76,050 results match your criteria determinants health

Identifying molecular insight of synergistic complexities for SARS-CoV-2 infection with pre-existing type 2 diabetes.

Comput Biol Med 2021 Jul 23;136:104668. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Healthy Ageing Theme, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, 2010, Australia; WHO Collaborating Centre on eHealth, UNSW Digital Health, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia. Electronic address:

The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak, caused by SARS-CoV-2, has posed a massive threat to global public health, especially to people with underlying health conditions. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is lethal comorbidity of COVID-19. However, its pathogenetic link remains unclear. Read More

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Barriers and facilitators to patient engagement in patient safety from patients and healthcare professionals' perspectives: A systematic review and meta-synthesis.

Nurs Forum 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Aims: To explore patients' and healthcare professionals' (HCPs) perceived barriers and facilitators to patient engagement in patient safety.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-synthesis from five computerized databases, including PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus and PsycINFO, as well as grey literature and reference lists of included studies. Data were last searched in December 2019 with no limitation on the year of publication. Read More

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Knowledge of obstetric danger signs among antenatal clinic attendees in South-South Nigeria.

Health Care Women Int 2021 Aug 2:1-16. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Community Health, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

The authors assessed the knowledge of obstetric danger signs and its determinants among 405 pregnant women in their 3 trimester receiving antenatal care. The study was cross-sectional. Those knowledgeable of danger signs during pregnancy were 24. Read More

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Social Determinants of Comfort: A New Term for End-of-Life Care.

J Palliat Med 2021 Aug;24(8):1130-1131

College of Nursing, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

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Democracies Linked To Greater Universal Health Coverage Compared With Autocracies, Even In An Economic Recession.

Health Aff (Millwood) 2021 Aug;40(8):1234-1242

Thomas J. Bollyky is the director of the Global Health Program, Council on Foreign Relations.

Despite widespread recognition that universal health coverage is a political choice, the roles that a country's political system plays in ensuring essential health services and minimizing financial risk remain poorly understood. Identifying the political determinants of universal health coverage is important for continued progress, and understanding the roles of political systems is particularly valuable in a global economic recession, which tests the continued commitment of nations to protecting their health of its citizens and to shielding them from financial risk. We measured the associations that democracy has with universal health coverage and government health spending in 170 countries during the period 1990-2019. Read More

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Estimating the Size of Hidden Groups.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1333:39-59

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute for Global Health Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, USA.

NSU studies have been applied in different countries. For example, this technique has been used in the United States to estimate the number of women who had been raped in the last year. Read More

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January 2021

Simplifying prediction of disease progression in pre-symptomatic type 1 diabetes using a single blood sample.

Diabetologia 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Population Health and Immunity, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

Aims/hypothesis: Accurate prediction of disease progression in individuals with pre-symptomatic type 1 diabetes has potential to prevent ketoacidosis and accelerate development of disease-modifying therapies. Current tools for predicting risk require multiple blood samples taken during an OGTT. Our aim was to develop and validate a simpler tool based on a single blood draw. Read More

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Investigating the effect of quarantine caused by COVID-19 on mental health and social trust.

Przegl Epidemiol 2021 ;75(1):51-57

Department of Psychiatry, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effect of quarantine caused by COVID-19 on people's mental health and social trust.

Method: In this study, the sample size covers 2919 people in the southwest of Iran that was selected cluster sample method and was evaluated online using tools of social trust and a checklist of mental disorder syndrome.

Results: Due to the results, COVID-19 affected all people's mental health negatively, but there was a significant difference between the rates of COVID-19 caused anxiety and the dimensions of the psychological problems and social trust different between men and women and married and single people, and also the education level. Read More

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January 2021

Care and prevention during the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine: sedentary lifestyle and increased risk of kidney stones.

Przegl Epidemiol 2021 ;75(1):45-50

Nickan Research Institute, Isfahan, Iran.

Currently, the issue of lifestyle combined with lack of physical activity in quarantine conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic has become a major health problem in many countries around the world. Increased inactivity is associated with increased obesity as well as decreased physical activity and general health. Kidney stones are the third most common urinary tract disease. Read More

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January 2021

Spatial analysis of the incidence of dengue, Zika, and chikungunya and socioeconomic determinants in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Epidemiol Infect 2021 Aug 2:1-24. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

 - Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Studies in Collective Health, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil.

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Compensating for missing data in the OHRKAN cohort study examining total leisure noise exposure among adolescents.

Int J Audiol 2021 Aug 1:1-9. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Epidemiology, Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Munich, Germany.

Objective: Investigating determinants of total leisure noise (TLN) exposure among adolescents over 7.5 years and compensating for missing data due to loss to follow-up.

Design: In the OHRKAN cohort study, data were collected by questionnaires at four waves. Read More

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Well-being: Diversified perspectives in search of operational definitions.

