336 results match your criteria dioctophymosis domestic


Abdominal dioctophymosis in a domestic cat from the Peruvian rainforest confirmed morphologically and molecularly.

Parasitol Int 2021 Aug 18;83:102359. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Laboratorio de Epidemiologia y Economía Veterinaria, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Av. Circunvalación 2800, San Borja. Lima, Peru.

A case of abdominal dioctophymosis in a domestic cat was found in San Juan Bautista district, the Peruvian rainforest, in the Loreto department of Peru. The pet went to a veterinary clinic for a routine ovariohysterectomy during which a large nematode was found in the abdominal cavity. The nematode was morphologically identified as an adult female of Dioctophyme sp. Read More

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Trichinellosis in Slovakia - epidemiological situation in humans and animals (2009-2018).

Ann Agric Environ Med 2020 Sep 27;27(3):361-367. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Šafárik University, Košice, Slovak Republic.

Introduction: Trichinella spp. are zoonotic parasitic nematodes with almost worldwide distribution. The infection can be transmitted through the foodborne route and can cause serious health problems in infected human patients. Read More

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September 2020

A review on Trichinella infection in South America.

Vet Parasitol 2020 Sep 4;285:109234. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Cátedra de Parasitología y Enfermedades Parasitarias, Av. San Martín 5285 (1417DSM), Buenos Aires, Argentina; CONICET - Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Instituto de Investigaciones en Producción Animal (INPA), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Trichinella spp. causes human trichinellosis by means of the consumption of raw or inadequately treated meat from domestic or game animals. In the Americas, as well as in other continents, Trichinella infection is a health issue for humans and has a negative impact on the pork meat market, generated by people's fear of becoming infected with the parasite. Read More

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September 2020

Urinary capillariosis in a cat from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - Clinical, morphological and phylogenetic characterization.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2020 04 12;20:100409. Epub 2020 Apr 12.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:

Capillaria spp. infections of the urinary tract of domestic carnivores are uncommon worldwide. Infections are rarely diagnosed and are typically asymptomatic. Read More

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Clinical and epidemiological descriptions from trichinellosis outbreaks in Bulgaria.

Exp Parasitol 2020 May 13;212:107874. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Parasitology Lab, Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Adamstuen Campus, PO Box 369 Sentrum, 0102, Oslo, Norway.

Bulgaria is one of European countries where trichinellosis continues to be regularly diagnosed and registered. The clinical and epidemiological features of 72 cases of trichinellosis associated with five outbreaks caused by Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella britovi between 2009 and 2011, are described. At hospital admission, patients were often initially treated with antibiotics, without any improvement. Read More

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The Disease Ecology, Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Management of Trichinellosis Linked to Consumption of Wild Animal Meat.

Wilderness Environ Med 2020 Jun 10;31(2):235-244. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Program in Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (LSUHSC), New Orleans, LA; Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine, Baton Rouge, LA.

Historically, human trichinellosis was caused by Trichinella spiralis and transmitted to humans by consumption of undercooked domestic pork. Today, most cases of trichinellosis are caused by other Trichinella species and transmitted by consumption of raw or undercooked wild game meats. Given the increasing global prevalence of wild animal meat-linked trichinellosis, the objectives of this review are: 1) to describe the life cycle and global distribution of Trichinella worms; 2) to describe the changing epidemiology of trichinellosis; 3) to describe the clinical phases of trichinellosis; 4) to recommend the latest diagnostic tests; and 5) to recommend treatment and prevention strategies. Read More

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Protective immunity in mice vaccinated with a novel elastase-1 significantly decreases Trichinella spiralis fecundity and infection.

Vet Res 2020 Mar 14;51(1):43. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Department of Parasitology, Medical College, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450052, China.

Trichinella spiralis is an important foodborne parasitic nematode that represents an enormous threat to the food safety of pork meat. The development of a preventive vaccine is valuable for the prevention and control of Trichinella infection in domestic pigs to ensure pork safety. Elastase is a trypsin-like serine protease that hydrolyzes the host's diverse tissue components and participates in parasite penetration, and it might be a novel vaccine target molecule. Read More

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Diversity of Trichinella species in relation to the host species and geographical location.

Vet Parasitol 2020 Mar 5;279:109052. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute in Pulawy, Al. Partyzantow 57, 24-100 Pulawy, Poland.

