13,827 results match your criteria described illustrated

Pharmacokinetic study of Ninjin'yoeito: Absorption and brain distribution of Ninjin'yoeito ingredients in mice.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 12:114332. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Cellular and Molecular Anatomy, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, 431-3192, Japan; Preppers Co. Ltd., 1-23-17 Kitashinagawa, Shinagawa Ward, Tokyo, 140-0001, Japan; International Mass Imaging Center, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, 431-3192, Japan; Department of Systems Molecular Anatomy, Institute for Medical Photonics Research, Preeminent Medical Photonics Education & Research Center, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, 431-3192, Japan. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Ninjin'yoeito (NYT), a Japanese traditional Kampo medicine, has been reported to exert various clinical benefits such as relief from fatigue, malaise, anorexia, frailty, sarcopenia, and cognitive dysfunction. Recently, some review articles described the pharmacological effects of NYT and additionally indicated the possibility that multiple ingredients in NYT contribute to these effects. However, pharmacokinetic data on the ingredients are essential in addition to data on their pharmacological activities to accurately determine the active ingredients in NYT. Read More

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Digestive promoting effect and mechanism of Jiao Sanxian in rats.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 11:114334. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 210009, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Jiao Sanxian, a customary term for the three Traditional Chinese Medicines of charred hawthorn (Crataegi Fructus), charred malt (Hordei Fructus Germinatus) and Liu Shenqu (Massa Medicata Fermentata), is a classic prescription for the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD). This prescription is called "Jiao Sanxian" in China because people believe that it is a miracle medicine for enhancing digestion and improving stagnation of digestive system. Even though Jiao Sanxian is widely used in clinical treatment, the underlying mechanism has not been clarified to date. Read More

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Two new species of the genus Dworakowska from China (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae).

Biodivers Data J 2021 3;9:e68043. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

School of Karst Science, Guizhou Normal University / State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Guizhou Karst Mountain Ecology Environment of China, Guiyang, 550001, China School of Karst Science, Guizhou Normal University / State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Guizhou Karst Mountain Ecology Environment of China Guiyang, 550001 China.

Background: The leafhopper genus Dworakowska, 1970 includes 33 species and is widely distributed in China, Korea, South Korea, Japan, Nepal, India, Thailand and Vietnam.

New Information: Two new species found at Bijie City and Shibing County, Guizhou Province, China are described and illustrated, and A key to distinguish the Chinese species of the genus is given. Read More

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High endemicity in aquatic dance flies of Corsica, France (Diptera, Empididae, Clinocerinae and Hemerodromiinae), with the description of a new species of .

Zookeys 2021 25;1039:177-197. Epub 2021 May 25.

Entomology Unit, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Rue Vautier 29, B-1000, Brussels, Belgium Royal Belgian Institute for Natural Sciences (RBINS) Brussels Belgium.

All known records of aquatic dance flies (Empididae, Clinocerinae: 21 species; Hemerodromiinae: eight species) from the island of Corsica (France) are summarized, including previously unpublished data and data on the newly described species Ivković, Perović & Grootaert, This species was collected during the "La Planète Revisitée Corsica 2019" survey and represents the first description of a new species in the genus from the European-Mediterranean region in more than 180 years. A key to European species of is provided. Including the new species, five species are recorded from Corsica for the first time: Wagner, 1995, (Dale, 1878), (Costa, 1854), Collin, 1961, and Zetterstedt, 1842. Read More

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Description of a new species (Mononchida, Mononchidae) from Vietnam, with an updated key to species.

T T T Vu

J Helminthol 2021 Jun 14;95:e28. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Coomansus batxatensis sp. nov., recorded from Vietnam, is described and illustrated and its phylogenetic relationship within the Mononchida is analysed. Read More

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Records of two gonad-infecting species of Philometra (Nematoda: Philometridae) from marine fishes off Iraq, including the description of Philometra parabrevicollis n. sp. from the bigeye snapper Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch (Pisces, Lutjanidae).

Syst Parasitol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.

Recent examinations of some marine fishes from off the southern coast of Iraq revealed the presence of two species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae): P. parabrevicollis n. sp. Read More

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Effects of feature highlighting and causal explanations on category learning in a natural-science domain.

J Exp Psychol Appl 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences.

