132,451 results match your criteria digestive endoscopy

Primary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the esophagus with metastatic lymph node and gastric cancer.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Surgery, Institute of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawata-cho, Shinjyuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8666, Japan.

Upper gastrointestinal lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is a rare disease-especially esophageal LELC (ELELC). Here, we report a surgically treated case of ELELC with gastric carcinoma. The patient was a 68-year-old asymptomatic Japanese man. Read More

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Assessment of Video Capsule Endoscopy in the Management of Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Jul 1;4(7):e2118796. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester.

Importance: Evaluation of acute gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding using invasive endoscopic procedures comprising the standard of care (SOC)-upper endoscopy and colonoscopy-can expose the endoscopy staff to SARS-CoV-2. Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) does not generate aerosols and only requires 1 person to manage the procedure.

Objective: To examine the safety of VCE for the initial evaluation of GI bleeding at the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic to identify signs of active bleeding while minimizing patient and personnel exposure, saving personal protective equipment, and avoiding invasive or unnecessary procedures. Read More

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Association between mucin phenotype and lesion border detection using acetic acid-indigo carmine chromoendoscopy in early gastric cancers.

Surg Endosc 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University College of Medicine and Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, 179, Gudeok‑ro, Seo‑Gu, Busan, 49241, Republic of Korea.

Background: For successful treatment of early gastric cancers (EGCs), it is crucial to define the horizontal border of the lesion with high accuracy. Acetic acid-indigo carmine (AI) chromoendoscopy has been used to determine the horizontal border in EGCs, but this technique is less potent in certain situations. Mucin phenotype in gastric cancers refers to biological differences in precursor lesions and differences in histopathologic findings, and it might affect AI chromoendoscopy findings. Read More

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Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) after peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM).

Surg Endosc 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Surgery, National University Hospital, National University Health System, Level 8 Tower Block, 1 E Kent Ridge Road, Singapore, 119 228, Singapore.

Background: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is gaining traction as a minimally invasive treatment of achalasia. Increased reflux is reported after POEM but the incidence, type and severity of reflux are not fully understood. We aimed to study the prevalence and nature of reflux after POEM and correlate reflux with endoscopy and pH-impedance findings. Read More

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Detachable string magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy for detecting high-risk varices in compensated advanced chronic liver disease (CHESS1801): A prospective multicenter study.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2021 Jan 11;6:100072. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Gastroenterology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, China.

Background: Gastroesophageal varices is a serious complication of compensated advanced chronic liver disease (cACLD). Primary prophylaxis to reduce the risk of variceal hemorrhage is recommended if high-risk varices (HRV) are detected. We performed this study to compare the accuracy, patients' satisfaction and safety of detection of HRV by detachable string magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (DS-MCCE) with esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) as the reference. Read More

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January 2021

Critically Ill . Non-Critically Ill Patients With COVID-19 Pneumonia: Clinical Features, Laboratory Findings, and Prediction.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 13;11:550456. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Intensive Care Unit, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical features and laboratory findings of patients with and without critical COVID-19 pneumonia and identify predictors for the critical form of the disease.

Methods: Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data of 63 COVID-19 pneumonia patients were retrospectively reviewed. Laboratory parameters were also collected within 3-5 days, 7-9 days, and 11-14 days of hospitalization. Read More

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Late Manifestation of Massive Jejunal and Cecal Varices Post Liver and Small Bowel Transplantation in a Patient With Microvillus Inclusion Disease.

Cureus 2021 Jun 24;13(6):e15884. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Gastroenterology, Geisinger Health System, Wilkes-Barre, USA.

We report the case of an 18-year-old male with a medical history of microvillous inclusion disease (MID) and notable surgical history of small bowel, liver, and pancreas transplant who presented with massive jejunal and cecal varices. Endoscopy findings demonstrated a large grape-like cluster, with subsequent CT angiography (CTA) showing other variceal lesions in the cecum. The patient was transferred to the original transplant center for recommended open surgical evaluation and combined interventional radiology (IR) embolization of varices. Read More

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COVID-19-Induced Colitis: A Novel Relationship During Troubling Times.