Trichinella nematodes still circulate in various hosts in both domestic and sylvatic environments. Recently, in Europe, the transmission of Trichinella spp. to humans has been attributed more to wild animals than to domestic animals. Read More

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Dioctophyme renale in a domestic cat (Felis catus): Renal location and nephrectomy.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2019 12 2;18:100339. Epub 2019 Nov 2.

Cátedra de Parasitología Comparada, Laboratorio de Parasitosis Humanas y Zoonosis Parasitarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina.

Dioctophymosis is caused by Dioctophyme renale, nematode with indirect life cycle. Its intermediate host is a freshwater oligochaete and its definitive host is a wild or household carnivore. The adult nematode develops in the definite host, generally locating itself in the kidney. Read More

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December 2019

First description of parasite load and clinicopathological and anatomopathological changes in a dog naturally coinfected with Dioctophyme renale and Leishmania infantum in Brazil.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2019 12 13;18:100351. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Av. Brasil, 4365, Rio de Janeiro CEP: 21040-360, Brazil. Electronic address:

This article reports the case of a domestic dog naturally coinfected with the nematode Dioctophyme renale and with the protozoan Leishmania infantum. The dog exhibited no clinical signs but had normocytic hypochromic anemia, hyperproteinemia, hyperglobulinemia, hypoalbuminemia, and hematuria. Necropsy revealed eight D. Read More

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December 2019

Synthetic gene as target to assess the sensitivity of PCR to detect Trichinella spp. larvae in meat from a non-endemic region.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2020 Mar 23;52(2):619-623. Epub 2019 Aug 23.

Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária (FAMV), Laboratório de Microbiologia e Imunologia Avançada - Programa de Mestrado em Bioexperimentação, Universidade de Passo Fundo (UPF), Campus I, Bairro São José, BR 285, km 292, Passo Fundo, RS, CEP 99052-900, Brazil.

Trichinellosis is a zoonotic disease exotic in Brazil but commonly found worldwide including South American countries like Argentina. International trading of swine meat needs an official Trichinella-free diagnosis commonly carried out by pepsin-HCl digestion of diaphragm tissue fragments followed by microscopic examination for the presence or absence of Trichinella larvae. The easiness of this diagnostic method allows it to be performed at slaughtering plants but, in contrast, it lacks sensitivity and does not allow species differentiation, which is fundamental for determining geographical and species distribution of different genotypes. Read More

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Molecular Characterization of Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate Aldolase From and Its Potential in Inducing Immune Protection.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2019 24;9:122. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Key Laboratory of Zoonosis Research, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Institute of Zoonosis, Jilin University, Changchun, China.

is a major food-borne parasite worldwide. Trichinellosis caused by is not only a public health problem, but also an economic hazard in food safety. The development of effective vaccines to prevent infection in domestic animals and humans is urgently needed for controlling of this zoonosis. Read More

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January 2020

The role of freshwater fish in the life cycle of Dioctophyme renale in Southern Brazil.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2019 04 20;16:100274. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Laboratório de Ictiologia e Ecologia Aquática, Universidade Federal do Acre, Rodovia BR 364 Km 04, CEP 69915-900 Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil.

Brazil stands out by the diverse records of Dioctopphyme renale in different hosts; however, there is little information about the life cycle of the nematode in the region. This study aims to report on third-stage larvae infections in fish in southern Brazil. In this context, 324 fish of different species belonging to Characiformes, Cyprinodontiformes and Siluriformes were collected in an urban area of Rio Grande do Sul State, where domestic and wild hosts were reported with the nematode. Read More

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Ectopic infection by Dioctophyme renale in a dog from Georgia, USA, and a review of cases of ectopic dioctophymosis in companion animals in the Americas.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2018 12 25;14:111-116. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States. Electronic address:

We report a case of ectopic dioctophymosis in an outdoor, eight-year-old spayed female, Coonhound-mix dog from Murrayville, Hall County, Georgia, USA. The dog presented to the clinic with an apparent puncture wound on her right, most caudal mammary gland, draining a serosanguinous discharge along with significant edema and thickening of the surrounding tissues. After initial physical examination the dog was placed into a cage awaiting diagnostic procedures. Read More

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December 2018

Trichinella spp. in wild mesocarnivores in an endemic setting.

Acta Vet Hung 2019 03;67(1):34-39

1 National Reference Laboratory for Toxoplasmosis, Centre of Excellence for Food- and Vector-borne Zoonoses, Institute for Medical Research, University of Belgrade , Dr. Subotica 4, P.O. Box 102, 11129 Belgrade , Serbia.

