93,309 results match your criteria dendritic cells

Personalized combination nano-immunotherapy for robust induction and tumor infiltration of CD8 T cells.

Biomaterials 2021 Apr 27;274:120844. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA; Biointerfaces Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA. Electronic address:

Identification of tumor-specific mutations, called neoantigens, offers new exciting opportunities for personalized cancer immunotherapy. However, it remains challenging to achieve robust induction of neoantigen-specific T cells and drive their infiltration into the tumor microenvironment (TME). Here, we have developed a novel polyethyleneimine (PEI)-based personalized vaccine platform carrying neoantigen peptides and CpG adjuvants in a compact nanoparticle (NP) for their spatio-temporally concerted delivery. Read More

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Current understanding on molecular drug targets and emerging treatment strategy for novel coronavirus-19.

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Neuroscience Division, Department of Pharmacology, ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga, 142001, Punjab, India.

SARS-CoV-2 is an enveloped positive-sense RNA virus, contain crown-like spikes on its surface, exceptional of large RNA genome, and a special replication machinery. Common symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 include cough, common cold, fever, sore throat, and a variety of severe acute respiratory disease (SARD) such as pneumonia. SARS-CoV-2 infects epithelial cells, T-cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells and also influences the production and implantation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Read More

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Flat scalp melanoma dermoscopic and reflectance confocal microscopy features correspond to histopathologic type and lesion location.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Dermatology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Background: Dermoscopy and Reflectance Confocal Microscopy (RCM) features of scalp melanoma according to lesion location and histopathology have not been fully investigated.

Objectives: To reveal dermoscopic and RCM features of scalp melanoma according to lesion location and histopathology.

Methods: We retrospectively retrieved images of suspicious, atypical excised, flat melanocytic lesions of the scalp, assessed on dermoscopy and RCM at five centers, from June 2007 to April 2020. Read More

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Integrated analysis of ceRNA network and tumor-infiltrating immune cells in esophageal cancer.

Biosci Rep 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Affilited Haospital of Nantong University, Nantong, China.

Background:  Esophageal cancer (ESCA) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the world. Tumor immune microenvironment is closely related to tumor prognosis. This study aimed at analyzing the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network and tumor-infiltrating immune cells in ESCA. Read More

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Dendritic cell PIK3C3/VPS34 controls the pathogenicity of CNS autoimmunity independently of LC3-associated phagocytosis.

Autophagy 2021 May 7:1-10. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA.

PIK3C3/VPS34 is a key player in macroautophagy/autophagy and MAP1LC3/LC3-associated phagocytosis (LAP), which play critical roles in dendritic cell (DC) function. In this study, we assessed the contribution of PIK3C3 to DC function during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). We found that -deficient DCs exhibit attenuated capacity to reactivate encephalitogenic T cells in the central nervous system, leading to reduced incidence and severity of EAE in DC-specific -deficient mice. Read More

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Dendritic cells support a proliferative antigen-specific T-cell response in the presence of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid).

J Biomed Mater Res A 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Biomaterials are known to modulate immune cell functions, which subsequently determine the host inflammatory and immune responses. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) or PLGA, a biodegradable and biocompatible biomaterial, induces a pro-inflammatory, mature phenotype in antigen presentation cells, namely dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro. In vivo, PLGA can boost the humoral immune response to a co-delivered model antigen, a phenomenon known as the PLGA-adjuvant effect. Read More

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Uncommon Pigmented Carcinoma In Situ: Case Report and Brief Review.

Clin Pathol 2021 Jan-Dec;14:2632010X211009819. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.

Pigmented lesions of the oral mucosa encompass several benign and malignant conditions that may be a matter of concern under both clinical and histopathological views. We reported a case of a 62-year-old woman, presenting with an asymptomatic, deeply pigmented lesion on the soft palate. On examination, it appeared asymmetrical, with irregular borders and an area of ulceration. Read More

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Corrigendum: IL-7 During Antigenic Stimulation Using Allogeneic Dendritic Cells Promotes Expansion of CD45RACD62LCD4 Invariant NKT Cells With Th-2 Biased Cytokine Production Profile.

