129,043 results match your criteria diet group


Sun-dried Azolla leaf meal at 10% dietary inclusion improved growth, meat quality, and increased skeletal muscle Ribosomal protein S6 kinase β1 abundance in growing rabbit.

Animal 2021 Sep 17;15(10):100348. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Animal and Rangeland Sciences, Oregon State University, OR, USA.

Rapidly growing human populations and the increased need for high nutritive value meat in terms of low fat, high protein, and low sodium content are the driving reasons for the increase in rabbit meat production. However, dietary protein alternatives to sustain rabbit meat production, without competing with humans for strategic crops are needed. Therefore, the current study was conducted to investigate the effect of Azolla leaf meal (ALM) as a dietary protein source on growth performance, meat quality, and abundance and activation of Ribosomal protein S6 kinase β1 (p70S6K1), a downstream target of mammalian target of rapamycin signalling pathway and, thus, a key player in the regulation of protein synthesis and muscle mass. Read More

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September 2021

Dipeptedyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor downregulates HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway in a diabetic rat model of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Arch Physiol Biochem 2021 Sep 20:1-9. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha City, Egypt.

Context: Inflammatory and immune pathways play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Sitagliptin blocks the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) enzyme, mechanisms that alter inflammatory pathways and the innate immune system, and by which Sitagliptin affects the pathogenesis of NAFLD weren't previously discussed.

Objective: This study aims to understand the interaction between Sitagliptin and innate immune response in order to meliorate NAFLD. Read More

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September 2021

The relationship between dietary elimination and maternal psychopathology in breastfeeding mothers of infants with food allergy.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Koc University, School of Medicine, Division of Pediatric Allergy, Istanbul.

Background: There has been no study evaluating the psychopathology in breastfeeding mothers of infants with food allergy (FA).

Objective: To investigate the relationship between dietary elimination and maternal psychopathology, specifically, anxiety, depression and mother-to-infant bonding in breastfeeding mothers of infants with food allergy.

Methods: Breastfeeding mothers following an elimination diet due to FA in their children aged 1-to-12 months were compared with the healthy controls. Read More

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September 2021

Xylanase impact beyond performance: A microbiome approach in laying hens.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257681. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Animal Nutrition and Health, Kemin Europa N.V., Herentals, Antwerp, Belgium.

Anti-nutritional compounds such as non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) are present in viscous cereals used in feed for poultry. Therefore, exogenous carbohydrases are commonly added to monogastric feed to degrade these NSP. Our hypothesis is that xylanase not only improves laying hen performance and digestibility, but also induces a significant shift in microbial composition within the intestinal tract and thereby might exert a prebiotic effect. Read More

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September 2021

The effect of caffeine on tinnitus: Randomized triple-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0256275. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences at the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Objective: To test the hypothesis that caffeine can influence tinnitus, we recruited 80 patients with chronic tinnitus and randomly allocated them into two groups (caffeine and placebo) to analyze the self-perception of tinnitus symptoms after caffeine consumption, assuming that this is an adequate sample for generalization.

Methods: The participants were randomized into two groups: one group was administered a 300-mg capsule of caffeine, and the other group was given a placebo capsule (cornstarch). A diet that restricted caffeine consumption for 24 hours was implemented. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of dietary phytobiotic mixture on growth performance, nutrient utilization, and immunity in weaned piglets.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Sep 20;53(5):459. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Animal Nutrition, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Belgachia, Kolkata, 700037, India.

This study investigated the effects of dietary phytobiotic mixture on growth performance, blood profiles, immune response, and fecal microorganisms in weaned piglets. Twenty four weaned crossbred piglets were equally divided into four groups in a completely randomized design. The animals in 4 groups were fed a basal diet added with (1) no antibiotics and phytobiotics (CON), (2) bacitracin (0. Read More

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September 2021

A Comprehensive Assessment of Food Parenting Practices: Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of the HomeSTEAD Family Food Practices Survey and Associations with Children's Weight and Food Intake.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Feb 5;10(1):424-440. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Center for Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Porto, Rua Alfredo Allen, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal.

The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet (HomeSTEAD) survey evaluates a broad spectrum of food parenting practices related to parental use of control, autonomy support, and structure. This study aims to test the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey in parents of 3-12 year old children. Data were collected from 184 parents/caregivers. Read More

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February 2020

An Optimized Zebrafish Nursery Feeding Regimen Improves Growth Rates and Labor Costs.

