1,205 results match your criteria depression emphasized

Necessity of facial contouring in feminization surgery for Chinese transgender females.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(7):603

Department of Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery, Shanghai 9th People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

Background: An increasing number of transgender females are suffering from a critical gender dysphoria, which often presents as depression and self-destructive behavior. Facial feminization surgery (FFS) is an effective method to alleviate symptoms of gender dysphoria, which could be more important than genital reassignment surgery for Chinese. Facial contour surgery is perceived as an ordinary FFS for the Chinese women to improve their facial appearance. Read More

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Psychosocial effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown on university students: Understanding apprehensions through a phenomenographic approach.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(5):e0251641. Epub 2021 May 13.

University of Okara, Okara, Pakistan.

Limited evidence exists to help understand the experiences of university students in relation to the long-term lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. For that reason, we conducted a study using a phenomenographic approach in order to understand how university students perceive COVID-19 and the associated lockdown. Data were collected from 25 students in Pakistan. Read More

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PH CARE COVID survey: an international patient survey on the care for pulmonary hypertension patients during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 05 1;16(1):196. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Respiratory Diseases, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, most of the health care systems suspended their non-urgent activities. This included the cancellation of consultations for patients with rare diseases, such as severe pulmonary hypertension (PH), resulting in potential medication shortage and loss of follow-up. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate PH patient health status evolution, access to health care and mental health experience during the early phase of the pandemic. Read More

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Associative Overdominance and Negative Epistasis Shape Genome-Wide Ancestry Landscape in Supplemented Fish Populations.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Apr 3;12(4). Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Institut de Biologie Intégrative et des Systèmes (IBIS), Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada.

The interplay between recombination rate, genetic drift and selection modulates variation in genome-wide ancestry. Understanding the selective processes at play is of prime importance toward predicting potential beneficial or negative effects of supplementation with domestic strains (i.e. Read More

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Sample size, sample size planning, and the impact of study context: systematic review and recommendations by the example of psychological depression treatment.

Psychol Med 2021 Apr 21:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Sample size planning (SSP) is vital for efficient studies that yield reliable outcomes. Hence, guidelines, emphasize the importance of SSP. The present study investigates the practice of SSP in current trials for depression. Read More

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Differences in quality of life between genders in acromegaly.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2021 04 3;4(2):e00229. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Mexico City Mexico.

Objective: To study the impact of secondary mental disorders in patients affected with acromegaly and correlate them with quality of life (QoL) and disease status.

Design: An observational transversal descriptive and comparative study that evaluates QoL's impact due to secondary mental disorders in affected Mexicans with acromegaly using AcroQoL and SF-36 instruments. Correlation of the results with the disease's biochemical status was performed. Read More

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Compensatory Usage of the Internet: The Case of Mukbang Watching on YouTube.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 Apr 15;18(4):269-276. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK.

Objective: Accumulating empirical research has emphasized that a wide range of online activities-such as using social networking sites-can be performed in order to compensate unattained needs or to cope with negative affect and psychopathological symptoms. Although the correlates of problematic social networking use have been extensively investigated, less is known about problematic YouTube use (PYU), an umbrella term grouping a number of different activities (e.g. Read More

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Vaccinium bracteatum Thunb. as a promising resource of bioactive compounds with health benefits: An updated review.

Food Chem 2021 Sep 31;356:129738. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

School of Food Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi 214122, China; National Engineering Research Center for Functional Food, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi 214122, China. Electronic address:

Vaccinium bracteatum Thunb.(VBT) is well-known for many physiological and bioactivities in some ancient Chinese pharmacopeias and modern researches. The health benefits are related to the presence of various nutritional and bioactive compounds. Read More

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September 2021

Preoperative Mental Health Influences Patient-Reported Outcome Measures and Satisfaction After Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty.

