2,005 results match your criteria diagnostics abdominal


Subepidermal bullous dermatosis due to topical corticosteroid therapy in dogs.

Vet Dermatol 1997 Jun;8(2):127-131

Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.

Six adult dogs were presented with an unusual bullous dermatosis affecting the glabrous skin of the ventral abdomen and medial thighs. Clinically, flaccid bullae were accompanied by erythema, ulceration, haemorrhage and hyperpigmentation in four of six dogs; the remaining two dogs had thin skin without grossly apparent bullae. Histologically, subepidermal bullae and clefting, vascular proliferation and dilatation (phlebectasia), and alteration in the density and staining of superficial dermal collagen were seen in all dogs. Read More

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Isolation precautions cause minor delays in diagnostics and treatment of non-COVID patients.

Infect Prev Pract 2021 Oct 5:100178. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Head and Neck Center, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, 00029, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Isolation precautions are essential prevent spread of COVID-19 infection but may have a negative impact on inpatient care. The impact of these measures on non-COVID-19 patients remains largely unexplored.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate diagnostic and treatment delays related to isolation precautions, the associated patient outcome, and the predisposing risk factors for delays. Read More

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October 2021

Challenging diagnostic work-up of a massive fluid-filled structure in the cranial abdomen of a cat.

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Small Animal Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation.

A 9-year-old female, neutered European shorthair cat was presented with acute vomiting, obvious jaundice and painful enlargement of the abdomen. Icteric skin and mucous membranes in addition to severe bilirubinaemia (mainly direct bilirubin) and a large increase in liver enzyme activities were the main findings at the initial examination. Radio- and ultrasonographic evaluation revealed a massive fluid-filled structure caudal to the liver displacing abdominal organs, in particular the stomach. Read More

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October 2021

An Assessment of the Economic Feasibility of Selected Surgeries in the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department under Community-Based Health Insurance (CBHI) in a Tertiary Care Hospital in South India.

Glob Health Epidemiol Genom 2021 25;2021:1158533. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Prasanna School of Public Health (PSPH), Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Community-Based Health Insurance (CBHI) is a form of micro health insurance targeted at low-income groups that permits for grouping of assets to tackle the expenses of future, uncertain, health-related circumstances. According to the International Labour Organisation, more than 80% of India's employed nonagricultural population is in the informal sector, implying that they are possibly excluded from receiving health insurance benefits. This is where CBHI comes into play, wherein groups of people belonging to a community define the demand and benefits and pool their resources to provide financial protection to all their members. Read More

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September 2021

IL-27 as a potential biomarker for distinguishing between necrotising enterocolitis and highly suspected early-onset food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome with abdominal gas signs.

EBioMedicine 2021 Oct 7;72:103607. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Key Laboratory of Clinical Laboratory Diagnostics of Ministry of Education, Faculty of Laboratory Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, China. Electronic address:

Background: The initial clinical manifestations and abdominal imaging findings of neonates with necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) are sometimes similar; however, their prognosis and therapies are different. We aimed to evaluate the utility of interleukin (IL)-27 as a differentiation marker between NEC and highly suspected early onset (HSEO)-FPIES.

Methods: All samples used in this study were obtained from the neonatal diagnosis centre of Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. Read More

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October 2021

A Novel Culprit in a Patient with Budd-Chiari Syndrome.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2021 May-Aug;15(2):470-474. Epub 2021 May 25.

Internal Medicine Residency Program, Baton Rouge General, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.

Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is an uncommon illness that is characterized by obstruction of hepatic venous outflow. Patients typically present with nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain, which can further progress into signs associated with liver failure, including jaundice, encephalopathy, and coagulopathy. The most common causes of BCS include pathologies that induce portal vein thrombosis, such as myeloproliferative disorders, malignancy, and acquired hypercoagulable states. Read More

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[Importance of conventional pancreas imaging: ultrasound, CT, and MRI. Facts and possibilities].

Authors:
Éva Jederán

Magy Onkol 2021 Oct 2;65(3):237-249. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Onkológiai Képalkotó és Invazív Diagnosztikai Központ, Országos Onkológiai Intézet, Budapest, Hungary.

Modern imaging procedures, including CT and MR diagnostics, play a significant role in recognizing, characterizing, determining the extent of pancreatic tumor lesions, assessing their operability, and evaluating response to treatment and patient follow-up. This article reviews the conventional imaging modalities used in the modern diagnosis of pancreatic tumors, conventional and contrast-enhanced abdominal ultrasound, standard protocols using the latest research results from CT and MRI scans, and their location and diagnostic value in the treatment of solid and cystic neoplasia. In addition, it briefly discusses the additional possibilities of artificial intelligence-based processing of digital imaging data, which is under strong development and is expected to be incorporated into clinical practice in the future. Read More

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October 2021

Extracellular vesicles are the primary source of blood-borne tumour-derived mutant KRAS DNA early in pancreatic cancer.