Zebrafish 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Division of Hematology, and Comprehensive Cancer Center, College of Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Setting nutritional standards for larval zebrafish () that maximize growth, survival, and reproductive success is challenging. We evaluated the effects of different feeding regimens on larval zebrafish by comparing Gemma Micro 75 pelleted diet and live-type L rotifers () in 3 feeding regimens starting at 9 days postfertilization (dpf): bolus feeding of live diet (BL), continuous feeding of live diet (CL), and pelleted diet (PD). Animals in the PD and CL groups were longer than the BL group at 4-5 weeks postfertilization. Read More

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September 2021

Characteristics of allergic proctocolitis in early infancy; accuracy of diagnostic tools and factors related to tolerance development.

Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol 2021 Sep 5. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kyrenia, Kyrenia, Cyprus.

Objective: We aimed to overview clinical characteristics of FPIAP with the results of diagnostic tools like APT, SPT and fecal calprotectin levels and the factors associated with tolerance development.

Methods: All patients diagnosed FPIAP at the outpatient clinic between January 2015 and January 2019 were enrolled retrospectively. Data about clinical characteristics, APT or SPT results, fecal calprotectin levels, suspected triggering foods, diet and tolerance status were obtained from the hospital database program and analyzed. Read More

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September 2021

Efficacy and safety of exogenous beta-hydroxybutyrate for preventive treatment in episodic migraine: A single-centred, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover trial.

Cephalalgia 2021 Sep 20:3331024211043792. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Division of Neuropaediatrics, University of Basel Children's Hospital, University of Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Several studies propose that brain energy deficit might be partially involved in the pathophysiology of migraine. Previously, studies demonstrated that ketogenic diet causes a substantial reduction in migraine frequency. Since the ketogenic diet is restricting and its adherence is difficult, we proposed to supplement ketone bodies exogenously to provide a prophylactic effect in migraineurs. Read More

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September 2021

Enhancement of tibia bone and eggshell hardness through the supplementation of bio-calcium derived from fish bone mixed with chelated trace minerals and vitamin D3 in laying duck diet.

Vet Anim Sci 2021 Dec 8;14:100204. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Division of Animal Science and Feed Technology, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture Natural Resources and Environment, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand.

Cracked eggs cause great economic losses in duck egg production. The use of eggshell-related vitamins and minerals is one of the most suitable approaches for solving this problem. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary bio-calcium derived from fish bone mixed with chelated trace minerals and vitamin D3 (BCD) on egg performance, egg quality and the hardness of the tibia bone and the eggshell in laying ducks. Read More

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December 2021

Kombucha tea from seagrapes () potential as a functional anti-ageing food: and study.

Heliyon 2021 Sep 8;7(9):e07944. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia.

This study wants to investigate the effects of kombucha tea based on seagrapes on blood glucose levels, total cholesterol, and PGC-1α in Swiss albino mice that were given cholesterol- and fat-enriched diets (CFED). Anti-glycation, tyrosinase inhibitory, and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity were also determined. Forty male swiss webster albino mice weighing between 20 g-30 g were used for this study. Read More

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September 2021

Baicalin improves podocyte injury in rats with diabetic nephropathy by inhibiting PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

Open Med (Wars) 2021 2;16(1):1286-1298. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Neurology, Shenzhen Fuyong People's Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518103, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect of baicalin on diabetic nephropathy (DN) rats and podocytes and its mechanism.

Methods: The rat models with DN were established by high-fat and high-sugar diet and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The fasting blood glucose (FBG) and weight of rats in each group were measured at 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks. Read More

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September 2021

Excess Body Weight and Gallstone Disease.

Visc Med 2021 Aug 15;37(4):254-260. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Medicine II, Saarland University Medical Center, University of Saarland, Homburg, Germany.

Background: Approximately one fifth of adults are diagnosed with gallstones worldwide. Of these, around 25% develop gallstone disease (indicated by the presence of symptoms) and undergo cholecystectomy.

Summary: The risk of gallstones is influenced by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors, such as excess body weight. Read More

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Effects of Different Combinations of Sugar and Starch Concentrations on Ruminal Fermentation and Bacterial-Community Composition .

Front Nutr 2021 3;8:727714. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science of Jilin Province, Key Laboratory of Animal Production Product Quality and Security Ministry of Education, JLAU-Borui Dairy Science and Technology R&D Center, College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China.

High levels of starch is known to have positive effects on both energy supply and milk yield but increases the risk of rumen acidosis. The use of sugar as a non-structural carbohydrate could circumvent this risk while maintaining the benefits, but its effects and that of the simultaneous use of both sugar and starch are not as well-understood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different combinations of sugar and starch concentrations on ruminal fermentation and bacterial community composition in a 4 ×4 factorial experiment. Read More

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September 2021

Ameliorative Effect of L. on Lipid Profile, Liver Histology and LDL-Receptor Gene Expression in High Cholesterol-Fed Hamsters.