J Arthroplasty 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Background: A higher prevalence of mental health conditions has been reported in patients undergoing revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA). This study investigated the effect of preoperative mental health on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and satisfaction after rTKA.

Methods: A total of 245 patients who underwent rTKA in 2004-2018 were identified from our institutional joint registry. Read More

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Biofeedback-Based Connected Mental Health Interventions for Anxiety: Systematic Literature Review.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Apr 22;9(4):e26038. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Computer Science & Software Engineering, College of Information Technology, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Connected mental health, which refers to the use of technology for mental health care and technology-based therapeutic solutions, has become an established field of research. Biofeedback is one of the approaches used in connected mental health solutions, which is mainly based on the analysis of physiological indicators for the assessment and management of the psychological state. Biofeedback is recommended by many therapists and has been used for conditions including depression, insomnia, and anxiety. Read More

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Psychological complications of Cushing's syndrome.

Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2021 Jun;28(3):325-329

Endocrinology/Medicine Departments, Hospital Sant Pau, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER, Unidad 747), IIB-Sant Pau, ISCIII and Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose Of Review: The aim of this article is to review and discuss recent evidence of psychological complications in Cushing's syndrome.

Recent Findings: Recent research has described the presence of depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, mania, bipolar disorder and psychotic symptoms in patients with Cushing's syndrome. Furthermore, the perspective of patients' partners has also been emphasized. Read More

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Uniting the unit: Trivariate latent difference score modeling of the parent-child triad.

J Fam Psychol 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Mercer University.

Previous research on child psychological functioning has emphasized the role of maternal psychopathology. In the literature on paternal psychopathology's effect on children, they are studied independently of mothers. The interaction between paternal and maternal psychopathology likely affects the child. Read More

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Derailment within the landscape of psychopathology.

Curr Opin Psychol 2021 Feb 6;41:21-27. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Department of Human Development, Cornell University, USA.

When perceived changes in course occur, individuals can be left feeling disconnected from who they were in the past. This sensation of being 'off-course' in life is an individual difference we call 'derailment.' In this article, we review derailment's unique contribution to the psychological literature, the role of perceived self and identity change in mental health, and the nuanced association between derailment and depression. Read More

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February 2021

The relationship between loneliness, depression, internet and social media addiction among young Polish women.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Feb;25(4):1982-1989

Department of Nursing, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.

Objective: When speaking of behavioral addictions (especially to the Internet and social media), it is emphasized that it is not the environment that is the main contributor to addiction, but rather certain behaviors and personality traits. The aim of this study was to assess the level of Internet and social media addiction on the example of Facebook with regard to psychological and social factors.

Subjects And Methods: This survey-based study involved a group of women representing the female population in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland (N = 556). Read More

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February 2021

The Current Role of General Anesthesia for Cesarean Delivery.

Curr Anesthesiol Rep 2021 Feb 24:1-10. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA USA.

Purpose Of The Review: The use of general anesthesia for cesarean delivery has declined in the last decades due to the widespread utilization of neuraxial techniques and the understanding that neuraxial anesthesia can be provided even in urgent circumstances. In fact, the role of general anesthesia for cesarean delivery has been revisited, because despite recent devices facilitating endotracheal intubation and clinical algorithms, guiding anesthesiologists facing challenging scenarios, risks, and complications of general anesthesia at the time of delivery for both mother and neonate(s) remain significant. In this review, we will discuss clinical scenarios and risk factors associated with general anesthesia for cesarean delivery and address reasons why anesthesiologists should apply strategies to minimize its use. Read More

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February 2021

Perceived helpfulness of bipolar disorder treatment: Findings from the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys.

Bipolar Disord 2021 Feb 26. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: To examine patterns and predictors of perceived treatment helpfulness for mania/hypomania and associated depression in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys.

