5,770 results match your criteria determinants self-reported

Experiencing Bullying Is Associated With Firearm Access, Weapon Carriage, Depression, Marijuana Use, and Justice Involvement in Adolescents.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Children's National Hospital, Washington, DC.

Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess whether bullying experience among youths is associated with firearm access and to evaluate assault perpetration risk factors between bullied and nonbullied adolescents.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey designed to measure self-reported social determinants of health and behavioral health risks among adolescents (13-21 years) in a pediatric emergency department between July 2017 and August 2019. Participants were included in this subanalysis if they responded to a survey item that assessed bullying. Read More

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Determinants of Social Distancing Among South Africans From 12 Days Into the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Cross Sectional Study.

Front Public Health 2021 24;9:632619. Epub 2021 May 24.

Human and Social Capabilities Division, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa.

Social or physical distancing has been an effective measure for reducing the spread of COVID-19 infections. Investigating the determinants of adherence to social distancing can inform public health strategies to improve the behaviour. However, there is a lack of data in various populations. Read More

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Exploring Health and Transition-Related Needs in Polish Transgender and Non-Binary Individuals.

J Sex Med 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Jagiellonian University Medical College, Department of Psychiatry, Sexology Lab, Krakow, Poland.

Background: Gender diverse individuals constitute a substantial yet still understudied population. Particularly little is known about gender non-binary people whose health needs have only recently gained attention from clinicians.

Aim: To investigate needs for gender-affirming interventions, selected health indicators and determinants in Polish gender non-binary individuals as compared to transgender men and transgender women. Read More

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Determinants of pain assessment documentation in intensive care units.

Can J Anaesth 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Ingram School of Nursing, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Purpose: The underassessment of pain is a major barrier to effective pain management, and the lack of pain assessment documentation has been associated with negative patient outcomes. This study aimed to 1) describe the contextual factors related to pain assessment and management in five Québec intensive care units (ICUs); 2) describe their pain assessment documentation practices; and 3) identify sociodemographic and clinical determinants related to pain assessment documentation.

Methods: A descriptive-correlational retrospective design was used. Read More

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Responsive Feeding Recommendations: Harmonizing Integration into Dietary Guidelines for Infants and Young Children.

Curr Dev Nutr 2021 Jun 30;5(6):nzab076. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Nutrition and Institute for Global Nutrition, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

Responsive feeding (RF) involves reciprocal nurturing feeding practices between the caregiver and the child that encourage the child to develop preferences for healthy foods and beverages and to eat autonomously. In this commentary, we summarize RF-related findings from a recent US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (National Academies) consensus study report examining consistency in infant and young child feeding (IYCF) recommendations in guidelines from high-income countries, and we discuss implications for future IYCF guidelines. Although existing guidelines included generally consistent messages about several RF behaviors, such as the importance of encouraging self-feeding and self-regulation in infants and toddlers, they generally did not present the recommendations as part of a cohesive RF interdisciplinary framework. Read More

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Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in food: which behaviour change strategies increase consumers' risk awareness and preventive food-handling behaviour?

Health Psychol Behav Med 2021 Apr 20;9(1):350-379. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

School of Applied Psychology, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, Olten, Switzerland.

Objectives: We aimed to identify the potential of behaviour change strategies to effectively increase consumers' risk awareness, behavioural intention, and preventive food-handling behaviour to reduce the transmission risk of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria through food. The applied strategies targeted knowledge and determinants of the health action process approach (HAPA). We tested techniques that are expected to increase knowledge, risk perception, and positive outcome expectancy (Study 1) as well as those that increase planning and coping self-efficacy (Study 2) in two randomised control trials. Read More

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Physical Activity and Female Sexual Dysfunction: A Lot Helps, But Not Too Much.

J Sex Med 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Experimental Clinical and Biomedical Sciences "Mario Serio", University of Florence, Florence, Italy; Andrology, Women's Endocrinology and Gender Incongruence Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy; I.N.B.B. (Istituto Nazionale Biostrutture e Biosistemi), Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Research on the relationship between physical activity (PA) and female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is lacking.

Aim: To investigate the clinical, psychological, and sexual correlates of PA in women with FSD.

Methods: A non-selected series of n = 322 pre- and post-menopausal patients consulting for FSD was retrospectively studied. Read More

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Traditional risk and cultural protection: Correlates of alcohol and cannabis co-use among African-American adolescents.

Psychol Addict Behav 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Office for Public Engagement and Scholarship, Michigan State University.

