Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2020 May 6;104(9):3921-3934. Epub 2020 Mar 6.
Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, Lo Ka Chung Research Centre for Natural Anti-Cancer Drug Development and State Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.
L-Arginine (L-Arg) depletion has attracted great attention in cancer therapy. Although two types of arginine-depleting enzymes, arginine deiminase (ADI) and human arginase I, are undergoing clinical trials, random site of PEGylation, low efficacy of heavy metal as co-factor, and immunogenicity limit the performance of these drugs and cause difficulty in a homogeneous production. Here we screened ten catalytic metal ions and have successfully produced a site-specific mono-PEGylated human arginase I mutant by conjugating the Cys residue to PEG-maleimide to minimize the decrease in activity and produce a homogeneous product. Read More