Front Immunol 2021 20;12:689959. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Stem Cell Transplantation and Cellular Therapy, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2020. Read More

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Single-Cell Profiling of Kidney Transplant Recipients With Immunosuppressive Treatment Reveals the Dynamic Immune Characteristics.

Front Immunol 2021 20;12:639942. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Organ Transplantation, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Kidney transplantation is currently the first choice of treatment for various types of end-stage renal failure, but there are major limitations in the application of immunosuppressive protocols after kidney transplantation. When the dose of immunosuppressant is too low, graft rejection occurs easily, while a dose that is too high can lead to graft loss. Therefore, it is very important to explore the immune status of patients receiving immunosuppressive agents after kidney transplantation. Read More

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Strategies for Using Muramyl Peptides - Modulators of Innate Immunity of Bacterial Origin - in Medicine.

Front Immunol 2021 20;12:607178. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

National Research Center - Institute of Immunology of Federal Medico-Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia.

The spread of infectious diseases is rampant. The emergence of new infections, the irrational use of antibiotics in medicine and their widespread use in agriculture contribute to the emergence of microorganisms that are resistant to antimicrobial drugs. By 2050, mortality from antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria is projected to increase up to 10 million people per year, which will exceed mortality from cancer. Read More

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Integrin α4β1/VCAM-1 Interaction Evokes Dynamic Cell Aggregation Between Immune Cells and Human Lung Microvascular Endothelial Cells at Infectious Hemolysis.

Front Pharmacol 2021 20;12:653143. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Hepatopathy, Hunan Children's Hospital, Changsha, China.

Bacterial and viral infection is a common cause of pneumonia, respiratory failure, and even acute respiratory distress syndrome. Increasing evidence indicates that red blood cells (RBCs) may contribute to immune response and inflammation. However, the precise molecular mechanisms that link RBC and hemolysis to the development and progression of inflammatory pathologies are not entirely understood. Read More

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A single-cell map of intratumoral changes during anti-PD1 treatment of patients with breast cancer.

Nat Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Laboratory for Translational Genetics, Department of Human Genetics, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Immune-checkpoint blockade (ICB) combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy improves pathological complete response in breast cancer. To understand why only a subset of tumors respond to ICB, patients with hormone receptor-positive or triple-negative breast cancer were treated with anti-PD1 before surgery. Paired pre- versus on-treatment biopsies from treatment-naive patients receiving anti-PD1 (n = 29) or patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy before anti-PD1 (n = 11) were subjected to single-cell transcriptome, T cell receptor and proteome profiling. Read More

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Skin-resident immune cells actively coordinate their distribution with epidermal cells during homeostasis.

Nat Cell Biol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Genetics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Organs consist of multiple cell types that ensure proper architecture and function. How different cell types coexist and interact to maintain their homeostasis in vivo remains elusive. The skin epidermis comprises mostly epithelial cells, but also harbours Langerhans cells (LCs) and dendritic epidermal T cells (DETCs). Read More

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Paving the way towards an effective treatment for multiple sclerosis: advances in cell therapy.

Cell Mol Immunol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Immunology, LCMN, Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital and Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a leading cause of chronic neurological disability in young to middle-aged adults, affecting ~2.5 million people worldwide. Currently, most therapeutics for MS are systemic immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory drugs, but these drugs are unable to halt or reverse the disease and have the potential to cause serious adverse events. Read More

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Single cell transcriptional zonation of human psoriasis skin identifies an alternative immunoregulatory axis conducted by skin resident cells.

Cell Death Dis 2021 May 6;12(5):450. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Molecular Neurobiology, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Solnavägen 9, 17165, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.

Psoriasis is the most common skin disease in adults. Current experimental and clinical evidences suggested the infiltrating immune cells could target local skin cells and thus induce psoriatic phenotype. However, recent studies indicated the existence of a potential feedback signaling loop from local resident skin cells to infiltrating immune cells. Read More

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Glutamate and microglia activation as a driver of dendritic apoptosis: a core pathophysiological mechanism to understand schizophrenia.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 May 6;11(1):271. Epub 2021 May 6.