Methods: Face-to-face interviews with community samples across 15 countries found n = 2,178 who received lifetime mania/hypomania treatment and n = 624 with lifetime mania/hypomania who received lifetime major depression treatment. These respondents were asked whether treatment was ever helpful and, if so, the number of professionals seen before receiving helpful treatment. Read More

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February 2021

Prevalence of insomnia among university students in South Asian Region: a systematic review of studies.

J Prev Med Hyg 2020 Dec 14;61(4):E525-E529. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.

Introduction: Insomnia is a global health problem among university students which is associated with various psychiatric problems like depression and anxiety. While different developed and developing countries assessed the prevalence of insomnia in youth, currently there is hardly systematic review of studies found based on the prevalence of insomnia in South Asia.

Aims: The aim of this study is to systematically review the evidence relating to the prevalence rate of insomnia in university students in South Asian countries. Read More

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December 2020

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic outbreak on education and mental health of Chinese children aged 7-15 years: an online survey.

BMC Pediatr 2021 02 24;21(1):95. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Faculty of Life Science and Technology, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, 650500, Yunnan, China.

Background: The emerging of psychological problems triggered by COVID-19 particularly in children have been extensively highlighted and emphasized, but original research in this respect is still lagging behind. Therefore, we designed this study to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and the effectiveness and attitudes towards online education among Chinese children aged 7-15 years.

Methods: A detailed questionnaire, comprising of 62 questions was designed and parents or caretakers of 7 to 15 years old children were invited to participate via WeChat, a multi-purpose messaging, social media and mobile payment app, which is widely used by the Chinese population. Read More

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February 2021

Kraepelin's final views on manic-depressive Illness.

J Affect Disord 2021 03 6;282:979-990. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Virginia Institute of Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, and Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia/Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 980126, Richmond, VA, USA. Electronic address:

At the age of 65, 8 years after finishing his last textbook edition, Emil Kraepelin completed the final edition of his "Introduction to Clinical Psychiatry" which included a mini-textbook for students with a 7-page section on manic-depressive insanity (MDI), a disorder he had formally proposed 22 years earlier, and a series of new detailed case histories, 9 of which examined MDI. This text distills, near the end of his life, Kraepelin's perspective of the key features of MDI. The text and case histories are here translated into English for the first time. Read More

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'A Way to Know' Your Stress: Acceptability and Meaning of Hair Sample Collection for Cortisol Analysis From African-American and Latina Women in a Digital Storytelling Study.

Int Q Community Health Educ 2021 Feb 16:272684X21996908. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Amherst, United States.

Obtaining biological samples for research purposes from members of marginalized communities demands careful social and ethical consideration. This paper aims to discuss how feasibility and acceptability translate into methodological and ethical considerations for collecting hair samples in a study comprised of young, pregnant Latinx and African-American women participating in a digital storytelling intervention (DST). Transcripts from two focus groups with Healthy Families home visitor staff (N =10) and follow-up interviews with DST participants (N = 8) were analyzed through qualitative content analysis for hair sampling acceptability. Read More

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February 2021

Addressing National Opioid Prescribing Practices for Knee Osteoarthritis: An Analysis of an Estimated 41,389,332 Patients With Knee Arthritis.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2021 04;29(7):e337-e344

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, NC (Gwam, Zuskov, Luo, and Plate), the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH (Emara), and the College of Natural Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI (Ogbonnaya).

Introduction: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic pathology that is treated across multiple specialties. Opioid prescribing practices for knee OA have not been described on a national level. The purpose of this study was to (1) investigate the trends in opioid prescriptions for knee OA, (2) characterize and identify predominant opioid based medications prescribed for knee OA, and (3) identify patient- and provider-related factors influencing opioid prescribing patterns in the treatment of knee OA in the outpatient setting. Read More

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Exploratory study on the psychological impact of COVID-19 on the general Brazilian population.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(2):e0245868. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

The COVID-19 pandemic has become one of the main international concerns regarding its impact on mental health. The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms, and behavioral aspects amidst the COVID-19 pandemic in a Brazilian population. An online survey was administered from May 22 to June 5, 2020 using a questionnaire comprising of sociodemographic information, the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21), and the Coping Strategies Inventory. Read More

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February 2021

Autism - A Comprehensive Array of Prominent Signs and Symptoms.