J Extracell Vesicles 2021 Oct;10(12):e12142

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Up to now, the field of liquid biopsies has focused on circulating tumour DNA and cells, though extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been of increasing interest in recent years. Thus, reported sources of tumour-derived nucleic acids include leukocytes, platelets and apoptotic bodies (AB), as well as large (LEV) and small (SEV) EVs. Despite these competing claims, there has yet to be a standardized comparison of the tumour-derived DNA associated with different components of blood. Read More

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October 2021

Accuracy of Pretreatment Ultrasonography Assessment of Intra-Abdominal Spread in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: A Prospective Study.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Sep 2;11(9). Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Gdynia Oncology Center, Pomeranian Hospitals, 81-519 Gdynia, Poland.

The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of ultrasonography performed by gynecological oncologists for the preoperative assessment of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) spread in the pelvis and abdominal cavity. A prospective, observational cohort study was performed at a single tertiary cancer care unit. Patients with suspected EOC were recruited and underwent comprehensive transvaginal and abdominal ultrasonography performed by a gynecological oncologist. Read More

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September 2021

Incarcerated Gravid Uterus: Spontaneous Resolution Is Not Rare.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Aug 25;11(9). Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.

Aim: Incarcerated gravid uterus is a rare obstetrical complication that leads to adverse outcomes, especially if the uterus remains incarcerated and the condition goes undiagnosed until delivery. However, there is no consensus regarding the optimal management of this complication because of its rarity. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the incidence of incarcerated gravid uterus, as well as its natural courses and perinatal outcomes. Read More

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Spectral CT Hybrid Images in the Diagnostic Evaluation of Hypervascular Abdominal Tumors-Potential Advantages in Clinical Routine.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Aug 25;11(9). Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Radiology, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, 10178 Berlin, Germany.

Background: This study aimed to investigate the use of spectral computed tomography (SCT) hybrid images combining virtual monoenergetic images (VMIs) and iodine maps (IMs) as a potentially efficient search series for routine clinical imaging in patients with hypervascular abdominal tumors.

Methods: A total of 69 patients with hypervascular abdominal tumors including neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs, = 48), renal cell carcinoma (RCC, = 10), and primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, = 11) were analyzed retrospectively. Two radiological readers (blinded to clinical data) read three CT image sets (1st a reference set with 70 keV; 2nd a 50:50 hybrid 140 keV/40 keV set; 3rd a 50:50 hybrid 140 keV/IM set). Read More

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Production of a monoclonal antibody against a galactose-binding protein of Acanthamoeba castellanii and its cytotoxicity.

Parasitol Res 2021 Nov 25;120(11):3845-3850. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Molecular Diagnostics Research Institute, Namseoul University, 91 Daehak-ro, Seonghwan-eup, Cheonan, 31020, Republic of Korea.

In this study, it was confirmed whether the galactose-binding protein (GBP) was present in Acanthamoeba castellanii, and its function on a target cell was confirmed by production of an antibody against the GBP. Since the genes for GBP have not yet been identified at all, the purification of GBP was done using galactose-beads from amoebial lysates, and monoclonal antibodies were produced using cell fusion. GBP was confirmed to have a size of about 35 kDa. Read More

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November 2021

ARTS: A Large, International Trial of Thromboprophylaxis in Intra-abdominal, Gynecologic, and Urologic Surgery.

Eur Urol Focus 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Urology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Surgery, South Karelian Central Hospital, Lappeenranta, Finland. Electronic address:

ARTS will be the first trial to compare anticoagulation with a direct oral anticoagulant (apixaban) versus no anticoagulation among patients undergoing intra-abdominal, gynecologic, or urologic surgery at sufficiently similar risk of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism and major bleeding. Read More

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September 2021

[The new guideline on irritable bowel syndrome: what is new?]

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2021 Oct 22;146(19):1243-1248. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Medizinische Klinik, Israelitisches Krankenhaus, Hamburg.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: WHAT IS NEW?:  The following refers only to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in adults. The new guideline includes a separate section on IBS for paediatric patients. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) presents as a heterogeneous picture with chronic abdominal complaints related to the bowel. Read More

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October 2021

A Rare Case of Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis with Spontaneous Renocolic Fistula and IVC Thrombosis.

