14,836 results match your criteria depression knowledge


Are survivors of cardiac arrest provided with standard cardiac rehabilitation? - Results from a national survey of hospitals and municipalities in Denmark.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2021 Apr;20(2):115-123

Danish Knowledge Centre for Rehabilitation and Palliative Care, Odense University Hospital and University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Aim: To quantify the provision of standard cardiac rehabilitation to Danish survivors of cardiac arrest at a programme level, and to analyse whether organizational factors influenced the provision.

Method: We mapped the provision of cardiac rehabilitation core components to survivors of cardiac arrest and compared this with a reference group of patients after acute myocardial infarction using data from a cross-sectional programme-level survey among all hospitals (n = 34) and municipalities (n = 98) in Denmark. Organizational factors of potential importance to service provision were considered: health care region, size of catchment area/population, type of department/municipality and socioeconomic index. Read More

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Protocol for The Pregnancy During the COVID-19 Pandemic (PdP) study: A longitudinal cohort study of mental health among pregnant Canadians during the COVID-19 pandemic and developmental outcomes in their children.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive, NW, Calgary, CA.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic and countermeasures implemented by governments around the world have led to dramatically increased symptoms of depression and anxiety. Pregnant women may be particularly vulnerable to the negative psychological effects of COVID-19 public health measures, because they represent a demographic that is most affected by disasters and because pregnancy itself entails significant life changes that require major psychosocial and emotional adjustments. The Pregnancy During the COVID-19 Pandemic (PdP) study was designed to investigate the associations between exposure to objective hardship caused by the pandemic, perceived stress and psychological distress in pregnant individuals, and developmental outcomes in their offspring. Read More

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Psychosocial interventions for siblings of children with cancer: A mixed methods systematic review.

Psychooncology 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Objective: This review systematically (1) describes the characteristics of psychosocial interventions for siblings of children with cancer (SCC); (2) assesses the effect of the psychosocial interventions on SCCs' outcomes, and (3) describes SCCs' experiences and perceptions of these interventions.

Methods: Seven databases were systematically searched for relevant literature. We included both quantitative and qualitative studies of psychological interventions designed to improve the adjustment of SCCs. Read More

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Cardiac rehabilitation of Baduanjin exercise in coronary heart disease after PCI: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(15):e25501

Department of Cardiology, Dongfang Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.

Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an effective revascularization strategy in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). However, recent studies had indicated that postPCI patients usually suffer from a low-quality life. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has been recommended by numerous guidelines in the clinic for these patients. Read More

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Are individuals with orofacial pain more prone to psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic?

Dent Med Probl 2021 Jan-Mar;58(1):17-25

Orthodontic Research Center, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Background: It is of utmost importance to identify and treat groups susceptible to psychological problems during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the psychological status between the general population and subjects with orofacial pain (OFP) during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Material And Methods: A total of 509 young adults were recruited based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, using the convenient sampling approach. Read More

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DNA methylation in cord blood in association with prenatal depressive symptoms.

Clin Epigenetics 2021 Apr 12;13(1):78. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Prenatal symptoms of depression (PND) and anxiety affect up to every third pregnancy. Children of mothers with mental health problems are at higher risk of developmental problems, possibly through epigenetic mechanisms together with other factors such as genetic and environmental. We investigated DNA methylation in cord blood in relation to PND, taking into consideration a history of depression, co-morbidity with anxiety and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) use, and stratified by sex of the child. Read More

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Uncovering the prevalence and neural substrates of anhedonia in frontotemporal dementia.

Brain 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

The University of Sydney, Brain and Mind Centre, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Much of human behaviour is motivated by the drive to experience pleasure. The capacity to envisage pleasurable outcomes and to engage in goal-directed behaviour to secure these outcomes depends upon the integrity of frontostriatal circuits in the brain. Anhedonia refers to the diminished ability to experience, and to pursue, pleasurable outcomes, and represents a prominent motivational disturbance in neuropsychiatric disorders. Read More

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Autonomic Nervous System Maturation and Emotional Coordination in Interactions of Preterm and Full-Term Infants With Their Parents: Protocol for a Multimethod Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 12;10(4):e28089. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Neonatology, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.