Teaching natural-science categories is highly challenging because the objects in such categories are composed of numerous complex dimensions that need to be perceived, evaluated, and integrated. Furthermore, the boundaries separating such categories are often fuzzy. A technique that has been proposed and investigated for enhancing the teaching of natural-science categories is , in which diagnostic features for identifying category members are explicitly described and illustrated. Read More

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Cyperus prophyllatus: An endangered aquatic new species of Cyperus L. (Cyperaceae) with a exceptional spikelet disarticulation pattern among about 950 species, including molecular phylogenetic, anatomical and (micro)morphological data.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(6):e0249737. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Departamento de Botânica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Cyperus prophyllatus, an endangered new species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae) from an aquatic ecosystem of the Atlantic Forest, Espírito Santo State, southeastern Brazil, is described and illustrated. The spikelet morphology of Cyperus prophyllatus is unique among the c. 950 species of Cyperus in having both a conspicuous spikelet prophyll and a corky rachilla articulation, which remain persistent at the base of the spikelet after disarticulation. Read More

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A striking new species of Smith, 1877 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae; Pimplinae) from South America.

Biodivers Data J 2021 28;9:e67438. Epub 2021 May 28.

Biodiversity Unit, University of Turku, Turku, Finland Biodiversity Unit, University of Turku Turku Finland.

Background: Smith, 1877 is a genus of Darwin wasps characterised by their large bodies and long ovipositors, that includes more than 75 species worldwide, 20 of which occur in the Neotropical Region. Due to recent efforts, the number of species of this genus continues to increase in South America.

New Information: A new iridescent species of Pimplinae, sp. Read More

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Development of Inappropriate Vasopressin Secretion in Association With Lumbar Cerebrospinal Fluid Drainage in an Adult With Traumatic Basilar Skull Fracture.

Jane Rhyu Run Yu

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 Mar-Apr;7(2):124-126. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Los Angeles, California.

Objective: Hyponatremia associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage is primarily limited to pediatric patients. Only 1 case in an adult, after pituitary surgery, has been described. We present the first adult case, to our knowledge, of lumbar CSF drainage associated with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) in a patient with a traumatic basilar skull fracture. Read More

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December 2020

Theranostic Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Loaded With a Curcumin-Naphthoquinone Conjugate for Potential Cancer Intervention.

Front Mol Biosci 2021 20;8:670792. Epub 2021 May 20.

Wits Advanced Drug Delivery Platform Research Unit, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

A novel theranostic molecule, derived from curcumin (Cur) and naphthoquinone (NQ), allowing for cancer targeting, detection and treatment was previously described and termed CurNQ. To allow for enhanced theranostic capabilities, advanced drug delivery techniques are required. To this end, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) were synthesized and CurNQ was loaded into its pores to form the novel nanosystem MSN_CurNQ. Read More

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An update to the taxonomy and distribution of the Arabian Foerster, 1850 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with an illustrated key and remarks on habitats.

Biodivers Data J 2021 27;9:e66058. Epub 2021 May 27.

Plant Protection Department, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Plant Protection Department, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University Riyadh Saudi Arabia.

Background: Foerster belongs to the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae and the vast majority of its species are arboreal or generalised foragers. The genus is composed of 70 described species, 22 known subspecies and six valid fossil species worldwide, while from the Arabian Peninsula, three species have been recorded so far.

New Information: Ants of the genus of the Arabian Peninsula are reviewed, keyed and illustrated, based on the worker caste. Read More

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High World Heath Organization Performance Status Is Associated With Short- and Long-term Outcomes After Colorectal Cancer Surgery: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

Dis Colon Rectum 2021 Jul;64(7):851-860

Enhanced Perioperative Oncology Consortium, Centre for Surgical Science, Zealand University Hospital, Køge/Roskilde, Denmark.

Background: The value of performance status is widely used in medical oncology, but the association with surgical outcomes in colorectal cancer has not been described.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between World Heath Organization performance status and 90-day mortality, 30-day mortality, complications, and overall survival after elective colorectal cancer surgery.

Design: The study was conducted as a nationwide population-based cohort study with prospectively collected data. Read More

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A new species of (Plecoptera, Nemouridae) and supplementary description of from the Nanling Mountains of southern China.

Zookeys 2021 20;1039:109-122. Epub 2021 May 20.

School of Horticulture and Plant Protection & Institute of Applied Entomology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China Yangzhou University Yangzhou China.

Two species of Nemouridae are described and illustrated from the Nanling Mountains of southern China, including a new species, from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and a new regional record species, Li & Yang, 2006 from Hunan Province. The morphological characteristics of the new species are compared to related taxa and the new images with supplementary description of are also provided. Read More

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n. sp. (Tylenchomorpha: Aphelenchoididae) from South Africa, a morphological and molecular phylogenetic study, with an update to the diagnostics of the genus.

J Nematol 2021 21;53. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

A newly recovered population of the genus from a dead maritime pine wood sample in Potchefstroom, South Africa, representing a new species, named n. sp., is herein described and illustrated based on morphological and molecular data. Read More

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An illustrated key to the species of Latreille (Hymenoptera, Gasteruptiidae) from Palaearctic China, with description of four new species.

