162 results match your criteria diet biofortified

Technological and nutritional properties of amaranth-fortified yellow cassava pasta.

J Food Sci 2021 Nov 18. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Food Quality and Design, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Yellow cassava is an affordable starting material to design a healthy food, having high β-carotene content. White and yellow cassava functional pasta were fortified with 50 g/kg (w/w) amaranth dry leaf powder and analyzed to evaluate the impact of cultivar difference, processing, and addition of amaranth leaf powder on the physicochemical, functional, pasting, antioxidant, and cooking properties of the white and yellow cassava pasta samples. Significant differences were observed among the cassava pasta samples. Read More

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November 2021

Genetic Approaches for Iron and Zinc Biofortification and Arsenic Decrease in Oryza sativa L. Grains.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Nov 13. Epub 2021 Nov 13.

Centro de Genômica E Fitomelhoramento, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Faculdade de Agronomia Eliseu Maciel, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Capão Do Leão, Brazil.

Rice is the staple diet to half of the world's population, being a major source of carbohydrates, vitamins, and some essential elements. However, rice naturally contains low amounts of essential minerals such as iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn), which are drastically decreased after milling. Thus, populations that consume mostly rice may have micronutrient deficiency, which is associated with different diseases. Read More

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November 2021

Feeding Zinc-Biofortified Wheat Improves Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, and Concentrations of Blood and Tissue Minerals in Quails.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, 23119, Turkey.

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of feeding zinc (Zn)-biofortified wheat on performance, digestibility, and concentrations of minerals in quails. Zinc biofortification of wheat has been realized in the field by ergonomically applying Zn to foliar two and three times, which increased grain Zn from 18 mg/kg (control) to 34 and 64 mg/kg. A total of 180 quails were divided into six groups, each containing 30 birds, and fed diets containing wheat grain with either 18, 34, or 64 mg/kg with or without zinc picolinate (ZnPic) supplementation. Read More

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October 2021

Bioaccessibility of minerals in combinations of biofortified foods with Fe, Zn and vitamin A.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Nov 2;58(11):4083-4090. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Post-Graduation Program On Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Espírito Santo (UFES), Alto Universitário s/n, Alegre, ES CEP 29500-000 Brazil.

Initiatives to improve the nutritional quality of staple foods, such as beans and cassava by bio fortification should be encouraged as an alternative to overcome the deficiencies of iron and vitamin A. The evaluation of the bio accessibility of the minerals in these foods is also important, since the composition of nutrients does not necessarily correspond to the amount absorbed and metabolized in the body. Thus, the present work aims to evaluate the bio accessibility of iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) in the presence of β-carotene in combinations of bio fortified food sources of Fe and Zn (cowpea cooked with and without maceration: CM/CW, respectively) and β-carotene (cooked cassava and cassava flour: CC/CF, respectively). Read More

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November 2021

Enrichment of provitamin A content in durum wheat grain by suppressing β-carotene hydroxylase 1 genes with a TILLING approach.

Theor Appl Genet 2021 Dec 3;134(12):4013-4024. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Agriculture and Forest Sciences (DAFNE), University of Tuscia, Via S. Camillo de Lellis, SNC, 01100, Viterbo, Italy.

Key Message: The suppression of the HYD-1 gene by a TILLING approach increases the amount of β-carotene in durum wheat kernel. Vitamin A deficiency is a major public health problem that affects numerous countries in the world. As humans are not able to synthesize vitamin A, it must be daily assimilated along with other micro- and macronutrients through the diet. Read More

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December 2021

Fitness Costs of Two Maize Lepidopteran Pests Fed on (Bt) Diets Enriched with Vitamins A and C.

Insects 2021 Aug 11;12(8). Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Department of Crop and Forest Sciences, University of Lleida-Agrotenio Center, Av. Al. Rovira Roure 191, 25198 Lleida, Spain.

