75 results match your criteria dicrocoeliasis study

Evaluation of zoonotic platyhelminthe infections identified in slaughtered livestock in Iran, 2015-2019.

BMC Vet Res 2021 May 5;17(1):185. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Platyhelminth infections of livestock can result in considerable economic losses. This study aims to evaluate the spatial frequency of cystic echinococcosis (CE), dicrocoeliasis, and fascioliasis in livestock slaughtered in Iran during the years 2015-2019 and estimate direct costs associated with organ condemnation due to these parasites.

Methods: Abattoir data from 413 abattoirs representing all 31 Iranian provinces were collected from the Iran Veterinary Organization. Read More

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Dicrocoelium spp. in cattle from Wa, Ghana: prevalence and phylogeny based on 28S rRNA.

Parasitol Res 2021 Apr 17;120(4):1499-1504. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University for Development Studies, P. O. Box TL 1882, Tamale, Ghana.

Dicrocoeliosis is a trematode infection in cattle, sheep and goats caused by the small liver fluke, Dicrocoelium spp. Though endemic in Ghana, its disease situation is poorly understood. In the present study, the prevalence, distribution and worm load of Dicrocoelium spp. Read More

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Prevalence of Liver Trematode Infections in Cattle in the Province of Ağrı in Turkey

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2020 09;44(3):132-138

Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi, Klinik Öncesi Bilimler Bölümü Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Kars, Türkiye

Objective: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of distomatosis in cattle in the Ağrı province in Turkey.

Methods: The livers and bile ducts of 200 slaughtered cattle were examined macroscopically, and the gall bladders were examined by sedimentation. The presence of eggs and antigens in 188 cattle were investigated using sedimentation and coproantigen ELISA, respectively. Read More

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September 2020

Molecular characterization and immunodiagnostics of species isolated from sheep of north-west Himalayan region.

J Helminthol 2020 Jul 20;94:e174. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Centre of Research for Development, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir190 006, India.

Despite its extensive presence among grazing ruminants, dicrocoeliosis, also known as 'small liver fluke' disease, is poorly known and often underestimated by researchers and practitioners in many countries. The accurate identification and prepatent diagnosis of Dicrocoelium dendriticum infection is an essential prerequisite for its prevention and control. In the present study, the morphologically identified specimens isolated from the bile ducts of sheep (Ovis aries) were validated through molecular data. Read More

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Pharmacological Uses of the Plants Belonging to the Genus Commiphora.

Cardiovasc Hematol Agents Med Chem 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Nandha College of Pharmacy, Koorapalayam Pirivu, Pitchandam Palayam Post, Erode, Tamil Nadu. India.

Natural products have a unique place in the healthcare industry. The genus Commiphora emerged as a potential medicinal with huge benefits as evidenced through its use in various traditional and modern systems of medicine. Therefore, we aimed to prepare a concise review on the pharmacological activities and the indigenous uses of various plant species belonging to the genus Commiphora along with the structural information of various active botanical ingredients present in these plants based on the published literatures and scientific reports. Read More

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Prevalence of hydatid cyst, Fasciola spp. and Dicrocoelium dendriticum in cattle and sheep slaughtered in Sabzevar abattoir, Iran.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):211-216

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahvaz University, Ahvaz, Iran.

Hydatid cyst, Dicrocoelium dendriticum, and Fasciola spp. are common parasites among ruminants. The current study was conducted to assess the prevalence of these parasites in cattle and sheep slaughtered in Sabzevar abattoir, from April 2014 to March 2016. Read More

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Prevalence and economic impact of cystic echinococcosis and liver fluke infections in slaughtered sheep and goat in north-central Iran, 2008-2018.

J Parasit Dis 2020 Mar 26;44(1):17-24. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

6Student Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) and liver fluke infections as important zoonotic infections impose a large socioeconomic impact on societies. As an endemic region for these infections, slaughterhouse inspections should be more considered in Iran. This study aimed to analyze the 11-year record of offal condemnation due to CE, fascioliasis, dicrocoeliasis infections in sheep and goat and its economic impact at Alborz slaughterhouse, north-central Iran. Read More

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Molecular Characterization of Fasciola and Dicrocoelium Species Isolated from Ruminant Livestock in Qazvin, Iran.

Infect Disord Drug Targets 2020 ;20(5):737-742

Medical Microbiology Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.

Introduction: Fascioliasis and dicrocoeliasis are the most frequent zoonotic diseases with increasing human health problems in different parts of Iran. Two species, Fasciola hepatica (F. hepatica) and Fasciola gigantica (F. Read More

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First isolation of among cattle in some Northern Algerian slaughterhouses.