Zookeys 2021 19;1038:1-103. Epub 2021 May 19.

Shaanxi Key Laboratory for Animal Conservation / Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, 229 North Taibai Road, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710069, China Northwest University Xi'an China.

Four new species of the genus Latreille, 1797 (Hymenoptera: Evanioidea: Gasteruptiidae: Gasteruptiinae) are described from China. Three are from Shaanxi (NW China; Tan & van Achterberg, , Tan & van Achterberg, , and Tan & van Achterberg, ) and one from S China and Ningxia ( Tan & van Achterberg, ). Eleven species are newly recorded for Shaanxi ( Kieffer, 1912, Pasteels, 1958, Pasteels, 1958, Enderlein, 1913, Zhao, van Achterberg & Xu, 2012, (Tournier, 1877), (Thomson, 1883), Enderlein, 1913, Kieffer, 1911, (Thomson, 1883) and Kieffer, 1911). Read More

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Selection of the Optimal Smart Meter to Act as a Data Concentrator with the Use of Graph Theory.

Piotr Kiedrowski

Entropy (Basel) 2021 May 24;23(6). Epub 2021 May 24.

Institute of Telecommunications and Computer Science, UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Al. Prof. S. Kaliskiego 7, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland.

Changing the construction of mart Meter (SM) devices, more specifically equipping them with more than one communication module, facilitates the elimination of a Transformer Station Data Concentrator (TSC) module, moving its function to one of the SMs. The opportunity to equip a chosen device in an additional communication module makes it possible to use it as an acquisition node. The introduction of this solution creates a problem with the optimum selection of the above-mentioned node out of all the nodes of the analyzed network. Read More

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Nanostructured Surface Finishing and Coatings: Functional Properties and Applications.

Materials (Basel) 2021 May 22;14(11). Epub 2021 May 22.

Institute for the Study of Nanostructured Materials, ISMN-CNR, Palermo, c/o Department of ChiBioFarAm, University of Messina, Viale F. Stagno d'Alcontres 31, Vill. S. Agata, 98166 Messina, Italy.

This review presents current literature on different nanocomposite coatings and surface finishing for textiles, and in particular this study has focused on smart materials, drug-delivery systems, industrial, antifouling and nano/ultrafiltration membrane coatings. Each of these nanostructured coatings shows interesting properties for different fields of application. In this review, particular attention is paid to the synthesis and the consequent physico-chemical characteristics of each coating and, therefore, to the different parameters that influence the substrate deposition process. Read More

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Effect of Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition on Oxygen Overabundance and Its Influence on the Morphological, Optical, Structural, and Mechanical Properties of Al-Doped TiO Coating.

Micromachines (Basel) 2021 May 21;12(6). Epub 2021 May 21.

Laboratório de Plasmas e Processos, Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, Praça Marechal Eduardo Gomes 50, São José dos Campos 12228-900, Brazil.

The chemical, structural, morphological, and optical properties of Al-doped TiO thin films, called TiO/AlO nanolaminates, grown by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) on p-type Si <100> and commercial SLG glass were discussed. High-quality PEALD TiO/AlO nanolaminates were produced in the amorphous and crystalline phases. All crystalline nanolaminates have an overabundance of oxygen, while amorphous ones lack oxygen. Read More

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A quantitative flux assay for the study of reconstituted Cl channels and transporters.

Methods Enzymol 2021 27;652:243-272. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, United States; Department of Anesthesiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, United States; Department of Biochemistry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address:

The recent deluge of high-resolution structural information on membrane proteins has not been accompanied by a comparable increase in our ability to functionally interrogate these proteins. Current functional assays often are not quantitative or are performed in conditions that significantly differ from those used in structural experiments, thus limiting the mechanistic correspondence between structural and functional experiments. A flux assay to determine quantitatively the functional properties of purified and reconstituted Cl channels and transporters in membranes of defined lipid compositions is described. Read More

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February 2021

The role of the psychologist in the inpatient pain service: development and initial outcomes.

Br J Pain 2021 May 6;15(2):163-174. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Inpatient Pain Service, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.

Aim: This article describes the development and initial evaluation of introducing a psychologist role within an adult inpatient pain service (IPS) in a large North West of England National Health Service (NHS) trust.

Background: The role of a psychologist in the management of outpatient chronic pain has been well documented, but their role within the IPS is less well described and rarely evaluated. We describe the development of a psychologist role within the team and initial service evaluation outcomes. Read More

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The Plant Family Asteraceae Is a Cache for Novel Fungal Diversity: Novel Species and Genera With Remarkable Ascospores in Leptosphaeriaceae.

Front Microbiol 2021 13;12:660261. Epub 2021 May 13.