Human trichinellosis and Trichinella infection in pigs are both still endemic in the Balkans, including Serbia. Because of the flow between the sylvatic and the domestic cycle of Trichinella spp., monitoring wildlife has been recommended for the risk assessment of Trichinella spp. Read More

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Occurrence of canine and feline extra-intestinal nematodes in key endemic regions of Italy.

Acta Trop 2019 May 8;193:227-235. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health, University of Padova, Legnaro, PD, 35020, Italy.

Extra-intestinal nematodes of companion animals are of growing concern in veterinary medicine for their pathogenic potential and the current expansion throughout Europe. The present study has evaluated the occurrence of major canine and feline extra-intestinal nematodes in regions of Italy having epidemiological relevance. Associations of various recorded parameters related to the examined animals have been statistically evaluated, along with a comparative analysis with the most recent epidemiological data. Read More

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Rapid and Visual Detection of Spp. Using a Lateral Flow Strip-Based Recombinase Polymerase Amplification (LF-RPA) Assay.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2019 21;9. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, China.

spp., are amongst the most widespread parasitic nematodes, primarily live in the muscles of a wide range of vertebrate animals and humans. Human infection occurs by ingestion of raw or undercooked meat containing larvae. Read More

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December 2019

Differentiation of Trichinella species (Trichinella spiralis/Trichinella britovi versus Trichinella pseudospiralis) using western blot.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 12;11(1):631. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

European Union Reference Laboratory for Parasites, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy.

Background: Trichinellosis is a meat-borne zoonotic disease caused by parasites of the genus Trichinella. To date, 12 taxa have been described. The identification of Trichinella species is crucial in order to identify the possible source of infection, the geographical origin of the parasite and to assess risk of infection for domestic pigs and humans. Read More

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December 2018

Occurrence of Dioctophyme renale larvae (Goeze, 1782) (Nematoda: Enoplida) in a new host from southern Brazil.

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2018 Oct-Dec;27(4):609-613. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Laboratório de Parasitologia de Animais Silvestres - LAPASIL, Instituto de Biologia - IB, Universidade Federal de Pelotas - UFPel, Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Dioctophymatosis is caused by the giant kidney worm Dioctophyme renale which occurs in dogs, cats, and wild mammals. In Brazil, the disease has been diagnosed in dogs from several states around the country. In the present study, the occurrence of D. Read More

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Trichinella spiralis prevalence among wildlife of a boreal region rapidly reduced in the absence of spillover from the domestic cycle.

Vet Parasitol 2018 Oct 9;262:1-5. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

European Union Reference Laboratory for Parasites, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Carnivore and omnivore animals are the main reservoir hosts of nematodes of the genus Trichinella. Out of the twelve taxa identified so far in the world, four, namely Trichinella spiralis, Trichinella nativa, Trichinella britovi and Trichinella pseudospiralis, are circulating in Europe. All these four species were detected in Finnish wild animals and T. Read More

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October 2018

[First report of Dioctophyma renale (Nematoda, Dioctophymatidae) in Colombia].

Biomedica 2018 08 1;38(0):13-18. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Naturales y Agropecuarias, Programa de Medicina Veterinaria, Laboratorio de Parasitología, Universidad de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Dioctophymosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Dioctophyma renale (Goeze, 1782). It is distributed worldwide and it affects a large number of wild and domestic mammals.Here we report the first confirmed case of canine dioctophymosis in Colombia. Read More

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Prevalence of zoonotic helminths in Italian house dogs.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2018 08 31;12(8):666-672. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Introduction: Dogs may act as potential sources of zoonotic parasites, e.g. intestinal helminths like Toxocara spp. Read More

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No evidence of Trichinella spp. in domestic pig carcasses at a selected abattoir in southern Botswana.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2019 Jun 13;51(5):1273-1275. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, P. Bag 13301, Pioneerspark, Windhoek, Namibia.

Trichinellosis is a worldwide zoonosis with genotypes affecting different domestic and wild animals and is widely distributed throughout the world. Species and genotypes of this genus affecting different animals have been identified. Despite its occurrence in Sub-Saharan countries, the presence of trichinellosis in Botswana is yet to be confirmed. Read More

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Long-term occurrence of Trichuris species in wild ruminants in the Czech Republic.

