2,279 results match your criteria dioxin-like pollutants


Modelling past human internal exposure to lower chlorinated indicator PCBs using proxies - A calculation based on multiple longitudinal PCB analyses.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 21;784:147250. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Institute for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstraße 30, D-52074 Aachen, Germany. Electronic address:

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants with former applications in electric transformers, capacitors, hydraulic fluids or joint sealants. While current internal exposure to PCBs can be readily assessed by human biomonitoring, the evaluation of longgone past exposures, in particular the estimation of past exposure to lower chlorinated non-dioxin-like PCB 28, 52 or 101 is limited due to the relatively short biological half-life of these PCB-congeners. This study was aimed to find a proxy that would allow an estimation of the former plasma level for these congeners even several years after exposure cessation. Read More

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Genetic mapping of highly versatile and solvent-tolerant Pseudomonas putida B6-2 (ATCC BAA-2545) as a 'superstar' for mineralization of PAHs and dioxin-like compounds.

Environ Microbiol 2021 May 30. Epub 2021 May 30.

State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, and School of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and dioxin-like compounds, including sulfur, nitrogen and oxygen heterocycles, are widespread and toxic environmental pollutants. A wide variety of microorganisms capable of growing with aromatic polycyclic compounds are essential for bioremediation of the contaminated sites and the Earth's carbon cycle. Here, cells of Pseudomonas putida B6-2 (ATCC BAA-2545) grown in the presence of biphenyl (BP) are able to simultaneously degrade PAHs and their derivatives, even when they are present as mixtures, and tolerate high concentrations of extremely toxic solvents. Read More

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Passive Air Sampling of PCDD/Fs, PCBs, PAEs, DEHA, and PAHs from Informal Electronic Waste Recycling and Allied Sectors in Indian Megacities.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

School of Planning and Public Affairs, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, United States.

Xenobiotic chemical emissions from the informal electronic waste recycling (EW) sector are emerging problem for developing countries, with scale and impacts that are yet to be evaluated. We report an intensive polyurethane foam disk passive air sampling study in four megacities in India to investigate atmospheric organic pollutants along five transects viz., EW, information technology (IT), industrial, residential, and dumpsites. Read More

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Oxidative stress inducers potentiate 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-mediated pre-cardiac edema in larval zebrafish.

J Vet Med Sci 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University.

We reported the involvement of oxidative stress and prostaglandins including thromboxane and prostacyclin in pre-cardiac edema (early edema) caused by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). While the involvement of oxidative stress in TCDD-induced toxicity has been frequently reported, the mechanism of its action is still unclear. In the present study, oxidative stress inducers including paraquat, hydrogen peroxide (HO) and rotenone augmented early edema (edema) induced by a low concentration of TCDD (0. Read More

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Exposure and risk assessment of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) for primiparous mothers and breastfed infants in Penang, Malaysia.

Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 2021 May 20:1-11. Epub 2021 May 20.

Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory for Applied Toxicology, Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Wuhan, China.

An average 50 ml breast milk samples were collected from 21 lactating primiparous mothers (range 25 to 45 years, mean 33 years), 4-8 weeks after delivery in Penang Island, Malaysia. The geometric mean concentration of the most toxic congeners, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD) was 0.14 pg WHO-TEQ g zlipid. Read More

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Polychlorinated Diphenyl Sulfides: An Emerging Class of Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic Substances (PBTs) in the Environment.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210023, China.

Recently, polychlorinated diphenyl sulfides (PCDPSs) have attracted increasing attention due to their potential adverse effects on human and ecosystem health. Herein, we present a review regarding their environmental occurrence, persistence, bioaccumulation, toxicity and biotransformation. The existing literature demonstrated that PCDPSs are ubiquitous in various environmental matrices, persistent in the environment and have long-range transport potential. Read More

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Peripubertal serum levels of dioxins, furans and PCBs in a cohort of Russian boys: can empirical grouping methods yield meaningful exposure variables?

