5,363 results match your criteria diabetic cardiomyopathy

Quercetin ameliorated cardiac injury reducing inflammatory actions and the glycerophospholipid metabolism dysregulation in a diabetic cardiomyopathy mouse model.

Food Funct 2022 Jun 30. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Key Laboratory of Trace Element Nutrition of National Health Commission, National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 29 Nanwei Road, Beijing 100050, China.

Quercetin has multiple protective effects against cardiometabolic diseases, but the biological mechanisms underlying the benefits in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) are unclear. A mouse DCM model was established by high-fat diet (HFD, 8 months) combined with streptozotocin injection (at the mid-feeding), and quercetin (100 mg per kg per day) was administrated orally after streptozotocin. Our major results indicated that the cardiac ejection fraction and fractional shortening, mRNA levels of Collagen I and CTGF, and the protein expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18 were reduced ( < 0. Read More

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[Histone methylation and diabetic cardiomyopathy].

Sheng Li Xue Bao 2022 Jun;74(3):461-468

Regenerative Medicine Research Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Histone methylation is one of the key post-translational modifications that plays a critical role in various heart diseases, including diabetic cardiomyopathy. A great deal of evidence has shown that histone methylation is closely related to hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, lipid and advanced glycation end products deposition, inflammatory and oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress and cell apoptosis, and these pathological factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. In order to provide a novel theoretical basis and potential targets for the treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy from the perspective of epigenetics, this review discussed and elucidated the association between histone methylation and the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy in details. Read More

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HDAC1 Promotes Myocardial Fibrosis in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy by Inhibiting BMP-7 Transcription Through Histone Deacetylation.

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen City 518036, Guangdong Province, P.R. China.

Objective: Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) constitutes a primary cause of mortality in diabetic patients. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition can alleviate diabetes-associated myocardial injury. This study investigated the mechanism of HDAC1 on myocardial fibrosis (MF) in DCM. Read More

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Loss of Lipocalin 10 Exacerbates Diabetes-Induced Cardiomyopathy Disruption of Nr4a1-Mediated Anti-Inflammatory Response in Macrophages.

Front Immunol 2022 10;13:930397. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Pharmacology and Systems Physiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, United States.

Metabolic disorders (i.e., hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and hyperinsulinemia) cause increased secretion of inflammatory cytokines/chemokines, leading to gradual loss of cardiac resident macrophage population and increased accumulation of inflammatory monocytes/macrophages in the heart. Read More

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Cardioprotection by Citrus grandis (L.) Peel Ethanolic Extract in Alloxan-Induced Cardiotoxicity in Diabetic Rats.

Biomed Res Int 2022 16;2022:2807337. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Chitkara College of Pharmacy, Chitkara University, Punjab 140401, India.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) pathogenesis is multifarious, and there are insufficient therapeutic options to treat DCM. The present research explored the effects of Citrus grandis peel ethanolic extract (CGPE) in alloxan-induced DCM in rats. Diabetes was triggered by intraperitoneal (i. Read More

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Corrigendum: Lactate and Myocardiac Energy Metabolism.

Front Physiol 2022 9;13:947253. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Adelaide Medical School and Centre of Research Excellence in Translating Nutritional Science to Good Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2021. Read More

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β-Lapachone, an NQO1 activator, alleviates diabetic cardiomyopathy by regulating antioxidant ability and mitochondrial function.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jun 6;104:154255. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Graduate Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University. Electronic address:

Background: Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DC) is one of the major lethal complications in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM); however, no specific strategy for preventing or treating DC has been identified.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of β-lapachone (Lap), a natural compound that increases antioxidant activity in various tissues, on DC and explore the underlying mechanisms.

Study Design And Methods: As an in vivo model, C57BL/6 mice were fed with the high-fat diet (HF) for 10 weeks to induce type 2 DM. Read More

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Secretion of miRNA-326-3p by senescent adipose exacerbates myocardial metabolism in diabetic mice.

J Transl Med 2022 Jun 21;20(1):278. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Adipose tissue homeostasis is at the heart of many metabolic syndromes such as diabetes. Previously it has been demonstrated that adipose tissues from diabetic patients are senescent but whether this contributes to diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) remains to be elucidated.

