Front Immunol 2021 18;12:720746. Epub 2021 Aug 18.
Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, United States.
Allergic diseases (atopic dermatitis, food allergy, eosinophilic esophagitis, asthma and allergic rhinitis), perhaps more than many other traditionally grouped disorders, share several overlapping inflammatory pathways and risk factors, though we are still beginning to understand how the relevant patient and environmental factors uniquely shape each disease. Precision medicine is the concept of applying multiple levels of patient-specific data to tailor diagnoses and available treatments to the individual; ideally, a patient receives the right intervention at the right time, in order to maximize effectiveness but minimize morbidity, mortality and cost. While precision medicine in allergy is in its infancy, the recent success of biologics, development of tools focused on large data set integration and improved sampling methods are encouraging and demonstrates the utility of refining our understanding of allergic endotypes to improve therapies. Read More