Chemosphere 2021 Jul 25;275:130027. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA; Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Dioxins, furans and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are endocrine disruptors with half-lives of months to years in humans. Peripubertal exposure to these chemicals may disrupt pubertal timing. Biomarker exposure metrics like the sum of non-dioxin-like PCBs in serum (∑NDL-PCBs) involve chemicals with different hypothetical effects. Read More

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Levels of Polychlorinated Dibenzo--Dioxins/Furans (PCDD/Fs) and Dioxin-Like Polychlorinated Biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in Human Breast Milk in Chile: A Pilot Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 30;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Departamento de Salud Pública, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 8320000, Chile.

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that resist biochemical degradation, moving long distances across the atmosphere before deposition occurs. Our goal was to provide up-to-date data on the levels of polychlorinated dibenzo--dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in breast milk from Chilean women and to estimate the exposure of infants due to breast milk consumption. In Chile, we conducted a cross-sectional study based on methodologies proposed by the WHO, with a sample of 30 women recruited from three defined areas: 10 from the Arica Region (urban; Arica and Parinacota Region), 10 from Coltauco (rural; O'Higgins Region), and 10 from Molina (40% rural; Maule Region). Read More

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Emissions of PAHs, PCDD/Fs, dl-PCBs, chlorophenols and chlorobenzenes from municipal waste incinerator cofiring industrial waste.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 26;280:130645. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Central University, Chungli, Taiwan, 320. Electronic address:

Concentrations and distributions of PAHs and chlorinated aromatic compounds including PCDD/Fs, dl-PCBs, chlorophenols (CPs), and chlorobenzenes (CBz) in the municipal waste incinerator are investigated to characterize their formation and emission via intensive stack sampling. In addition, the toxicity of fly ash contribution by PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs is evaluated in this study. The results reveal that concentrations of PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs in flue gas are significantly lower than those of CPs, CBz, and PAHs. Read More

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Organohalogens: A persisting burden in Slovenia?

Environ Res 2021 07 29;198:111224. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova Cesta 39, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Jožef Stefan International Postgraduate School, Jamova Cesta 39, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Electronic address:

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) represent a concern for the environment and human health due to their persistence and toxicity. Exposure in Slovenia is geographically differentiated because the country, as part of former Yugoslavia, has a history of industry and regional contamination and is - at the same time - known for its clean nature. The PCB pollution of the Krupa River drew the public's attention to the chemical burden of Slovenians, and the demand for studies has been rising since. Read More

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High Serum-Induced AhRL Is Associated with Prevalent Metabolic Syndrome and Future Impairment of Glucose Tolerance in the Elderly.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2021 Apr 19;36(2):436-446. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: High circulating levels of dioxins and dioxin-like chemicals, acting via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), have previously been linked to diabetes. We now investigated whether the serum AhR ligands (AhRL) were higher in subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and in subjects who had developed a worsened glucose tolerance over time.

Methods: Serum AhRL at baseline was measured by a cell-based AhRL activity assay in 70-year-old subjects (n=911) in the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study. Read More

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Free-range eggs from a very polluted site in central Italy: levels of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins/Furans and Polychlorinated Biphenyls and estimated human dietary exposure.

J Food Prot 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

University of Rome La Sapienza: Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza Professor Public Health and Infectious Diseases Piazzale Aldo Moro, 5 ITALY Roma 00185.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the contamination levels of some classes of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in free-range hen eggs and to estimate the related human dietary exposure in a Site of National Interest (SNI), characterized by a serious state of environmental pollution (Bussi sul Tirino area, central Italy). For these purposes, 17 samples of free-range hen eggs collected in home-producing farms located in the SNI territory were analyzed for 17 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), 12 dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) and 6 non-dioxin-like PCBs (ndl-PCBs). Dietary exposure was assessed assuming a standard consumption of eggs per week. Read More

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Are temporal trends of some persistent organochlorine and organobromine compounds in Swedish breast milk slowing down?