Serious malnutrition problems occur in developing countries where people's diets are mainly based on staple crops. To alleviate this, high-production crops are being developed that are better adapted to climate change, enriched in micronutrients and vitamins, or resistant to pests. In some cases, new varieties have been developed with several of the characteristics mentioned above, such as biofortified and pest-resistant crops. Read More

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Comparison of Micronutrient Intervention Strategies in Ghana and Benin to Cover Micronutrient Needs: Simulation of Bene-Fits and Risks in Women of Reproductive Age.

Nutrients 2021 Jul 1;13(7). Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), BP 64501-911, av. d'Agropolis, 34394 Montpellier, France.

Overlapping micronutrient interventions might increase the risk of excessive micronutrient intake, with potentially adverse health effects. To evaluate how strategies currently implemented in Benin and Ghana contribute to micronutrient intake in women of reproductive age (WRA), and to assess the risk for excess intakes, scenarios of basic rural and urban diets were built, and different on-going interventions were added. We estimated micronutrient intakes for all different scenarios. Read More

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Nano-biofortification of different crops to immune against COVID-19: A review.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Oct 10;222:112500. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Electronic address:

Human health and its improvement are the main target of several studies related to medical, agricultural and industrial sciences. The human health is the primary conclusion of many studies. The improving of human health may include supplying the people with enough and safe nutrients against malnutrition to fight against multiple diseases like COVID-19. Read More

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October 2021

A path toward concurrent biofortification and cadmium mitigation in plant-based foods.

New Phytol 2021 10 13;232(1):17-24. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Plant Nutrition Laboratory, Faculty of Natural Sciences III, Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), D-06099, Germany.

Millions of people are anemic due to inadequate consumption of foods rich in iron and zinc. Plant-based foods provide most of our dietary nutrients but may also contain the toxic heavy metal cadmium (Cd). A low level of Cd silently enters the body through the diet. Read More

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October 2021

Biofortification quality in bananas monitored by energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence and chemometrics.

Food Chem 2021 Nov 2;362:130172. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Chemistry, Group of Alternative Analytical Approaches (GAAA), Bioenergy Research Institute (IPBEN), Av. Prof. Francisco Degni, 55 - Jardim Quitandinha, Araraquara, São Paulo CEP: 14.800-060, Brazil; National Institute of Alternative Technologies for Detection Toxicological Assessment and Removal of Micropollutants and Radioactive Substances (INCT-DATREM), São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Chemistry, Av. Prof. Francisco Degni, 55 - Jardim Quitandinha, Araraquara, São Paulo, CEP: 14.800-060, Brazil. Electronic address:

Biofortification is a nutritional strategy used to enhance nutrients in a variety of staple foods. As bananas and plantains (Musa spp.) are considered staple food in many developing countries, monitoring zinc (Zn) content in biofortified bananas is crucial to ensure this mineral intake. Read More

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November 2021

Biofortified orange corn increases xanthophyll density and yolk pigmentation in egg yolks from laying hens.

Poult Sci 2021 Jul 11;100(7):101117. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Plant breeding has developed corn genotypes with grain higher in levels of carotenoids. Dietary consumption of specific carotenoids by humans has been associated with improved eye health, notably with some protection against age-related macular degeneration. Increasing dietary sources of macular carotenoids in the standard American diet might be accomplished by using high carotenoid Orange Corn in poultry diets to increase macular carotenoid concentrations in egg yolks. Read More

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Metabolic Fate and Cardiometabolic Effects of Phenolic Compounds from Red-Fleshed Apple in Hypercholesterolemic Rats: A Comparative Study with Common White-Fleshed Apple. The AppleCOR Study.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 05 3;65(10):e2001225. Epub 2021 May 3.

Food Technology Department, XaRTA-TPV, Agrotecnio Center, Escola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyeria Agrària, University of Lleida, Avda/Alcalde Rovira Roure 191, Catalonia, 25198 Lleida, Spain.

