3,465 results match your criteria develop speech

Moving towards accurate and early prediction of language delay with network science and machine learning approaches.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 14;11(1):8136. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47906, USA.

Due to wide variability of typical language development, it has been historically difficult to distinguish typical and delayed trajectories of early language growth. Improving our understanding of factors that signal language disorder and delay has the potential to improve the lives of the millions with developmental language disorder (DLD). We develop predictive models of low language (LL) outcomes by analyzing parental report measures of early language skill using machine learning and network science approaches. Read More

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Presymptomatic Detection and Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Pediatrics 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Treuman Katz Center for Pediatric Bioethics, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, Washington.

Universal screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is recommended during pediatric primary care visits in the first 2 years of life. However, many children are missed by initial screening and not diagnosed with ASD until years later. Research efforts are underway to develop and evaluate new objective measures of risk for ASD that can be used in infancy, before symptoms emerge. Read More

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Visual Analysis of Swallowing Efficiency and Safety (VASES): A Standardized Approach to Rating Pharyngeal Residue, Penetration, and Aspiration During FEES.

Dysphagia 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Laboratory for the Study of Upper Airway Dysfunction, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York City, NY, USA.

The primary aim of this study was to describe the development of the Visual Analysis of Swallowing Efficiency and Safety (VASES)-a standardized method to rate pharyngeal residue, penetration, and aspiration during FEES. As a secondary aim, we explored the feasibility of training novices to interpret FEES using VASES. Literature review and consensus panel discussions were used to develop standardized rules for VASES. Read More

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The Role of Instrumental Swallowing Assessment in Adults in Residential Aged Care Homes: A National Modified Delphi Survey Examining Beliefs and Practices.

Dysphagia 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Centre for Neurosciences of Speech, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Many adults in residential aged care homes (RACHs) live with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) and its physiological, psychosocial, and economic sequalae. Timely, evidence-based assessment of OD can help healthcare teams to create OD management plans that optimize consumer health and minimize healthcare costs. Instrumental swallowing assessment (ISA), specifically flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) and videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS), is generally accepted to be an important component of dysphagia assessment and management in older adults. Read More

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Patient and Public Involvement for Dementia Research in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Developing Capacity and Capability in South Asia.

Front Neurol 2021 23;12:637000. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

School of Medicine, Global Brain Health Institute, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.

Patient and public involvement (PPI) is an active partnership between the public and researchers in the research process. In dementia research, PPI ensures that the perspectives of the person with "lived experience" of dementia are considered. To date, in many lower- and middle-income countries (LMIC), where dementia research is still developing, PPI is not well-known nor regularly undertaken. Read More

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Naturalistic teaching approach to develop spontaneous vocalizations and augmented communication in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Augment Altern Commun 2021 Apr 7:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Special Education, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Naturalistic developmental behavioral interventions (NDBI) have been shown to facilitate the development of spontaneous language in individuals with speech and language impairment. Several meta-analyses have reported a small number of studies that utilized naturalistic teaching approaches combined with augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) interventions to develop requesting skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to determine whether a natural language paradigm (NLP) and time delay is effective in expanding vocal and augmented requesting skills in three children with ASD between the ages of 4 and 6 years. Read More

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Exploring attitudes about evidence-based practice among speech-language pathologists: A survey of Japan and Malaysia.

Int J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 Apr 6:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Speech Sciences Programme, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

To investigate speech-language pathologists' current perceptions, previous training experiences, resources, barriers, and training needs in terms of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in two Asian countries. Their knowledge and attitudes about EBP were explored using an online questionnaire. A descriptive analysis was conducted with consideration of the effect of demographic variables on knowledge and attitudes about EBP. Read More

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Design and health: An interdisciplinary baseline experience of product design for health needs of the Chilean elderly.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 02;71(2(A)):449-455

Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, University of Concepcion, Chacabuco corner Janequeo s n, Concepcion, Chile.

Objective: Describing the results of a User-Centered Design workshop using Challenge Based Learning or CBL, where students from Chilean industrial design and health degrees, developed solutions to resolve health problems among the elderly.