Acta Endocrinol (Buchar) 2021 Apr-Jun;17(1):7-13

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Background: Trigonella foenum graecum L. (Fenugreek, FG) is used in many countries as a medicinal plant. Evidence has suggested the hypolipidemic effect of Fenugreek; however, its actual mechanism has not been determined yet. Read More

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October 2021

Periconception and First Trimester Diet Modifies Appetite, Hypothalamic Gene Expression, and Carcass Traits in Bulls.

Front Genet 2021 3;12:720242. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Robinson Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Nulliparous yearling beef heifers (=360) were used to evaluate the effects of maternal dietary protein during the periconception and first trimester periods of gestation on postnatal growth, feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, and the expression of genes associated with appetite in the arcuate nucleus of their male progeny. Heifers were individually fed a diet of 1.18g crude protein (CP)/day High protein (HPeri) or 0. Read More

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September 2021

Fermented Cottonseed Meal as a Partial Replacement for Soybean Meal Could Improve the Growth Performance, Immunity and Antioxidant Properties, and Nutrient Digestibility by Altering the Gut Microbiota Profile of Weaned Piglets.

Front Microbiol 2021 1;12:734389. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, China.

The study investigated the impact of fermented cottonseed meal (FCSM) on growth performance, immunity and antioxidant properties, nutrient digestibility, and gut microbiota of weaned piglets by replacing soybean meal with FCSM in the diet. The experimental piglets were fed with either the soybean meal diet (SBM group) or fermented cottonseed meal diet (FCSM group) for 14days after weaning. The digestibility of dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), gross energy (GE), amino acids and nitrogen was higher in the FCSM diet than those in the SBM diet (<0. Read More

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September 2021

The Effect of Low and Moderate Exercise on Hyperuricemia: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Study.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 2;12:716802. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.

Background: Hyperuricemia (HUA) is a metabolic disease by purine metabolism disorders. It is a risk factor for many chronic diseases, including diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. Studies have shown that exercise can effectively reduce serum uric acid (SUA), but the optimal exercise dose, intensity, and mode of exercise for improving HUA have not been verified in clinical studies. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of Four Lipid Metabolism-Related Polymorphisms on Body Composition Improvements After 12 Weeks of High-Intensity Interval Training and Dietary Energy Restriction in Overweight/Obese Adult Women: A Pilot Study.

Front Physiol 2021 1;12:712787. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Center of Molecular Biology and Pharmacogenetics, Scientific and Technological Bioresource Nucleus (BIOREN), Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.

Polymorphisms in lipid metabolism-related genes have been associated with obesity and body composition, but these have been scarcely described concerning the magnitude of the response to exercise interventions in the overweight/obese population. To evaluate the association of perilipin 1 (; rs1052700 and rs2304795), lipoprotein lipase (rs283), and adrenoceptor beta 3 (rs4994) polymorphisms with high and low responders (LoRes) to fat mass reduction after 12 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and dietary energy restriction in overweight/obese adult women. In addition, we examined the effect of these genetic variants on body composition changes. Read More

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September 2021

Huang-Lian-Jie-Du Decoction Attenuates Atherosclerosis and Increases Plaque Stability in High-Fat Diet-Induced ApoE Mice by Inhibiting M1 Macrophage Polarization and Promoting M2 Macrophage Polarization.

Front Physiol 2021 2;12:666449. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Macrophage polarization plays a vital impact in triggering atherosclerosis (AS) progression and regression. Huang-Lian-Jie-Du Decoction (HLJDD), a famous traditional Chinese decoction, displays notable anti-inflammatory and lipid-lowering effects in different animal models. However, its effects and mechanisms on AS have not been clearly defined. Read More

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September 2021

Effectiveness of a complex psychosocial intervention to reduce metabolic syndrome in psychiatric outpatients with severe/persistent mental illness.

Curr Psychol 2021 Sep 12:1-10. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Waypoint Research Institute, Waypoint Centre for Mental Health Care, 500 Church Street, Penetanguishene, Ontario L9M 1G3 Canada.

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among individuals with severe mental illness is considerably higher than in the general population, contributing to the 15-20-year shorter life expectancy of this client population. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a novel, complex psychosocial program to reduce metabolic syndrome. Members of both the intervention (n = 78) and control (n = 31) group were psychiatric outpatients with severe/persistent mental illness struggling with one or more symptoms of metabolic syndrome. Read More

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September 2021

Improvement in vitamin B status of Wistar rats by supplementing the diet with biomass.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Nov 25;58(11):4270-4281. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Plant Cell Biotechnology Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore, India.

