9,004 results match your criteria detection auditory

Cortical Responses to Vowel Sequences in Awake and Anesthetized States: A Human Intracranial Electrophysiology Study.

Cereb Cortex 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53705, USA.

Elucidating neural signatures of sensory processing across consciousness states is a major focus in neuroscience. Noninvasive human studies using the general anesthetic propofol reveal differential effects on auditory cortical activity, with a greater impact on nonprimary and auditory-related areas than primary auditory cortex. This study used intracranial electroencephalography to examine cortical responses to vowel sequences during induction of general anesthesia with propofol. Read More

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DeepFoG: An IMU-Based Detection of Freezing of Gait Episodes in Parkinson's Disease Patients via Deep Learning.

Front Robot AI 2021 7;8:537384. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Freezing of Gait (FoG) is a movement disorder that mostly appears in the late stages of Parkinson's Disease (PD). It causes incapability of walking, despite the PD patient's intention, resulting in loss of coordination that increases the risk of falls and injuries and severely affects the PD patient's quality of life. Stress, emotional stimulus, and multitasking have been encountered to be associated with the appearance of FoG episodes, while the patient's functionality and self-confidence are constantly deteriorating. Read More

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Progress Toward Rubella Elimination - World Health Organization European Region, 2005-2019.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 06 11;70(23):833-839. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

In 2005, the Regional Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region (EUR) passed a resolution calling for the regional elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) (1). In 2010, all 53 countries in EUR* reaffirmed their commitment to eliminating measles, rubella, and CRS (2); this goal was included in the European Vaccine Action Plan 2015-2020 (3,4). Rubella, which typically manifests as a mild febrile rash illness, is the leading vaccine-preventable cause of birth defects. Read More

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Estimated Prevalence of Functional Hearing Difficulties in Blast-Exposed Service Members With Normal to Near-Normal-Hearing Thresholds.

Ear Hear 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Audiology and Speech Pathology Center, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA Rehabilitation Research & Development Services, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington DC, USA 2GaRi Solutions INC, Aguada, Puerto Rico.

Objectives: Over the past decade, U.S. Department of Defense and Veterans Affairs audiologists have reported large numbers of relatively young adult patients who have normal to near-normal audiometric thresholds but who report difficulty understanding speech in noisy environments. Read More

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Listeners with congenital amusia are sensitive to context uncertainty in melodic sequences.

Neuropsychologia 2021 Jun 6;158:107911. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Lyon Neuroscience Research Center, CNRS, UMR5292; INSERM, U1028, Lyon, F-69000, France; University Lyon 1, Lyon, F-69000, France.

In typical listeners, the perceptual salience of a surprising auditory event depends on the uncertainty of its context. For example, in melodies, pitch deviants are more easily detected and generate larger neural responses when the context is highly predictable than when it is less so. However, it is not known whether amusic listeners with abnormal pitch processing are sensitive to the degree of uncertainty of pitch sequences and, if so, whether they are to a different extent than typical non-musician listeners. Read More

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Defective involuntary attention to novelty in type 1 diabetes and impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2021 Jun 4;177:108898. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital de Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; CIBER-Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanotechnology (CIBER-BBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Aim: To determine if there are differences in terms of neurophysiology and neurocognitive functioning in a group of type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients regarding hypoglycaemia awareness.

Methods: 27 patients with T1D were classified according to Clarke score as having impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia (IAH; n = 11) or normal awareness to hypoglycaemia (NAH; n = 16). We measured several clinical and sociodemographic variables and cognitive performance using neuropsychological tests. Read More

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Navigating Hereditary Hearing Loss: Pathology of the Inner Ear.

Teresa Nicolson

Front Cell Neurosci 2021 20;15:660812. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Otolaryngology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States.

Inherited forms of deafness account for a sizable portion of hearing loss among children and adult populations. Many patients with sensorineural deficits have pathological manifestations in the peripheral auditory system, the inner ear. Within the hearing organ, the cochlea, most of the genetic forms of hearing loss involve defects in sensory detection and to some extent, signaling to the brain the auditory cranial nerve. Read More

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Reliability of parental assessment of auditory skills in young children: a cross-sectional study in Italian language.