Research Center of Microbial Diversity and Sustainable Utilization, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

In a cursory survey of fungi on Asteraceae in Yunnan Province, China, we report fungal species belonging to the family Leptosphaeriaceae (Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes). Two novel species have remarkable ascospores that are unusual for sexual ascomycetes. Multilocus phylogeny of large subunit, small subunit, and internal transcribed spacer sequence data showed one to be a novel genus, while the other is a new species. Read More

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Two new species of Sendtn. (Solanaceae) from the Atlantic forests of south-eastern Brazil.

PhytoKeys 2021 18;178:1-15. Epub 2021 May 18.

Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Botânica, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, Avenida Antônio Carlos 6627, 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Belo Horizonte Brazil.

Two new species of Sendtn. (Solanaceae) from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest are described and illustrated. I. Read More

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A new genus and species of Hydrobiidae Stimpson, 1865 (Caenogastropoda, Truncatelloidea) from Peloponnese, Greece.

Zookeys 2021 18;1037:161-179. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Comparative Anatomy, Institute of Zoology and Biomedical Research, Jagiellonian University, ul. Gronostajowa 9, 30-387 Kraków, Poland Jagiellonian University Kraków Poland.

Minute caenogastropod brackish-water gastropods, formerly classified as , are important elements of the brackish-water fauna and were objects of intensive study for many years. Until now, five genera have been distinguished, most of them represented by a number of species, but rather indistinguishable without molecular data (cytochrome oxidase subunit I - COI). In the eastern Mediterranean region, they are still poorly studied. Read More

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Neural correlates of consciousness and related disorders: From phenotypic descriptors of behavioral and relative consciousness to cortico-subcortical circuitry.

Neurochirurgie 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Service de neurochirurgie, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Clermont-Ferrand, France; Institut Pascal, université Clermont Auvergne CNRS SIGMA, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

We report a review of medical aspects of the consciousness. The behavioral dimension, phenotypic descriptors, relative consciousness and neural correlates of consciousness and related disorders were addressed successively in a holistic and chronological approach. Consciousness is relative, specific to each individual across time and space. Read More

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Two species of philometrid nematodes (Philometridae) newly recorded from marine fishes off South Australia, including Philometra inconveniens n. sp. from Hyporhamphus melanochir (Valenciennes) (Hemiramphidae).

Syst Parasitol 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Graham Centre for Agricultural Innovation, Charles Sturt University, Waga Waga, NSW, 2678, Australia.

Recent examinations of some marine fishes from off the coast of South Australia revealed the presence of two species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae): P. inconveniens n. sp. Read More

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Prediction of In-Hospital Mortality from Administrative Data: A Sequential Pattern Mining Approach.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2021 May;281:293-297

Montpellier university UPRES EA 2415, Clinical Research University Institute.

Study of trajectory of care is attractive for predicting medical outcome. Models based on machine learning (ML) techniques have proven their efficiency for sequence prediction modeling compared to other models. Introducing pattern mining techniques contributed to reduce model complexity. Read More

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Diversity of within aquatic plants from southwest China, with and spp. nov.

MycoKeys 2021 11;80:57-75. Epub 2021 May 11.

Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-resources, Key Laboratory for Microbial Resources of the Ministry of Education, Yunnan University, Kunming, Yunnan, 650091, China Yunnan University Kunming China.

Members of inhabit different substrates, including plants, soil and insects, and most species are pathogens causing large losses in agriculture. During a survey of endophytic fungi in aquatic plants in southwest China, 112 strains of were isolated, representing two new species, and , as well as two known species, and . The novel taxa are described and illustrated here using combined morphological and multi-locus phylogenetic (LSU-ITS-TEF-1α-TUB2) analyses. Read More

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(Asteraceae, Astereae) in New Caledonia.

PhytoKeys 2021 13;177:125-138. Epub 2021 May 13.

Queensland Herbarium, Department of Environment and Science, Brisbane Botanic Gardens, Mt Coot-tha Road, Toowong, Queensland 4066, Australia Queensland Herbarium, Department of Environment and Science Toowong Australia.

The genus Cass. is taxonomically revised for New Caledonia with two species recognised. Lannuzel, Gâteblé & Jian Wang ter, is endemic to New Caledonia and the other, (Cass. Read More

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Two new bamboo-feeding species of the genus Distant, 1906 from China (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae).

Zookeys 2021 11;1037:1-14. Epub 2021 May 11.

Institute of Entomology, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou, 550025, China.

Two new bamboo-feeding species of the cixiid planthopper genus Distant, 1906 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Cixiidae: Eucarpiini), Zhi & Chen, and Zhi & Chen, , are described and illustrated from southern China. A key to all known species and a map of their geographic distributions are provided. Read More

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