The sources of bioavailable vitamin B are limited, and most of them are animal-derived. a freshwater microalga, is known for immune system boosting, nutraceutical properties and presence of a natural form of vitamin B. The present study focused on the in vivo evaluation of the biomass as a source of bioavailable vitamin B to alleviate the vitamin B deficiency status of Wistar rats. Read More

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November 2021

Obesity and altered angiogenic-related gene expression in endometrial cancer.

Gynecol Oncol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Division of Gynecology Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke Cancer Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Objectives: Evaluate association between obesity and angiogenic-related gene expression in endometrial cancer (EC). Evaluate interaction between diet and metformin on angiogenic-related gene expression.

Methods: We evaluated the association between 168 human angiogenic-related genes and body mass index (BMI) in the TCGA Uterine Corpus Endometrial Carcinoma cohort (endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) cohort n = 290, and copy number high cohort n = 55), an independent validation cohort from Gynecologic Cancer Center of Excellence (GYN-COE) (n = 62) and corresponding 185 homologous mouse genes in an LKB1p53 mouse model of EC (n = 20). Read More

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September 2021

Increased super-conditioning temperature of corn grain affects performance, skeletal growth, and blood metabolites in Holstein dairy calves.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Production Systems, Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Jokioinen 31600, Finland. Electronic address:

We aimed to evaluate the effects of feeding super-conditioned corn at different temperatures on intake, growth performance, total-tract starch digestibility, rumen fermentation, blood metabolites, and feeding behavior of dairy calves. Thirty-six Holstein female dairy calves (40 ± 1.72 kg of body weight, ± SD) were randomly assigned to 1 of the following 3 treatments: (1) ground corn (control; CON; n = 12), (2) corn super-conditioned at 75°C (T-75; n = 12), and (3) corn super-conditioned at 95°C (T-95; n = 12). Read More

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September 2021

Effects of oral administration of timothy hay and psyllium on the growth performance and fecal microbiota of preweaning calves.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of oral administration of fiber from the first week of life on the growth and hindgut environment of preweaning calves. Twenty newborn female Holstein calves were divided into 2 groups as control and treatment. Calves in both groups were reared under the same feeding program except for oral fiber administration. Read More

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September 2021

Prophylactic use of an ultra-diluted complex on health, metabolism, and performance of weaned Holstein calves and its carryover effect up to first lactation.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Animal Science, School of Animal Science and Food Engineering, University of Sao Paulo, Pirassununga, SP 13635-900 Brazil.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an ultra-diluted complex supplemented as a prophylactic strategy on the incidence risk of diseases, metabolism, and performance of weaned Holstein calves immediately after grouping. Additionally, the objective was to investigate the carryover effects on heifer-raising and first-lactation periods, in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A total of 184 weaned Holstein calves (83 ± 7. Read More

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September 2021

Deficiency of MicroRNA-181a Results in Transcriptome-Wide Cell-Specific Changes in the Kidney and Increases Blood Pressure.

Hypertension 2021 Sep 20:HYPERTENSIONAHA12117384. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Pharmacology, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. (G.A.H.).

MicroRNA miR-181a is downregulated in the kidneys of hypertensive patients and hypertensive mice. In vitro, miR-181a is a posttranslational inhibitor of renin expression, but pleiotropic mechanisms by which miR-181a may influence blood pressure (BP) are unknown. Here, we determined whether deletion of miR-181a/b-1 in vivo changes BP and the molecular mechanisms involved at the single-cell level. Read More

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September 2021

[Urinary miRNA expression in cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) fed high salt rations].

Vopr Pitan 2021 22;90(4):94-102. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Academician I.P. Pavlov First St. Petersburg State Medical University of the Ministry of Healthcare of Russian Federation, 197022, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.

High food intake of sodium chloride is associated with damage not only the cardiovascular system, but also the kidneys. The mechanisms of the potential negative effects of high-salt diets on the kidneys have not been established. of the study was to trace the changes in relative expression of miRNA-21, 203 and 133 in urine of cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) fed high-salt diet with and without isolated soy proteins. Read More

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[Iatrogenic deficits of micronutrients].

Vopr Pitan 2021 22;90(4):53-63. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University), 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Long-term use of certain drugs causes subclinical and clinically significant micronutrient deficiencies, which can affect the course of the disease, its prognosis, quality of life, and patient compliance with therapy. of the study was to single out groups of drugs, which long-term use leads to micronutrient deficiency, and to determine vitamins, minerals and trace elements, which supply can be reduced as a result of pharmacotherapy, basing on the analysis of data published in the scientific literature. . Read More

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