Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Jun;24(6):480-486
Department of General Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, & National Clinical Research Center for Digestive Diseases, Beijing 100050, China.
Anastomotic leak is a common and serious complication after anterior rectal resection. Despite the continuous advancement of anastomotic instruments and surgical techniques, the incidence of anastomotic leak has not decreased significantly compared with the past. As more studies on the early diagnosis of anastomotic leak are published, postoperative risk factors of anastomotic leak, such as fever, time to first bowel movement, CT, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT), matrix metalloproteinase-9, and other cytokines and biomarkers (IL-6, TNF-α, lactate, pH, urinary neopterin/creatinine ratio), provide a reference for surgeons to assess the risk and increase the possibility of early diagnosis of anastomotic leak. Read More