Parasitol Res 2018 Jun 2;117(6):1699-1708. Epub 2018 May 2.

Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

The aim of this study was to identify Trichuris species in wild ruminants from 32 localities in the Czech Republic using morphological and molecular methods (ITS1-5.8S RNA-ITS2 region polymorphisms). Trichurids were obtained from 176 wild ruminants (roe deer, sika deer, red deer, fallow deer and mouflons) that were culled between 2009 and 2017. Read More

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A preliminary survey of Trichinella spp. in pigs raised under controlled housing conditions in Colombia: 2014-2016.

Parasite 2018 10;25:18. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

CIBAV research group, Veterinary Medicine School, Faculty of Agrarian Sciences, University of Antioquia, Carrera 75 No 65-87, Medellín, Colombia.

A preliminary survey of Trichinella spp. infection was conducted in Colombian swine herds between 2014 and 2016. A total of 1,773 pigs reared on farms under controlled housing conditions and processed in 34 slaughterhouses were tested either by the artificial digestion of pooled muscle samples (n = 1,173) or by serology (n = 600). Read More

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October 2018

Dioctophyme renale (Nematoda: Dioctophymatidae) in Leopardus geoffroyi (Carnivora: Felidae) in the Neotropical region.

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2018 Apr-Jun;27(2):223-225. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

Laboratório de Parasitologia de Animais Silvestres, Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Instituto de Biologia - IB, Universidade Federal de Pelotas - UFPel, Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Parasitic diseases affecting wild carnivores remain largely unknown or poorly described. Dioctophymosis is a parasitosis caused by the nematode Dioctophyme renale that is found worldwide. It affects domestic and wild animals and has been reported frequently in Brazil. Read More

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February 2019

Trichinellosis surveillance in wildlife in northeastern argentine patagonia.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2018 01 23;11:32-35. Epub 2017 Nov 23.

Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Cátedra de Parasitología y Enfermedades Parasitarias, Av. Chorroarín 280, C1427CWO CABA, Argentina; CONICET - Universidad de Buenos Aires, Instituto de Investigaciones en Producción Animal (INPA), Av. Chorroarín 280, C1427CWO, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Trichinellosis is a food-borne parasitic disease produced by different nematodes of the genus Trichinella. In Argentina, it is an endemic zoonosis and an important public health problem. The infection has been detected in domestic and wild animals. Read More

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January 2018

Occurrence of dioctophymosis in canines within a riparian zone of the Río de La Plata watercourse, in Ensenada, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2017 12 4;10:43-50. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina.

Dioctophymosis is a parasitic disease occasioned by the so-called "giant kidney worm", Dioctophyme renale, a nematode with an indirect life cycle. This parasite's definitive host is the mink, Mustela vison, though numerous wild and domestic mammals as well as man can serve as final hosts. The worms also can be in ectopic locations in the body. Read More

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December 2017

A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for rapid detection of antibodies against Trichinella spiralis and T. britovi - one test for humans and swine.

J Helminthol 2019 Jan 23;93(1):33-41. Epub 2017 Nov 23.

Serbian National Reference Laboratory for Trichinellosis (NRLT),Institute for the Application of Nuclear Energy - INEP,University of Belgrade,Banatska 31b,11080 Belgrade,Serbia.

Infection with parasites from the Trichinella genus occurs in many vertebrates but disease only occurs in humans (trichinellosis). Humans are infected after the consumption of raw or undercooked meat from infected wild or domestic animals (usually swine or horses). Using the monoclonal antibody (mAb) 7C2C5, specific for an epitope unique to the muscle larvae of the genus Trichinella, we have developed a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (c-ELISA) that enables the rapid detection of Trichinella-specific antibodies in sera originating from two different host species (human, swine) infected with either Trichinella spiralis or Trichinella britovi. Read More

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January 2019

Trichinella spiralis a new alien parasite in Italy and the increased risk of infection for domestic and wild swine.

Vet Parasitol 2017 Nov 1;246:1-4. Epub 2017 Sep 1.

Istituto Superiore di Sanità, viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

In Europe, Trichinella spiralis, the most dangerous species for humans of the genus Trichinella, has a patchy distribution with important foci in Eastern countries and Spain. This zoonotic pathogen was apparently not circulating among wild and domestic animals of Italy. In 2016, muscle larvae belonging to this nematode species were detected in a red fox (Vulpes vulpes) shot in the Piacenza province (Northern Italy). Read More

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November 2017