Methods: The streptozotocin (STZ) type 1 diabetic mice were established as animal model, and adult mouse ventricular myocytes (AMVMs) isolated by langendorff perfusion as well as neonatal mouse ventricular myocytes (NMVMs) were used as cell models. Read More

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Polydatin attenuates chronic alcohol consumption-induced cardiomyopathy through a SIRT6-dependent mechanism.

Food Funct 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, 83 Wenhua Road, Shenyang, Liaoning 110016, P. R. China.

Polydatin has attracted much attention as a potential cardioprotective agent against ischemic heart disease and diabetic cardiomyopathy. However, the effect and mechanism of polydatin supplementation on alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) are still unknown. This study aimed to determine the therapeutic effect of polydatin against ACM and to explore the molecular mechanisms with a focus on SIRT6-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling and mitochondrial function. Read More

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LncRNA MALAT1 Regulates USP22 Expression Through EZH2-Mediated H3K27me3 Modification to Accentuate Sepsis-Induced Myocardial Dysfunction.

Cardiovasc Toxicol 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Shandong Provincial Third Hospital, No. 12, WuYingShan Middle Road, Tianqiao District, Jinan, 250031, Shandong, People's Republic of China.

Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), has been confirmed to recruit enhancer of zeste 2 polycomb repressive complex 2 subunit (EZH2) to regulate cardiomyocyte apoptosis in diabetic cardiomyopathy. However, whether the similar regulatory axis exists in sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction (SIMD) has not been clearly established. The current study sought to define the mechanism governing MALAT1-mediated EZH2 in SIMD. Read More

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Verification of the folkloric and anecdotal antidiabetic effects of Hypoxis hemerocallidea (Fisch., C.A. Mey. & Avé-Lall) and isolated, β-sitosterol using early-stage type II spontaneous diabetic mutant BKS-Lepr mice.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2022 Jun 20;22(1):163. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Section of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Previous studies in our laboratory in ex vivo assays have demonstrated H. hemerocallidea extract as potential antidiabetic agent through increased insulin release from pancreatic beta cells. Thus, for this study the early stage type II spontaneous diabetic mutant mice model was used to evaluate and determine the degree of the antidiabetic efficacy of H. Read More

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Hydroxyurea protects against diabetic cardiomyopathy by inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis.

Yu Zhou Qiulun Lu

Biomed Pharmacother 2022 Jun 16;153:113291. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Medicine, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cardiovascular Disease Translational Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China. Electronic address:

Hydroxyurea (HU), a small molecule with various biological properties, was used in myeloproliferative, tumorous, and non-hematological diseases. However, whether HU plays a role in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) remains unclear. Our study aimed to investigated whether HU could ameliorate DCM or not. Read More

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Integrative pharmacology reveals the mechanisms of Erzhi Pill, a traditional Chinese formulation, against diabetic cardiomyopathy.

J Ethnopharmacol 2022 Jun 16;296:115474. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Guangdong Province Key Laboratory for Biotechnology Drug Candidates, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, 510006, China; School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, 510006, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Erzhi Pill (EZP) is a traditional Chinese prescription that has marked effects in treating type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy. However, its underlying pharmacological mechanisms in the treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), remain to be elucidated.

Aim Of The Study: This study aimed to apply an integrative pharmacological strategy to systematically evaluate the pharmacological effects and molecular mechanisms of EZP, and provide a solid theoretical basis for the clinical application of EZP in the treatment of DCM. Read More

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Cell-Target-Specific Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Empagliflozin: Evidence in Human Cardiomyocytes.

Front Mol Biosci 2022 31;9:879522. Epub 2022 May 31.

Laboratory of Endocrine Research, Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, Section of Health Sciences, University of Rome "Foro Italico", Rome, Italy.

The antidiabetic sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) empagliflozin efficiently reduces heart failure (HF) hospitalization and cardiovascular death in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Empagliflozin-cardioprotection likely includes anti-inflammatory effects, regardless glucose lowering, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Inflammation is a primary event in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) and HF development. Read More

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Molecular Mechanisms of Hawthorn Extracts in Multiple Organs Disorders in Underlying of Diabetes: A Review.