The present study aims to investigate the metabolic fate and the cardiometabolic effects of phenolic compounds provided by a red-fleshed apple variety biofortified in anthocyanins (ACN). Wistar rats are fed with high-fat diet (HFD) to induce hypercholesterolemia and supplemented with red-fleshed apple (HFD+R), white-fleshed apple (HFD+W), or an ACN-rich infusion from aronia fruit (HFD+A) providing matched content and profile of ACN. Plasma biochemical parameters, histological analysis, and phenol biological metabolites are determined. Read More

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Multinutrient Biofortification of Maize ( L.) in Africa: Current Status, Opportunities and Limitations.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 23;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Plant Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa.

Macro and micronutrient deficiencies pose serious health challenges globally, with the largest impact in developing regions such as subSaharan Africa (SSA), Latin America and South Asia. Maize is a good source of calories but contains low concentrations of essential nutrients. Major limiting nutrients in maize-based diets are essential amino acids such as lysine and tryptophan, and micronutrients such as vitamin A, zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe). Read More

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Towards Sustainable Diets: Understanding the Cognitive Mechanism of Consumer Acceptance of Biofortified Foods and the Role of Nutrition Information.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 28;18(3). Epub 2021 Jan 28.

College of Economics and Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, No. 1 Shizishan Street, Hongshan District, Wuhan 430070, China.

Micronutrient malnutrition, also known as hidden hunger, continues to affect more than 2 billion people globally. Biofortification, which is a process of breeding staple crops with improved micronutrient contents such as vitamin A, iron, and zinc, offers a cost-effective and sustainable solution in reducing hidden hunger. However, the success of these foods depends on consumer acceptance. Read More

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January 2021

Effects of Iron and Zinc Biofortified Foods on Gut Microbiota In Vivo (): A Systematic Review.

Nutrients 2021 Jan 9;13(1). Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Stocking Hall, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA.

Dietary iron and zinc deficiencies are a global health concern. Bacteria that colonize the gastrointestinal tract depend on minerals to maintain their activities; thus, recent evidence suggests that biofortified foods can modulate the host's beneficial bacterial taxa. The current review analyzed the research data that linked between iron and zinc biofortified foods and gut microbiota modulation. Read More

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January 2021

Biofortification of pea (Pisum sativum L.): a review.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Jul 28;101(9):3551-3563. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Grupo Mejoramiento de Legumbres de Grano, Parque Villarino, Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias Agrarias de Rosario-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas (IICAR-CONICET), Zavalla, Argentina.

Biofortification refers to an approach to increase micronutrient concentrations in the edible parts of plants with increased bioavailability to the human population. Conventional, agronomic and transgenic breeding methods can be used to develop these biofortified crops, offering sustainable and cost-effective strategies. Pea has long been recognized as a valuable, nutritious food for the human diet, but there is a limited amount of information about it, which prevents the full micronutrient enrichment potential of this pulse crop to be reached. Read More

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The contribution of provitamin A biofortified cassava to vitamin A intake in Nigerian pre-schoolchildren.

Br J Nutr 2021 Nov 8;126(9):1364-1372. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Division of Human Nutrition and Health, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands.

Biofortified yellow cassava has been developed to alleviate vitamin A deficiency. We examined the potential contribution of yellow cassava to total retinol activity equivalent (RAE) intake if replacing white by yellow cassava among pre-school Nigerian children. Dietary intake was assessed as part of a randomised controlled trial. Read More

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November 2021

Global Concerns with B Vitamin Statuses: Biofortification, Fortification, Hidden Hunger, Interactions, and Toxicity.

Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 2019 Nov 11;18(6):1968-1984. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Dept. of Nutritional Sciences, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, U.S.A.

The prevalence of undernutrition due to insufficient energy intake has been reduced by nearly 50% since 1990. This reduction is largely attributed to improved yields of staple crops, such as wheat, rice, and maize; however, these improvements did little for micronutrient deficiencies that affect an estimated two billion people worldwide. Starchy staple crops are energy dense but are often lacking in one or more B vitamins, making resource-constrained people who consume monotonous diets comprised predominantly of these staples at risk for developing deficiency. Read More

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November 2019

Harvesting time and roasting effects on colour properties, xanthophylls, phytates, tannins and vitamin C contents of orange maize hybrid.

