764,689 results match your criteria diabetes

[Seguridad del alta temprana en pacientes con histerectomía laparoscópica en una institución de alto nivel de complejidad en Bogotá, Colombia, 2013 - 2019. Cohorte histórica].

Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol 2021 Mar 30;72(1):24-32. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud, Hospital de San José, Bogotá (Colombia)..

Objetivo: describir la seguridad del alta en las primeras 12 horas del posoperatorio en mujeres cometidas histerectomía por laparoscopia por patología benigna de útero. Materiales y métodos: estudio de cohorte histórica descriptiva. Se incluyeron todas las mujeres llevadas a histerectomía laparoscópica por patología benigna, quienes fueron dadas de alta después de 12 horas del procedimiento en un hospital de alta complejidad en Bogotá, Colombia, entre enero del 2013 y abril del 2019. Read More

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Improving Postpartum Attendance among Women with Gestational Diabetes Using the Medical Home Model of Care.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Science, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Objective:  Poor attendance at the 6-week postpartum (PP) visit has been well reported. Attendance at this visit is crucial to identify women who have persistent diabetes mellitus (DM) following pregnancies affected by gestational DM (GDM). The medical home model has eliminated barriers to care in various other settings. Read More

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Interpregnancy Body Mass Index Change and Offspring Mortality Risk following the Second Pregnancy.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Medicine, University Diabetes and Endocrinology Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Objective:  The aim of the study is to examine the impact of maternal interpregnancy body mass index (BMI) change on subsequent offspring mortality risk.

Study Design:  This is a retrospective cohort study of women who had two consecutive live singleton deliveries of at least 20 weeks' gestation from the Utah Population Database. Our exposure was defined as interpregnancy BMI change from the date of first delivery to the conception date of subsequent pregnancy. Read More

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The Effect of Prandial Insulin Applied for Fat Protein Units on Postprandial Glucose Excursions in Type 1 Diabetes Patients with Insulin Pump Therapy: Results of a Randomized, Controlled, Cross-Over Study.

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

FIDAM - Research Institute Diabetes Academy, Mergentheim, Gemany.

Objective: This randomized cross-over study aimed to compare different algorithms for calculating prandial insulin considering the fat and protein content of a standardized meal in type 1 diabetes patients using insulin pump therapy (CSII).

Methods: Twenty-six patients received a standardized evening meal for three consecutive days using different algorithms for insulin dose adjustment: A) exclusive consideration of carbohydrate content without considering fat-protein content, B) high-dose algorithm considering additional insulin for fat protein units (FPUs) with the same factor as for carbohydrates, and C) low-dose algorithm considering additional insulin for FPUs with half the factor as for carbohydrates. The primary outcome was the proportion of interstitial glucose values in the target range (≥ 70 to ≤ 180 mg/dl) during the post-prandial 12-hour follow-up period. Read More

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Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs: a fairytale for endocrinologists.

Endocr Connect 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

S Livadas, Endocrine Unit, Athens Medical Centre, Athens, 10563, Greece.

'Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs', a fairytale that is widely known across the Western world, was originally written by the Brothers Grimm, and published in 1812. Though each dwarf was first given an individual name in the 1912 Broadway play by the same title, in Walt Disney's 1937 film 'Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs', they were renamed, and their names have become household words. As it is well known, myths, fables, and fairytales, though appearing to be merely children's tales about made-up and magical beings and places, have, more often than not, originated from real facts. Read More

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Alterations in the lipid profile associate with a dysregulated inflammatory, prothrombotic, anti-fibrinolytic state and development of severe acute kidney injury in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): A study from Cincinnati, USA.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Apr 14;15(3):863-868. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Section of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Background And Aims: Reduction of atherogenic lipoproteins is often the ultimate goal of nutritional interventions, however this is complicated given that hypolipidemia is frequently observed in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. We aimed to explore the association of hypolipidemia with patient outcomes in terms of immunothrombosis and multiorgan injury, focusing on specialized apolipoproteins apo A1 and apo B.

