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Carbon-based photocatalysts for hydrogen production: A review.

Chemosphere 2022 Aug 13:135998. Epub 2022 Aug 13.

Ankara University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Analytical Chemistry, 06560, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Future energy crises and environmental deterioration may only be avoided by converting solar energy into sustainable, safe, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly technologies such as water splitting. Many researchers and governments throughout the globe have stressed the imperative need for affordable, environmental benign, resistive to corrosion, and earth-abundant nanostructured photocatalysts. This has led scientists to look for a green and cost-effective way to generate energy. Read More

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Screening of prolyl hydroxylase 2 inhibitors based on quantitative strategy of peptides.

J Chromatogr A 2022 Aug 9;1679:463411. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

CAS Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources, Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Lanzhou 730000, China. Electronic address:

Prolyl hydroxylase 2 (PHD2) is a key oxygen receptor regulating oxygen homeostasis in human body, and it is one of the important targets for drug research and development of hypoxia related diseases. In PHD2 enzymatic reaction, the structure of substrate (HIF-1α) and product (hydroxylated HIF-1α) peptide only differ from one oxygen atom (MW>2000), which makes it a great challenge to separate them accurately and efficiently. In this work, the direct separation and detection of HIF-1α and hydroxylated HIF-1α has been firstly reported based on micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC). Read More

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Work: saviour or struggle? A qualitative study examining employment and finances in colorectal cancer survivors living with advanced cancer.

Support Care Cancer 2022 Aug 16. Epub 2022 Aug 16.

Centre for Medical Psychology and Evidence-Based Decision-Making (CeMPED), School of Psychology, Faculty of Science, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Purpose: Continuing employment or returning to work (RTW) as a cancer survivor can be meaningful and financially necessary, yet challenging. However, there is a lack of qualitative research on RTW experiences and financial wellbeing of people with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC-A). This study aimed to fill this gap. Read More

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[Sleepiness among adolescents: etiology and multiple consequences].

Encephale 2022 Aug 12. Epub 2022 Aug 12.

Département de psychoéducation, université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada; Centre de recherche universitaire sur les jeunes et les familles, Québec, Canada; Centre d'études avancées en médecine du sommeil, hôpital du Sacré-Cœur, Québec, Canada; Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux du Nord-de-l'île-de-Montréal, Québec, Canada; Groupe de recherche en inadaptation psychosociale, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:

Over the past century a dramatic decline in sleep duration among adolescents, such as more than one hour of sleep loss per night, has been reported. A debt in sleep duration could lead to sleep deprivation, a major risk factor associated with daytime sleepiness. Sleepiness refers to the inability to maintain an adequate level of alertness during the day which may result in more or less being able to control falling asleep at inappropriate times. Read More

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Lipid nanoparticles strategies to modify pharmacokinetics of central nervous system targeting drugs: crossing or circumventing the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to manage neurological disorders.

Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2022 Aug 12:114485. Epub 2022 Aug 12.

UCIBIO, REQUIMTE, MEDTECH, Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Technology, Department of Drug Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto; FP-ENAS (UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit), CEBIMED (Biomedical Research Centre), Faculty of Health Sciences, University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

The main limitation to the success of central nervous system (CNS) therapies lies in the difficulty for drugs to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and reach the brain. Regarding its structure and enzymatic complexity, crossing the BBB is a challenge, although several alternatives have been identified. For instance, the use of drugs encapsulated in lipid nanoparticles has been described as one of the most efficient approaches to bypass the BBB, as they allow the passage of drugs through this barrier, improving brain bioavailability. Read More

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Being a health care professional in the ICU serving patients with covid-19: A qualitative study.

Heart Lung 2022 Jul 29;57:1-6. Epub 2022 Jul 29.

Department of Mental Health Nursing, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Health Sciences, 5526 St. No:8/4, 45030, Manisa, Republic of Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has placed a great deal of strain on healthcare providers across the world. There has been no research into the experiences of health care providers in Turkey caring for hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in the ICU.

