disease.

Methods: MRI scans of 29 children with unilateral COMwC with conductive hearing loss were used to measure OFP, represented by the maximal diameter of the high intensity area medial to the tensor veli palatini muscle (TVP): M1. A reference diameter was defined from the medial border of OFP reaching the medial border of the medial pterygoid muscle: M2. Read More

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A de novo mutation of the SOX10 gene associated with inner ear malformation in a Guangxi family with Waardenburg syndrome type II.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 14;145:110711. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, China; Regional Key Laboratory of Early Prevention and Treatment of High-Rise Tumors, Nanning, 530021, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Waardenburg syndrome type 2 (WS2) is a rare neural-crest disorder, characterized by heterochromic irides or blue eyes and sensorineural hearing loss. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical features and investigate the genetic cause of WS2 in a small family from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region.

Methods: Whole-exome sequencing and mutational analysis were used to identify disease-causing genes in this family. Read More

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The role of causal knowledge in stigma considerations in African genomics research: Views of South African Xhosa people.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Apr 7;277:113902. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

Introduction: Advances in genomics research have raised several ethical concerns. One concern is the potential impact of genomics research on stigma experienced by people affected by a disease. Studies have found that the type of illness as well as disease causal beliefs impact on the relation between genetic attribution and stigma. Read More

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COVID-19 information on social media and preventive behaviors: Managing the pandemic through personal responsibility.

Authors:
Piper Liping Liu

Soc Sci Med 2021 Apr 12;277:113928. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Communication, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macao. Electronic address:

In the face of a pandemic, social media have found to be vital information channels that might exert a positive influence on people's preventive behaviors. However, little is known about the underlying processes that may mediate or moderate the relationship. The present study examined the relation between novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) information consumption on social media and preventive behaviors, as well as the mediation role of personal responsibility and moderation role of health orientation. Read More

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Commensal flora triggered target anti-inflammation of alginate-curcumin micelle for ulcerative colitis treatment.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Apr 8;203:111756. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, 109 Xueyuan West Road, Wenzhou, 325027, PR China. Electronic address:

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic, idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by dysregulation of colon immune response. Curcumin (Cur) has strong anti-inflammatory activities, but the application is severely hindered by the extremely hydrophobicity and pitiful bioavailability. Alginate (Alg), a natural polysaccharide with ideal solubility and biosafety, was introduced to prepare the esterified alginate-curcumin conjugate (Alg-Cur) and constructed stable Alg-Cur micelle in physiological solutions. Read More

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Essential oil therapy in rheumatic diseases: A systematic review.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2021 Apr 13;43:101391. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Institute for Health Sciences from Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: This paper aims to review articles that have evaluated the role of essential oil therapy in patients with rheumatic diseases.

Methodology: Systematic review. No study design or language limitation was applied. Read More

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Nomophobia and the influence of time to REST among nursing students. A descriptive, correlational and predictive research.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Mar 19;52:103025. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

University of Granada. Faculty of Education and Sport, Melilla, Spain. Electronic address:

The inclusion of the smartphone in society has brought many advantages, but also disadvantages, such as nomophobia, considered as a digital disease generated by the excessive use of the smartphone. The general objective of the research is to know and analyse the prevalence of nomophobia among nursing students and knowing the influence of time to rest. The research design is descriptive, correlational, transversal and predictive with a quantitative research methodology. Read More

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Electrogastrography for diagnosis of early-stage Parkinson's disease.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Mar 28;86:61-66. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Department of Neurology, Kanazawa Medical University, 1-1, Daigaku, Uchinada cho, Kahoku gun, Ishikawa, 920-0293, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) often present with gastric symptoms. Electrogastrography (EGG) can noninvasively assess gastric electric activity and may be useful for early PD diagnosis. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of EGG in early PD diagnosis with those of I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy and odor stick identification test -Japanese version (OSIT-J). Read More

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Clinical application of computed tomography angiography and fractional flow reserve computed tomography in patients with coronary artery disease: A meta-analysis based on pre- and post-test probability.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Apr 14;139:109712. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, The 960th Hospital of PLA, Jinan, 250031, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess the diagnostic role of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and fractional flow reserve computed tomography (FFRCT) in confirming or excluding ischemic coronary artery disease (CAD) and to provide a rational use of CCTA and FFRCT in different pre-test probability (PTP) of CAD.

Methods: We searched the electronic databases from the earliest relevant literature to July 2020 comparing FFRCT or CCTA with FFR. The bivariate random-effects models and Bayes' theorem were used to investigate the diagnostic performance of CCTA and FFRCT with the sensitivity, specificity, pre- and post-test probability. Read More

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