Int J Endocrinol 2022 7;2022:2002768. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Medicinal Plants Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most important metabolic disorders associated with chronic hyperglycemia and occurs when the body cannot manage insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells and insulin resistance are the major pathophysiological factors of types 1 and 2 of DM, respectively. Prolonged hyperglycemia leads to multiple organs dysfunctions, including nephropathy, neuropathy, cardiomyopathy, gastropathy, and micro- and macrovascular disorders. Read More

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Aerobic Exercise Inhibited P2X7 Purinergic Receptors to Improve Cardiac Remodeling in Mice With Type 2 Diabetes.

Front Physiol 2022 31;13:828020. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Physical Education, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), the main complication of diabetes mellitus, presents as cardiac dysfunction by ventricular remodeling. In addition, the inhibition of P2X7 purinergic receptors (P2X7R) alleviates cardiac fibrosis and apoptosis in Type 1 diabetes. However, whether exercise training improves cardiac remodeling by regulating P2X7R remains unknown. Read More

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Combination of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos improves cardiac function of diabetic cardiomyopathy mice by regulating the unfolded protein response signaling pathway.

Phytother Res 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a unique clinical entity elicited by diabetes independent of other cardiovascular risk factors, of which the pathological mechanisms and treatment strategies remain largely undefined. This study aimed to clarify the role of unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of DCM, and to explore the effect of aqueous extract of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Carthami Flos (DH) on DCM mice. Cardiac function of DCM mice was evaluated by echocardiography, and lipid profile of left ventricular was analyzed by untargeted lipidomics. Read More

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Glucose fluctuation promotes cardiomyocyte apoptosis by triggering endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling pathway and .

Bioengineered 2022 05;13(5):13739-13751

Department of Cardiology, Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China.

Glucose fluctuation is more harmful than sustained hyperglycemia, but the effect on cardiomyocyte apoptosis have not yet been clarified. In this study, we aim to identify the effect of glucose fluctuation on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and explore the underlying mechanism. Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (STZ) and divided into three groups: controlled diabetic group (C-STZ); uncontrolled diabetic group (U-STZ) and glucose fluctuated diabetic group (GF-STZ). Read More

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Sex-specific effects of daily tadalafil on diabetic heart kinetics in RECOGITO, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Sci Transl Med 2022 Jun 15;14(649):eabl8503. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Experimental Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy.

Cyclic GMP-phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibition has been shown to counteract maladaptive cardiac changes triggered by diabetes in some but not all studies. We performed a single-center, 20-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial (NCT01803828) to assess sex differences in cardiac remodeling after PDE5 inhibition in patients with diabetic cardiomyopathy. A total of 122 men and women (45 to 80 years) with long-duration (>3 years) and well-controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM; HbA1c < 86 mmol/mol) were selected according to echocardiographic signs of cardiac remodeling. Read More

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Hydrogen sulphide: Diabetic cardiomyopathy as the paradigm of its pleiotropic function.

Eur J Clin Invest 2022 Jun 14:e13823. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

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Emerging Role of Epitranscriptomics in Diabetes Mellitus and Its Complications.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 27;13:907060. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Endocrinology, The Affiliated Hospital of Yunnan University and the Second People's Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, China.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) and its related complications are among the leading causes of disability and mortality worldwide. Substantial studies have explored epigenetic regulation that is involved in the modifications of DNA and proteins, but RNA modifications in diabetes are still poorly investigated. In recent years, posttranscriptional epigenetic modification of RNA (the so-called 'epitranscriptome') has emerged as an interesting field of research. Read More

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Empagliflozin restores cardiac metabolic flexibility in diet-induced obese C57BL6/J mice.

Curr Res Physiol 2022 28;5:232-239. Epub 2022 May 28.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor therapy to treat type 2 diabetes unexpectedly reduced all-cause mortality and hospitalization due to heart failure in several large-scale clinical trials, and has since been shown to produce similar cardiovascular disease-protective effects in patients without diabetes. How SGLT2 inhibitor therapy improves cardiovascular disease outcomes remains incompletely understood. Metabolic flexibility refers to the ability of a cell or organ to adjust its use of metabolic substrates, such as glucose or fatty acids, in response to physiological or pathophysiological conditions, and is a feature of a healthy heart that may be lost during diabetic cardiomyopathy and in the failing heart. Read More

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[Fucoxanthin regulates Nrf2/Keap1 signaling to alleviate myocardial hypertrophy in diabetic rats].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2022 May;42(5):752-759

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China.