Environ Res 2021 Jun 3;197:111117. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden.

We investigated body burdens of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Swedish first-time mothers by measurements in breast milk, and followed up the temporal trends between 1996 and 2017. POPs were analysed in individual samples (n = 539) from participants from Uppsala county, Sweden. This made it possible to adjust temporal trends for age of the mother, pre-pregnancy BMI, weight gain during pregnancy, weight loss after delivery, and education, the main determinants for POP body burdens, apart from sampling year. Read More

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A Win-Win Combination to Inhibit Persistent Organic Pollutant Formation via the Co-Incineration of Polyvinyl Chloride E-Waste and Sewage Sludge.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Mar 9;13(5). Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Institute of Chemical Process Engineering, University of Alicante, P.O. Box 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain.

Persistent organic pollutant inhibition in the combustion process of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) by prior addition of an inhibitor is currently being studied, reducing the emission of pollutants, and thus reducing the large amount of waste PVC destined for landfill. In this work, the use of sewage sludge (SS) as an alternative to chemical inhibitors to improve the quality emissions of the incineration of polyvinyl chloride waste (PVC e-waste) was studied and optimized. Different combustion runs were carried out at 850 °C in a laboratory tubular reactor, varying both the molar ratio R (0. Read More

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Predicting consequences of POP-induced disruption of blubber glucose uptake, mass gain rate and thyroid hormone levels for weaning mass in grey seal pups.

Environ Int 2021 07 23;152:106506. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY 16 8LB, UK. Electronic address:

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are endocrine disruptors that alter adipose tissue development, regulation and function. Top marine predators are particularly vulnerable because they possess large fat stores that accumulate POPs. However, links between endocrine or adipose tissue function disruption and whole animal energetics have rarely been investigated. Read More

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Persistent Organic Pollutants Burden, Trophic Magnification and Risk in a Pelagic Food Web from Coastal NW Mediterranean Sea.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Aix-Marseille Univ., University of Toulon, CNRS, IRD, MIO UM 110, 13288, Marseille, France.

The storage capacity, trophic magnification and risk of sixty-two POPs have been evaluated in a well-characterized pelagic food web (including phytoplankton, zooplankton, six fish, and two cephalopods species) from an impacted area in NW Mediterranean Sea. Our results show the high capacity of the planktonic compartment for the storage of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), consistent with their estimated low trophic magnification factors (TMF) of 0.2-2. Read More

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Coupling high-performance thin-layer chromatography with a battery of cell-based assays reveals bioactive components in wastewater and landfill leachates.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 May 6;214:112092. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Federal Institute of Hydrology, Department G3 Biochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Am Mainzer Tor 1, D-56068 Koblenz, Germany.

Over the last two decades, effect-directed analysis (EDA) gained importance as a seminal screening tool for tracking biological effects of environmental organic micro-pollutants (MPs). As EDA using high-performance liquid chromatography and bioassays is costly and time consuming, recent implementations of this approach have combined high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) with effect-based methods (EBMs) using cell-based bioassays, enabling the detection of estrogenic, androgenic, genotoxic, photosystem II (PSII)- inhibiting, and dioxin-like sample components on a HPTLC plate. In the present study, the developed methodologies were applied as a HPTLC-based bioassay battery, to investigate toxicant elimination efficiency of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), and to characterize the toxic potential of landfill leachates. Read More

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Environmental characteristics and formations of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans.

Environ Int 2021 07 5;152:106450. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2871, Beijing 100085, China; School of Environment, Hangzhou Institute for Advanced Study, UCAS, Hangzhou 310000, China; Institute of Environment and Health, Jianghan University, Wuhan 430056, China. Electronic address:

Polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PBDD/Fs) are emerging persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that have similar or higher toxicities than the notorious dioxins. Toxicities, formation mechanisms, and environmental fates of PBDD/Fs are lacking because accurate quantification, especially of higher brominated congeners, is challenging. PBDD/F analysis is difficult because of photolysis and thermal degradation and interference from polybrominated diphenyl ethers. Read More

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Effect of exposure to 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in rats.