Background: There is limited knowledge on the physiological and behavioral pathways that may affect the developmental outcomes of preterm infants and particularly on the link between autonomic nervous system maturation and early social human behavior. Thus, this study attempts to investigate the way heart rate variability (HRV) parameters are related to emotional coordination in interactions of preterm and full-term infants with their parents in the first year of life and the possible correlation with the developmental outcomes of infants at 18 months.

Objective: The first objective is to investigate the relationship between emotional coordination and HRV in dyadic full-term infant-parent (group 1) and preterm infant-parent (group 2) interactions during the first postpartum year. Read More

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Alleviating psychological distress and promoting mental wellbeing among adolescents living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, during and after COVID-19.

Glob Public Health 2021 Apr 11:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA.

COVID-19 social control measures (e.g. physical distancing and lockdowns) can have both immediate (social isolation, loneliness, anxiety, stress) and long-term effects (depression, post-traumatic stress disorder) on individuals' mental health. Read More

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Psychobiotic Supplementation of PS128 Improves Stress, Anxiety, and Insomnia in Highly Stressed Information Technology Specialists: A Pilot Study.

Front Nutr 2021 26;8:614105. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Information technology (IT) is an industry related to the production of computers, information processing, and telecommunications. Such industries heavily rely on the knowledge and solutions provided by IT specialists. Previous reports found that the subjective stress scores were higher in IT specialists who developed diabetes, hypertension, and depression. Read More

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Beetroot as a Potential Functional Food for Cancer Chemoprevention, a Narrative Review.

J Cancer Prev 2021 Mar;26(1):1-17

Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

Patients with cancer are prone to several debilitating side effects including fatigue, insomnia, depression and cognitive disturbances. Beetroot ( L.) as a health promoting functional food may be potentially beneficial in cancer. Read More

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The application effect analysis of personalized health education in acute leukemia nursing.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(3):1847-1853. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.

Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of personalized health education care in the nursing of patients with acute leukemia.

Methods: A total of 108 patients with leukemia who were admitted to our hospital were randomly selected as research subjects. A random number table was used to allocate the patients into the observation group and the control group, with 54 patients in each group. Read More

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Systemic Review on Transcranial Electrical Stimulation Parameters and EEG/fNIRS Features for Brain Diseases.

Front Neurosci 2021 26;15:629323. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan-si, South Korea.

Background: Brain disorders are gradually becoming the leading cause of death worldwide. However, the lack of knowledge of brain disease's underlying mechanisms and ineffective neuropharmacological therapy have led to further exploration of optimal treatments and brain monitoring techniques.

Objective: This study aims to review the current state of brain disorders, which utilize transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) and daily usable noninvasive neuroimaging techniques. Read More

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Mental health literacy among adolescents: Evidence from a community-based study in Delhi.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2021 Apr 10:207640211006155. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Mental Health Literacy (MHL) is the ability to recognize mental disorders, along with knowledge of professional help available, effective self-help strategies, skills to give support to others, and knowledge of how to prevent mental disorders. Adequate MHL is linked to better health-seeking behavior and management of mental illness.

Aim: To assess the MHL related to depression and anxiety among adolescents of age 15 to 19 years residing in Delhi. Read More

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Effectiveness of a one day self-compassion training for pediatric nurses' resilience.

J Pediatr Nurs 2021 Apr 8;61:109-114. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Quality Improvement and Patient Safety, Dell Children's Medical Center, USA.

Background: Resilience is a critical skill for nurses and other healthcare professionals, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, yet few nurses receive training that promotes emotional awareness and regulation, resilience, and self-compassion.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to understand if attending a one-day workshop format of the Self Compassion for Healthcare Communities (SCHC) program would improve pediatric nurses' resilience, well-being, and professional quality of life.

Design And Methods: Following a quasi-experimental design, pre, post, and follow-up surveys were acquired from 22 nurses who attended the training and 26 nurses who did not attend the training. Read More

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Fatigue in hypokinetic, hyperkinetic, and functional movement disorders.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. Electronic address:

The emerging science of fatigue has soundly endorsed the need for its unified definition, shared terminology and increased recognition in neurological illnesses. Nevertheless, the real impact of fatigue remains under-recognized. Fatigue describes a sense of tiredness, lack of energy or need for increased effort often perceived as overwhelming, pervasive, and disabling. Read More

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Building Obstetric Provider Capacity to Address Perinatal Depression Through Online Training.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA.