BMJ Open 2021 06 4;11(6):e042297. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo" - Trieste, Trieste, Italy

Objective: Hearing impairments (HIs) that progress or have later onset may have specific effects on language and cognitive development, but are difficult to suspect during routine primary care visits. Family concern regarding hearing is thought to represent an important risk factor requiring audiological examination. Yet it is not clear how successful parents are in recognising the consequences or specific suspect elements of HI in young children. Read More

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Vestibular Precision at the Level of Perception, Eye Movements, Posture, and Neurons.

Neuroscience 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Jenks Vestibular Physiology Lab, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston MA, USA. Electronic address:

Precision and accuracy are two fundamental properties of any system, including the nervous system. Reduced precision (i.e. Read More

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Correlates of Hallucinatory Experiences in the General Population: An International Multisite Replication Study.

Psychol Sci 2021 Jun 4:956797620985832. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Psychology, Durham University.

Hallucinatory experiences can occur in both clinical and nonclinical groups. However, in previous studies of the general population, investigations of the cognitive mechanisms underlying hallucinatory experiences have yielded inconsistent results. We ran a large-scale preregistered multisite study, in which general-population participants ( = 1,394 across 11 data-collection sites and online) completed assessments of hallucinatory experiences, a measure of adverse childhood experiences, and four tasks: source memory, dichotic listening, backward digit span, and auditory signal detection. Read More

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Naming in Older Adults: Complementary Auditory and Visual Assessment.

J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2021 Jun 4:1-14. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Consultation Services, Hastings on Hudson, NY, USA.

Objectives: Naming difficulty is a common symptom of multiple age-related neurodegenerative disorders. As naming difficulty increases with age, valid, up-to-date naming assessment tools are crucial for differentiating between neurotypical changes in healthy aging and pathological naming difficulty. We aimed to develop and provide normative data for complementary auditory description naming and visual naming tests for older adults. Read More

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Sustained pupil responses are modulated by predictability of auditory sequences.

J Neurosci 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Ear Institute, University College London, London WC1X 8EE, UK.

The brain is highly sensitive to auditory regularities and exploits the predictable order of sounds in many situations, from parsing complex auditory scenes, to the acquisition of language. To understand the impact of stimulus predictability on perception, it is important to determine how the detection of predictable structure influences processing and attention. Here we use pupillometry to gain insight into the effect of sensory regularity on arousal. Read More

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Auditory Temporal Processing in Dancers.

Percept Mot Skills 2021 Jun 2:315125211021210. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

The New York Otolaryngology Group, New York, United States.

While many studies have examined the auditory abilities of musicians, this study uniquely asks whether dance training, a similar yet understudied type of early-life training, also benefits auditory abilities. We focused this investigation on temporal resolution, given the importance of subtle temporal cues in synchronizing movement. We found that, compared to untrained controls, novice adult dancers who have trained continuously since childhood had enhanced temporal resolution, measured with a gap detection task. Read More

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[Relationship between binaural high-frequency mean hearing threshold and hypertension in female worker exposed to noise].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2021 May;39(5):354-358

Guangzhou Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment Hospital, Guangzhou 510620, China.

To explore the relationship between the binaural high-frequency mean hearing threshold and the hypertension of female workers exposed to noise, and to understand the application significance of the binaural high-frequency mean hearing threshold as an internal effect indicator of the risk of hypertension in female workers exposed to noise. From January to December 2018, a total of 20882 female workers exposed to noise in Guangzhou were selected by cluster sampling. Pure tone audiometry, blood pressure, age and length of service were collected. Read More

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[Cognitive function analysis of chronic lead poisoning in adults].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2021 May;39(5):343-345

Hubei General Hospital, Wuhan 430060, China.

To explore the changes of the auditory event-related potentials P300 and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in the chronic mild lead poisoning in order to find out the impairment of cognitive function and intervene early. In February 2020, 50 patients with chronic mild lead poisoning in Wuhan Center for Prevention and Treatment of Occupational Diseases from June 2011 to June 2015 were selected as the case group, and 50 healthy people were selected as the control group. The changes of auditory event-related potential P300 and MOCA of the two groups were analyzed. Read More

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Decoding Brain Responses to Names and Voices across Different Vigilance States.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 May 13;21(10). Epub 2021 May 13.

Cognition and Consciousness Research, Laboratory for Sleep, Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunner Strasse 34, 5020 Salzburg, Austria.