Cureus 2021 Jun 23;13(6):e15870. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Gastroenterology, University of Miami, JFK Regional Campus, Atlantis, USA.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the resulting disease called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has initiated a global health crisis declared by the World Health Organization (WHO). As the nature of this novel virus unfolds, there have been a variety of extra-pulmonary clinical presentations of COVID-19 affecting the gastrointestinal tract. We present a novel relationship between this disease and its clinical manifestation as COVID-19-induced colitis. Read More

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Visibility of the bleeding point in acute rectal hemorrhagic ulcer using red dichromatic imaging: A case report.

World J Gastrointest Endosc 2021 Jul;13(7):233-237

Department of Gastroenterology, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, Tokyo 1520021, Japan.

Background: Red dichromatic imaging (RDI) is a novel image-enhanced endoscopy expected to improve the visibility of the bleeding point. However, it has not been thoroughly investigated.

Case Summary: A 91-year-old man developed a sudden massive hematochezia and underwent emergent colonoscopy. Read More

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Endoscopic hemostasis makes the difference: Angiographic treatment in patients with lower gastrointestinal bleeding.

World J Gastrointest Endosc 2021 Jul;13(7):221-232

Department of Gastroenterology and Endoscopy, Medical Center Osnabrueck, Germany, Osnabrueck 49076, Niedersachsen, Germany.

Background: The large majority of gastrointestinal bleedings subside on their own or after endoscopic treatment. However, a small number of these may pose a challenge in terms of therapy because the patients develop hemodynamic instability, and endoscopy does not achieve adequate hemostasis. Interventional radiology supplemented with catheter angiography (CA) and transarterial embolization have gained importance in recent times. Read More

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Gastrointestinal endoscopy in cirrhotic patient: Issues on the table.

World J Gastrointest Endosc 2021 Jul;13(7):210-220

Hepatology Unit, University of Tor Vergata, Rome 00100, Italy.

Patients with liver cirrhosis are fragile and present specific clinical hallmarks. When undergoing to gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy, these subjects require an individual pre evaluation, taking into account: Level of haemostasis impairment, the individual risk of infection, the impact of sedation on hepatic encephalopathy and other factors. The overall assessment of liver function, employing common scoring systems, should be also assessed in the preprocedural phase. Read More

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Innovation of endoscopic management in difficult common bile duct stone in the era of laparoscopic surgery.

World J Gastrointest Endosc 2021 Jul;13(7):198-209

Digestive Disease and GI Oncology Center, Medistra Hospital, Jakarta 12950, DKI, Indonesia.

Common bile duct (CBD) stone is a common biliary problem, which often requires endoscopic approach as the initial treatment option. Roughly, 7%-12% of the subjects who experience cholecystectomy were subsequently referred to biliary endoscopist for further management. In general, there are three classifications of difficult CBD stone, which are based on the characteristics of the stone (larger than 15 mm, barrel or square-shaped stones, and hard consistency), accessibility to papilla related to anatomical variations, and other clinical conditions or comorbidities of the patients. Read More

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Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.

Nat Rev Dis Primers 2021 Jul 29;7(1):55. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disorder in adults and children. The global prevalence of GERD is high and increasing. Non-erosive reflux disease is the most common phenotype of GERD. Read More

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Gastric amyloidosis presenting as acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding: a case report.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 29;21(1):300. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University and Nova Scotia Health, QEII Health Sciences Centre, VG Site, Suite 442 Bethune Building, 1276 South Park Street, Halifax, NS, B3H 2Y9, Canada.

Background: Amyloidosis is characterized by extracellular tissue deposition of fibrils, composed of insoluble low-molecular-weight protein subunits. The type, location, and extent of fibril deposition generates variable clinical manifestations. Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding due to amyloid deposition is infrequent. Read More

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The effects of diabetes mellitus on gastric emptying: A prospective observational cohort study.

J Clin Anesth 2021 Jul 26;75:110463. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Anesthesiology Institute, Cleveland Clinic, OH, United States; Department of General Anesthesiology, Cleveland Clinic, OH, United States.

Study Objective: Our goal was to evaluate the effect of diabetic severity and duration on preoperative residual gastric volume. Secondarily we compared ultrasonic estimates of residual gastric volume with actual volume determined by aspiration during endoscopy.

Design: This was a prospective, observational cohort study that included adults with a history of diabetes mellitus and/or opioid use scheduled for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures. Read More

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Reinforcing the valuable role of gastric ultrasound for volume and content assessment: an observational study.