Vet World 2019 Jul 16;12(7):1039-1045. Epub 2019 Jul 16.

Animal Health and Productions Laboratory, High National Veterinary School, B.P.228, Oued Samar, Algiers, Algeria.

Background And Aim: or small liver fluke often causes unnoticed clinical manifestations in cattle. For a live animal, its diagnosis is mainly based on the detection of eggs by coproscopic examination. The objective of this study was to determine the presence or absence of spp. Read More

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Predicting environmental suitability and geographical distribution of Dicrocoelium dendriticum at littoral of Caspian Sea: An ecological niche-based modeling.

Prev Vet Med 2019 Oct 12;170:104736. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Department of Remote Sensing and GIS, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Dicrocoeliasisis caused by the small liver fluke (Dicrocoelium spp.), mainly Dicrocoelium dendriticum in domestic and wild ruminants. The small liver fluke is the probable predisposing cause of economic burden. Read More

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October 2019

Dicrocoeliosis in extensive sheep farms: a survey.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Jul 12;12(1):342. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sardegna G. Pegreffi, Via Duca degli Abruzzi 8, Sassari, Sardinia, Italy.

Background: This study investigated the epidemiological and molecular aspects of dicrocoeliosis in extensive sheep farms.

Methods: From 2013 to 2014, copromicroscopical analyses in 190 dairy sheep farms and anatomo-pathological inspections in six slaughterhouses were carried in Sardinia, Italy. Rectal faecal samples were analyzed using the FLOTAC® method, and anatomo-pathological examinations were based on detecting thickened terminal bile ducts (TTBDs). Read More

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A Comprehensive Retrospective Study: Intestinal Parasites in Human in Van Province

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2019 Jun;43(2):70-73

Ahi Evran University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Parasitology, Kırşehir, Turkey

Objective: The aim of present study was to retrospectively determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites in patients, who were referred to Parasitology Laboratory in Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, Faculty of Medicine during an 11-year period.

Methods: Stool samples of 69633 individuals admitted to the outpatient clinics in the hospital were initially evaluated with native-Lugol, and then by flotation, sedimentation, trichrome staining, modified acid-fast staining and ELISA methods.

Results: Twenty-four parasite species were identified in parasite-positive patients. Read More

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An analysis of common foodborne parasitic zoonoses in slaughtered sheep and cattle in Tehran, Iran, during 2015-2018.

Vet World 2018 Nov 24;11(10):1486-1490. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Food Safety and Hygiene, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

Background And Aim: Cystic echinococcosis, , and liver flukes, such as spp. and , are important parasitic zoonoses, where they able to cause significant veterinary, medical, and economic problems. The present study was carried out to obtain the updated knowledge on the frequency of hydatidosis, fasciolosis, and dicrocoeliosis in the slaughtered sheep and cattle. Read More

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November 2018

Prevalence of liver flukes infections and hydatidosis in slaughtered sheep and goats in Nishapour, Khorasan Razavi, Iran.

Vet World 2018 Feb 9;11(2):146-150. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

Department of Food Safety and Hygiene, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

Background: Food-borne trematode infections and hydatidosis are endemic diseases caused by helminths in Iran that are responsible for great economic loss and getting public health at risk.

Aim: Aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of fasciolosis, dicrocoeliasis, and hydatidosis infections in slaughtered sheep and goats in Nishapour, Khorasan Razavi province of Iran.

Materials And Methods: A survey was implemented on 130,107 sheep and goats slaughtered at an abattoir in Nishapour (Neyshbur) city, north central Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran, to determine the prevalence of fascioliasis, dicrocoeliosis and presence of hydatidosis. Read More

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February 2018

Study on the Relationship between Liver Parasitic Infections and Serum Vitamin A and β-Carotene Status in Cattle.

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2017 Dec;41(4):198-203

Department of Pathobiology, Urmia University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia, Iran.

Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between serum levels of vitamin A and β-carotene in the liver of cattle.

Methods: A total number of 150 samples were selected according to the type of parasitic infections of the liver after postmortem examination and confirmation. Parasitic lesions in the liver were subdivided into three major parasites, including Fasciola hepatica, Dicrocoelium dendriticum, and hydatid cysts. Read More

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December 2017

Importance of Land Snails in Dicrocoeliosis Epidemiology.

Gözde Gürelli

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2017 Sep;41(3):169-172

Kastamonu Üniversitesi, Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Biyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Kastamonu, Türkiye.

