18,770 results match your criteria diabetic peripheral

Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy and Depression: Dancing with Wolves? - Mini-Review and Commentary on Alghafri et al. "Screening for depressive symptoms amongst patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy".

Rev Diabet Stud 2021 10;17(1):17-20. Epub 2021 May 10.

Diabetes Centre-Diabetic Foot Clinic, Second Department of Internal Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

The co-existence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and depression in subjects with diabetes is being increasingly recognized. The interaction of these two serious comorbidities may increase morbidity and mortality. An emerging thought is that persisting depression, along with stroke and cognitive dysfunction, may represent a cluster of potential microvascular injuries affecting the brain, which shares a common risk factor with DPN. Read More

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T-Cell Expression and Release of Kidney Injury Molecule-1 in Response to Glucose Variations Initiates Kidney Injury in Early Diabetes.

Diabetes 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Mater Young Adult Health Centre, Mater Misericordiae Ltd, South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Half of the mortality in diabetes is seen in individuals <50 years of age and commonly predicted by the early onset of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). In type 1 diabetes, increased urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (uACR) during adolescence defines this risk, but the pathological factors responsible remain unknown. We postulated that early in diabetes, glucose variations contribute to kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) release from circulating T cells, elevating uACR and DKD risk. Read More

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Using corneal confocal microscopy to compare Mecobalamin intramuscular injections vs oral tablets in treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy: a RCT.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 19;11(1):14697. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Neurology Department, Peking University Third Hospital, 49 North Garden Rd., Haidian District, Beijing, 100191, China.

This randomized controlled study used corneal confocal microscopy (CCM) to compare the efficacy of Mecobalamin intramuscular injections vs oral tablets in treating mild to moderate diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) by detecting early nerve fiber repair. Enrolled patients were randomized approximately 1:1 to receive Mecobalamin intramuscular injections (0.5 mg/day, 3 times/week) or Mecobalamin oral tablets (1. Read More

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Resistance training improves nerve conduction and arterial stiffness in older adults with diabetic distal symmetrical polyneuropathy: A randomized controlled trial.

Exp Gerontol 2021 Jul 17;153:111481. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; Water Research Group, North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

Diabetes is the main cause of peripheral neuropathy where older patients are at increased risk of diabetic distal symmetrical polyneuropathy (DSPN) due to age-related nerve degeneration and vascular changes. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of resistance training on nerve conduction, measures of neuropathy and arterial stiffness in older patients with DSPN. In a randomized controlled trial, thirty-four older adults with type-2 diabetes and peripheral neuropathy were enrolled and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Read More

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Infrainguinal bypass under triple nerve block in patients with severely compromised left ventricular ejection fraction and chronic limb-threatening ischemia.

J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech 2021 Sep 21;7(3):450-453. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Railway Clinical Hospital, Yaroslavl, Russia.

A severely compromised left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is a major limitation for lower extremity bypass reconstruction both under general anesthesia or neuraxial anesthesia (NA). A series of eight infrainguinal bypass procedures were performed under peripheral nerve block in five patients (three males and two females; median age, 67 years) with chronic limb-threatening ischemia and a preoperative LVEF of 35% or less (median, 27%; range, 20%-35%). There were no conversions to neuraxial anesthesia/general anesthesia or early postoperative complications. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical Characteristics and Risk of Diabetic Complications in Data-Driven Clusters Among Type 2 Diabetes.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 30;12:617628. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

BGI Institute of Applied Agriculture, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China.

Background: This study aimed to cluster newly diagnosed patients and patients with long-term diabetes and to explore the clinical characteristics, risk of diabetes complications, and medication treatment related to each cluster.

Research Design And Methods: K-means clustering analysis was performed on 1,060 Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes based on five variables (HbA1c, age at diagnosis, BMI, HOMA2-IR, and HOMA2-B). The clinical features, risk of diabetic complications, and the utilization of elven types of medications agents related to each cluster were evaluated with the chi-square test and the Tukey-Kramer method. Read More

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Effect of laparoscopic RouxenY gastric bypass on improvement of insulin resistance in Type 2 diabetic patients evaluated by hyperinsulinemiceuglycemic clamp.