Toxicology 2021 04 4;454:152744. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA; Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Mitochondria are intracellular organelles responsible for biological oxidation and energy production. These organelles are susceptible to damage from oxidative stress and compensate for damage by increasing the number of copies of their own genome, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Cancer and environmental exposure to some pollutants have also been associated with altered mtDNA copy number. Read More

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Ecotoxicology of persistent organic pollutants in birds.

Environ Sci Process Impacts 2021 Mar 4;23(3):400-416. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China.

Considering the explosive growth of the list of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), the scientific community is combatting increasing challenges to protect humans and wildlife from the potentially negative consequences of POPs. Herein, we characterize the main aspects and progress in the ecotoxicology of POPs in avian species since 2000. The majority of previous efforts has revealed the global occurrence of high levels of various POPs in birds. Read More

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Distribution and toxicity of persistent organic pollutants and methoxylated polybrominated diphenylethers in different tissues of the green turtle Chelonia mydas.

Environ Pollut 2021 May 19;277:116795. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

School of Environment and Science, Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia. Electronic address:

Investigating environmental pollution is important to understand its impact on endangered species such as green turtles (Chelonia mydas). In this study, we investigated the accumulation and potential toxicity of selected persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and naturally occurring MeO-PBDEs in liver, fat, kidney and muscle of turtles (n = 30) of different gender, size, year of death, location and health status. Overall, POP concentrations were low and accumulation was highest in liver and lowest in fat which is likely due to the poor health of several animals, causing a remobilization of lipids and associated compounds. Read More

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Neurobehavioural and cognitive effects of prenatal exposure to organochlorine compounds in three year old children.

BMC Pediatr 2021 02 26;21(1):99. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Departement of Environment and Health, faculty of medicine, KU Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35-D-box 7001, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: We report data of a Belgian observational prospective cohort study regarding cognitive and behavioural development until the age of 36 months in relation to internal exposure to organochlorine pollutants [sum of polychlorinated biphenyls (sum PCB), dioxin-like activity, PCB118, PCB170, hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE)] measured in cord blood.

Methods: Participants were recruited as part of an Flemish Environmental Health Survey (2002-2006). Two hundred and six mother-child pairs were recruited. Read More

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February 2021

Rapid extraction of total lipids and lipophilic POPs from all EU-regulated foods of animal origin: Smedes' method revisited and enhanced.

Environ Sci Eur 2020 18;32. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California Davis (UCD), One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, US.

Background: Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as dioxins, dioxin-like chemicals and non-dioxin-like PCBs causing adverse effects to human health bio-accumulate through the food web due to their affinity for adipose tissues. Foods of animal origin are therefore the main contributors to human dietary exposure. The European Union's (EU) food safety policy requires checking of a wide range of samples for compliance with legal limits on a regular basis. Read More

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September 2020

Pre- and post-diagnostic blood profiles of chlorinated persistent organic pollutants and metabolic markers in type 2 diabetes mellitus cases and controls; a pilot study.

Environ Res 2021 04 9;195:110846. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UIT-The Arctic University of Norway, NO-9037, Tromsø, Norway.

Objective: Several risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are also associated with blood concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and factors related to the disease may affect POP concentrations, and subsequent associations between POPs and T2DM. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the change in concentrations of lipids, hormones and POPs pre- and post-diagnosis in T2DM cases compared to healthy controls and their associations with T2DM.

Methods: We measured POPs, lipids, and thyroid and steroid hormones in plasma from 44 female cases collected prior to (pre-diagnostic) and following (post-diagnostic) T2DM diagnosis, and in 44 healthy female age-matched controls. Read More

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Multiple persistent organic pollutants in mothers' breastmilk: Implications for infant dietary exposure and maternal thyroid hormone homeostasis in Uganda, East Africa.