Methods: It was a pre-experimental study; 45 university students took part in a workshop: 39 from Industrial Design, 3 from Speech Therapy, 2 from Medical Technology and 1 from Medicine. In this workshop, the students, using CBL in disciplinary heterogeneous groups, faced a 3-week challenge to develop products to overcome a health problem for an elderly person. Read More

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February 2021

Delivering an iterative Communication Partner Training programme to multidisciplinary healthcare professionals: A pilot implementation study and process evaluation.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background: Despite evidence that Communication Partner Training (CPT) can enable health professionals to communicate more effectively with people with aphasia (PWA), an evidence-practice gap exists. To address this, a tailored implementation intervention was developed and trialled to improve health professionals' implementation of communication strategies in a subacute setting.

Aims: To explore the outcomes and perceived feasibility, acceptability and potential effectiveness of an iterative CPT implementation intervention on multidisciplinary healthcare professionals' communication with PWA. Read More

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Validation of an Intelligibility Assessment Tool in an Indian Language for Perceptual Speech Analysis in Oral Cancer Patients.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 19;12(1):100-107. Epub 2020 Sep 19.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery and Oncology, Amrita Institute of Medical SciencesAIMS, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Ponekkara PO, Kochi, Kerala India.

This study aimed to develop a speech intelligibility tool in Malayalam, an Indian language, based on the perceptual analysis. The tool had components of vowel, consonant, word, passage, and overall intelligibility. After face and content validation, a sample of 30 consecutive oral cancer patients underwent preliminary testing for internal consistency, inter- and intra-rater reliability, concurrent, and known-group validity. Read More

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Cognitive and Behavioral Manifestations in ALS: Beyond Motor System Involvement.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Mar 30;11(4). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Laboratory for Cognitive Neurology, Department of Neurosciences, Leuven Brain Institute (LBI), KU, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has long been considered to be a purely motor disorder. However, it has become apparent that many ALS patients develop cognitive and behavioral manifestations similar to frontotemporal dementia and the term amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-frontotemporal spectrum disorder (ALS-FTSD) is now used in these circumstances. This review is intended to be an overview of the cognitive and behavioral manifestations commonly encountered in ALS patients with the goal of improving case-oriented management in clinical practice. Read More

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Processing of Degraded Speech in Brain Disorders.

Brain Sci 2021 Mar 20;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Dementia Research Centre, Department of Neurodegenerative Disease, UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, London WC1N 3BG, UK.

The speech we hear every day is typically "degraded" by competing sounds and the idiosyncratic vocal characteristics of individual speakers. While the comprehension of "degraded" speech is normally automatic, it depends on dynamic and adaptive processing across distributed neural networks. This presents the brain with an immense computational challenge, making degraded speech processing vulnerable to a range of brain disorders. Read More

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A Brief Executive Language Screen for Frontal Aphasia.

Brain Sci 2021 Mar 10;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Neuropsychology Research Unit, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.

Aphasia assessment tools have primarily focused on classical aphasia type and severity, with minimal incorporation of recent findings that suggest a significant role of executive control operations in language generation. Assessment of the interface between language and executive functions is needed to improve detection of spontaneous speech difficulties. In this study we develop a new (BELS), a brief tool specifically designed to assess core language and executive functions shown to be involved in spontaneous generation of language. Read More

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COVID-19 and the teacher's voice: self-perception and contributions of speech therapy to voice and communication during the pandemic.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2021;76:e2641. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Departamento de Fisioterapia, Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: We aimed to analyze the vocal self-perception of Brazilian teachers and their communication needs, vocal signs and symptoms, and voice-related lifestyles during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and, based on this information, to develop guidance materials intended for dissemination to these teachers and the general community.

Methods: An online questionnaire designed for this survey was distributed via the researchers' networks and was available for completion by any teacher, except those who were not working at the time. There were 1,253 teachers from all over Brazil, of both sexes, covering a wide age range, working at different levels of education, and most with more than ten years of experience. Read More

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Responding to global challenges and change: Working with our community to connect, develop and lead.

Int J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 Feb;23(1):1-2

School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.

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February 2021

Proportionate Adaptive Filtering Algorithms Derived Using an Iterative Reweighting Framework.

IEEE/ACM Trans Audio Speech Lang Process 2021 17;29:171-186. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

The authors are with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 USA.