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Jun;46(6):609-614

Department of General Surgery, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410013, China.

Objectives: With the increase of people's living standards increasing year by year, Type 2 diabetes has brought great economic and living burden to the society and patients. Bariatric surgery can improve metabolic indicators in patients with diabetes, but specific mechanisms are still under study. This study aims to evaluate the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on insulin resistance in patients with Type 2 diabetes by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp. Read More

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Assessment of toe brachial index validity in diabetic patients - interim results.

Vnitr Lek 2021 ;67(E-4):3-8

Introduction: The toe brachial index (TBI) is recommended for the detection of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) in case of reduced efficacy of the ankle brachial index (ABI), which most often occurs in diabetics. In this case, TBI is expected to give more accurate results. There are not many studies dealing with the use of TBI specifically in diabetics and the results are different. Read More

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Temporal Trends in Hospitalization for Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease in Ontario: The Importance of Diabetes.

Can J Cardiol 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ICES, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Canada.

We sought to assess temporal trends in peripheral artery disease (PAD)-related hospitalization rates in Ontario. Trends in quarterly rates of PAD hospitalization per 100,000 Ontarians between 2006 and 2019 were assessed using autocorrelated linear regression. Stratified analyses by age, sex and most responsible diagnosis code type (with vs. Read More

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Clinical, microbiological and inflammatory markers of severe diabetic foot infections.

Diabet Med 2021 Jul 16:e14648. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Diabetic Foot Unit, San Juan de Dios Hospital, San José de Costa Rica, Costa Rica.

Aims: In addition to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), various clinical signs, microbiological findings and inflammatory markers could be associated with severe diabetic foot infections (DFI).

Methods: This study included a retrospective cohort of 245 patients with DFI treated at San Juan de Dios Hospital in San José de Costa Rica. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), CRP/albumin ratio, peripheral blood leucocyte ratios and the Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) scoring system were evaluated. Read More

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Death-associated protein kinase 1 correlates with podocyte apoptosis and renal damage and can be mediated by miR-361.

Histol Histopathol 2021 Jul 16:18358. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Nephrology, Linyi Central Hospital, Linyi City, Shandong Province, China.

Background: Herein, we aimed to determine whether DAPK1 and its post-transcriptional regulator miR-361 were implicated in high glucose (HG)-induced podocyte injury and renal damage in db/db mice.

Materials And Methods: Podocytes were incubated with normal glucose (NG; 5 mM) or HG (30 mM). Podocyte apoptosis was evaluated using TUNEL staining. Read More

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Prevalence and Determinants of Peripheral Neuropathy Among Adult Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending a Non-communicable Disease Clinic in Rural South India.

Cureus 2021 Jun 7;13(6):e15493. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Epidemiology and Public Health, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, IND.

Background Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetes. Almost half of the diabetic patients develop foot ulcer as a complication of DPN during their lifetime. The aim was to estimate the prevalence and identify the risk factors of diabetic peripheral neuropathy among adult diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Read More

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The Predictive Value of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio Levels of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy.

J Pain Res 2021 8;14:2049-2058. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui Province, 230001, People's Republic of China.

Objective: This study was designed to assess the levels of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in diabetes patients to determine their prognostic value in predicting the disease of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).

Methods: We recruited 225 diabetes cases from the department of endocrinology of Anhui Provincial Hospital from August 2018 to October 2019. A total of 103 patients without diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) were followed up for 18 months, and the number of patients of newly diagnosed DPN was counted. Read More

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Connecting Peripheral to Central Neuropathy: Examination of Nerve Conduction Combined with Olfactory Tests in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 6;14:3097-3107. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Endocrinology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.

Aim: Few studies have investigated the associations between diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and cognitive decline. Olfactory impairment is related to neurodegenerative diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, the cognitive alterations of patients with DPN and the role of olfactory function in DPN are not known. We explored alterations in cognition with DPN and the associations of neuropathy parameters with cognition and olfaction. Read More

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Corrigendum to "Acupuncture for diabetic peripheral neuropathy: An overview of systematic reviews" [Compl. Ther. Clin. Pract., Volume 43, (May 2021), 101375].