Braz J Anesthesiol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

University of Aveiro, Mathematics Department, Aveiro, Portugal.

Background: Pulmonary aspiration is one of the most important complications in anesthesiology. Assessment of gastric content by ultrasound is a good method to quantify gastric volume and to determine the risk of intraoperative pulmonary aspiration. The aim of this study is to determine the accuracy of the gastric ultrasonography in the qualitative analysis of gastric content, mainly in the analysis of small amounts of liquid content. Read More

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Isolation of lymphocytes from the human gastric mucosa.

World J Methodol 2021 Jul 20;11(4):199-207. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.

Flow cytometry is widely used for lymphocyte immunophenotyping in clinical settings. However, few studies have applied it for analyzing lymphocytes of the gastric mucosa. This review offers an overview of methodologies for isolating lymphocytes from the human stomach. Read More

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Sporadic fundic gland polyps with dysplasia or carcinoma: Clinical and endoscopic characteristics.

World J Gastrointest Oncol 2021 Jul;13(7):662-672

Gastrointestinal Center, Sano Hospital, Kobe 655-0031, Hyogo, Japan.

Fundic gland polyps (FGPs) are the most common gastric polyps and have been regarded as benign lesions with little malignant potential, except in the setting of familial adenomatous polyposis. However, in recent years, the prevalence of FGPs has been increasing along with the widespread and frequent use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). To date, several cases of FGPs with dysplasia or carcinoma (FGPD/CAs) have been reported. Read More

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Gastric schwannoma treated by endoscopic full-thickness resection and endoscopic purse-string suture: A case report.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Jul;27(25):3940-3947

Departments of Gastroenterology, Institute of Digestive, Southwest Hospital, Army Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China.

Background: Schwannomas, also known as neurinomas, are tumors that derive from Schwann cells. Gastrointestinal schwannomas are extremely rare, but the stomach is the most common site. Gastric schwannomas are usually asymptomatic. Read More

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Endoscopic submucosal dissection endoscopic mucosal resection for colorectal polyps: A meta-analysis and meta-regression with single arm analysis.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Jul;27(25):3925-3939

Department of Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 119074, Singapore.

Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has shown to be effective in management of colorectal neoplasm in the Asian countries, while its implementation in Western countries where endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is preferred is still debatable.

Aim: To compare the surgical, histological, and oncological outcomes between ESD and EMR in the treatment of colorectal polyps, with subgroup analysis comparing the efficacy of ESD and EMR between Japan and the rest of the world.

Methods: Embase and Medline databases were searched from inception to October 2020 in accordance with PRISMA guidelines for studies comparing , complete resection, margin involvement, resection time, need for additional surgery, complications, and recurrence rate of ESD with EMR. Read More

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Does endoscopic intervention prevent subsequent gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with left ventricular assist devices? A retrospective study.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Jul;27(25):3877-3887

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States.

Background: Patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are at increased risk for recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) and repeat endoscopic procedures. We assessed the frequency of endoscopy for GIB in patients with LVADs and the impact of endoscopic intervention on preventing a subsequent GIB.

Aim: To evaluate for an association between endoscopic intervention and subsequent GIB. Read More

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Artificial intelligence in small intestinal diseases: Application and prospects.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Jul;27(25):3734-3747

Trauma Research Center, The Fourth Medical Center and Medical Innovation Research Division of the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100048, China.

The small intestine is located in the middle of the gastrointestinal tract, so small intestinal diseases are more difficult to diagnose than other gastrointestinal diseases. However, with the extensive application of artificial intelligence in the field of small intestinal diseases, with its efficient learning capacities and computational power, artificial intelligence plays an important role in the auxiliary diagnosis and prognosis prediction based on the capsule endoscopy and other examination methods, which improves the accuracy of diagnosis and prediction and reduces the workload of doctors. In this review, a comprehensive retrieval was performed on articles published up to October 2020 from PubMed and other databases. Read More

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Corrigendum to 'Physiological and pathophysiological roles of Acidic mammalian chitinase (CHIA) in multiple organs' [Biomed. Pharmacother. 138 (2021) 111465].

