192,712 results match your criteria depressive


The Impact of Wildfires on Mental Health: A Scoping Review.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2021 Sep 21;11(9). Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2B7, Canada.

One of the many consequences of climate change is an increase in the frequency, severity, and, thus, impact of wildfires across the globe. The destruction and loss of one's home, belongings, and surrounding community, and the threat to personal safety and the safety of loved ones can have significant consequences on survivors' mental health, which persist for years after. The objective of this scoping review was to identify primary studies examining the impact of wildfires on mental health and to summarize findings for PTSD, depression, anxiety, and substance use. Read More

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September 2021

Adverse childhood experiences amplify the longitudinal associations of adult daily stress and health.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 21;122:105337. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, United States of America.

Background And Objective: The long-term negative impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) is now well-recognized; however, little research has explored the link between ACEs and daily stress processes in adulthood. The current study aimed to examine the effect of ACEs in the association between daily stressor exposure and daily negative affect, and whether such associations would predict long-term health and well-being.

Methods: Using data from the National Study of Daily Experiences 2 (NSDE 2) and the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) studies, multilevel moderated mediation analyses were conducted to account for daily measurements nested within individuals. Read More

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September 2021

The association between health status and job satisfaction among female workers: A nationwide cross-sectional study.

Authors:
Sung-Heui Bae

Nurs Health Sci 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

College of Nursing, Graduate Program in System Health Science and Engineering, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

The purpose of this study was to determine the job satisfaction among female workers in Korea and the association between health status and job satisfaction. The Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Families was used for this nationwide cross-sectional study. Data from 1,570 female workers were analyzed to determine job satisfaction and examine the association between health status and job satisfaction, controlling for other variables such as personal characteristics, work attributes, job opportunities, and work conditions. Read More

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September 2021

Saturation transfer MRI is sensitive to neurochemical changes in the rat brain due to chronic unpredictable mild stress.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 24;11(1):19040. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Neurosurgery and Paediatric Neurosurgery, Medical University of Lublin, Jaczewskiego 8, 20-090, Lublin, Poland.

Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) MRI was performed for the evaluation of cerebral metabolic changes in a rat model of depressive-like disease induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). CEST Z-spectra were acquired on a 7 T MRI with two saturation B amplitudes (0.5 and 0. Read More

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September 2021

Disparities in the participation and adherence of older adults in lifestyle-based multidomain dementia prevention and the motivational role of perceived disease risk and intervention benefits: an observational ancillary study to a randomised controlled trial.

Alzheimers Res Ther 2021 Sep 24;13(1):157. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Center for Epidemiology and Research in Population health (CERPOP), University of Toulouse, INSERM, UMR1295, 37 allées Jules Guesde, 31000, Toulouse, France.

Background: Preventive interventions for dementia are urgently needed and must be tested in randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Selection (volunteer) bias may limit efficacy, particularly in trials testing multidomain interventions and may also be indicative of disparities in intervention uptake in real-world settings. We identified factors associated with participation and adherence in a 3-year RCT of multidomain lifestyle intervention and/or omega-3 supplementation for prevention of cognitive decline and explored reasons for (non-) participation. Read More

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September 2021

Assessment of life factors affecting the experience of depressive symptoms in adolescents: a secondary analysis using the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2021 Sep 24;15(1):50. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Psychiatry, Korea University Ansan Hospital, 123, Jeokguem-ro, Danwon-gu, Ansan, Gyeonggi-do, 15355, Republic of Korea.

Background: Adolescents may experience several changes in their lifestyle, such as social activity and school life, which makes them vulnerable to developing a depressive disorder. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify the factors affecting the experience of depressive symptoms during adolescence.

Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis using the 2019 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based survey data, including a total of 57,303 middle and high school students selected from among 400 schools. Read More

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September 2021

Dietary patterns and risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adults: A prospective cohort study.