Methods: Lipid profiles of 50 COVID-19 patients and 30 sick controls presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) were measured in this prospective observational study. Read More

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Application of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) to modulate inflammation in critical COVID-19 - A theoretical perspective.

Med Hypotheses 2021 Apr 9;151:110592. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Comparative Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

COVID-19 is an airway disease that has affected ~125 million people worldwide, caused by a novel coronavirus termed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2), spread through respiratory droplets, direct contact, and aerosol transmission. Although most patients presenting with absent or mild symptoms recover completely, the highest morbidity and mortality rates are seen in the elderly, and patients with comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, immunosuppressive diseases, diabetes, and pre-existing respiratory illnesses. Several therapeutic strategies have been examined, but a wide-ranging therapeutic option for particularly severe cases of COVID-19 remains to be elucidated. Read More

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Association between long-term exposure to fine particulate matter and diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients: A national cross-sectional study in China.

Environ Int 2021 Apr 17;154:106568. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China; Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China. Electronic address:

Background: While the relationship between ambient air pollution and diabetes mellitus has recently been reported, data on the association between fine particulate matter (PM) and diabetic complications are limited, especially in microvascular diseases such as diabetic retinopathy.

Objectives: To investigate the associations between long-term exposure to PM and the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in adult diabetic patients in rural China.

Methods: The study population was based on the Rural Epidemiology for Glaucoma in China (REG-China), a national cross-sectional survey conducted in rural China. Read More

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Dietary restrictions modulate the gut microbiota: Implications for health and disease.

Nutr Res 2021 Mar 21;89:10-22. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Institute of Nutritional Medicine, University of Hohenheim, D-70593 Stuttgart, Germany. Electronic address:

The health benefits of carefully restricting the energy intake in a strategic manner whilst avoiding malnutrition are widely discussed. In the recent years, the great impact of the gut microbiota on its host has been clarified more and more. Since the gut microbiota produces a number of metabolites and molecules that can affect host metabolism, modulating it with dietary restriction can influence the health and the progression of disease of its host on various levels. Read More

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Comparison between a 6‑lead smartphone ECG and 12‑lead ECG in athletes.

J Electrocardiol 2021 Apr 9;66:95-97. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Agnes Ginges Centre for Molecular Cardiology, Centenary Institute, The University of Sydney, Australia.

Athletes sometimes experience transient arrhythmias during intense exercise, which may be difficult to capture with traditional Holter monitors. New and highly portable technology, such as smartphone electrocardiogram (ECG) devices, may be useful in documenting and contribute to diagnosis of exercise-induced arrhythmias. There are little data available regarding the new Kardia 6 lead device (6L) and no data regarding its use in athletic populations. Read More

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The contribution of dietary glycemic index and glycemic load to the development of microvascular complications of diabetes.

Nutrition 2021 Mar 6;89:111234. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Diabetes Centre, Second Department of Internal Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece. Electronic address:

Lifestyle modification, including a healthy diet, is of paramount importance in the management of diabetes mellitus. To this end, diets have been proposed with low glycemic index (an index of carbohydrate food expressing how quickly this nutrient can increase blood glucose) and glycemic load (an index obtained by multiplying the glycemic index by the grams of carbohydrate, then dividing by 100). The aim of this review was to discuss the potential contribution of diets with low glycemic index and glycemic load in diabetic microvascular complications. Read More

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Polyphenols: Natural compounds with promising potential in treating polycystic ovary syndrome.

Reprod Biol 2021 Apr 17;21(2):100500. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. Electronic address:

Polyphenols are natural compounds used by plants as a defense system against various stresses. In recent years, the importance of these polyhydroxyphenols has extensively increased due to their potent cardioprotection, anti-carcinogenic, anti-oxidant, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, various studies have reported promising results from the studies investigating their efficacy as a therapeutic strategy in various disorders such as human malignancies, cardiovascular diseases, nervous system impairments, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, aging, and inflammation-associated disorders, as well as a polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Read More

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Continuous renal replacement therapy in intensive care patients with COVID-19; survival and renal recovery.

