Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2021 Oct 17. Epub 2021 Oct 17.
Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Related, Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe University, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan.
Background/purpose: Although an inflammatory response upon acute injury caused by ultraviolet radiation (UV) can be observed immediately, the influence of long-term, repetitive low-dose UV exposure on the skin cannot be precisely perceived, making early detection of chronic damage difficult. This study investigated bioactive substances in the stratum corneum as a potential early and sensitive indicator of the influence of sun exposure on the skin using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.
Methods: ROC analysis was performed to assess the responsiveness of cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α], BCL2-associated protein X (Bax), Toll-like receptor (TLR)3, and TLR4 in the stratum corneum of healthy people exposed (dorsum of the hand) and unexposed (inner arm) to UV. Read More