Objective: Previous work indicates that African-American adolescents are at high risk for concurrent alcohol and cannabis use. The present study examines the associations of traditional ecological predictors of substance use with concurrent alcohol and cannabis use among African-American adolescents. It also examines whether racial identity, a culturally relevant factor, is associated with concurrent use beyond the influence of traditional factors. Read More

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Self-assembled amphiphilic fluorescent probe: detecting pH-fluctuations within cancer cells and tumour tissues.

Chem Sci 2020 Aug 28;11(36):9875-9883. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Amrita Centre for Industrial Research & Innovation, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham Ettimadai Coimbatore 641-112 India

Abnormal anaerobic metabolism leads to a lowering of the pH of many tumours, both within specific intracellular organelles and in the surrounding extracellular regions. Information relating to pH-fluctuations in cells and tissues could aid in the identification of neoplastic lesions and in understanding the determinants of carcinogenesis. Here we report an amphiphilic fluorescent pH probe () that, as a result of its temporal motion, provides pH-related information in cancer cell membranes and selected intracellular organelles without the need for specific tumour targeting. Read More

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Gender and Entrepreneurship in Pandemic Time: What Demands and What Resources? An Exploratory Study.

Front Psychol 2021 19;12:668875. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Political and Social Sciences, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic, global economies have suffered an exogenous shock never seen before with a strong economic and psychosocial impact on organizations. Italy, in the context of the research, has been severely affected. The economic crisis has mainly affected women. Read More

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Does bouncy equal happy? Comparing user's interpretations of emotions conveyed by one designed moving object based on the soma-semiotic framework.

Appl Ergon 2021 Jun 3;96:103463. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Manchester School of Art, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK.

When designing objects, designers attempt to communicate the purpose and meaning of that object to users using various factors such as visual appearance (aesthetic), practical interaction elements (product semantics) and meanings beyond the practical product interaction (semiotics). This study sought to confirm the previous deductively-developed soma-semiotic framework, whose purpose was to understand and ultimately predict the emotional impact of different design elements on users, using one specifically designed object, Fruit Bowl (FB). The purpose of the study reported in this paper was to compare the theoretically derived emotional responses to FB from the soma-semiotic framework with empirically derived data from users in order to improve the framework. Read More

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Determinants of treatment-seeking behavior during self-reported febrile illness episodes using the socio-ecological model in Kilombero District, Tanzania.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 5;21(1):1075. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.

Background: Febrile diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa cause acute and chronic illness. Co-infections are common and these diseases have a complex etiology that includes zoonoses. For the implementation of appropriate treatment and control strategies, determinants of lay treatment-seeking behavior by the affected communities need to be understood. Read More

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Characteristics of flavored and non-flavored waterpipe tobacco users: a real-world setting study.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.

We aimed to compare sociodemographic characteristics, smoking patterns, beliefs and perceptions, nicotine dependence, and psychological indicators between flavored waterpipe (WP) tobacco (FWT) and non-flavored WP tobacco (non-FWT) smokers in Iran. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 94 WP-serving venues surrounding Tehran and Ardabil metropolitans in Iran. Convenience sampling was applied to select 900 current WP smokers [508 (56%) FWT-only and 392 (44%) non-FWT-only smokers] aged 18 years and older. Read More

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From "stuck" to satisfied: Aboriginal people's experience of culturally safe care with interpreters in a Northern Territory hospital.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jun 4;21(1):548. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, Northern Territory, 0811, Australia.

Background: Globally, interpreters are underused by health providers in hospitals, despite 40 years of evidence documenting benefits to both patients and providers. At Royal Darwin Hospital, in Australia's Northern Territory, 60-90% of patients are Aboriginal, and 60% speak an Aboriginal language, but only approximately 17% access an interpreter. Recognising this system failure, the NT Aboriginal Interpreter Service and Royal Darwin Hospital piloted a new model with interpreters embedded in a renal team during medical ward rounds for 4 weeks in 2019. Read More

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"Yes We Can!" The Mental Health Significance for U.S. Black Adults of Barack Obama's 2008 Presidential Election.

Sociol Race Ethn (Thousand Oaks) 2021 Jan 18;7(1):101-115. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Rice University.

This study examines the mental health significance of Barack Obama's 2008 presidential election for black adults. His election was a milestone moment. Hence, we expect black adults would experience improved mental health after the first self-identified black person wins election to the most powerful position in the United States. Read More

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January 2021

Caregivers of Patients with Heart Failure: Burden and the Determinants of Health-Related Quality of Life.