Objective: To investigate the protective effect of fucoxanthin (FX) against diabetic cardiomyopathy and explore the underlying mechanism.

Methods: Rat models of diabetes mellitus (DM) induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) were randomized into DM model group, fucoxanthin treatment (DM+FX) group and metformin treatment (DM+ Met) group, and normal rats with normal feeding served as the control group. In the two treatment groups, fucoxanthin and metformin were administered after modeling by gavage at the daily dose of 200 mg/kg and 230 mg/kg, respectively for 12 weeks, and the rats in the DM model group were given saline only. Read More

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Protective effect of cinnamon on diabetic cardiomyopathy in nicotinamide-streptozotocin induced diabetic rat model.

J Diabetes Metab Disord 2022 Jun 21;21(1):141-150. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Biochemistry Division, ICMR- National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, 500 007 India.

There is an increase in the incidence and prevalence of type-2 diabetes and obesity which leads to the structural and functional changes in myocardium leading to a lethal complication called diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). In the present study, we investigated the preventive effect of cinnamon (3% of bark powder in AIN-93 diet for 3 months) feeding on DCM and the concerned mechanisms in a rodent model. Experimental diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of 40 mg/kg b. Read More

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Investigation of expression of myocardial miR-126, miR-29a and miR-222 as a potential marker in STZ- induced diabetic rats following interval and continuous exercise training.

J Diabetes Metab Disord 2022 Jun 11;21(1):189-195. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Exercise Physiology Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: Cardiac miRNAs are the recently discovered key modulators of gene expression in the heart which have been shown to contribute to both transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation in diabetic cardiomyopathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of interval and continuous aerobic training on diabetic hearts by examining the expression of myocardial miR-126, miR-222 and miR-29a genes.

Methods: Thirty male wistar rats (200 ± 20 g) were randomly divided into six groups of healthy control (HC), diabetes control (DC), continuous training (CT), interval training (IT), continuous training with diabetes (CTD), and interval training with diabetes (ITD). Read More

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Activin receptor-like kinase 7 silencing alleviates cardiomyocyte apoptosis, cardiac fibrosis, and dysfunction in diabetic rats.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2022 Jun 6:15353702221095049. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Ji'nan 250012, China.

Activin receptor-like kinase 7 (ALK7) is associated with lipometabolism and insulin sensitivity. Our previous study demonstrated that ALK7 participated in high glucose-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. The aim of our study was to investigate whether ALK7 plays an important role in modulating diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) and the mechanisms involved. Read More

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Microvascular Dysfunction in Skeletal Muscle Precedes Myocardial Vascular Changes in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy: Sex-Dependent Differences.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 18;9:886687. Epub 2022 May 18.

Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Aim: To uncover sex-related microvascular abnormalities that underlie the early presentation of reduced perfusion in leg skeletal muscle in a type II rat model of diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Methods And Results: Diabetes was induced using a non-obese, diet-based, low-dose streptozotocin model in adult female (18 diabetic, 9 control) and male rats (29 diabetic, 11 control). Time-course monitoring over 12 months following diabetes induction was performed using echocardiography, treadmill exercise, photoacoustic imaging, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), histopathology, and immunohistochemistry. Read More

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Role of cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system in modulation of diabetic cardiomyopathy.

World J Diabetes 2022 May;13(5):387-407

Department of Pharmacology and Biochemistry, Delta University for Science and Technology, Mansoura 35511, New Cairo, Egypt.

Diabetic complications, chiefly seen in long-term situations, are persistently deleterious to a large extent, requiring multi-factorial risk reduction strategies beyond glycemic control. Diabetic cardiomyopathy is one of the most common deleterious diabetic complications, being the leading cause of mortality among diabetic patients. The mechanisms of diabetic cardiomyopathy are multi-factorial, involving increased oxidative stress, accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), activation of various pro-inflammatory and cell death signaling pathways, and changes in the composition of extracellular matrix with enhanced cardiac fibrosis. Read More

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