Objectives: To explain the experiences of health care providers who provide services to patients with Covid-19 in an intensive care unit. Read More

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Fujian cytoplasmic male sterility and the fertility restorer gene provide a promising breeding system for hybrid rice.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2022 Aug 15;119(34):e2208759119. Epub 2022 Aug 15.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Hubei Hongshan Laboratory, Huazhong Agricultural University, 430070 Wuhan, China.

Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) determined by mitochondrial genes and restorer of fertility () controlled by nuclear-encoded genes provide the breeding systems of many hybrid crops for the utilization of heterosis. Although several CMS/ systems have been widely exploited in rice, hybrid breeding using these systems has encountered difficulties due to either fertility instability or complications of two-locus inheritance or both. In this work, we characterized a type of CMS, Fujian Abortive cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS-FA), with stable sporophytic male sterility and a nuclear restorer gene that completely restores hybrid fertility. Read More

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Assessing Medical Student Readiness to Navigate Language Barriers in Telehealth: Cross-sectional Survey Study.

JMIR Med Educ 2022 Aug 11;8(3):e36096. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Division of General Internal Medicine at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly increased telehealth usage in the United States. Patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) face barriers to health care, which may be mitigated when providers work with professional interpreters. However, telehealth may exacerbate disparities if clinicians are not trained to work with interpreters in that setting. Read More

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Chemoenzymatic Probes Reveal Peptidoglycan Recognition and Uptake Mechanisms in .

ACS Chem Biol 2022 Aug 15. Epub 2022 Aug 15.

Division of Chemistry and Biological Chemistry (CBC), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University, 21 Nanyang Link, S637371 Singapore.

, the major fungal pathogen in humans, is under the strong influence of bacterial peptidoglycan fragments to undergo the yeast-to-hyphae transition, a key virulent step in pathogenesis and infections. However, due to the synthetic difficulties of obtaining peptidoglycan fragments for biological studies, mechanistic details of how recognizes and uptakes these peptidoglycan fragments have not been well elucidated. Notably, previous works have solely focused on the synthetic peptidoglycan ligand, muramyl dipeptide (MDP), despite its poor hyphal-inducing activity in . Read More

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"The worst thing that has happened to me": Healthcare and social services professionals confronting death during the COVID-19 crisis.

Front Public Health 2022 26;10:957173. Epub 2022 Jul 26.

Department of Sociology and Social Work, Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: This study analyzes the subjective emotional impact COVID-19 deaths have had on healthcare, social services, and funeral services professionals, it explores the different implications, and analyzes the different reactions of health and social care professionals and funeral professionals to the volume of deaths.

Methods: This work is based on a qualitative, phenomenological, and interpretative approach through in-depth interviews with 42 informants, including 36 social and healthcare professionals, as well as 6 family members of those who died from COVID-19 in Madrid. The interviews were processed through a qualitative, interpretative, categorical analysis. Read More

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Correlation Analysis and Prognostic Impacts of Biological Characteristics in Elderly Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Clin Interv Aging 2022 7;17:1187-1197. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Department of Hematology, Anhui Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People's Republic of China.

Background: The significant heterogeneity of elderly AML patients' biological features has caused stratification difficulties and adverse prognosis. This paper did a correlation study between their genetic mutations, clinical features, and prognosis to further stratify them.

Methods: 90 newly diagnosed elderly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients (aged ≥60 years) who detected genetic mutations by next-generation sequencing (NGS) were enrolled between April 2015 and March 2021 in our medical center. Read More

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Strategic outsourcing's role in driving economic value by examining mediating role of organizational capabilities and sustainable innovation.

Authors:
Lei Shi

Front Psychol 2022 28;13:933507. Epub 2022 Jul 28.

School of Marxism, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai, China.

