162 results match your criteria development iran's


Construction and Examination of an Early Childhood Development Composite Index: Evidence from Iran's Multiple Indicator Demographic and Health Survey.

Int J Prev Med 2021 27;12:51. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Communication Sciences, Imec-mict-Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Assessing children's early development can help health and social policymakers to improve children's well-being. This study aims to develop an early childhood composite index for measuring early childhood care and education among Iranian children considering each child's geographical area, socioeconomic status and gender.

Methods: In this cross-sectional secondary study, the data come from Iran's Multiple Indicator Demographic and Health Survey 2010. Read More

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Scrutinize of healthy school canteen policy in Iran's primary schools: a mixed method study.

BMC Public Health 2021 08 18;21(1):1566. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-Communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Schools provide an opportunity for developing strategies to create healthy food environments for children. The present study aimed to analyze the Healthy School Canteen (HSC) policy and identify challenges of its implementation to improve the school food environment in Iran.

Methods: This mixed method study included two qualitative and quantitative phases. Read More

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Presenteeism and work ability: development of the Persian version of the Stanford Presenteeism Scale (P-SPS-6) and measurement of its psychometric properties.

BMC Psychol 2021 Aug 17;9(1):120. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Department of Ergonomics, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Presenteeism is recognized in Iran's hospitals, however little research has been done to understand and tackle the phenomenon because of a lack of valid tools to measure presenteeism. This study aimed to develop a Persian version of the Stanford Presenteeism Scale (SPS-6) and measure its psychometric properties. Another goal was to examine the relationship between presenteeism and work ability using a sample of 250 nurses. Read More

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Thematic analysis of the policies of Iran's health higher education.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 30;10:217. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Health Management, Policy and Economics, Virtual School of Medical Education and Management, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Background: In 1985, the Iranian parliament approved the integration of Medical Education and Health Services and the establishment of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, which has since been the policymaker of Health Higher Education in Iran. The policies are not based on a codified framework and many were abolished at some point. Some critical issues are not addressed and some activities overlap. Read More

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Pre-Clinical Evaluation of the Nanoliposomal antiPCSK9 Vaccine in Healthy Non-Human Primates.

Vaccines (Basel) 2021 Jul 6;9(7). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Biotechnology Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad 9177948564, Iran.

Background: Our previous studies showed the safe preventive and therapeutic effects of immunization using the nanoliposomal antiPCSK9 vaccine called "Liposomal Immunogenic Fused PCSK9-Tetanus plus Alum adjuvant" (L-IFPTA), in mouse models of atherosclerosis. Here we aimed to ascertain the immunogenicity and safety of the L-IFPTA vaccine in a pre-clinical study in healthy non-human primates.

Methods: Five male rhesus macaque monkeys were subcutaneously immunized with the L-IFPTA vaccine, four times with bi-weekly intervals. Read More

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Prediction of Multiple sclerosis disease using machine learning classifiers: a comparative study.

J Prev Med Hyg 2021 Mar 29;62(1):E192-E199. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran - Modeling of Noncommunicable Disease Research Center, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Introduction: Hamedan Province is one of Iran's high-risk regions for Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Early diagnosis of MS based on an accurate system can control the disease. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of four machine learning techniques with traditional methods for predicting MS patients. Read More

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A study of Happiness in the Islamic Republic of Iran's work communities.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 6;35:45. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Happiness, a factor in social, political, and economic development, leads to higher performance, increase in production, and great efficiency. The goal of this study was to assess the level of happiness in Iran's work communities. In this cross-sectional survey study, we randomly selected 13842 people from 380 workplaces in 31 provinces of Iran. Read More

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The effect of coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on medical sciences education in Iran.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 20;10:136. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Clinical Research Development Unit, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

Background: COVID-19 has a great impact on medical sciences education. Some researches have been conducted on the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical sciences education in the world. The aim of this study was to identify the effects of this disease on medical sciences education in Iran. Read More

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Anthropogenic depletion of Iran's aquifers.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jun;118(25)

The Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511.

Global groundwater assessments rank Iran among countries with the highest groundwater depletion rate using coarse spatial scales that hinder detection of regional imbalances between renewable groundwater supply and human withdrawals. Herein, we use in situ data from 12,230 piezometers, 14,856 observation wells, and groundwater extraction points to provide ground-based evidence about Iran's widespread groundwater depletion and salinity problems. While the number of groundwater extraction points increased by 84. Read More

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Exploring medical ethics' implementation challenges: A qualitative study.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 27;10:66. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Adherence to medical ethics principles by medical professionals is required to improve health-care system's quality. Recognizing medical ethics' challenges and attempting to resolve them are important in the implementation of medical ethics in practice. This study aimed to explore such challenges at Iran's medical sciences universities in 2018. Read More

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February 2021

Designing an Elderly Hospital Admission Risk Prediction Model in Iran's Hospitals.

Int J Prev Med 2021 24;12:22. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Interprofessional Education and Practice, Center for Innovative Care in Aging Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, Baltimore, United States of America.