In this paper, based on sparsity-promoting regularization techniques from the sparse signal recovery (SSR) area, least mean square (LMS)-type sparse adaptive filtering algorithms are derived. The approach mimics the iterative reweighted and SSR methods that majorize the regularized objective function during the optimization process. We show that introducing the majorizers leads to the same algorithm as simply using the gradient update of the regularized objective function, as is done in existing approaches. Read More

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November 2020

Congenital hypothyroidism as a risk factor for hearing and parents' knowledge about its impact on hearing.

J Otol 2021 Apr 11;16(2):71-79. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

Postgraduate Program in Interactive Processes of Organs and Systems, Institute of Health Science - Federal University of Bahia, Avenue Rector Miguel Calmon, Valley of Canela, 40110100, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

Aim: To evaluate the hearing of children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and to analyze the knowledge that parents' have on the possible auditory impacts of the disease.

Methods: A total of 263 parents/guardians were interviewed about aspects of CH and hearing. Audiological evaluation was performed on 80 participants, divided into two groups: with CH (n= 50) and without CH (n=30). Read More

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Researcher practitioner engagement in health research: The development of a new concept.

Res Nurs Health 2021 Mar 28. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Institute of Nursing and Health Research, School of Nursing, Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, Ulster University, Newtownabbey, UK.

The engagement of frontline practitioners in the production of research-derived knowledge is often advocated. Doing so can address perceived gaps between what is known from research and what happens in clinical practice. Engagement practices span a continuum, from co-production approaches underpinned by principles of equality and power sharing to those which can minimalize practitioners' contributions to the knowledge production process. Read More

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Gender Differences in Factors Associated With Physical Activity in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease.

J Cardiovasc Nurs 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Wan-Ting Huang, PhD, RN PhD, School of Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, and Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Da-Yeh University, Changhua, Taiwan. Chieh-Yu Liu, PhD Professor, Department of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology, Biostatistical Consultant Lab, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan. Huei-Fong Hung, MD Director, Cardiology Department, Shin Kong Wu Ho Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Shu-Pen Hsu, MSN, RN Supervisor, Nursing Department, Shin Kong Wu Ho Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Ai-Fu Chiou, PhD, RN Professor, School of Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Although patients with coronary artery disease can benefit from adequate physical activity, low physical activity levels have been reported among these patients. Gender-based disparities might contribute to variations in physical activity. However, knowledge regarding gender differences in factors associated with physical activity among patients with coronary artery disease is limited. Read More

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Intraoral Digital Impression for Speech Aid/Obturator in Children: Report of 2 Cases.

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2021 Mar 25:10556656211002686. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Craniofacial Center, Children's Hospital of Georgia, Augusta, GA, USA.

Cleft patients may develop an abnormal opening (fistula) between the oral and the nasal cavities. Surgical repair minimizes the adverse effect on speech and feeding. However, an obturator prosthesis is a nonsurgical approach to help close the communication. Read More

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Neurobehavioral Characteristics of FDG-PET Defined Right-Dominant Semantic Dementia: A Longitudinal Study.

Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2021 Mar 23:1-12. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA,

Introduction: Semantic dementia (SD) is characterized by fluent speech, anomia, and loss of word and object knowledge with varying degrees of right and left anterior-medial temporal lobe hypometabolism on [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET. We assessed neurobehavioral features in SD patients across 3 FDG-PET-defined metabolic patterns and investigated progression over time.

Methods: Thirty-four patients with SD who completed FDG-PET were classified into a left- and right-dominant group based on the degree of hypometabolism in each temporal lobe. Read More

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Toddlers' Early Communicative Skills as Assessed by the Short Form Version of the Estonian MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory II.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 Apr 23;64(4):1303-1315. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Institute of Psychology, University of Tartu, Estonia.

Purpose The purpose of the current study is to develop a valid and reliable screening tool to identify children with risk of developing language difficulties for Estonian-speaking 2- to 3-year-old children. Method Nine hundred ninety parents of children ages 1;8-3;1 (years;months) filled in the Estonian MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory II (ECDI-II SF)-containing a 100-word vocabulary checklist, questions about decontextualized language use, and sentence production. A subset of parents filled in the long form of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory: Words and Sentences ( = 131). Read More

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The prehistory of speech and language is revealed in brain damage.

Chris Code

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2021 May 22;376(1824):20200191. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4GQ, UK.