Uriel Halbreich

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2021 Aug 2:207640211036176. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo - The State University of New York at Buffalo (SUNY-AB), USA.

well-being is a multi-faceted concept that should be an operational domain. The territory is claimed by many disciplines and professionals who usually emphasize their own unique perspective. Economists and politicians focus on finance, prosperity, per-capita product and jobs. Read More

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Debate: Is there a true global children and young people mental health crisis? Fact or Fiction: A South African Perspective.

Ingrid Daniels

Child Adolesc Ment Health 2021 Aug 1. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

World Federation for Mental Health, San Antonio, Texas, USA.

The article seeks to discuss the complexities that prevail in South Africa in attempting to understand the debate about whether there is a true global children and young people mental health crisis in the country. In the absence of reliable and current epidemiological data and prevalence studies, assumptions can only be made about the extent of the crisis when considering the prevailing social determinants of mental disorders. The lack of investment, limited child and adolescent mental health resources, and inadequate access to treatment complicate this crisis as many children and young people go untreated. Read More

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Motivation System of Healthy and Safe Nutrition in Iranian Adolescent Girls: A Qualitative Study.

Biomed Res Int 2021 12;2021:5556759. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Research Center of Prevention and Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Disease, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd 89151, Iran.

Objective: Motivation determines the possibility of an individual's intention to accept health-related behaviors. Despite the important role of the motivational system in conducting healthy and safe nutrition behavior, this issue has not been adequately addressed. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explain the healthy and safe nutrition motivation system among Iranian adolescent girls. Read More

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Prevalence, Patterns, and Determinants of Malaria and Malnutrition in Douala, Cameroon: A Cross-Sectional Community-Based Study.

Biomed Res Int 2021 12;2021:5553344. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Science, The University of Douala, P.O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon.

Background: Malaria and malnutrition are major public health problems in developing countries. This studywas mainly focused on the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of these conditions and their associations.

Methods: A cross-sectional community study was conducted from February to March 2018 among 281 participants living in two districts in Douala. Read More

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Moving Beyond Simple Risk Prediction: Segmenting Patient Populations Using Consumer Data.

Front Public Health 2021 15;9:716754. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, United States.

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The Missing Professional Perspective: Medical, Veterinary, and Dual Degree Public Health Student Perceptions of One Health.

Front Public Health 2021 15;9:704791. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

The Centre for Higher Education Studies, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

One Health (OH) is an important concept to design appropriate public health responses to emerging diseases such as COVID-19. How trainee health professionals understand this concept is important to its implementation. In this study, we explored how medical (MD), veterinary (DVM), and dual degree MD and DVM Master of Public Health (MPH) students define OH and its relevance to practice. Read More

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Assessing the effects of disasters and their aftermath on pregnancy and infant outcomes: A conceptual model.

Int J Disaster Risk Reduct 2021 Aug 24;62. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Professor and Chair, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA; Currently Dean and professor, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Although many studies have examined broad patterns of effects on pregnancy and infant outcomes after disasters, the causes of adverse outcomes are not always clear. Disasters cause interrelated exposure to environmental pollutants, psychological stressors, and lack of health care, and interacts with other social determinants of health. This topical review examines the short- and long-term effects of disasters on pregnancy and how they are mediated by social, behavioral, and environmental effects. Read More

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Determinants of Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices Among Mothers of Infants Less Than Six Months Attending an Immunization Clinic in Southwestern Nigeria.

Cureus 2021 Jun 27;13(6):e15975. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Paediatrics and Child Health, Bowen University, Iwo, NGA.

Background Despite being a cost-effective means of improving the childhood health indices, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) remains low in the low middle-income countries. Hence, we evaluated the determinants of EBF among mothers of infants less than six months in Southwestern Nigeria. Methods This was a cross-sectional descriptive study that involved 271 mothers of infants aged less than six months attending the immunization clinic of the Bowen University Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Read More

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Income Level but Not Nutrition Knowledge Is Associated with Dietary Diversity of Rural Pregnant Women from Northern Ghana.

J Nutr Metab 2021 12;2021:5581445. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Health Professions Education and Innovative Learning, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

Essential nutrients are necessary for reducing the risk of maternal mortality, prenatal mortality, and low-birthweight infants. Dietary diversity can play an important role in supplying essential nutrients to both the mother and the foetus. We evaluated nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and dietary diversity of pregnant women. Read More

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Global burden of acute myocardial injury associated with COVID-19: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Aug 28;68:102594. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Public Health, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Dilla University, Ethiopia.

Background: The body of evidence showed that there is a strong correlation between acute myocardial Injury and COVID-19 infection. However, the link between acute myocardial infection and COVID-19, the prevalence, reliability of diagnostic modalities, independent predictors, and clinical outcomes are still uncertain and a topic of debate. The current study was designed to determine the prevalence, determinants, and outcomes of acute myocardial injury based on a systematic review and meta-analysis the global published peer-reviewed works of literature. Read More

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The Effectiveness of Interventions in Improving Hand Hygiene Compliance: A Meta-Analysis and Logic Model.

Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol 2021 17;2021:8860705. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, Department of Cardiology, Heshmat Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Background: Despite the availability of various guidelines, rules, and strategies, hand hygiene adherence rates among healthcare workers are reported significantly lower than expected. The aim of this meta-analysis is to determine the most effective interventions to improve hand hygiene and to develop a logic model based on the characteristics of the most effective interventions.

Methods: A literature search was conducted on PubMed, ProQuest, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and ScienceDirect databases up to December 21, 2019, with no time limit. Read More

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Effects of air pollution and climatology on COVID-19 mortality in Spain.

Air Qual Atmos Health 2021 Jul 26:1-7. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Orphan Drug Laboratory, Biologic System Department, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Calzada del Hueso 1100, Coapa, Villaquietud, Coyoacán, 04960 Mexico City, Mexico.

The health, economic, and social impact of COVID-19 has been significant across the world. Our objective was to evaluate the association between air pollution (through NO and PM levels) and COVID-19 mortality in Spanish provinces from February 3, 2020, to July 14, 2020, adjusting for climatic parameters. An observational and ecological study was conducted with information extracted from Datadista repository (Datadista, 2020). Read More

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Environmentally-induced contributes to the severity of COVID-19 through fostering expression of SARS-CoV-2 receptor NRPs and glycan metabolism.

Theranostics 2021 6;11(16):7970-7983. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Wayne State University, 259 Mack Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.

The novel β-coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has infected more than 177 million people and resulted in 3.84 million death worldwide. Recent epidemiological studies suggested that some environmental factors, such as air pollution, might be the important contributors to the mortality of COVID-19. Read More

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National and Subnational Cancer Incidence for 22 Cancer Groups, 2000 to 2016: A Study Based on Cancer Registration Data of Iran.

J Cancer Epidemiol 2021 12;2021:6676666. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Cancer is an increasing public health concern, and detailed knowledge of the cancer incidence is required for developing effective cancer control plans. The objective of this study is to present the cancer incidence of 22 cancer groups in Iran and all 31 provinces of the country from 2000 to 2016, for both sexes across different age groups.

Method: To study the national and provincial cancer incidence in Iran, we extracted data from the Cancer Project, which collects the Iranian cancer registry data and visualizes it in the VIZIT data visualization system. Read More

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Spatial and Ecological Drivers of Genetic Structure in Greek Populations of (Boraginaceae), a Polyploid Medicinal Herb.

Front Plant Sci 2021 14;12:706574. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Quantifying genetic variation is fundamental to understand a species' demographic trajectory and its ability to adapt to future changes. In comparison with diploids, however, genetic variation and factors fostering genetic divergence remain poorly studied in polyploids due to analytical challenges. Here, by employing a ploidy-aware framework, we investigated the genetic structure and its determinants in polyploid (Boraginaceae), an ancient medicinal herb that is the source of bioactive compounds known as alkannin and shikonin (A/S). Read More

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Demographic Characteristics, Motivation and Perception of Change as Determinants of Memory Compensation Self-Reports After Acquired Brain Injury.

Front Psychol 2021 14;12:607035. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Laboratoire EPSYLON EA 4556, Paul Valéry University Montpellier 3, Montpellier, France.

Introduction: Individuals with brain injuries experience cognitive and emotional changes that have long-lasting impacts on everyday life. In the context of rehabilitation, surveys have stressed the importance of compensating for memory disturbances to ease the impact of disorders on day-to-day autonomy. Despite extensive research on the nature of neurocognitive impairments following brain injury, few studies have looked at patients' perceptions of these day-to-day compensations. Read More

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Importance of Nutrient Availability and Metabolism for Skeletal Muscle Regeneration.

Front Physiol 2021 16;12:696018. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States.

Skeletal muscle is fundamentally important for quality of life. Deterioration of skeletal muscle, such as that observed with advancing age, chronic disease, and dystrophies, is associated with metabolic and functional decline. Muscle stem/progenitor cells promote the maintenance of skeletal muscle composition (balance of muscle mass, fat, and fibrotic tissues) and are essential for the regenerative response to skeletal muscle damage. Read More

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Does Loneliness Have a Cost? A Population-Wide Study of the Association Between Loneliness and Healthcare Expenditure.

Int J Public Health 2021 2;66:581286. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Health Services Research, Care and Public Health Research Institute (CAPHRI), Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences (FHML), Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Loneliness has been associated with unhealthy behavior, poorer health, and increased morbidity. However, the costs of loneliness are poorly understood. Multiple sources were combined into a dataset containing a nationally representative sample ( = 341,376) of Dutch adults (18+). Read More

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February 2021