Patient Prefer Adherence 2021 26;15:1153-1164. Epub 2021 May 26.

Real World Evidence, Cardiovascular, Renal and Metabolism Franchise, Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland.

Purpose: To assess the burden among caregivers of patients with heart failure (HF) with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤60%. The burden by New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class was also characterized.

Patients And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and UK from June to November 2019. Read More

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Medication adherence and related determinants in older people with multimorbidity: A cross-sectional study.

Nurs Forum 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Nursing Research, Innovation and Development Center of Lisbon (CIDNUR), Nursing School of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

Aim: Identify the medication adherence determinants in older adults with multimorbidity and polypharmacy.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a non-probabilistic sample of 245 adults ≥65 years recruited in a general medical ward of one teaching hospital. Data were collected during hospital stay using a face-to-face interview based on a set of validated questionnaires, such as the measure treatment adherence, the beliefs about medicines questionnaire-specific and the geriatric depression scale. Read More

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Determinants of physical activity in older adults: an umbrella review protocol.

JBI Evid Synth 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada Research Institute at St Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Canada; Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Objective: The aim of this review is to summarize the evidence for determinants of physical activity in older adults.

Introduction: Physical activity is an important predictor of multi-morbidity, falls, and cognitive decline in older adulthood. Understanding what influences older adults' physical activity behavior is an important first step for guiding effective interventions for promoting physical activity in this population. Read More

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Factors Associated With Initiation of Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in the Pediatric Population: An International Survey.

ASAIO J 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

From the Pediatric Cardiology Unit, Department of Women-Children-Teenagers, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Department of Women-Children-Teenagers, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Department of Women-Children-Teenagers, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Heart and Lung Directorate, Great Ormond Street Hospital National Health Service Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom Department of Medicine, University Hospital of S Maria della Misericordia, University of Udine, Udine, Italy Department of Pediatrics, Heart Institute, Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Section, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado Department of Paediatric Critical Care, Perth Children's Hospital, Perth, Western Australia Sections of Critical Care Medicine and Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas Division of Cardiac Critical Care, Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Richmond at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

Although extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is increasingly utilized in the pediatric critical care environment, our understanding regarding pediatric candidacy for ECPR remains unknown. Our objective is to explore current practice and indications for pediatric ECPR. Scenario-based, self-administered, online survey, evaluating clinical determinants that may impact pediatric ECPR initiation with respect to four scenarios: postoperative cardiac surgery, cardiac failure secondary to myocarditis, septic shock, and chronic respiratory failure in a former preterm child. Read More

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Midwives' insights in relation to the common barriers in providing effective perinatal care to women from ethnic minority groups with 'high risk' pregnancies: A qualitative study.

Women Birth 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Middlesex University, The Burroughs, Hendon, London, NW4 4BT, United Kingdom.

Problem: Childbearing women from ethnic minority groups in the United Kingdom (UK) have significantly poorer perinatal outcomes overall.

Background: Childbearing women from ethnic minority groups report having poorer experiences and outcomes in perinatal care, and health professionals report having difficulty in providing effective care to them. Yet barriers in relation to providing such care remain underreported. Read More

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Determining the impact of an interprofessional simulation focused on social determinants of health among pharmacy students.

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2021 Jul 2;13(7):779-783. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

University of Kansas, School of Pharmacy, 2010 Becker Dr., Lawrence, KS 66047, United States.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact on pharmacy students' self-perception of knowledge, skills, collaborative behavior, and satisfaction after participating in an interprofessional (IP) simulation focused on social determinants of health (SDOH) and substance use.

Methods: Pharmacy students completed a voluntary questionnaire after participating in an IP simulation focused on SDOH and substance use where they collaborated with social work (SW) students. Questions assessed the students' understanding and knowledge of SDOH and students' confidence in asking patients about their substance use, willingness to refer patients to SW, and satisfaction with the simulation. Read More

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CCOUC Ethnic Minority Health Project: A Case Study for Health EDRM Initiatives to Improve Disaster Preparedness in a Rural Chinese Population.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 17;18(10). Epub 2021 May 17.

Collaborating Centre for Oxford University and CUHK for Disaster and Medical Humanitarian Response (CCOUC), The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Disasters disproportionately impact poor and marginalised populations due to greater vulnerability induced by various risk determinants, such as compromised living conditions, language barriers, and limited resources for disaster risk management. Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management (Health EDRM) emphasises a people- and community-centred approach for building stronger capacities in communities and countries since community members are often the first responders to health emergencies and should be central to effective risk management. A key action for promoting community disaster preparedness is the provision of Health EDRM education interventions. Read More

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Does Parenting Style Affect Adolescent IBD Transition Readiness and Self-Efficacy Scores?