Sci Rep 2020 12 7;10(1):21327. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Department of Chemistry, Ekiti State University, Ekiti State, P.M.B.5363, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.

Biofortified maize varieties form an essential part of a nutritious diet; available evidence suggests that different processing methods may affect the final food products. The study aimed to evaluate the effects of processing (roasting) and harvesting time on the bioactive components (lutein, zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, phytate, tannin and vitamin C) and colour properties (L*, a*, b*), of biofortified orange maize. The orange maize hybrids used for the study were obtained from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) diverse lines with high provitamin A (PVA) content. Read More

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December 2020

Feeding selenium-biofortified alfalfa hay during the preconditioning period improves growth, carcass weight, and nasal microbial diversity of beef calves.

PLoS One 2020 1;15(12):e0242771. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Animal and Rangeland Sciences, College of Agricultural Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States of America.

We previously reported that feeding Se-biofortified alfalfa hay to weaned beef calves in a preconditioning program decreases morbidity and mortality during the feedlot period. To understand the mode of action by which supranutritional Se supplementation supports calf health, we examined the effect of agronomic Se-biofortification on nasal microbiome and fecal parasites. Recently weaned Angus-cross beef calves (n = 30) were randomly assigned to two groups and fed an alfalfa hay-based diet for 9 weeks in a preconditioning program. Read More

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January 2021

Iron Absorption from Iron-Biofortified Sweetpotato Is Higher Than Regular Sweetpotato in Malawian Women while Iron Absorption from Regular and Iron-Biofortified Potatoes Is High in Peruvian Women.

J Nutr 2020 12;150(12):3094-3102

ETH Zürich, Laboratory of Human Nutrition, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Sweetpotato and potato are fast-maturing staple crops and widely consumed in low- and middle-income countries. Conventional breeding to biofortify these crops with iron could improve iron intakes. To our knowledge, iron absorption from sweetpotato and potato has not been assessed. Read More

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December 2020

Low Phytate Peas ( L.) Improve Iron Status, Gut Microbiome, and Brush Border Membrane Functionality In Vivo ().

Nutrients 2020 Aug 24;12(9). Epub 2020 Aug 24.

USDA-ARS, Robert W. Holley Center for Agriculture and Health, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

The inclusion of pulses in traditional wheat-based food products is increasing as the food industry and consumers are recognizing the nutritional benefits due to the high protein, antioxidant activity, and good source of dietary fiber of pulses. Iron deficiency is a significant global health challenge, affecting approximately 30% of the world's population. Dietary iron deficiency is the foremost cause of anemia, a condition that harms cognitive development and increases maternal and infant mortality. Read More

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Selenium biofortification in the 21 century: status and challenges for healthy human nutrition.

Plant Soil 2020 Jul 16:1-26. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Università di Torino, Via Leonardo da Vinci, 44, 10095 Grugliasco, TO Italy.

Background: Selenium (Se) is an essential element for mammals and its deficiency in the diet is a global problem. Plants accumulate Se and thus represent a major source of Se to consumers. Agronomic biofortification intends to enrich crops with Se in order to secure its adequate supply by people. Read More

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Screening of folate-producing lactic acid bacteria and modulatory effects of folate-biofortified yogurt on gut dysbacteriosis of folate-deficient rats.

Food Funct 2020 Jul;11(7):6308-6318

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Engineering and Technology Research Center of Food Additives, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048, China.

Folate deficiency is accompanied by gut dysbacteriosis. To understand dietary intervention in folate deficiency, a folate-deficient rat model was used to evaluate the modulatory effects of folate-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and biofortified yogurt on gut dysbacteriosis. The high folate-producing strain was screened from 12 LABs, and its variant, namely Lactobacillus plantarum GSLP-7 V, with folate productivity in yogurt at 3. Read More

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Anthocyanin-Biofortified Colored Wheat Prevents High Fat Diet-Induced Alterations in Mice: Nutrigenomics Studies.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2020 07 18;64(13):e1900999. Epub 2020 May 18.