Clin Nutr 2021 Sep 4;40(10):5373-5382. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Nutritional Epidemiology Institute and School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China; Institute of Radiation Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China; Health Management Centre, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Environment, Nutrition and Public Health, Tianjin, China; Center for International Collaborative Research on Environment, Nutrition and Public Health, Tianjin, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Prospective cohort studies linking dietary patterns and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are limited, especially in Asian populations. This study aimed to prospectively investigate the association between dietary patterns and risk of NAFLD in a general Chinese adult population.

Methods: This study included a total of 17,360 participants free from NAFLD at baseline. Read More

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September 2021

Cognitive impairment and depression: Meta-analysis of structural magnetic resonance imaging studies.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 Sep 16;32:102830. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Brain and Mind Research Programme, Central European Institute of Technology, Masaryk University (CEITEC MU), 5 Kamenice, Brno 62500, Czech Republic; Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 250 College Street, Toronto, ON M5T 1L8, Canada.

Longitudinal comorbidity of depression and cognitive impairment has been reported by number of epidemiological studies but the underlying mechanisms explaining the link between affective problems and cognitive decline are not very well understood. Imaging studies have typically investigated patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) separately and thus have not identified a structural brain signature common to these conditions that may illuminate potentially targetable shared biological mechanisms. We performed a meta-analysis of. Read More

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September 2021

The effects in-utero exposure to influenza on mental health and mortality risk throughout the life-course.

Econ Hum Biol 2021 Aug 30;43:101059. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Health Organisation, Policy and Economics (HOPE) group, Centre for Primary Care & Health Services Research, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Studies examining the later-life health consequences of in-utero exposure to influenza have typically estimated effects on physical health conditions, with little evidence of effects on mental health outcomes or mortality. Previous studies have also relied primarily on reduced-form estimates of the effects of exposure to influenza pandemics, meaning they are unlikely to recover effects of influenza exposure at an individual-level. This paper uses inverse probability of treatment weighting and "doubly-robust" methods alongside rare mother-reported data on in-utero influenza exposure to estimate the individual-level effect of in-utero influenza exposure on mental health and mortality risk throughout childhood and adulthood. Read More

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Gender differences in prevalence and clinical correlates of anxiety symptoms in first-episode and drug-naïve patients with major depressive disorder.

Compr Psychiatry 2021 Sep 17;111:152275. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Aim: Gender differences in major depressive disorder (MDD) are commonly reported; however, gender differences in first-episode and drug-naïve (FEDN) patients with major depressive disorder remain unclear. This study aimed to examine potential gender differences in the prevalence and clinical correlates of comorbid anxiety in FEDN patients with MDD.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with1718 FEDN patients with MDD. Read More

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September 2021

A randomized sham controlled comparison of once vs twice-daily intermittent theta burst stimulation in depression: A canadian rTMS treatment and biomarker network in depression (CARTBIND) study.

Brain Stimul 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, M5S 1A8, Canada; Centre for Mental Health and Krembil Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, M5T 0S8, Canada.

Background: Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) is a newer form of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for patients with treatment resistant depression (TRD) that can increase treatment capacity. Applying multiple daily iTBS sessions may enable patients to achieve remission more rapidly.

Objective: /Hypothesis- We compared the efficacy and tolerability of a twice-daily versus once-daily iTBS protocol in patients with TRD. Read More

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September 2021

Associations Between Active Mobility Index and Disability.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Preventive Gerontology, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Japan.

Objectives: To develop a questionnaire-based Active Mobility Index (AMI) to assess going-out behavior with physical and social activity among older adults, and to assess the criterion-related and predictive validity of the AMI.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting And Participants: General community setting. Read More

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September 2021

Prevalence of depressive disorders and treatment in China: a cross-sectional epidemiological study.

Lancet Psychiatry 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Mental Health Centre, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: In China, depressive disorders have been estimated to be the second leading cause of years lived with disability. However, nationally representative epidemiological data for depressive disorders, in particular use of mental health services by adults with these disorders, are unavailable in China. The present study, part of the China Mental Health Survey, 2012-15, aims to describe the socioeconomic characteristics and the use of mental health services in people with depressive disorders in China. Read More

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September 2021

The social determinants of depressive disorders in China.