The study's overarching purpose was to investigate the impact of strategic HR outsourcing on organizational sustainability. This study also attempted to evaluate the function of organizational capabilities and HR proficiency as a mediator in the relationship between strategic HR outsourcing and organizational sustainability. Data was collected from 400 HR professionals in China using a questionnaire technique. Read More

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Family boundary permeability, difficulties detaching from work, and work-home conflict: what comes first during the lockdown?

Curr Psychol 2022 Aug 3:1-12. Epub 2022 Aug 3.

Institute of Psychology, Organizational Psychology Research Centre, Vilnius University, Universiteto str. 9/1, Room 415, 01513 Vilnius, LT Lithuania.

The challenges posed by the urgent demand of the lockdown to start working from home and successfully manage work-family interface have also triggered the increased boundary permeability, difficulties detaching from work and work-home conflict. However, little is known about the temporal dynamics between these challenges, therefore more research-based data could facilitate not only a better understanding of the risks for employee well-being but also finding the best practices to counteract work-home conflict when working from home. Our study aimed to examine the direction of cross-lagged effects among family boundary permeability, psychological detachment, and work-home conflict in the context of the pandemic. Read More

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A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the PROMIS Sleep Disturbance Among Law Enforcement Officers.

J Police Crim Psychol 2022 Mar 4;37(1):141-145. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

School of Graduate Psychology, Pacific University, Hillsboro, OR, USA.

Law enforcement officers (LEOs) are at increased risk for sleep disorders relative to the general population. Common LEO occupational stressors, including critical incidents and shift work, predict sleep disturbance, which in turn negatively impacts health, performance, and community safety. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System-Sleep Disturbance 4-item (PROMIS SD4) was developed to assess self-reported sleep quality, satisfaction, and difficulties falling asleep. Read More

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Latency and Crisis: Mutual Aid Activism in the Covid-19 Pandemic.

Qual Sociol 2022 Aug 5:1-19. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Sociology, School of Social and Political Sciences, Adam Smith Building, Bute Gardens, G12 8RT Glasgow, UK.

Activists have responded to the Covid-19 pandemic by organizing for mutual aid: creating collective action to meet people's material needs and build ties of solidarity. I examine the difficulties encountered by mutual aid activists during the pandemic through Alberto Melucci's notions of latency and collective identity. Through digital ethnographic observations of the Instagram accounts of mutual aid groups based in Philadelphia, USA, as well as interviews with the activists, I explore how mutual aid, conceptualized as latency work, was practiced by activists in the unprecedented conditions of the pandemic and how activists approached collective identity processes. Read More

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Autistic spectrum disorder without intellectual impairment in adult mental health services - fostering new perspectives and enhancing existing services.

Ir J Psychol Med 2022 Sep 9;39(3):312-318. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Psychology, HSE Dublin Mid Leinster, Bridge Street, Portlaoise, Laois, Tullamore R32 D525, Ireland.

Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuro-developmental disability with multi-systemic impacts. Individuals with ASD without intellectual impairment (DSM-V) or Aspergers (DSM-IV) are often particularly vulnerable to mental health problems such as anxiety disorders including social phobia and generalised anxiety disorder, depressive disorders and psychosis. Adults with ASD without intellectual impairment suffer higher rates of physical and psychiatric morbidity, display a poorer ability to engage with treatment and have a lower chance of recovery compared with the general population. Read More

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September 2022

New Zealand emergency nurses' perspectives and experiences of professional joy in clinical practice: An exploratory qualitative study.

Australas Emerg Care 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

School of Health, Whitireia-Weltec, Wellington, New Zealand.

Background: Nursing is becoming an increasingly stressful occupation, identified by high rates of burnout, compounded by a worldwide nursing shortage. Differing solutions to combat burnout have not provided long-term positive outcomes. This research explored emergency nurses' perspectives and experiences of one potential solution, known as joy in work, or professional joy. Read More

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Densification pretreatment triggers efficient methanogenic performance and robust microbial community during anaerobic digestion of corn stover.