Agri-Biotechnology Division, National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute (NABI), S.A.S. Nagar, Mohali, Punjab, 140306, India.

Scope: Effective health-promoting results of either anthocyanins or whole wheat against chronic diseases are well reported. The current study is designed to understand the effect and underlying mechanism of anthocyanins-biofortified whole wheat on high-fat diet (HF)-induced obesity and its comorbidities.

Method And Results: Mice are fed a HFD supplemented with isoenergetic white, purple, or black whole wheat for 12 weeks and analyzed by physiological, biochemical, and nutrigenomics studies (qRT-PCR and RNA-Seq analysis). Read More

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Molecular Breeding for Nutritionally Enriched Maize: Status and Prospects.

Front Genet 2019 21;10:1392. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Institute of Crop Sciences, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences (YAAS), Kunming, China.

Maize is a major source of food security and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), Latin America, and the Caribbean, and is among the top three cereal crops in Asia. Yet, maize is deficient in certain essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. Biofortified maize cultivars enriched with essential minerals and vitamins could be particularly impactful in rural areas with limited access to diversified diet, dietary supplements, and fortified foods. Read More

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February 2020

Influence of a Selenium Biofortification on Antioxidant Properties and Phenolic Compounds of Apples ().

Antioxidants (Basel) 2020 Feb 24;9(2). Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Hamburg School of Food Science, Institute of Food Chemistry, University of Hamburg, Grindelallee 117, 20146 Hamburg, Germany.

Biofortified apples seem to be a suitable produce. In this study, different selenium forms and application levels were applied to the two apple varieties 'Golden Delicious' and 'Jonagold', grown in the years 2017 and 2018 in order to increase the selenium uptake within a typical Western diet. It was shown that the biofortification, which was performed as a foliar application implemented in usual calcium fertilization, led to significantly increased selenium contents in the fruits. Read More

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February 2020

Within-person, between-person and seasonal variance in nutrient intakes among 4- to 8-year-old rural Zambian children.

Br J Nutr 2020 06 26;123(12):1426-1433. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Institute for Global Nutrition, The University of California, Davis, Davis, CA95616, USA.

Estimates of the components of nutrient intake variation are needed for modelling distributions of usual intake or predicting the usual intake of individuals. Season is a potential source of variation in nutrient intakes in addition to within- and between-person variation, particularly in low- or middle-income countries. We aimed to describe seasonal variation in nutrient intakes and estimate within-person, between-person and other major components of intake variance among Zambian children. Read More

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Nicotianamine-chelated iron positively affects iron status, intestinal morphology and microbial populations in vivo (Gallus gallus).

Sci Rep 2020 02 10;10(1):2297. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Robert W. Holley Center for Agriculture and Health, USDA-ARS, Ithaca, New York, 14853, USA.

Wheat flour iron (Fe) fortification is mandatory in 75 countries worldwide yet many Fe fortificants, such as Fe-ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA), result in unwanted sensory properties and/or gastrointestinal dysfunction and dysbiosis. Nicotianamine (NA) is a natural chelator of Fe, zinc (Zn) and other metals in higher plants and NA-chelated Fe is highly bioavailable in vitro. In graminaceous plants NA serves as the biosynthetic precursor to 2' -deoxymugineic acid (DMA), a related Fe chelator and enhancer of Fe bioavailability, and increased NA/DMA biosynthesis has proved an effective Fe biofortification strategy in several cereal crops. Read More

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February 2020

Alpha-Linolenic Acid-Enriched Butter Promotes Fatty Acid Remodeling and Thermogenic Activation in the Brown Adipose Tissue.

Nutrients 2020 Jan 3;12(1). Epub 2020 Jan 3.

Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA.

Supplementation with -3 long-chain (LC) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is known to promote thermogenesis via the activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT). Agricultural products that are biofortified with -linolenic acid (ALA), the precursor of -3 LC PUFA, have been launched to the market, but their impact on BAT function is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of ALA-biofortified butter on lipid metabolism and thermogenic functions in the BAT. Read More

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January 2020