Background: The identification of elderly at risk of new functional disabilities in activities of daily living at admission to the hospital may facilitate referral for purposive interventions to prevent decline and institutionalization. This study was aimed at designing a risk prediction model for identifying the elderly at risk of admission in Iran's hospitals.

Materials And Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in 2017. Read More

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February 2021

Iran's Comprehensive Mental and Social Health Services (SERAJ Program): A Pilot Protocol.

Iran J Psychiatry 2021 Jan;16(1):116-123

Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behaviors (ReCARB), Psychiatric Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The Iranian Mental Health Survey (IranMHS) indicated that almost 1 in 4 people had one or more psychiatric disorders (23.6%); however, two-thirds of patients did not benefit from health interventions, many provided services were inadequate and imposed a high burden on Iranian families. Therefore, the development of a national program on providing comprehensive social and mental health services, entitled "SERAJ", became necessary. Read More

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January 2021

Pathology of General Practice Curriculum from the Viewpoint of Students and Professors.

J Adv Med Educ Prof 2021 Apr;9(2):94-101

Department of Educational Management, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Introduction: Based on the needs of the health system, continuous revising and monitoring are essential for General Practice (GP) Curriculum. The present study was conducted to investigate the diseases of GP Curriculum based on the students' and professors' viewpoints.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in 2018. Read More

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Survival rate in patients with ICU-acquired infections and its related factors in Iran's hospitals.

BMC Public Health 2021 04 24;21(1):787. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are a well-known cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. This study aimed at investigating the survival rate in patients with ICU-acquired infections (ICU-AIs) and its related factors in Iran's hospitals.

Methods: Data were obtained from the Iranian Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (INIS), which registers all necessary information on the main types of infection from different units of each included hospital. Read More

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Comparative phylogenetic analysis of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein-possibility effect on virus spillover.

Brief Bioinform 2021 09;22(5)

Queensland Biosciences Precinct, The University of Queensland, St Lucia 4072, Queensland, Australia.

Coronavirus disease 2019 has developed into a dramatic pandemic with tremendous global impact. The receptor-binding motif (RBM) region of the causative virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), binds to host angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptors for infection. As ACE2 receptors are highly conserved within vertebrate species, SARS-CoV-2 can infect significant animal species as well as human populations. Read More

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September 2021

Cognitive function in methadone maintenance patients compared with abstinent opioid users.

J Addict Dis 2021 Apr 8:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Taleghani Hospital, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Opioid is the second most prevalent illicit drug worldwide, whose consumption is very high in Iran, due to Iran's geographical proximity to producing countries. Methadone maintenance therapy is one of the most prevalent and accepted methods of substance abuse treatment. Nevertheless, cognitive disorders have been reported as one of its complications. Read More

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Coupling Microplate-Based Antibacterial Assay with Liquid Chromatography for High-Resolution Growth Inhibition Profiling of Crude Extracts: Validation and Proof-of-Concept Study with .

Molecules 2021 Mar 11;26(6). Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

With the identification of novel antibiotics from nature being pivotal in the fight against human pathogenic bacteria, there is an urgent need for effective methodologies for expedited screening of crude extracts. Here we report the development and validation of a simple and dye-free antimicrobial assay in 96-well microplate format, for both determination of IC values and high-resolution inhibition profiling to allow pin-pointing of bioactive constituents directly from crude extracts. While commonly used antimicrobial assays visualize cell viability using dyes, the developed and validated assay conveniently uses OD measurements directly on the fermentation broth. Read More

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Spatial and temporal analysis of urban heat island using Landsat satellite images.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Aug 30;28(30):41439-41450. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Geography, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, USA.

The average land surface temperature (LST) of Earth has increased since the late nineteenth century due to the warming of the Earth's atmosphere. Increased surface temperatures, especially in cities, are a significant environmental problem that intensifies urban heat islands (UHIs). In this study, land surface temperature, urban thermal field variance index (UTFVI), and UHI index were mapped using Landsat 4, 5, 7, and 8 satellite images to identify the distribution and determine the intensities of the UHI. Read More

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Socioeconomic benefits of conserving Iran's water resources through modifying agricultural practices and water management strategies.

Ambio 2021 Oct 23;50(10):1824-1840. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Water Engineering Department, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran.

Sustainable development requires modifying the current consumption pattern of natural resources. This study investigates efficient tactics for reducing the unsustainability and inefficiency of human's food-related blue water consumption alongside improving national environmental and socioeconomic status. As a case study for Iran, 15 alternative management scenarios (AMS) were defined compared to the current on-farm management, and their effects were assessed on a monthly scale. Read More

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October 2021

Iran hospital accreditation standards: challenges and solutions.

Int J Health Plann Manage 2021 May 13;36(3):958-975. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Rehabilitation Management Department, School of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the challenges of Iranian hospital accreditation standards and provide solutions.

Design: A qualitative research design was used in this study. Open and semi-structured interviews were conducted in 2018. Read More

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How the US Sanctions Are Affecting the Health Research System in Iran?