Perinatal depression is common, underdiagnosed, and undertreated. Obstetric providers often do not receive training in perinatal depression, despite being the frontline providers for perinatal individuals. The objective of this study was to develop and pilot test an online training module to assess feasibility, efficacy, and acceptance in improving obstetric providers' knowledge, skills, and practices regarding perinatal depression. Read More

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Extrasynaptic δ-subunit containing GABA receptors.

Authors:
Ayla Arslan

J Integr Neurosci 2021 Mar;20(1):173-184

School of Advanced Studies, University of Tyumen, 9 Marta Street 2k1, 625000 Tyumen, Russia.

γ-Aminobutyric acid type A receptors (GABARs) are GABA gated heteropentameric chloride channels responsible for the adult brain's primary inhibition. In specific brain cells, such as in the hippocampus, one of the subtypes of GABARs, the δ subunit containing GABARs (δ-GABARs), is predominantly expressed and located in extrasynaptic or perisynaptic positions. δ-GABARs mediate a slow constant inhibitory current called tonic inhibition. Read More

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The Contribution of Gut Microbiota-Brain Axis in the Development of Brain Disorders.

Front Neurosci 2021 23;15:616883. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

IRC-FSH Department of Health Sciences, University "Magna Græcia" of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy.

Different bacterial families colonize most mucosal tissues in the human organism such as the skin, mouth, vagina, respiratory, and gastrointestinal districts. In particular, the mammalian intestine hosts a microbial community of between 1,000 and 1,500 bacterial species, collectively called "microbiota." Co-metabolism between the microbiota and the host system is generated and the symbiotic relationship is mutually beneficial. Read More

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A large-scale genome-wide gene expression analysis in peripheral blood identifies very few differentially expressed genes related to antidepressant treatment and response in patients with major depressive disorder.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

The Bioinformatics Centre, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen N, Denmark.

A better understanding of the biological factors underlying antidepressant treatment in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) is needed. We perform gene expression analyses and explore sources of variability in peripheral blood related to antidepressant treatment and treatment response in patients suffering from recurrent MDD at baseline and after 8 weeks of treatment. The study includes 281 patients, which were randomized to 8 weeks of treatment with vortioxetine (N = 184) or placebo (N = 97). Read More

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Qianzheng powder for the treatment of primary Hemifacial spasm: A protocol for systematic reviews and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e25436

Qihuang Outpatient Department of Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang, China.

Background: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a clinical common neurological disease, its main performance for 1 side or 2 sides muscles (the orbicularis oculi muscle, expression, orbicularisoris muscles) recurrent paroxysmal, involuntary twitching, aggravating when excited or nervous, more severe cases of the disease may include difficulty in opening the eyes, crooked corners of the mouth, and twitching noises in the ears, etc.[1] Early manifestations of the disease are intermittent mild convulsions of the orbicularis oculi muscle, and then gradually spread to 1 side of the facial muscles, such as frowning muscles, nasal muscles, buccinalis muscles, etc, especially the most obvious spasms of the oral muscles, which can involve the ipsilateral platysma muscle in severe cases, with each twitch for a few seconds to a few minutes. The disease will affect the quality of life such as speaking, eating, seeing and so on, and even cause psychological effects such as inferiority, anxiety and depression. Read More

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Childhood exposure to ambient air pollution and predicting individual risk of depression onset in UK adolescents.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Mar 25;138:60-67. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

King's College London, Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, London, UK; ESRC Centre for Society and Mental Health, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

Knowledge about early risk factors for major depressive disorder (MDD) is critical to identify those who are at high risk. A multivariable model to predict adolescents' individual risk of future MDD has recently been developed however its performance in a UK sample was far from perfect. Given the potential role of air pollution in the aetiology of depression, we investigate whether including childhood exposure to air pollution as an additional predictor in the risk prediction model improves the identification of UK adolescents who are at greatest risk for developing MDD. Read More