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 20;770:145262. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Chemistry, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda. Electronic address:

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are ubiquitous contaminants with adverse health effects in the ecosystem. One of such effects is endocrine disruption in humans and wildlife even at background exposure concentrations. This study assessed maternal breastmilk concentrations of POPs; brominated flame retardants (BFRs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs), and the potential health risks posed to the nursing infants. Read More

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Evaluation of the dioxin-like toxicity in soil samples from Thua Thien Hue province using the AhR-CALUX bioassay - An update of Agent Orange contamination in Vietnam.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Apr 26;212:111971. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Analytical, Environmental and Geo-Chemistry laboratory (AMGC), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (University of Brussels), Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.

In this study, an AhR-responsive reporter-gene cell-based bioassay CALUX was used to assess the biological potency of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs (dl-PCBs) in top soil samples collected from a former airbase (A-So) and remote regions from urban and agricultural areas in Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam. In top soil collected from A-So airbase, Bioanalytical EQuivalent (BEQ) concentrations of up to 2700 pg 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) per g dry weight (pg BEQ-TCDD g dw) were assessed. Interestingly, while BEQ values for dl-PCBs were found to be up to 13 pg BEQ-TCDD g dw, the dl-PCB activity was not detected in all the hotspot sample extracts. Read More

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Polychlorinated Biphenyl Emissions from Steelmaking Electric Arc Furnaces.

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2021 Apr 23;106(4):670-675. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2871, Beijing, 100085, China.

Electric arc furnaces (EAFs) in steelmaking plants are a major source of dioxins. Preheating of steelmaking raw materials is widely used in EAFs to reduce energy consumption. Few studies have investigated emissions of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from EAFs, and the PCB emission levels and characteristics during preheating are unknown. Read More

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Health risk assessment of exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in swordfish from the Mediterranean Sea.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 22;28(20):26106-26111. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Laboratory of Food Analysis, Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals & Health (FARAH), Veterinary Public Health, University of Liège, Bat. B43 bis, 10 Street Cureghem, Sart-Tilman, B-4000, Liège, Belgium.

Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in fish samples have been investigated in many previous studies. However, the available data regarding this issue in low- and middle-income countries are very scarce, and no study has been performed in Algeria yet. Therefore, this work aimed to determine the levels of PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs in swordfish (Xiphias gladius) caught in three regions of the Algerian coasts, and the health risk associated with these contaminants was assessed. Read More

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Dioxin and dibenzofuran like molecular analogues from the pyrolysis of biomass materials-the emerging challenge in bio-oil production.

BMC Chem 2021 Jan 15;15(1). Epub 2021 Jan 15.

School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban, 4000, South Africa.

Introduction: The aggressive search for renewable energy resources and essential pyrosynthetic compounds has marked an exponential rise in the thermal degradation of biomass materials. Consequently, clean and sustainable transport fuels are increasingly desirable in a highly industrialized economy, for energy security and environmental protection. For this reason, biomass materials have been identified as promising alternatives to fossil fuels despite the challenges resulting from the possible formation of toxic nitrogen-based molecules during biomass degradation. Read More

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January 2021

Emission of Dioxin-like Compounds and Flame Retardants from Commercial Facilities Handling Deca-BDE and Their Downstream Sewage Treatment Plants.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 02 14;55(4):2324-2335. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Environment Preservation Research Center, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.

Commercial mixtures of decabromodiphenyl ether (deca-BDE), a brominated flame retardant, contain not only polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs, mainly BDE-209) as the main component but also dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) such as polybrominated dibenzofurans (PBDFs). Deca-BDE handling facilities (DHFs) and sewage treatment plants receiving effluent from DHFs are point sources of DLC and flame retardant (FR) pollution. Here, we examined their emission in Japan. Read More

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February 2021