Case Rep Nephrol 2021 7;2021:3604017. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Surgery, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGPN) is a rare disorder affecting the kidney which can fistulise to the colon in exceptional cases. We herein report a case of XGPN with renocolic fistula and large vessel thrombosis presenting with sepsis and pulmonary embolism. Preoperative diagnosis and strategic planning resulted in successful management. Read More

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September 2021

Oxidative stress and cardiometabolic biomarkers in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 16;11(1):18455. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department for Medical Biochemistry, University of Belgrade-Faculty of Pharmacy, Belgrade, Serbia.

Oxidative stress is assumed to be the underlying feature of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). To our knowledge, the mutual involvement of redox status homeostasis parameters [i.e. Read More

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September 2021

Genetic polymorphisms involved in mitochondrial metabolism and pancreatic cancer risk.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Division of Gastroenterology and Research Laboratory, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, IRCCS Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza.

Background: The mitochondrial metabolism has been associated with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) risk. Recent evidence also suggests the involvement of the genetic variability of the mitochondrial function in several traits involved in PDAC aetiology. However, a systematic investigation of the genetic variability of mitochondrial genome (mtSNPs) and of all the nuclear genes involved in its functioning (n-mtSNPs) has never been reported. Read More

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September 2021

[Imaging diagnostics in acute pancreatitis].

Internist (Berl) 2021 Oct 15;62(10):1044-1054. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Radiologie, LMU Klinikum, München, Deutschland.

Abdominal imaging is an important component of the diagnostics of acute pancreatitis. In addition to the clinical features and the laboratory constellation, it serves to establish the diagnosis or the exclusion of other diseases and also the identification and assessment of the course of local complications and vascular changes that can arise during the course of acute pancreatitis. Due to the numerous imaging examination methods that are available, their combination options and the different examination times, there are diverse application options that have to be taken into account, such as the severity and duration of the disease, concomitant diseases and complications of acute pancreatitis. Read More

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October 2021

Neuroendocrine Neoplasm of the Breast Presenting as a Liver Metastasis: A Rare Diagnostic Challenge.

Cureus 2021 Aug 3;13(8):e16860. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Hematology and Medical Oncology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA.

We present a case of a 58-year-old female who presented initially to an outside institution with abdominal pain and was diagnosed on liver biopsy with a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor of an unknown primary source. She was referred to our academic institution for a second opinion after disease progression on the initial chemotherapy regimen. Through additional evaluation, diagnostics, and multi-disciplinary tumor board discussion she was diagnosed with metastases from a well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasm of the breast (NENB). Read More

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Determining age and sex-specific distribution of pancreatic whole-gland CT attenuation using artificial intelligence aided image segmentation: Associations with body composition and pancreatic cancer risk.

Pancreatology 2021 Aug 18. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Increased intrapancreatic fat is associated with pancreatic diseases; however, there are no established objective diagnostic criteria for fatty pancreas. On non-contrast computed tomography (CT), adipose tissue shows negative Hounsfield Unit (HU) attenuations (-150 to -30 HU). Using whole organ segmentation on non-contrast CT, we aimed to describe whole gland pancreatic attenuation and establish 5th and 10th percentile thresholds across a spectrum of age and sex. Read More

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The burden of serious fungal infections in Azerbaijan.

Ther Adv Infect Dis 2021 Jan-Dec;8:20499361211043969. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Global Action Fund for Fungal Infections, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Azerbaijan is an upper middle-income country in South Caucasus with an area of 86,600 km and a total population of 10 million people and gross domestic product of US $4480 per capita. The aim of this research is to estimate fungal infection burden and highlight the problem at national and international levels.

Methods: Fungal infection burden was estimated using data from epidemiological papers and population at risk and LIFE (Leading International Fungal Education) modelling. Read More

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September 2021

A Rare Case of an Inguinal Hernia-Containing (Extraperitoneal) Ureter.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Sep 7;22:e930911. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburg, PA, USA.

BACKGROUND Ureteroinguinal hernias are exceptionally rare and are seldom diagnosed in the preoperative setting. There are 2 classifications of this type of hernia: paraperitoneal and extraperitoneal. CASE REPORT We report a case of a 67-year-old man who presented with urinary symptoms and a reducible right inguinal hernia. Read More

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September 2021

Influence of Different Arm Positions in the Localizer Radiograph(s) on Patient Dose during Exposure-Controlled CT Examinations of the Neck to Pelvis.

Tomography 2021 07 29;7(3):313-322. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Organismal Biology, Uppsala University, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden.