Arch Iran Med 2021 02 1;24(2):101-106. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Health Information Management, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: In November 2018, the United States withdrew from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), known commonly as the Iran nuclear deal, and imposed severe sanctions on Iran. This study explores the impact of US sanctions in Iran's health research system.

Methods: This phenomenological study interviewed 24 Iranian health science scholars through purposeful sampling to learn about their experiences and thoughts regarding the impact of US sanctions on Iran's health research system. Read More

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February 2021

Developing a Model for National Health Information Governance Program in Iran.

J Med Life 2020 Oct-Dec;13(4):510-516

Department of Health Information Technology and Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

With regard to the importance of health Information Governance (IG) programs in improving the quality and reducing the cost of healthcare services and the lack of a coherent health IG program in Iran's health system, this study aimed to develop a model for national health information governance program in Iran. The present research was an applied, cross-sectional descriptive study that was done in three steps, including literature review, development of a model for national health IG program in Iran, and model validation. In the third step, we used a questioner to validate the model through the Delphi method. Read More

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January 2021

Iranian centers of excellence in medical sciences: A qualitative study to analyze the current state and design of a future roadmap.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 26;34:143. Epub 2020 Oct 26.

Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.

Due to the law for the fifth development plan and Iran's 20- year economic perspective, Centers of Excellence (COEs) were expected to upgrade the level of research and education besides improving infrastructures in Iran. This study is aimed to analyze the current state of national centers of excellence and designing a future roadmap. In this qualitative study, data was gathered by reviewing relevant national & international literature and upstream documents, interview with experts, and focused group discussions with stakeholders. Read More

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October 2020

Iran's Coping Experiences with COVID-19: Strategies and Recommendations.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2020 Nov 18:1-2. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Research Center for Emergency and Disaster Resilience, Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

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November 2020

Developing a protocol for determining the competitive advantage of clinical specialty and sub-specialty mission differentiation in Iran.

J Adv Med Educ Prof 2020 Oct;8(4):178-188

Virtual School of Medical Education and Management, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: The differentiation as a process occurs when new functions emerge in a system, and for this reason the university system is bound to diversify. With the advancement of knowledge and increase in competition, it has become a challenging issue and an inevitable necessity. This study aimed at identifying the dimensions of the differentiation of Iran's medical sciences universities through determining a protocol of the competitive advantage and scientific strength of clinical specialty and sub-spatiality departments of research activities. Read More

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October 2020

How health transformation plan was designed and implemented in the Islamic Republic of Iran?

Int J Prev Med 2020 6;11:121. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

Knowledge Utilization Research Center, Community Based Participatory Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Following his inauguration in late 2013, President Rouhani aimed to boost quality and equity in the health care delivery system. To fulfill this aim, a set of interventions, called Health Transformation Plan (HTP), were implemented. So far, it has been a heated debate whether HTP breathes a spirit of a new reform. Read More

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Human Activities Impact Prediction in Vegetation Diversity of Lar National Park in Iran Using Artificial Neural Network Model.

Integr Environ Assess Manag 2021 Jan 2;17(1):42-52. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

College of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

The effects of livestock and tourism on vegetation include loss of biodiversity and in some cases species extinction. To evaluate these stressor-effect relationships and provide a tool for managing them in Iran's Lar National Park, we developed a multilayer perceptron (MLP) artificial neural network model to predict vegetation diversity related to human activities. Recreation and restricted zones were selected as sampling areas with maximum and minimum human impacts. Read More

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January 2021

Provision of Critical Maternity Care during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2020 08 1;23(8):557-560. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Maternal Health Department, Population, Family and School Health Office, Deputy of Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.

Reducing maternal mortality is one of the Sustainable Development Goals. Although there is no vigorous evidence that pregnant women are in the high-risk groups in response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is crucial to respond to the pandemic through providing required action plans for confirmed or suspected pregnant women cases while maintaining routine functions. Iran's response and preparedness measures to COVID-19 aimed to meet the essential needs required to protect pregnant women and their families. Read More

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Feasibility of implementing public-private partnership (PPP) in the development of hospital services and optimizing resource allocation in Iran.

Cost Eff Resour Alloc 2020 3;18:25. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Department of Urology, Hasheminejad Kidney Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: In recent decades, many countries have utilized public-private partnership (PPP) as a development initiative to reform their healthcare sectors. The present study examines the feasibility of implementing public-private partnerships for development of hospital services in Shiraz, Iran.

Methods: This was a descriptive study of questionnaires carried out on one of Iran's major southern cities (Shiraz) in 2016. Read More

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Future Development Through the Past: Pathology of the Financing Dimension of Iran's Health Transformation Plan.

Clinicoecon Outcomes Res 2020 7;12:345-354. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.

Background: In Iran, during the years, the budgeting model used for healthcare funding is affected by factors such as global oil prices and fluctuation in the exchange rates. So, developing or continuing to implement a plan in the health system depends on the current and future global and local economic trends.

Objective: To analyze the future of the recent significant reform called Health Transformation Plan (HTP), started on June 15, 2014, in the light of potential financial barriers and challenges. Read More

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