Dicrocoeliosis is a helminthosis caused by the small liver fluke Dicrocoelium spp. (Trematoda, Dicrocoeliidae) parasitizing in the bile ducts and gall bladder of ruminants as well as many other animal species including humans. In the biological life cycle of Dicrocoelium, land snails are first intermediate hosts and ants are second intermediate hosts. Read More

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September 2017

Relationships between Oxidative Stress, Liver, and Erythrocyte Injury, Trace Elements and Parasite Burden in Sheep Naturally Infected with .

Iran J Parasitol 2017 Jan-Mar;12(1):46-55

Dept. of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of oxidative stress in the pathology of ovine dicrocoeliasis.

Methods: During Dec 2013 - Oct 2014, seventy-two sheep (1-3 years) with liver dicrocoeliasis along with 47 healthy sheep were selected from animals admitted for slaughtering at slaughterhouse located in Neyshabour, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran.

Results: In comparison to healthy control, the malondialdehyde (MDA) level and serum total antioxidant capacity were significantly higher in the parasitized group (<0. Read More

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Population genetic analysis informs the invasion history of the emerging trematode Dicrocoelium dendriticum into Canada.

Int J Parasitol 2017 11 29;47(13):845-856. Epub 2017 Jun 29.

Department of Comparative Biology and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada.

Parasite distributions are constantly changing due to climate change, local and global movement of animals and humans, as well as land use and habitat change. The trematode Dicrocoelium dendriticum is a relatively recent invader of Canada, being first reported in eastern Canada in the 1930s and western Canada in the 1970s. However, historical records are scarce and its emergence is poorly understood. Read More

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November 2017

Evaluation of molecular methods for the field study of the natural history of Dicrocoelium dendriticum.

Vet Parasitol 2017 Feb 19;235:100-105. Epub 2017 Jan 19.

University of Edinburgh, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

There is a need for improved methods for the study of the impacts of climatic and livestock management change on the epidemiology of production-limiting helminth parasitic diseases. In this study we report the application of molecular methods to describe the natural history of the small lancet fluke, Dicrocoelium dendriticum on Machair pastures on the Inner Hebridean Isle of Coll. Our results build upon those of the only previous historic field study of D. Read More

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February 2017

Relative Effects of Temperature, Light, and Humidity on Clinging Behavior of Metacercariae-Infected Ants.

J Parasitol 2016 Oct 8;102(5):495-500. Epub 2016 Jul 8.

Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

The lancet fluke, Dicrocoelium dendriticum, is perhaps the best-known example of parasite manipulation of host behavior, which is manifested by a radically changed behavior that leaves infected ants attached to vegetation at times when transmission to an herbivore host is optimal. Despite the publicity surrounding this parasite, curiously little is known about factors inducing and maintaining behavioral changes in its ant intermediate host. This study examined the importance of 3 environmental factors on the clinging behavior of red wood ants, Formica polyctena , infected with D. Read More

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October 2016

Comparison of Fecal Egg Counts and ELISA for the Diagnosis of Dicrocoelium Dendriticum Infection.

Pol J Vet Sci 2016 Sep;19(3):573-580

From economical point of view, Dicrocoelium Dendriticum (D. dendriticum) causes a lot of damages to the livestock industry annually. So, the rapid diagnosis of infection is very important. Read More

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September 2016

Characterization of nine microsatellite loci for Dicrocoelium dendriticum, an emerging liver fluke of ungulates in North America, and their use to detect clonemates and random mating.

Mol Biochem Parasitol 2016 05 14;207(1):19-22. Epub 2016 May 14.

Department of Biology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA. Electronic address:

This study characterizes polymorphic microsatellite loci from adults of the liver fluke Dicrocoelium dendriticum sampled from a population of sympatric beef cattle and wapiti in a region of emergence in southern Alberta, Canada. We also scrutinized the markers to validate their use in studying the population genetics of this complex life cycle parasite. Among the nine loci described, four deviated significantly from Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) due to technical artefacts. Read More

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J Egypt Soc Parasitol 2015 Aug;45(2):435-42

Dicrocoelium dendriticum is a common zoonotic parasite of sheep in many Regions of Saudi Arabia. In chronic infections, this parasite causes biliary cirrhosis in livers of cattle, sheep, or goats and leads to economic losses. This study compared the prevalence of Dicrocoelium dendriticum in local sheep and imported sheep in Taif Province, West Saudi Arabia. Read More

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The role and immunophenotypic characteristics of myofibroblasts in liver of sheep naturally infected with the lancet liver fluke (Dicrocoelium dendriticum).