Bioresour Technol 2022 Aug 10:127762. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

School of Environmental and Biological Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, PR China; Biorefinery Research Institution, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, PR China. Electronic address:

The recalcitrant characteristics of lignocellulosic waste and difficulties in biomass transportation and storage severely limit bioenergy production through anaerobic digestion (AD). In this study, Densifying Lignocellulosic biomass with Chemicals (DLC) pretreatment was developed to address these issues. The results showed that DLC treated corn stover (CS) reached a cumulative methane yield of as high as 224. Read More

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Communicating and reading emotion with masked faces in the Covid era: A short review of the literature.

Psychiatry Res 2022 Jul 30;316:114755. Epub 2022 Jul 30.

LIRIS - CNRS - Université de Lyon, France.

Face masks have proven to be key to slowing down the SARS-Cov2 virus spread in the COVID-19 pandemic context. However, wearing face masks is not devoid of "side-effects", at both the physical and psychosocial levels. In particular, masks hinder emotion reading from facial expressions as they hide a significant part of the face. Read More

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Barriers to activity engagement in older adulthood: Results of a community survey.

Australas J Ageing 2022 Aug 12. Epub 2022 Aug 12.

College of Education, Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Objectives: Losses that occur with age can create barriers to meaningful activity engagement, a crucial aspect of ageing well. Research on this topic is frequently qualitative, with few studies accessing large community samples. This study (a) assessed the frequency specific personal and environmental barriers (such as poor health and limited transport access), identified by older adults in previous research, were endorsed; (b) used latent class analysis (LCA) to identify population subgroups based on combinations of these barriers, and (c) examined associations of subgroups with purpose in life and quality of life. Read More

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Qualitative differences in the spatiotemporal brain states supporting configural face processing emerge in adolescence in autism.

Cortex 2022 Jul 14;155:13-29. Epub 2022 Jul 14.

Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, United Kingdom.

Background: Studying the neural processing of faces can illuminate the mechanisms of compromised social expertise in autism. To resolve a longstanding debate, we examined whether differences in configural face processing in autism are underpinned by quantitative differences in the activation of typical face processing pathways, or the recruitment of non-typical neural systems.

Methods: We investigated spatial and temporal characteristics of event-related EEG responses to upright and inverted faces in a large sample of children, adolescents, and adults with and without autism. Read More

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The specifics of interaction with patients and their relatives as a factor of emotional condition of oncologists.

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2022 Jul;30(4):608-615

The State Budget Institution "The Research Institute of Health Care Organization and Medical Management of the Moscow Health Care Department", 115088, Moscow, Russia.

The paper considers issue of professional burnout of oncologists through the prism of their relationship with patients and their close relatives. The study was carried out using direct and online sociological survey method. The sample included 534 specialists being in constant contact with cancer patients. Read More

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A modified video-feedback intervention for carers of foster children aged 6 years and under with reactive attachment disorder: a feasibility study and pilot RCT.

Health Technol Assess 2022 Aug;26(35):1-106

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Looked-after children are at risk of suboptimal attachment patterns and reactive attachment disorder. However, access to interventions varies widely and there are no evidence-based interventions for this disorder.

Objectives: (1) To adapt an existing video-feedback intervention to meet the specific needs of foster children in the UK with reactive attachment symptoms, (2) to conduct a case series to road-test the treatment manual and study procedures, (3) to conduct a scoping study of the key hurdles in a pilot trial and (4) to conduct a pilot randomised controlled trial of the adapted intervention to determine the feasibility of a future full-scale trial. Read More

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A catastrophic threat to the already vulnerable towards 2030: Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on livelihood outcome of informal cross border traders in Gweru, Zimbabwe.

Soc Sci Humanit Open 2022 19;6(1):100316. Epub 2022 Jul 19.

University of South Africa, Department of Geography, Private Bag X6 Florida, 1710, South Africa.