Past research has demonstrated differential responses of the brain during sleep in response especially to variations in paralinguistic properties of auditory stimuli, suggesting they can still be processed "offline". However, the nature of the underlying mechanisms remains unclear. Here, we therefore used multivariate pattern analyses to directly test the similarities in brain activity among different sleep stages (non-rapid eye movement stages N1-N3, as well as rapid-eye movement sleep REM, and wake). Read More

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Rapid Assessment of Non-Verbal Auditory Perception in Normal-Hearing Participants and Cochlear Implant Users.

J Clin Med 2021 May 13;10(10). Epub 2021 May 13.

Lyon Neuroscience Research Center, CNRS, UMR5292, INSERM, U1028, F-69000 Lyon, France.

In the case of hearing loss, cochlear implants (CI) allow for the restoration of hearing. Despite the advantages of CIs for speech perception, CI users still complain about their poor perception of their auditory environment. Aiming to assess non-verbal auditory perception in CI users, we developed five listening tests. Read More

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Event-related potentials in insomnia reflect altered perception of sleep.

Sleep 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Section of Clinical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Hauptstraße, Freiburg, Germany.

Study Objectives: Insomnia is defined by the subjective complaint of poor sleep as well as daytime impairments. Since polysomnography (PSG) typically shows only modest sleep impairment, some still unidentified property of sleep, not mirrored in PSG, may be modified in insomnia.One possible mechanistic hypothesis is that insomnia patients may be more sensitive to inevitably occurring internal or external stimuli during the night, causing brief sleep disruptions then perceived as wake time. Read More

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Task-dependent audiovisual temporal sensitivity is not affected by stimulus intensity levels.

Vision Res 2021 May 28;186:71-79. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, 1664 N. Virginia St., Reno, NV 89557, USA.

Flexibility and robustness of multisensory temporal recalibration is paramount for maintaining perceptual constancy of the surrounding natural world. Different environments impart various impediments, distances and routes that alter the propagation times of sight and sound cues comprising a multimodal event. One's ability to rapidly calibrate and account for these external variations allows for maintained perception of synchrony which is crucial for coherent and consistent perception. Read More

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Early differences in auditory processing relate to Autism Spectrum Disorder traits in infants with Neurofibromatosis Type I.

J Neurodev Disord 2021 05 28;13(1):22. Epub 2021 May 28.

Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, Henry Wellcome Building, Malet Street, London, WC1E 7HX, UK.

Background: Sensory modulation difficulties are common in children with conditions such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and could contribute to other social and non-social symptoms. Positing a causal role for sensory processing differences requires observing atypical sensory reactivity prior to the emergence of other symptoms, which can be achieved through prospective studies.

Methods: In this longitudinal study, we examined auditory repetition suppression and change detection at 5 and 10 months in infants with and without Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1), a condition associated with higher likelihood of developing ASD. Read More

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Functional Parameters of Prestin Are Not Correlated With the Best Hearing Frequency.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 11;9:638530. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Among the vertebrate lineages with different hearing frequency ranges, humans lie between the low-frequency hearing (1 kHz) of fish and amphibians and the high-frequency hearing (100 kHz) of bats and dolphins. Little is known about the mechanism underlying such a striking difference in the limits of hearing frequency. Prestin, responsible for cochlear amplification and frequency selectivity in mammals, seems to be the only candidate to date. Read More

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Analysis methods for measuring passive auditory fNIRS responses generated by a block-design paradigm.

Neurophotonics 2021 Apr 22;8(2):025008. Epub 2021 May 22.

Macquarie University, Macquarie University Hearing & Department of Linguistics, Australian Hearing Hub, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an increasingly popular tool in auditory research, but the range of analysis procedures employed across studies may complicate the interpretation of data. We aim to assess the impact of different analysis procedures on the morphology, detection, and lateralization of auditory responses in fNIRS. Specifically, we determine whether averaging or generalized linear model (GLM)-based analysis generates different experimental conclusions when applied to a block-protocol design. Read More

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Clinical application of whole-exome sequencing: A retrospective, single-center study.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jul 12;22(1):753. Epub 2021 May 12.

Laboratory of Genetic and Metabolism, Department of Paediatric Endocrine and Metabolism, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangxi, Nanning, Guangxi 530000, P.R. China.