The aim of this paper is to develop further the idea that symptoms that emerge in speech and language processing following brain damage can make a contribution to discussions of the early evolution of language. These diverse impairments are called aphasia, and this paper proposes that the recovery of a non-fluent aphasia syndrome following stroke could provide insights into the course of the pre-history of human language evolution. The observable symptoms emerge during recovery, crucially enabled by (dis)inhibition in parallel with a range of impairments in action processing (apraxias), including apraxia of speech. Read More

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Development of hearing impairment inventory for religious duties of Muslim adult.

Med J Malaysia 2021 03;76(2):205-211

International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.

Objective: This study is a preliminary work to develop a Malay version questionnaire named 'Inventori Persepsi bagi Muslim yang Memiliki Masalah Pendengaran (IPM3P)' to assess the perception on Islamic understanding and practice among Muslim adults with hearing impairment.

Methods: The scale development involved three phases: i) generation of domains based on the literature, ii) generation of sub-domains based on literature review and Islamic panel survey, and iii) generation of items.

Results: Preliminary version of IPM3P consists of 59 items was produced, representing three domains: Obligation (18 items), Practice (21 items), and Difficulty (20 items), and seven sub-domains ('Ibadah', 'Aqidah', 'Muamalat', 'Tasawwuf', 'Akhlak','Da'wah', and 'Sirah'). Read More

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Factors influencing US speech and language therapists' use of technology for clinical practice.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

School of Education, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA.

Background: There is an increasing number of technological resources available to speech and language therapists (SLTs) for use in clinical practice, but the factors that influence SLTs' selection and use of such resources are not well understood. In related fields, technology acceptance models have been employed to explain users' adoption of technology and to inform the advancement of empirically supported technological resources.

Aims: To determine the factors that influence SLTs' use of technology for clinical practice by testing a model of their technology acceptance and use. Read More

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Involuntary Emotional Expression Disorder in a Patient With Toluene Leukoencephalopathy.

Rev Colomb Psiquiatr 2020 Dec 12. Epub 2020 Dec 12.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Mexico.

Objective: Inhalant users may develop toluene leukoencephalopathy, a devastating neuropsychiatric disorder. We present a case of toluene-induced damage to the corticospinal and the corticonuclear tracts, which presented with involuntary emotional expression disorder.

Methods: Case study of a 20-year-old man with a 3-year history of frequent solvent abuse was admitted to the Neuropsychiatry Unit of the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery because "he could not speak or walk" but would keep "laughing and crying without reason". Read More

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December 2020

Are GRU Cells More Specific and LSTM Cells More Sensitive in Motive Classification of Text?

Front Artif Intell 2020 30;3:40. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Information Technology, UKR Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

In the Thematic Apperception Test, a picture story exercise (TAT/PSE; Heckhausen, 1963), it is assumed that unconscious motives can be detected in the text someone is telling about pictures shown in the test. Therefore, this text is classified by trained experts regarding evaluation rules. We tried to automate this coding and used a recurrent neuronal network (RNN) because of the sequential input data. Read More

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Creativity in public involvement: supporting authentic collaboration and inclusive research with seldom heard voices.

Res Involv Engagem 2021 Mar 17;7(1):17. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK.

Background: The role of public involvement (PI) in healthcare research is growing in importance and it is imperative that researchers continuously reflect on how to promote the inclusion of patients and service users in the design and delivery of research. PI offers a mechanism for end-users to be involved planning, executing, and reporting research. Some patient groups, including people who have communication difficulties, may struggle to engage in the methods traditionally employed to promote PI engagement such as questionnaires and focus groups. Read More

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Enhancing Culturally and Linguistically Responsive Features of Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) for Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs).

Semin Speech Lang 2021 Mar 16;42(2):147-161. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Special Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas.

Individual education programs (IEPs) are the foundation for guiding speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to develop appropriate interventions for culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students who qualify for speech-language services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. There is a growing number of CLD students with speech-language impairments who need special attention given to their culture and language. This article highlights key culturally and linguistically responsive features to aid SLPs in developing meaningful IEPs for this diverse group of students. Read More

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Optimising student-led interprofessional learning across eleven health disciplines.

BMC Med Educ 2021 Mar 15;21(1):157. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.

Background: Provision of effective Interprofessional learning (IPL) opportunities plays a vital role in preparing healthcare students for future collaborative practice. There is an identified need for universities to better prepare students for interprofessional teamwork, however, few large-scale IPL activities have been reported. Additionally, little has been reported on disciplinary differences in student learning experience. Read More

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