Authors:
Qing Wang

Lancet Psychiatry 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China; National Institute of Health Data Science of China, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, 250012, China. Electronic address:

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September 2021

Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides alleviate depressive-like behaviors in post-stroke rats via suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome to inhibit hippocampal inflammation.

CNS Neurosci Ther 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Neurology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Aims: Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides (MOOs), a traditional Chinese medicine, have been used to treat mild and moderate depressive episodes. In this study, we investigated whether MOOs can ameliorate depressive-like behaviors in post-stroke depression (PSD) rats and further explored its mechanism by suppressing microglial NLRP3 inflammasome activation to inhibit hippocampal inflammation.

Methods: Behavioral tests were performed to evaluate the effect of MOOs on depressive-like behaviors in PSD rats. Read More

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September 2021

What contributes to good outcomes? The perspective of young people on short-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy for depressed adolescents.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(9):e0257334. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London [UCL], United Kingdom.

Depression is the fourth leading cause of adolescent illness and disability worldwide. A growing evidence base demonstrates that Short Term Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy [STPP] is an efficacious treatment for moderate to severe adolescent depression. However, with research in its infancy, key factors contributing to efficacy are unknown. Read More

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September 2021

The Emotional Impact of the Operator in the Care of Patients With Mental Disorders during the Pandemic: Measure of Interventions on Compassion Fatigue and Burn-Out.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):108-113

Mental Health Department, ASL TA, Via Piemonte, 51, 72022 Latiano, Italy,

Background: The continuation of the health emergency due to the management of COVID-19 is having a profound effect on all aspects of society, including mental health and physical health. This observational study examined practitioners of psychiatric rehabilitation and therapeutic communities, focusing on the emotional aspects of patient care, in particular the fatigue of compassion, empathy and lack of hope, aspects that could be directly linked to the burnout of health professionals, as found in other similar studies.

Method: In this study, self-administered scale data was collected in 87 healthcare professionals recruited from 3 different psychiatric rehabilitation communities. Read More

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September 2021

Study of Dignity in Borderline Contexts: Perspectives and Critical Issues.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):86-87

NIDi (Network Italiano per la Dignità nella Cura), Neamente Neuroscience Association, Via Lorenzo Ferrante n. 100, 83100 Avellino, Italy,

In 2020 Dignity Therapy Protocol was administered to the patients taken in charge by Avellino Ser. D (Addiction services of Avellino healthcare unit) for addiction problems and assigned to U.E. Read More

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September 2021

Psychiatric Comorbidity in Bariatric Surgery: A Retrospective Study in a General Hospital.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):75-79

Department of Psychiatry, University of Perugia, Piazzale Lucio Severi, 1, 06132, S. Andrea delle Fratte, Perugia, Italy.

Background: Candidates for bariatric surgery undergo a multidisciplinary evaluation in the pre-operative phase, including a psychiatric visit aimed at the screening for psychiatric comorbidities, including feeding and eating disorders (FEDs), which are shortcomings to the intervention or predictors of worse prognosis. The presence of FEDs, such as Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Bulimia Nervosa (BN), is associated with higher rates of other psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, there is evidence of the association between obesity and Depressive Disorders, as well as B and C Cluster Personality Disorders. Read More

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September 2021

A One-Day Cross-Sectional Study of Antidepressants Prescription Patterns in Public Mental Health Services: Clinical Guidelines vs Real Clinical Practice in Russia.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):47-54

Mental-health Clinic No. 1 named after N.A. Alexeev, Moscow, Russia.