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jul 14;139:111699. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou Province 563003, China; Digestive Disease Institute of Guizhou Province, Zunyi, Guizhou Province 563003, China; Endoscopy Center, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou Province 563003, China. Electronic address:

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Implementation of European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) recommendations for small-bowel capsule endoscopy into clinical practice: Results of an official ESGE survey.

Endoscopy 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Pomeranian Medical University, Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health Science, Szczecin, Poland.

Background:  We aimed to document international practices in small-bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE), measuring adherence to European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) technical and clinical recommendations.

Methods:  Participants reached through the ESGE contact list completed a 52-item web-based survey.

Results:  217 responded from 47 countries (176 and 41, respectively, from countries with or without a national society affiliated to ESGE). Read More

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Video Consent for Colonoscopy Improves Knowledge Retention and Patient Satisfaction: A Randomized Controlled Study.

J Clin Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Digestive Diseases and Surgery Institute Department of Internal Medicine, Community Care Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.

Background And Aim: Informed consent for endoscopy is variable across institutions and remains understudied in gastrointestinal endoscopy. This study aims to standardize informed consent for screening and diagnostic colonoscopies with a supplemental video tool that includes the key components of informed consent.

Methods: A video tool was developed that incorporated the key components of informed consent for colonoscopy. Read More

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The Impact of Night-time Emergency Department Presentation on Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Outcomes.

J Clin Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Internal Medicine, St. Luke's Hospital, Chesterfield John T. Milliken Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis, St. Louis, MO Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Goals: The aim was to investigate the impact of night-time emergency department (ED) presentation on outcomes of patients admitted for acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH).

Background: The relationship between time of ED presentation and outcomes of gastrointestinal hemorrhage is unclear.

Study: Using the 2016 and 2017 Florida State Inpatient Databases which provide times of ED arrival, we identified and categorized adults hospitalized for UGIH to daytime (07:00 to 18:59 h) and night-time (19:00 to 06:59 h) based on the time of ED presentation. Read More

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Variants *1, *2, *3 and *17 of CYP2C19 Cytochrome among Helicobacter Pylori Carriers from Manaus, Amazonas State, Brazil.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2021 Jul 1;22(7):2289-2294. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Pathology, Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado Tropical Medicine Foundation, Manaus, Brazil.

Objective: The objective of the present study was to estimate the frequency of CYP2C19 cytochrome variants *1, *2, *3 and *17 among Helicobacter pylori carriers from Manaus, Amazonas state, who were treated at Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado (FMT-HVD).

Methods: From the 78 recruited individuals who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with biopsy and histopathological test, 50 tested positive for H. Read More

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Does Surveillance Increase Survival? Benefits of Periodic Colonoscopy in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis and Colorectal Cancer.

Dig Dis Sci 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Division of Digestive Care and Endoscopy, Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University, QEII - Victoria Building, 9th floor Victoria Building, 1276 South Park Street, Halifax, NS, B3H 2Y9, Canada.

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Advances in treatment and prevention of hepatitis B.

World J Gastrointest Pharmacol Ther 2021 Jul;12(4):56-78

Department of Internal Medicine, Interventional Oncology and Surgical Endoscopy, Parkview Regional Medical Center, Parkview Cancer Institute, Fort Wayne, IN 46845, United States.

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) continues to contribute to worldwide morbidity and mortality significantly. Scientists, clinicians, pharmaceutical companies, and health organizations have dedicated substantial Intellectual and monetary resources to finding a cure, increasing immunization rates, and reducing the global burden of CHB. National and international health-related organizations including the center for disease control, the national institute of health, the American Association for the study of liver disease (AASLD), The European association for the study of the Liver (EASL), The Asia Pacific association for the study of the Liver (APASL) and the world health organization release periodic recommendations for disease prevention and treatment. Read More

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Automatic anatomical classification of colonoscopic images using deep convolutional neural networks.

Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) 2021 Jun 7;9(3):226-233. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Tada Tomohiro Institute of Gastroenterology and Proctology, Saitama, Japan.

Background: A colonoscopy can detect colorectal diseases, including cancers, polyps, and inflammatory bowel diseases. A computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system using deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) that can recognize anatomical locations during a colonoscopy could efficiently assist practitioners. We aimed to construct a CAD system using a CNN to distinguish colorectal images from parts of the cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Read More

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