J Crit Care 2021 Apr 16;64:125-130. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Dept of Perioperative Medicine and Intensive Care, Karolinska University Hospital, 171 76, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: Outcome for critically ill patients with COVID-19 treated with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is largely unknown. We describe mortality and renal outcome in this group.

Methods: This observational study was conducted at a university hospital in Sweden. Read More

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Defining the risk profile of women with stage 1 hypertension: A time to event analysis.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Apr 17:100376. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.

Background: Chronic hypertension complicates up to 5% of pregnancies and is increasing in prevalence. Women with hypertension have increased risks of serious maternal morbidity and mortality in pregnancy including the development of preeclampsia. In 2017, new guidelines reclassified blood pressure into four categories: normal (<120/<80 mmHg), elevated (120-129/<80 mmHg), stage 1 hypertension (130-139/80-89 mmHg), and stage 2 hypertension (>140/>90 mmHg). Read More

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Epidemiological and Clinical Presentations of Hospitalized COVID-19 patients in Libya: an initial report from Africa.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2021 Apr 17:102064. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya. Electronic address:

Background: The first case of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Libya was diagnosed in March 2020. We aimed to determine the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of COVID-19 in Libya.

Method: In this retrospective descriptive study, we analyzed the demographics, initial clinical presentation, history, comorbidities, laboratory findings, complications, and outcomes of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 at several centers in the Western part of Libya between March 24, 2020, and December 3, 2020. Read More

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Neonatal Myocardial Infarction in Association with Gestational Diabetes.

Can J Cardiol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Doernbecher Children's Hospital, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Fetal and neonatal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a complication of gestational diabetes and usually follows a benign course. In this report, we present a rare case of a newborn of a diabetic mother with severe ventricular hypertrophy who developed myocardial infarction (MI) confirmed by elevated cardiac enzymes, electrocardiographic changes as well as subendocardial ischemia on CMR imaging. Follow up revealed complete functional myocardial recovery with normalization of ventricular systolic and diastolic functions on serial echocardiograms. Read More

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Clinical and Morphological Features of Necrobiosis Lipoidica.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic Arizona, 13400 East Shea Blvd, Scottsdale, AZ 85259. Electronic address:

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Challenges in tackling energy expenditure as obesity therapy - from preclinical models to clinical application.

Mol Metab 2021 Apr 17:101237. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

CardioMetabolic Diseases Research, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co KG, Biberach, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: A chronic imbalance of energy intake and energy expenditure results in excess fat storage. The obesity often caused by this overweight is detrimental to the health of millions of people. Understanding both sides of the energy balance equation and their counter-regulatory mechanisms is critical to the development of effective therapies to treat this epidemic. Read More

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Insulin Actions on the Vascular Tissues: Physiological Effects and Pathophysiological Contributions to Vascular Complications of Diabetes.

Mol Metab 2021 Apr 17:101236. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Dianne Nunnally Hoppes Laboratory for Diabetes Complications, Section of Vascular Cell Biology, Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215 USA. Electronic address:

Background: Insulin has been demonstrated to exert direct and indirect effects on vascular tissues. Its actions in vascular cells are mediated by two major pathways: The insulin receptor substrate 1/2-phosphoinositide-3 kinase/Akt (IRS1/2/PI3K/Akt) pathway and the Src/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, both of which contribute to the expression and distribution of metabolites, hormones and cytokines.

Scope Of Review: In this review, we summarize the current understanding on insulin's physiological and pathophysiological actions and associated signaling pathways in vascular cells, mainly in endothelial cells (EC) and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), and how these processes lead to selective insulin resistance. Read More

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Assessment of muscle-strengthening exercise in public health surveillance for adults: A systematic review.

Prev Med 2021 Apr 17:106566. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Physically Active Lifestyles Research Group (USQ-PALs), Centre for Health Research, University of Southern Queensland, 37 Sinnathamby Boulevard, Springfield Central, QLD 4300, Australia.