Children (Basel) 2021 May 4;8(5). Epub 2021 May 4.

Susan and Leonard Feinstein IBD Clinical Center, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029, USA.

Background: Transition to adult-centered care requires adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to acquire a set of independent self-management skills. Transition success can be affected by maturity, cognitive development, and many other factors. Our hypothesis was that parenting style would be associated with increased self-efficacy and therefore transitions readiness. Read More

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[Determinants of body satisfaction in adolescents.]

Rev Esp Salud Publica 2021 Jun 1;95. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Departamento de Ciencias de la Educación. Universidad de La Rioja. Logroño. España.

Objective: The prevalence of disorders associated with body image has increased considerably. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of body satisfaction in adolescents from La Rioja, as well as the determinants of physical and psychosocial health, lifestyle habits and sociodemographic factors associated with it.

Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of 761 students (14. Read More

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Housing instability is associated with failure to achieve virologic control among pregnant individuals with HIV.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 May 28:100406. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL.

Background: Homelessness and housing instability, which are on the rise nationally, are considered important social determinants of health. Among non-pregnant adults living with HIV, both have been associated with decreased linkage to medical care and virologic non-suppression. This association may be particularly concerning in pregnancy, as virologic control is the primary determinant of HIV perinatal transmission. Read More

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Behavioural interventions delivered through interactive social media for health behaviour change, health outcomes, and health equity in the adult population.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 05 31;5:CD012932. Epub 2021 May 31.

Methods Centre, Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada.

Background: Social networking platforms offer a wide reach for public health interventions allowing communication with broad audiences using tools that are generally free and straightforward to use and may be combined with other components, such as public health policies. We define interactive social media as activities, practices, or behaviours among communities of people who have gathered online to interactively share information, knowledge, and opinions.

Objectives: We aimed to assess the effectiveness of interactive social media interventions, in which adults are able to communicate directly with each other, on changing health behaviours, body functions, psychological health, well-being, and adverse effects. Read More

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Adverse Childhood Experiences Predict Early Initiation of Opioid Use Behaviors.

Front Sociol 2021 13;6:620395. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Population Health, New York University (NYU) Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY, United States.

Although a substantial body of research documents a relationship between traumatic stress in childhood and the initiation of substance use later in the life course, only limited research has examined potential linkages between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and the initiation of non-medical prescription opioid use and other opioid use behaviors. The present study contributes to this growing body of work by investigating the association of childhood trauma with early initiation of a series of opioid use behaviors. New York City young adults ( = 539) ages 18-29 who reported non-medical use of prescription opioids or heroin use in the past 30 days were recruited using Respondent-Driven Sampling in 2014-16. Read More

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International Interprofessional Collaborative Office Rounds (iiCOR): Addressing Children's Developmental, Behavioral, and Emotional Health Using Distance Technology.

Front Public Health 2021 12;9:657780. Epub 2021 May 12.

Division of Developmental Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.

Developmental, behavioral, and emotional issues are highly prevalent among children across the globe. Among children living in low- and middle-income countries, these conditions are leading contributors to the global burden of disease. A lack of skilled professionals limits developmental and mental health care services to affected children globally. Read More

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Childhood adversities are associated with shorter leukocyte telomere length at adult age in a population-based study.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2021 May 21;130:105276. Epub 2021 May 21.

Research Programs Unit, Molecular Neurology, Biomedicum-Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Finland; SleepWell Research Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 21, 00014, Finland; Department of Psychology and Logopedics, University of Helsinki, Finland; Neuroscience Center, Helsinki Institute of Life Science HiLIFE, University of Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Telomeres are repeat sequences and an associated protein complex located at the end of the chromosomes. They shorten with every cell division and are regarded markers for cellular aging. Shorter leukocyte telomere length (LTL) has been observed in many complex diseases, including psychiatric disorders. Read More

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Association between social determinants of health and olfactory function: a scoping review.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Social determinants of health (SDoH) include the socioeconomic, demographic, and social conditions that influence differences in health status among individuals and groups. The impact of these conditions on olfactory function remains poorly understood. In this scoping review, we systematically review the available literature to synthesize the association between SDoH and olfactory function. Read More

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