Informal cross-border trade (ICBT) is one significant part of intra-Sub-Saharan African (SSA) trade. This economic activity goes a long way in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, by providing employment in poor communities, and thus helps in poverty reduction by providing a significant contribution of income into households. For these reasons any disturbance to ICBT in SSA is a serious threat, since it affects the most vulnerable groups of societies. Read More

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Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the Multiple Sclerosis Work Difficulties Questionnaire (MSWDQ) Questionnaire.

Int J Prev Med 2022 24;13:94. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Neurology, Universal Council of Epidemiology (UCE), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) suffer from a wide range of psychological and physical problems. Employment status is a crucial issue for patients with MS as unemployment while it is not completely evaluated in patients with MS.

Objectives: To assess psychometrical properties of the Persian version of the Multiple Sclerosis Work Difficulties Questionnaire (MSWDQ). Read More

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Differential Role of mGluR5 in Cognitive Processes in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Major Depression.

Chronic Stress (Thousand Oaks) 2022 Jan-Dec;6:24705470221105804. Epub 2022 Aug 4.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Background: A robust literature supports the role of the metabotropic glutamate receptor type 5 (mGluR5) in cognitive functioning. mGluR5 is also implicated in the pathophysiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), which are characterized by cognitive alterations. However, the relationship between mGluR5 and cognition in MDD and PTSD has not yet been directly investigated. Read More

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Cognitive correlates of dual tasking costs on the timed up and go test in Parkinson disease.

Clin Park Relat Disord 2022 3;7:100158. Epub 2022 Aug 3.

Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Health System (VAAAHS) & VAAAHS Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center (GRECC), Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

Introduction: Dual tasking impairments are an increasingly recognized contributor to falls in Parkinson disease (PD) and may be a promising therapeutic target for PD fall prevention trials. Depending on the context, ambulatory dual tasking difficulties may be caused by different types of neurocognitive impairments.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 21 participants with PD. Read More

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Adolescent-Reported Household Food Insecurity and Adolescents' Poor Mental and Physical Health and Food Insufficiency in Kenya.

Curr Dev Nutr 2022 Aug 9;6(8):nzac117. Epub 2022 Jul 9.

Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Background: Assessing adolescents' experiences of food insecurity in households is important for promoting healthy development. Although parental reports have been traditionally used, emerging research highlights the importance of child and adolescent reports of the household food environment.

Objectives: Extending research from high- and upper-middle-income countries, this study of adolescent compared with adult reports of household food insecurity in Kenya, a lower-middle-income country, examined ) prevalence of and correspondence between adolescent and adult reports of household food insecurity, and ) associations of adolescent and adult reports of household food insecurity with adolescent nonnutritional and nutritional outcomes. Read More

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Don't get too close to me: depressed and non-depressed survivors of child maltreatment prefer larger comfortable interpersonal distances towards strangers.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2022 30;13(1):2066457. Epub 2022 May 30.

Medical Faculty, University of Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Background: Childhood maltreatment (CM) is frequently linked to interpersonal problems such as difficulties in social relationships, loneliness, and isolation. These difficulties might partly stem from troubles regulating comfortable interpersonal distance (CIPD).

Objective: We experimentally investigated whether CM manifests in larger CIPD and whether all subtypes of CM (i. Read More

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Land Cover Classification from Very High-Resolution UAS Data for Flood Risk Mapping.

Sensors (Basel) 2022 Jul 27;22(15). Epub 2022 Jul 27.

DIST, Politecnico and Università degli Studi di Torino, Viale Mattioli 39, 10125 Torino, Italy.

Monitoring the world's areas that are more vulnerable to natural hazards has become crucial worldwide. In order to reduce disaster risk, effective tools and relevant land cover (LC) data are needed. This work aimed to generate a high-resolution LC map of flood-prone rural villages in southwest Niger using multispectral drone imagery. Read More

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