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2021 Jul 12:101435. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

The First School of Clinical Medical Sciences, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510405, China; The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510405, China. Electronic address:

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Photobiomodulation Therapy to Promote Angiogenesis in Diabetic Mice with Hindlimb Ischemia.

Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg 2021 Jul;39(7):453-462

Department of Physical Therapy and Graduate Institute of Rehabilitation Science, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

To assess whether photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) induces angiogenesis in diabetic mice with hindlimb ischemia (HLI). Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are at high risk of developing peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the lower extremities. PBMT has been shown to promote angiogenesis both and and could be a treatment for DM patients with PAD. Read More

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Trimetazidine ameliorates hindlimb ischaemic damage in type 2 diabetic mice.

Ann Med 2021 12;53(1):1099-1107

Division of Endocrinology, Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, PR China.

Background: Ischaemia caused by lower extremity artery stenosis is the main cause of peripheral artery disease (PAD) in patients with diabetes. Trimetazidine (TMZ) has traditionally been used as an anti-ischaemic drug for coronary artery disease. The effect of TMZ on PAD in a diabetic animal model and the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Read More

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December 2021

Influence of pedal arch quality on 5-year survival and limb salvage in patients with diabetic foot ulcers undergoing peripheral angiography.

Vascular 2021 Jul 13:17085381211032050. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Surgery, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Unit, 26187San Giovanni di Dio Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of pedal arch quality on 5-year survival and limb salvage in diabetic patients with foot wounds undergoing peripheral angiography.

Methods: Between January 2014 and December 2014, 153 diabetic patients with foot wounds underwent peripheral angiography. Final foot angiograms were used to allocate patients according to pedal arch: complete pedal arch (CPA), incomplete pedal arch (IPA), and absent pedal arch (APA). Read More

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Healing hard-to-heal diabetic foot ulcers: the role of dehydrated amniotic allograft with cross-linked bovine-tendon collagen and glycosaminoglycan matrix.

J Wound Care 2021 Jul;30(Sup7):S47-S53

Department of Podiatry, Mount Sinai, South Nassau, US.

The treatment of diabetic foot ulcers is complex and costly with an increased risk for infection, which may even lead to amputation. This prospective case series aims to assess the effectiveness of a dehydrated amniotic membrane allograft combined with a bilayer dermal matrix for healing complicated foot ulcers in patients with comorbidities. A total of six patients with complicated full-thickness ulcers and comorbidities, such as diabetes and peripheral vascular disease were treated with this technique. Read More

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Hyperglycaemia Induces Trained Immunity in Macrophages and Their Precursors and Promotes Atherosclerosis.

Circulation 2021 Jul 13. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 9DU, UK.

Cardiovascular risk in diabetes remains elevated despite glucose lowering therapies. We hypothesised that hyperglycaemia induces trained immunity in macrophages, promoting persistent pro-atherogenic characteristics. Bone marrow derived macrophages from control and mice with diabetes were grown in physiological glucose (5 mM) and subject to RNA-sequencing (n=6), ATAC-sequencing (n=6) and ChIP-sequencing (n=6) for determination of hyperglycaemia-induced trained immunity. Read More

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Predictive Factors and Amputation Level for Reamputation in Patients With Diabetic Foot: A Retrospective Case-Control Study.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Orthopeadics and Traumatology, University of Health Sciences, Umraniye Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to assess the rate and level of reamputation in patients who had a previous amputation from diabetic foot. We retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent amputation and reamputation due to diabetic foot in our clinic between 2011 and 2019. Fifty-nine were evaluated as the healed group after the first amputation and 55 were evaluated as the reamputation group. Read More

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The Correlation Between HbA1c and Neuropathy Disability Score in Type 2 Diabetes.

Acta Med Indones 2021 Apr;53(2):164-168

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mataram - West Nusa Tenggara General Hospital, NTB, Indonesia.

Background: World Health Organization (WHO) estimates the incidence of type 2 diabetes in Indonesia would increase to 21.3 million in 2030. Diabetes has a chronic complications, including peripheral neuropathy. Read More

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Prevalence of peripheral artery disease in patients with infectious diabetic foot ulcer in Imam Reza Hospital in Kermanshah during 2019-2020.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 31;10(1):170. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Infectious Disease, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Science, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the main public health troubles diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is one of the most important and relatively common causes of hospitalization. This study investigates the prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) in Imam Reza Hospital of Kermanshah during 2017-2018.