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Association between acoustic speech features and non-severe levels of anxiety and depression symptoms across lifespan.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(4):e0248842. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Institute of Electronics and Informatics Engineering of Aveiro, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Background: Several studies have investigated the acoustic effects of diagnosed anxiety and depression. Anxiety and depression are not characteristics of the typical aging process, but minimal or mild symptoms can appear and evolve with age. However, the knowledge about the association between speech and anxiety or depression is scarce for minimal/mild symptoms, typical of healthy aging. Read More

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Can Physical Activity Support Grief Outcomes in Individuals Who Have Been Bereaved? A Systematic Review.

Sports Med Open 2021 Apr 8;7(1):26. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Institute for Sport and Physical Activity Research, Centre for Health, Wellbeing and Behaviour Change, University of Bedfordshire, Bedford, MK41 9EA, UK.

Background: In 2018, there were 616,014 registered deaths in the United Kingdom (UK). Grief is a natural consequence. Many mental health concerns, which can be identified as grief outcomes (e. Read More

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Impact and cost-effectiveness evaluation of a community-based rehabilitation intervention on quality of life among Chinese adults with hearing loss: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Apr 7;22(1):258. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

China Center for Health Development Studies, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Background: Hearing loss is quite prevalent and can be related to people's quality of life. To our knowledge, there are limited studies assessing the efficacy of hearing interventions on quality of life in adults. Therefore, we aim to conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to determine the impact and cost-effectiveness of community-based hearing rehabilitation on quality of life among Chinese adults with hearing loss. Read More

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Suspected Agomelatine-induced restless legs syndrome: a case report.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Apr 7;21(1):180. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder characterized by unpleasant and distressing sensations in the lower limbs that are more pronounced in the evening, commence or worsen at rest, and show partial or complete relief following movement. It can occur as a primary disorder, secondary to medical conditions or treatment with medications including but not limited to antidepressants or antipsychotics.

Case Presentation: A 32-year old man with major depressive disorder showed partial response to Escitalopram 10 mg daily. Read More

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Maternal stress and depressive symptoms and adolescents' body mass index: a prospective study.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 7;21(1):675. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Developmental Psychology, Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, P.O. Box 9104, 6500, HE, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Growing evidence suggests that maternal mental health issues are associated with (young) children's weight outcomes. However, most studies have been limited by cross-sectional designs and have been aimed at (younger) children. The current prospective study focuses on the link between maternal mental health (i. Read More

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Distribution of microRNAs associated with major depressive disorder among blood compartments.

J Int Med Res 2021 Apr;49(4):3000605211006633

Department of Biochemistry, "Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, Timisoara, Romania.

Objective: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a recurrent disorder with an increasing incidence. Alterations in key signaling pathways of the nervous system, such as the Wnt and MAPK pathways, mediated through microRNAs (miRNAs) provide crucial information regarding the etiopathology of MDD. We aimed to analyze whether the heterogeneity of literature findings regarding differential expression of miRNAs in the blood could arise from their different distributions among blood compartments. Read More

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Protective behaviours and secondary harms from non-pharmaceutical interventions during the COVID-19 epidemic in South Africa: a multisite prospective longitudinal study.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Africa Health Research Institute, NA, KwaZulu-Natal, ZA.

Background: In March 2020 South Africa implemented strict non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to contain Covid-19. Over the subsequent five months NPIs were eased in stages according to national strategy. Covid-19 spread throughout the country heterogeneously, reaching rural areas by July and peaking in July-August; a second wave began late in 2020. Read More

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Mental Health Interventions to Improve Psychological Outcomes in Informal Caregivers of Critically Ill Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Crit Care Med 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Calgary and Alberta Health Services, Calgary, AB, Canada. O'Brien Institute for Public Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. Department of Psychiatry, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Objectives: Determine effect of mental health interventions on psychologic outcomes in informal caregivers of critically ill patients.

Data Sources: Searches conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, and other databases from inception to October 31, 2019.

Study Selection: Interventions for informal caregivers of critically ill patients in adult ICU, PICU, or neonatal ICU. Read More

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