Our aim was to examine the impact of different arm positions during imaging of the localizer radiograph(s) on effective dose for exposure-controlled computed tomography (CT) (Siemens/Canon) scans of the neck to pelvis. An anthropomorphic whole-body phantom was scanned from the neck to pelvis with the arms positioned in three different ways during the acquisition of the localizer radiograph: (i) above the head, (ii) alongside the trunk, and (iii) along the trunk with the hands placed on the abdomen. In accordance with clinical routines, the arms were not included in the subsequent helical scans. Read More

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Watch and Wait Approach for Rectal Cancer Following Neoadjuvant Treatment: The Experience of a High Volume Cancer Center.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Aug 21;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Colorectal Surgical Oncology, Department of Abdominal Oncology, Istituto Nazionale Tumori-IRCCS "Fondazione G. Pascale", 80131 Naples, Italy.

Multimodal treatments for rectal cancer, along with significant research on predictors to response to therapy, have led to more conservative surgical strategies. We describe our experience of the rectal sparing approach in rectal cancer patients with clinical complete response (cCR) after neoadjuvant treatment. We also specifically highlight our clinical and imaging criteria to select patients for the watch and wait strategy (w&w). Read More

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Perivascular Adipose Tissue Attenuation on Computed Tomography beyond the Coronary Arteries. A Systematic Review.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Aug 19;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Cardiology, Parma University Hospital, Via Gramsci 14, 43125 Parma, Italy.

(1) Background: Perivascular adipose tissue attenuation, measured with computed tomography imaging, is a marker of mean local vascular inflammation since it reflects the morphological changes of the fat tissue in direct contact with the vessel. This method is thoroughly validated in coronary arteries, but few studies have been performed in other vascular beds. The aim of the present study is to provide insight into the potential application of perivascular adipose tissue attenuation through computed tomography imaging in extra-coronary arteries. Read More

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Ultrasound Stratification of Hepatic Steatosis Using Hepatorenal Index.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Aug 10;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Department of Radiology, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, 1514 Jefferson Hwy., New Orleans, LA 70121, USA.

Hepatorenal index (HRI) has been shown to be an effective, noninvasive ultrasound tool to screen patients for those with or without >5% hepatic steatosis.

Objective: The aim of this study was to further refine this HRI tool in order to stratify patients according to their degree of liver steatosis and give direction as to which patients should undergo random liver biopsy.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 267 consecutive patients from 2015 to 2017 who had abdominal ultrasounds and a subsequent random liver biopsy within one month. Read More

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Acute Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis in a Pregnant Patient at 10 Weeks Gestation: A Case Report.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Jul 27;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Radiology, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan.

Acute abdominal pain during pregnancy is challenging, both from a diagnostic and management perspective. A non-localized, persistent pain out of proportion to physical examination is a sign that advanced imaging may be necessary. Mesenteric venous thrombosis in a pregnant patient is extremely rare, but if diagnosis is delayed, can be potentially fatal to both the mother and the fetus. Read More

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MULTIPLE SACCULAR ANEURYSMS OF THE ABDOMINAL AORTA: A CASE REPORT AND SHORT REVIEW OF RISK FACTORS FOR RUPTURE ON CT SCAN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2020 Dec;18(2):178-180

Department of Radiology, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria.

Introduction: Saccular abdominal aortic aneurysms (SAAA) are rare types of abdominal aortic aneurysm. It has a higher risk of rupture, hence must be repaired at smaller diameter. Mortality from rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is high and has been reported to be about 90%. Read More

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December 2020

1.5 vs 3 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Review of Favorite Clinical Applications for Both Field Strengths-Part 2.

Invest Radiol 2021 11;56(11):692-704

Department of Radiology, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen.

Abstract: The second part of this review deals with experiences in neuroradiological and pediatric examinations using modern magnetic resonance imaging systems with 1.5 T and 3 T, with special attention paid to experiences in pediatric cardiac imaging. In addition, whole-body examinations, which are widely used for diagnostic purposes in systemic diseases, are compared with respect to the image quality obtained in different body parts at both field strengths. Read More

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November 2021

Diagnosis and classification of ileal pouch disorders: consensus guidelines from the International Ileal Pouch Consortium.

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 10 18;6(10):826-849. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is an option for most patients with ulcerative colitis or familial adenomatous polyposis who require colectomy. Although the construction of an ileal pouch substantially improves patients' health-related quality of life, the surgery is, directly or indirectly, associated with various structural, inflammatory, and functional adverse sequelae. Furthermore, the surgical procedure does not completely abolish the risk for neoplasia. Read More

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October 2021