There is strong scientific evidence that muscle-strengthening exercise (i.e. use of weight machines, push-ups, sit-ups) is independently associated with a reduced risk of multiple chronic diseases (e. Read More

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Development and validation of a risk prediction model for high-risk adenomas at the time of first screening colonoscopy among screening aged Canadians.

Prev Med 2021 Apr 17:106563. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Canada; Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alberta Health Services, United States of America; Department of Oncology, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Canada. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to develop a risk prediction model for HRAs detected at screening colonoscopy based on readily available participant information. The cohort consisted of 3035 participants aged 50 to 74 years with no history of cancer who underwent a primary screening colonoscopy at a centralized colon cancer screening centre between 2008 and 2016. A multivariable logistic regression model was created using CRC risk factors identified from prior research. Read More

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Aging-dependent regulatory cells emerge in subcutaneous fat to inhibit adipogenesis.

Dev Cell 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Nutritional Sciences & Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Endocrinology Program, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address:

Adipose tissue mass and adiposity change throughout the lifespan. During aging, while visceral adipose tissue (VAT) tends to increase, peripheral subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) decreases significantly. Unlike VAT, which is linked to metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, SAT has beneficial effects. Read More

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A pre-specified analysis of the DAPA-CKD trial indicates effects of dapagliflozin on major adverse kidney events in patients with IgA nephropathy.

Kidney Int 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

Immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy is a common form of glomerulonephritis, which despite use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system blockers and immunosuppressants, often progresses to kidney failure. In the Dapagliflozin and Prevention of Adverse Outcomes in Chronic Kidney Disease trial, dapagliflozin reduced risk of kidney failure and prolonged survival in participants with chronic kidney disease with and without type 2 diabetes, including those with IgA nephropathy. Here we randomized participants with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 25-75 mL/min/1. Read More

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Fabrication of rapidly separable microneedles for transdermal delivery of metformin on diabetic rats.

J Pharm Sci 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Polymer Materials, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310018, China.

In this work, the rapidly separable microneedles (MNs) consisted of needle-tips and supporting bases have been fabricated by a step-by-step coating method. Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) have been used to prepare the needle-tips of MNs in which they are capped on the solvable supporting bases consisted of sodium bicarbonate, poly (vinyl pyrolidone) (PVP), and tartaric acid (TA) (NaHCO/PVP/TA). After insertion into the skin, the needle-tips can be separated rapidly from the patches within 90 s due to the generation of air bubbles in the supporting bases by the reaction between NaHCO and TA after absorption of tissue fluid, leading to the needle-tips remaining in the skin tissue. Read More

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Sequencing cell-free fetal DNA in pregnant women with GCK-MODY: a proof-of-concept study.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Context: Persons with monogenic diabetes due to inactivating glucokinase (GCK) variants typically do not require treatment, except potentially during pregnancy. In pregnancy, fetal GCK genotype determines whether treatment is indicated, but non-invasive methods are not clinically available.

Objective: To develop a method to determine fetal GCK genotype non-invasively using maternal cell-free fetal DNA. Read More

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Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Pregnant Women with Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Peking University First Hospital, No.8, Xishiku Street, West District, Beijing 100034, China.

Objective: Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are inflammatory diseases that affect women in their reproductive years. We aimed to investigate whether maternal psoriasis and PsA are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Methods: We searched multiple electronic databases from inception to 3 August 2020, and reference lists of selected articles. Read More

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NAFLD and liver fibrosis are not associated with reduced femoral bone mineral density in the general US population.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Medicine and Rehabilitation, Policlinico di Monza.

Context: It is still debated whether nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may be a risk factor for reduced bone mineral density (BMD), and it is not known whether liver fibrosis, which is the major predictor of future development of liver-related events in patients with NAFLD, has an influence on BMD.

Objective: To assess whether liver steatosis and fibrosis are associated with reduced BMD in the general US population.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis of the population-based 2017-2018 cycle of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), in which vibration controlled transient elastography (VCTE) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the femoral neck were simultaneously available. Read More

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Type 1 diabetes and reduced ovarian life span: ovotoxicity, increased follicle throughput, or both?

Menopause 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.

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