Barcelona Clínic Schizophrenia Unit (BCSU). Institute of Neuroscience, Hospital Clínic of Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Schizophrenia disorder remains an unsolved puzzle. However, the integration of recent findings from genetics, molecular biology, neuroimaging, animal models and translational clinical research offers evidence that the synaptic overpruning hypothesis of schizophrenia needs to be reassessed. During a critical period of neurodevelopment and owing to an imbalance of excitatory glutamatergic pyramidal neurons and inhibitory GABAergic interneurons, a regionally-located glutamate storm might occur, triggering excessive dendritic pruning with the activation of local dendritic apoptosis machinery. Read More

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Innate allorecognition in transplantation.

J Heart Lung Transplant 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute, Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Department of Immunology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

Successful allogeneic transplantation has been made possible by suppressing activation of the adaptive immune system. Current immunosuppressive therapy prevents rejection by targeting T and B cells. Despite this effective treatment, it is the innate immune system, which includes dendritic cells, monocytes, natural killer cells, that is responsible for the initiation of the adaptive immune response. Read More

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Decreased microRNA-155 in Behcet's disease leads to defective control of autophagy thereby stimulating excessive proinflammatory cytokine production.

Arthritis Res Ther 2021 May 6;23(1):135. Epub 2021 May 6.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing Key Lab of Ophthalmology, Chongqing Eye Institute, Chongqing Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Diseases, Chongqing, P. R. China.

Background: Earlier, we reported that the microRNA (miR)-155 expression in dendritic cells (DCs) from Behcet's disease (BD) patients was decreased and affected cytokine production of DCs. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms whereby miR-155 regulates cytokine production by DCs.

Methods: The formation of autophagosomes in DCs was detected by transmission electron microscopy. Read More

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A rabies virus vectored severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) bivalent candidate vaccine confers protective immune responses in mice.

Vet Microbiol 2021 Apr 21;257:109076. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, 250012, China. Electronic address:

The Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging tick-borne hemorrhagic zoonotic disease, which is potentially fatal in human with mortality rates ranging from 16.2%-32%. The rabies virus (RABV) LBNSE vector expressing foreign antigens have shown considerable promise as vaccines against viral diseases, which is effective and safe. Read More

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Epithelial exosomal contactin-1 promotes monocyte-derived dendritic cells-dominant T cell responses in asthma.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao-tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: Exosomes have emerged as a vital player in cell-cell communication; however, whether airway epithelial cells (AECs) generated exosomes participate in asthma development remains unknown.

Objective: To characterize the AECs-secreted exosomes and the potentially functional protein(s) that may contribute to the proinflammatory effects of AECs exosomes in the dendritic cells (DCs)-dominant airway allergic models, and confirming their clinical significance in asthmatic patients.

Methods: Mice were treated with exosomes derived from house dust mite (HDM)-stimulated AECs (HDM-AECs-EXO) or monocyte-derived DCs (moDCs) primed by HDM and/or contactin-1 (CNTN1). Read More

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Follicular dendritic cell dysfunction contributes to impaired antigen-specific humoral responses in sepsis-surviving mice.

J Clin Invest 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Center for Autoimmune and Musculoskeletal Disease, The Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research, Manhasset, United States of America.

Sepsis survivors exhibit impaired responsiveness to antigen (Ag) challenge associated with increased mortality from infection. The contribution of follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) in the impaired humoral response in sepsis-surviving mice is investigated in this study. We demonstrated that mice subjected to sepsis from cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) have reduced NP-specific high-affinity class-switched Ig antibodies compared to sham control mice following immunization with the T-dependent Ag, NP-CGG. Read More

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Adverse immunological responses against non-viral nanoparticle (NP) delivery systems in the lung.

J Immunotoxicol 2021 Dec;18(1):61-73

Lydia Becker Institute of Immunology and Inflammation, School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

There is a large, unmet medical need to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and other respiratory diseases. New modalities are being developed, including gene therapy which treats the disease at the DNA/RNA level. Despite recent innovations in non-viral gene therapy delivery for chronic respiratory diseases, unwanted or adverse interactions with immune cells, particularly macrophages, can limit drug efficacy. Read More

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December 2021

Dendritic Mesoporous Silica Nanospheres: Toward the Ultimate Minimum Particle Size for Ultraefficient Liquid Chromatographic Separation.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

State Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, 163 Xianlin Avenue, Nanjing 210023, China.