The aim of the present study was to assess the practical diagnostic value of whole-exome sequencing (WES) in patients with different phenotypes and to explore possible strategies to increase the capability of WES in identifying disease-causing genes. A total of 1,360 patients (aged from 1 day to 42 years old) with manifestations of genetic diseases were genotyped using WES and statistical analysis was performed on the results obtained. Within this cohort, the overall positive rate of identification of a disease-causing gene alteration was 44. Read More

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Efficient and accurate identification of ear diseases using an ensemble deep learning model.

Sci Rep 2021 May 25;11(1):10839. Epub 2021 May 25.

College of Mathematics and Systems Science, Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University, Guangzhou, 510665, China.

Early detection and appropriate medical treatment are of great use for ear disease. However, a new diagnostic strategy is necessary for the absence of experts and relatively low diagnostic accuracy, in which deep learning plays an important role. This paper puts forward a mechanic learning model which uses abundant otoscope image data gained in clinical cases to achieve an automatic diagnosis of ear diseases in real time. Read More

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Interval-based features of auditory ERPs for diagnosis of early Alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimers Dement (Amst) 2021 18;13(1):e12191. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Biomedical Engineering Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University Tehran Iran.

Introduction: It has been demonstrated that event-related potentials (ERPs) mirror the neurodegenerative process of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and may therefore qualify as diagnostic markers. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of interval-based features as possible ERP biomarkers for early detection of AD patients.

Methods: The current results are based on 7-channel ERP recordings of 95 healthy controls (HCs) and 75 subjects with mild AD acquired during a three-stimulus auditory oddball task. Read More

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Using Voice Change as an Indicator of Dysphagia: A Systematic Review.

Dysphagia 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), 110, Paulo Gama, Street, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, 90040-060, Brazil.

Voice change post-swallow, observed during a clinical swallow examination, is often used as a clinical indicator of dysphagia risk. However, there has been limited research that evaluated the level of agreement between voice change and swallow dysfunction reported to date. This systematic review aims to investigate existing evidence relating to the relationship between vocal change post-swallow and swallow deficits identified on a Videofluoroscopic Swallow Study (VFSS). Read More

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Self-Related Stimuli Decoding With Auditory and Visual Modalities Using Stereo-Electroencephalography.

Front Neurosci 2021 4;15:653965. Epub 2021 May 4.

State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Name recognition plays important role in self-related cognitive processes and also contributes to a variety of clinical applications, such as autism spectrum disorder diagnosis and consciousness disorder analysis. However, most previous name-related studies usually adopted noninvasive EEG or fMRI recordings, which were limited by low spatial resolution and temporal resolution, respectively, and thus millisecond-level response latencies in precise brain regions could not be measured using these noninvasive recordings. By invasive stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) recordings that have high resolution in both the spatial and temporal domain, the current study distinguished the neural response to one's own name or a stranger's name, and explored common active brain regions in both auditory and visual modalities. Read More

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Relationship between Verbal and Nonverbal Tests of Auditory Temporal Processing.

J Am Acad Audiol 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, Howard University, Washington, District of Columbia.

Background:  Audiologists may choose to evaluate auditory temporal processing in assessing auditory processing abilities. Some may decide to use measures of nonverbal stimuli such as tonal or noise gap detection. Others may decide to use verbal measures such as time compressed sentences (TCS). Read More

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When two is worse than one: The deleterious impact of multisensory stimulation on response inhibition.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(5):e0251739. Epub 2021 May 20.

Brain & Cognition Research Center (CerCo), University of Toulouse 3 -CNRS, Toulouse, France.

Multisensory facilitation is known to improve the perceptual performances and reaction times of participants in a wide range of tasks, from detection and discrimination to memorization. We asked whether a multimodal signal can similarly improve action inhibition using the stop-signal paradigm. Indeed, consistent with a crossmodal redundant signal effect that relies on multisensory neuronal integration, the threshold for initiating behavioral responses is known for being reached faster with multisensory stimuli. Read More

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Multisensory enhancement of overt behavior requires multisensory experience.

Eur J Neurosci 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

The superior colliculus (SC) is richly endowed with neurons that integrate cues from different senses to enhance their physiological responses and the overt behaviors they mediate. However, in the absence of experience with cross-modal combinations (e.g. Read More

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