Background: Antidepressants (AD) are widely used in the treatment of mood disorders and administered for mental disorders coded across other diagnostic categories. However, inaccuracy in AD prescription may lead to unresponsive cases, decreased compliance, and treatment discontinuation. Following a one-way cross-sectional study design, we aimed to analyze the AD prescription patterns in routine clinical practice in Moscow, as compared to clinical guidelines, taking the capital as representative of the Russian national experience. Read More

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September 2021

Loneliness and Hopelesness: Their Role in the Depressive Cases during the COVID Pandemia.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):14-17

Psychiatric Rehabilitation Center, Casa di Cura "Villa dei Pini", 83100 Avellino, Italy,

The COVID-19 pandemic has created new problems and presented new challenges for its management. Hope, or rather its absence, social isolation and loneliness are considered risk factors for the development of anxious and depressive symptoms. Health authorities have had to address issues regarding the mental health risks that the pandemic has created. Read More

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September 2021

Preventive Effects of Lithium Carbonate on Antidepressant-Induced Switch During Depressive Episodes: Chinese Data Analysis.

Altern Ther Health Med 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Context: Some patients experiencing depressive episodes can switch to mania or become mania during treatment with antidepressants. Avoiding a switch is an important part of any therapeutic plan, whether a patient suffers from unipolar or bipolar depression. One method of avoiding switching is use of a mood stabilizer, such as lithium carbonate. Read More

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September 2021

The favourable association of self-reported physical fitness with depression and anxiety during pregnancy. The GESTAFIT project.

Eur J Sport Sci 2021 Sep 24:1-21. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Sport and Health University Research Institute (iMUDS), Granada, Spain.

We explored the association of self-reported physical fitness with depressive symptoms and anxiety levels during pregnancy. One hundred fifty-five pregnant women (32.9 ± 4. Read More

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September 2021

Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Characterize Health and Lifestyle Behaviors of Montagnards, a Refugee-Origin Asian-American Subgroup.

J Immigr Minor Health 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

School of Social Work, North Carolina State University, 1911 Building 207, Campus Box 7639, Raleigh, NC, 27695-8101, USA.

Montagnards, an indigenous multitribal refugee-origin population concentrated in North Carolina, remain an invisible, medically underserved, and socioeconomically underrepresented Asian American sub-group. Yet this group is resilient, with language diversity, rich cultural traditions and family caregiving in multigenerational households. Using community-based participatory research methods, we developed and administered a two-part survey to 144 Montagnard adults, documenting socioeconomic characteristics, health indicators and lifestyle behaviors. Read More

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September 2021

Stress Mediates the Within-Person Longitudinal Associations Between Depression and Different Anxiety Syndromes in Youth.

Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois-Urbana Champaign, 603 E. Daniel Street, Champaign, IL, 61820, USA.

Depressive symptoms predict within-person change in physical symptoms of anxiety and social anxiety symptoms; however, potential mediators of these within-person associations remain understudied. The current study examined whether overall stress, interpersonal stress, and achievement stress mediate the associations between depressive symptoms and physical, social, and separation anxiety symptoms for girls and boys in a sample of 680 community youth aged 8-18 (M = 11.8, SD = 2. Read More

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September 2021

The Association Between Patients' eHealth Literacy and Satisfaction With Shared Decision-making and Well-being: Multicenter Cross-sectional Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Sep 24;23(9):e26721. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

School of Health Management, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Although previous studies have shown that a high level of health literacy can improve patients' ability to engage in health-related shared decision-making (SDM) and improve their quality of life, few studies have investigated the role of eHealth literacy in improving patient satisfaction with SDM (SSDM) and well-being.

Objective: This study aims to assess the relationship between patients' eHealth literacy and their socioeconomic determinants and to investigate the association between patients' eHealth literacy and their SSDM and well-being.

Methods: The data used in this study were obtained from a multicenter cross-sectional survey in China. Read More

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September 2021

Quarantine: use with care.

Authors:
Steve Kisely

BJPsych Open 2021 Sep 24;7(5):e178. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

This editorial discusses the psychological effects of isolation and quarantine in terms of both the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic and previous epidemics in the past 20 years. Although much of the literature is based on healthcare settings, there is emerging evidence from home or hotel quarantine, particularly concerning international travellers. Regardless of setting, depression, anxiety, anger and stress-related disorders are especially common but can vary according to demographic features and the characteristics of quarantine. Read More

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September 2021