Vet Parasitol 2015 Mar 3;208(3-4):181-9. Epub 2015 Feb 3.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Bulevar oslobodjenja 18, Belgrade, Serbia.

The main objective of our research was to examine the role and immunophenotypic characteristics of myofibroblasts in sheep liver naturally infected by the lancet liver fluke (Dicrocoelium dendriticum). In the reported study we analyzed liver samples from 20 adult sheep, 14 infected animals and 6 controls. The liver samples were fixed in 10% buffered formalin, and routinely processed and stained using hematoxylin eosin, the periodic acid-Schiff and Masson-Goldner trichrome methods. Read More

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Pulmonary Arterial Lesions in New World Camelids in Association With Dicrocoelium dendriticum and Fasciola hepatica Infection.

Vet Pathol 2015 Nov 30;52(6):1202-9. Epub 2015 Jan 30.

Department of Farm Animals, Clinic of Ruminants, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland.

In Switzerland, dicrocoeliasis is regarded as the most significant parasitic infection of llamas and alpacas. Fasciola hepatica infestation is also a problem but less common. The aim of the present retrospective study was to evaluate the lungs of New World camelids (NWCs) for evidence of arterial hypertension in association with liver changes due to liver fluke infestation. Read More

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November 2015

Distinct distribution of Dicrocoelium dendriticum and D. chinensis in Iwate Prefecture, Japan, and a new final host record for D. chinensis.

J Vet Med Sci 2014 Oct 7;76(10):1415-7. Epub 2014 Jul 7.

Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, Ueda 3-18-8, Morioka 020-8550, Japan.

This study dealt with the morphological and molecular identification of Dicrocoelium flukes obtained from Japanese serow (Capricornis crispus) and sika deer (Cervus nippon centralis) in the twelve districts of Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Dicrocoelium dendriticum and D. chinensis were exclusively detected in the western, and coastal and eastern areas of Iwate Prefecture, respectively. Read More

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October 2014

[The prevalence of Dicrocoeliid (Trematoda: Digenea) larval stages in Helix lucorum Linneus 1758 (Mollusca: Pulmonata) in the vicinity of Kastamonu].

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2014 ;38(1):37-40

Kastamonu Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Biyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Kastamonu, Türkiye.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Dicrocoeliid larval stages in Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758 (Mollusca: Pulmonata) living in the vicinity of Kastamonu.

Methods: Snails were collected in the vicinity of Taşköprü, Kastamonu in March, April, May 2013. They were dissected while alive and their hepatopankreas were removed and placed on clean glass slide with a drop of 0. Read More

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November 2014

Characterization of Dicrocoelium dendriticum haplotypes from sheep and cattle in Iran based on the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS-2) and NADH dehydrogenase gene (nad1).

J Helminthol 2015 Mar 11;89(2):158-64. Epub 2013 Oct 11.

Department of Clinical Sciences,School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University,Shiraz,Iran.

The present study assessed whether the genetic variation among different hosts (sheep and cattle) and geographical isolates (n= 28) of Dicrocoelium dendriticum from Iran is present based on mitochondrial (nad1) and ribosomal (ITS-2) DNA markers. Molecular analysis revealed the presence of at least ten and two distinct haplotypes in the NADH dehydrogenase gene (nad1) and internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS-2), respectively. The nad1 and ITS-2 sequence data were deposited in GenBank under accession numbers, JX050110-134 and JQ966972-3. Read More

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Characterization of Dicrocoelium dendriticum isolates from small ruminants in Shaanxi Province, north-western China, using internal transcribed spacers of nuclear ribosomal DNA.

J Helminthol 2015 Jan 26;89(1):124-9. Epub 2013 Jul 26.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi Province712100,PR China.

The genetic variations in internal transcribed spacers (ITS) spanning ITS-1, 5.8S and ITS-2 rDNA of Dicrocoelium dendriticum, isolated from sheep and goats in four geographical regions in Shaanxi province, were examined. The lengths of ITS-1, 5. Read More

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January 2015

Efficacy and safety of oral praziquantel against Dicrocoelium dendriticum in llamas.

Vet Parasitol 2013 Oct 21;197(1-2):122-5. Epub 2013 Jun 21.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, 1210 Vienna, Austria.

Dicrocoelium dendriticum can cause severe pathological changes of the liver and bile system in camelids, and therapeutic options for treatment are limited. To address this problem, the efficacy of two different dose rates of praziquantel was investigated in llamas suffering from natural D. dendriticum infections. Read More

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October 2013