Materials And Methods: This study is descriptive-analytical. Read More

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Long-Term Use of a Sensory Prosthesis Improves Function in a Patient With Peripheral Neuropathy: A Case Report.

Front Neurol 2021 23;12:655963. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States.

Peripheral neuropathy (PN) can result in either partial or complete loss of distal sensation resulting in an increased fall risk. Walkasins® uses a shoe insert to detect the magnitude and direction of sway and sends signals to a leg unit that provides sensory balance cues. The objective of this case report is to describe the long-term influence of the Walkasins® lower limb sensory neuroprosthesis on balance and gait for an individual with diabetic PN. Read More

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Impairment of effector molecules response in diabetes induces susceptibility to Leishmania amazonensis infection.

Immunol Lett 2021 Jul 8. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Laboratory of Immunoparasitology of Neglected Diseases and Cancer-LIDNC, Department of Pathological Sciences, State University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil. Electronic address:

Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic disease resulting from insulin dysfunction that triggers a low-grade inflammatory state and immune impairment. Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease characterized by chronic inflammation resulted from the parasite's immunomodulation ability. Thus, due to the delicate immune balance required in the combat and resistance to Leishmania infection and the chronic deregulation of the inflammatory response observed in type 2 diabetes, we evaluated the response of PBMC from diabetic patients to in vitro Leishmania amazonensis infection. Read More

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Spinal Cord Stimulation for Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: A Systematic Review.

Pain Ther 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.

Painful diabetic neuropathy is a common disease that results in significant pain and disability. Treatment options have traditionally consisted of conservative measures including topical and oral medication management as well as transcutaneous electrical stimulation units. These treatments demonstrate various degrees of efficacy, and many times initial treatments are discontinued, indicating low levels of satisfaction or poor tolerability. Read More

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Relation of endothelial and cardiac autonomic function with left ventricle diastolic function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2021 Jul 8:e3484. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

Background And Aims: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for left ventricle (LV) diastolic dysfunction. Aim of this study was to investigate whether endothelial and/or autonomic dysfunction are associated with LV diastolic dysfunction in DM patients.

Methods: We studied 84 non-insulin-dependent type 2 DM (T2DM) patients with no heart disease by assessing: 1) LV diastolic function by echocardiography; 2) peripheral vasodilator function, by measuring flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and nitrate-mediate dilation (NMD); 3) heart rate variability (HRV) on 24-h Holter electrocardiographic monitoring. Read More

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Machine Learning Approaches to Predict Risks of Diabetic Complications and Poor Glycemic Control in Nonadherent Type 2 Diabetes.

Front Pharmacol 2021 22;12:665951. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Personalized Drug Therapy Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of machine learning algorithms in predicting risks of complications and poor glycemic control in nonadherent type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study was a real-world study of the complications and blood glucose prognosis of nonadherent T2D patients. Data of inpatients in Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015 were collected. Read More

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[Swertiamarin alleviates diabetic peripheral neuropathy in rats by suppressing NOXS/ ROS/NLRP3 signal pathway].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Jun;41(6):937-941

Department of Anesthesiology, Affiliated TCM Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510130, China.

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of swertiamarin on diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in rats and explore the molecular mechanism in light of the NOXS/ROS/NLRP3 signal pathway.

Objective: Thirty-two SD rats were randomly divided into control group, DPN model group (treated with saline), swertiamarin (5 mg/kg) treatment group and NOXS inhibitor (10 mL/kg DPI) treatment group. Rat models of DPN were established in the latter 3 groups by intraperitoneal injections of STZ, and the treatments were administered on days 1, 7 and 14 after modeling. Read More

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The Treatment of Painful Diabetic Neuropathy.

Curr Diabetes Rev 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Diabetes Research Unit, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield. United Kingdom.

Painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (painful-DPN) is a highly prevalent and disabling condition, affecting up to one-third of patients with diabetes. This condition can have a profound impact, resulting in a low quality of life, disruption of employment, impaired sleep, and poor mental health with an excess of depression and anxiety. The management of painful-DPN poses a great challenge. Read More

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