15 results match your criteria derailment depression

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Derailment within the landscape of psychopathology.

Curr Opin Psychol 2021 Feb 6;41:21-27. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Department of Human Development, Cornell University, USA.

When perceived changes in course occur, individuals can be left feeling disconnected from who they were in the past. This sensation of being 'off-course' in life is an individual difference we call 'derailment.' In this article, we review derailment's unique contribution to the psychological literature, the role of perceived self and identity change in mental health, and the nuanced association between derailment and depression. Read More

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February 2021

The unique predictive value of discrete depressive symptoms on derailment.

J Affect Disord 2020 06 1;270:65-68. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-4401, United States.

Background: Studies have consistently demonstrated a positive cross-sectional association between depressive symptoms and derailment, or the sense of being "off-course" in life. Still unknown is whether all symptoms of depression similarly relate to derailment. Given that depressive symptoms do not weigh equally in the prediction of other important outcomes, this study aimed to bridge the gap between these novel findings and emerging perspectives focused on the impact of individual depressive symptoms. Read More

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Expanding the search for emerging mental ill health to safeguard student potential and vocational success in high school: A narrative review.

Early Interv Psychiatry 2020 12 5;14(6):655-676. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health, Orygen, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Aim: Young people experiencing mental ill health are more likely than their healthy aged peers to drop out of high school. This can result in social exclusion and vocational derailment. Identifying young people at risk and taking action before an illness is established or school dropout occurs is an important goal. Read More

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December 2020

Medium-Term Effects of a Train Derailment on the Physical and Psychological Health of Men.

Am J Mens Health 2019 Jul-Aug;13(4):1557988319865363

1 Department of Human and Social Science, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), QC, Canada.

In July 2013, the derailment of a train caused the death of 47 people and the destruction of Lac-Mégantic's downtown area (Canada). Three years after this event, a population survey was conducted among a representative sample of 800 adults, including 282 men. Several significant differences were observed among respondents of a survey based on their level of exposure to this tragedy, including their physical (changes in physical health) and psychological health (post-traumatic stress disorder, mood and anxiety disorders, psychological distress, signs of depression, consultation of social workers and psychologists) as well as their use of prescribed (anxiolytics and antidepressants) and nonprescribed drugs. Read More

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Monitoring Adverse Psychosocial Outcomes One and Two Years After the Lac-Mégantic Train Derailment Tragedy (Eastern Townships, Quebec, Canada).

Prehosp Disaster Med 2019 Jun 28;34(3):251-259. Epub 2019 May 28.

4.Health Technology and Social Services Assessment Unit,Centre Intégré Universitaire de Santé et de Services Sociaux - Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke,Sherbrooke, Quebec,Canada.

Introduction: In July 2013, a train carrying 72 cars of crude oil derailed in the town of Lac-Mégantic (Eastern Townships, Quebec, Canada). This disaster provoked a major conflagration, explosions, 47 deaths, the destruction of 44 buildings, the evacuation of one-third of the local population, and an unparalleled oil spill. Notwithstanding the environmental impact, many citizens of this town and in surrounding areas have suffered and continue to suffer substantial losses as a direct consequence of this catastrophe. Read More

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Phentermine: A Systematic Review for Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 10;81(4):503-507

Department of Plastic Surgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA.

Purpose: Phentermine is the most prescribed antiobesity drug in America, with 2.43 million prescriptions written in 2011. Case reports suggest there are anesthetic risks, such as refractory hypotension, involved with its perioperative use. Read More

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October 2018

Derailment: Conceptualization, measurement, and adjustment correlates of perceived change in self and direction.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2020 Mar 6;118(3):584-601. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Human Development and Family Studies.

Developmental perspectives on self and identity view a sense of personal sameness and continuity as critical for positive adjustment. Thus, the degree to which individuals perceive change over time in self and direction constitutes an important individual difference. Here, we offer an empirically sound instrument for assessing the extent to which people feel temporally discrepant and off course-a sense we term First, we develop and empirically validate a self-report measure that is sensitive to our conceptualization of derailment (Studies 1-3). Read More

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Examining Long-Term Mental Health in a Rural Community Post-Disaster: A Mixed Methods Approach.