Curr Pharm Des 2021 Jan 19. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589. Saudi Arabia.

Background: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a multifaceted neurodevelopmental condition characterized by multiple psychological and physiological impairments in young children. According to the recent reports 1 out of every 58 newly born children is suffering from autism. The aetiology of disorder is complex and poorly understood, hindering the adaptation of targeted and effective therapies. Read More

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January 2021

Integration of Diabetes and Depression Care Is Associated with Glucose Control in Midwestern Federally Qualified Health Centers.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 Apr 25;36(4):978-984. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: The 2016 American Diabetes Association position statement emphasized that psychosocial and medical care should be integrated and provided to all people with diabetes.

Objective: To determine whether better integration of diabetes and depression care is associated with better glycemic control.

Design: Cross-sectional surveys of Midwestern federally qualified health center (FQHC) leaders and primary care providers (PCPs) in 2016. Read More

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Social Support and Depressive Symptoms among Trauma-Impacted Older Adults.

J Evid Based Soc Work (2019) 2021 Jan 24:1-8. Epub 2021 Jan 24.

Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University , Cleveland, USA.

: The present study investigates the association between social support and depressive symptomatology among older adults who have been impacted by trauma. Previous studies have not sufficiently explored this topic to date. : The current study analyzed public-use data from the 2012 Health and Retirement Study ( = 4,195), focusing specifically on community-dwelling older adults (> 50). Read More

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January 2021

"We have become prisoners of our own age": From a continuing care retirement community to a total institution in the midst of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Age Ageing 2021 Jan 22. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Faculty of Social and Community Sciences, Ruppin Academic Center, Emek Hefer 4025000, Israel.

Background And Objectives: During the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel, people residing in continuing care retirement communities (CCRC) found themselves under strict instructions to self-isolate, imposed by the CCRC managements before, during, and after the nationwide lockdown. The present study explored the personal experiences of CCRC residents during the lockdown.

Research Design And Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 24 CCRC residents from 13 different CCRCs. Read More

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January 2021

Religious Coping, Depression and Anxiety among Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Malaysian Perspective.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Jan 15;9(1). Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Psychological Medicine, University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur 59100, Malaysia.

Anxiety and depression have been prevalent among Healthcare Workers (HCWs) amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of anxiety and depression among HCWs amid the pandemic and their association with religious coping. A cross-sectional study design was applied. Read More

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January 2021

Crosstalk between Depression and Dementia with Resting-State fMRI Studies and Its Relationship with Cognitive Functioning.

Biomedicines 2021 Jan 16;9(1). Epub 2021 Jan 16.

Department of Psychiatry, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan 15355, Korea.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia, and depression is a risk factor for developing AD. Epidemiological studies provide a clinical correlation between late-life depression (LLD) and AD. Depression patients generally remit with no residual symptoms, but LLD patients demonstrate residual cognitive impairment. Read More

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January 2021

Closing Gaps in Lifestyle Adherence for Secondary Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease.

Am J Cardiol 2021 04 14;145:1-11. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Lifespan Cardiovascular Institute, and Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Brown University, Alpert Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island. Electronic address:

The secondary prevention (SP) of coronary heart disease (CHD) has become a major public health and economic burden worldwide. In the United States, the prevalence of CHD has risen to 18 million, the incidence of recurrent myocardial infarctions (MI) remains high, and related healthcare costs are projected to double by 2035. In the last decade, practice guidelines and performance measures for the SP of CHD have increasingly emphasized evidence-based lifestyle (LS) interventions, including healthy dietary patterns, regular exercise, smoking cessation, weight management, depression screening, and enrollment in cardiac rehabilitation. Read More

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