Use of smaller particle size of packing materials in liquid chromatography leads to faster separation and higher efficiency. This basic law has driven the evolution of packing materials for several generations. However, the use of nanoscale packing materials has been severely hampered by extremely high back pressure. Read More

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Lymph Node Delivery Strategy Enables the Activation of Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes and Natural Killer Cells to Augment Cancer Immunotherapy.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology (Ministry of Education), School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, 44 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong 250012, China.

Lymph nodes are the main sites for immune activation and surveillance. Effective delivery of immunomodulators into lymph nodes to trigger antitumor immunity is essential for cancer treatment. Here, we propose a lymph node delivery strategy to modulate the immune response by activating cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer (NK) cells simultaneously. Read More

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CNS inflammation after natalizumab therapy for multiple sclerosis: A retrospective histopathological and CSF cohort study.

Brain Pathol 2021 May 6:e12969. Epub 2021 May 6.

Institute of Neuropathology, University Medical Center, Göttingen, Germany.

Natalizumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody directed against the α4 subunit of the integrins α4ß1 and α4ß7, has been approved for the treatment of active relapsing-remitting MS. Although natalizumab is a highly beneficial drug that effectively reduces the risk of sustained disability progression and the rate of clinical relapses, some patients do not respond to it, and some are at higher risk of developing progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). The histopathological effects after natalizumab therapy are still unknown. Read More

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Rac-maninoff and Rho-vel: The symphony of Rho-GTPase signaling at excitatory synapses.

Small GTPases 2021 May 6:1-34. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Synaptic connections between neurons are essential for every facet of human cognition and are thus regulated with extreme precision. Rho-family GTPases, molecular switches that cycle between an active GTP-bound state and an inactive GDP-bound state, comprise a critical feature of synaptic regulation. Rho-GTPases are exquisitely controlled by an extensive suite of activators (GEFs) and inhibitors (GAPs and GDIs) and interact with many different signalling pathways to fulfill their roles in orchestrating the development, maintenance, and plasticity of excitatory synapses of the central nervous system. Read More

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LILRA3 is related to monocyte-derived dendritic cell maturation and activation.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2021 Feb;24(2):196-202

Department of Rheumatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou, 310009, China.

Objectives: Previously we reported functional leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor A3 () leads to susceptibility and sub-phenotypes of several autoimmune diseases. LILRA3 levels in blood serum and CD14 monocytes enhanced in systemic lupus erythematosus and resulted in disease severity. However, the mechanism of LILRA3 in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity remains elusive. Read More

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February 2021

Activation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells promotes AML-cell fratricide.

Oncotarget 2021 Apr 27;12(9):878-890. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Internal Medicine, Wexner Medical Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by the proliferation of immature myeloid blasts and a suppressed immune state. Interferons have been previously shown to aid in the clearance of AML cells. Type I interferons are produced primarily by plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). Read More

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A Comparison Between Recombinant GAPDH Proteins and GAPDH Encoding mRNA Conjugated to Lipids as Cross-Reactive Vaccines for , and .

Front Immunol 2021 19;12:632304. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Facultad de Educación y Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja, Logroño, Spain.

Cross-reactive vaccines recognize common molecular patterns in pathogens and are able to confer broad spectrum protection against different infections. Antigens common to pathogenic bacteria that induce broad immune responses, such as the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) of the genera , or , whose sequences present more than 95% homology at the N-terminal GAPDH peptide, are putative candidates for universal vaccines. Here, we explore vaccine formulations based on dendritic cells (DC) loaded with two molecular forms of GAPDH (LM-GAPDH), such as mRNA carriers or recombinant proteins, and compare them with the same molecular forms of three other antigens used in experimental vaccines, listeriolysin O of , Ag85A of , and pneumolysin of . Read More

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Regional and organ-level responses to local lung irradiation in sheep.

Sci Rep 2021 May 5;11(1):9553. Epub 2021 May 5.

The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, Edinburgh, EH25 9RG, UK.

Lung is a dose-limiting organ in radiotherapy. This may limit tumour control when effort is made in planning to limit the likelihood of radiation-induced lung injury (RILI). Understanding the factors that dictate susceptibility to radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis will aid in the prevention and management of RILI, and may lead to more effective personalized radiotherapy treatment. Read More

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