J Health Care Poor Underserved 2018 ;29(1):284-302

Psychological stressors have been observed immediately following disasters, yet less is known about the long-term effects on the mental health of vulnerable communities. In 2005, Graniteville, S.C. Read More

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Metabolic derailment should be considered.

A M Das

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2013 Jan 7;110(1-2):12-3. Epub 2013 Jan 7.

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January 2013

Should prolonged grief be reclassified as a mental disorder in DSM-5?: reconsidering the empirical and conceptual arguments for complicated grief disorder.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2012 Jun;200(6):499-511

Silver School of Social Work, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA.

The proposed changes to DSM-5 will create new categories of mental disorder (referred to here generically as Prolonged Grief Disorder'' [PGD]) to diagnose individuals experiencing prolonged intense grief reactions to the loss of a loved one. Individuals could be diagnosed even if they have no depressive or anxiety symptoms but only symptoms typical of grief (e.g. Read More

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Disorders of thought are severe mood disorders: the selective attention defect in mania challenges the Kraepelinian dichotomy a review.

C Raymond Lake

Schizophr Bull 2008 Jan 21;34(1):109-17. Epub 2007 May 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160-7341, USA.

Kraepelin said severe mental illness was due to 2 diseases subsequently characterized as disorders of thought vs disorders of mood, ie, the Kraepelinian dichotomy. Schizophrenia, traditionally considered the disorder of thought, has been defined by the presence of hallucinations, delusions, catatonia, and disorganization. Tangentiality, derailment, loose associations, and thought blocking are typically considered pathognomonic of schizophrenia. Read More

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January 2008

Aberrant cortical synaptic plasticity and dopaminergic dysfunction in a mouse model of Huntington's disease.

Hum Mol Genet 2006 Oct 11;15(19):2856-68. Epub 2006 Aug 11.

Huntington's Disease Research Forum, Department of Biological Sciences, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.

Predictive genetic testing for Huntington's disease (HD) has revealed early cognitive deficits in asymptomatic gene carriers, such as altered working memory, executive function and impaired recognition memory. The perirhinal cortex processes aspects of recognition memory and the underlying mechanism is believed to be long-term depression (LTD) of excitatory neurotransmission, the converse of long-term potentiation (LTP). We have used the R6/1 mouse model of HD to assess synaptic plasticity in the perirhinal cortex. Read More

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October 2006

Early development of aberrant synaptic plasticity in a mouse model of Huntington's disease.

Hum Mol Genet 2006 May 6;15(10):1690-703. Epub 2006 Apr 6.

Huntington's Disease Research Forum, The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.

Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive motor, psychiatric and cognitive decline. Marked neuronal loss occurs in the cortex and striatum. HD is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion and caused by a trinucleotide repeat expansion (CAG) in the gene encoding the protein huntingtin. Read More

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[Formal thought disorders: French translation of the Thought, Language and Communication assessment scale].

Encephale 2002 Mar-Apr;28(2):109-19

SHU de Psychiatrie, Centre Hospitalier de Versailles, 78000 Versailles, France.

This article proposes a french translation of Andreasen's Thought, Language and Communication (TLC) scale (Andreasen, 1979). This scale is widely used in current literature and remains a reference due to the fact that it has made it possible to establish a consensus with regard to formal thought disorders and has contributed to the operationalisation of the concept of dissociation. This scale consists of 18 items. Read More

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September 2002

[Risk factors for recurrence in bipolar manic-depressive patients].

Nervenarzt 1998 Jan;69(1):46-52

Psychiatrische Klinik der Universität, Heidelberg.

A prospective multidimensional study with 71 remitted bipolar outpatients (37 bipolars without, 34 with psychotic symptoms during acute mania) was made to assess relevant influential factors on relapse and readmission to hospital: characteristic data of previous course, psycho(patho)logical state and personality after remission, personality disorders, and ways of coping. In the course of the 5 years after the first examination, 48% of the patients were readmitted, 60% of them because of a (schizo)manic state. The study confirms the prognostic relevance of past course, e. Read More

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January 1998
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