745,601 results match your criteria demographic data


A hypertension risk score for adults: a population-based cross-sectional study from Dubai Household Survey 2019.

Epidemiol Health 2021 Sep 8:e2021064. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Data Analysis, Research and Studies, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Objectives: To develop a risk score model for predicting hypertension specific to Dubai population in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to facilitate prevention and early intervention.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of the Dubai Household Health Survey 2019 data was conducted. Demographic and physical parameters, as well as blood glucose levels, were included in the data. Read More

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September 2021

Patient Involvement in the Transfusion Decision-Making Can Change Patient Blood Management Practice for Better or Worse.

Acta Haematol 2021 Sep 15:1-4. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya, Israel.

Background: Red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) is a therapeutic procedure with important and undesirable secondary effects. Inappropriate overuse of RBCT is significant, and a significant percentage of physicians prescribe RBCT unnecessarily. Patient involvement in treatment decision-making is poor worldwide. Read More

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September 2021

Primary Localized Cutaneous Amyloidosis: A Retrospective Study of an Uncommon Skin Disease in the Largest Tertiary Care Center in Switzerland.

Dermatology 2021 Sep 15:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis (PLCA) is defined by the deposition of amyloid protein in the skin without systemic involvement. There are four subtypes of PLCA: lichen amyloidosis (LA), macular amyloidosis (MA), biphasic amyloidosis (BA), and nodular amyloidosis (NA). PLCA occurs most frequently in Latin Americans and Asians. Read More

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September 2021

Predicting length of stay and mortality among hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension.

Int J Med Inform 2021 Sep 4;154:104569. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

International Center for Health Information Technology, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension (HTN), both non-communicable diseases, are leading causes of death globally, with more imbalances in lower middle-income countries. Furthermore, poor treatment and management are known to lead to intensified healthcare utilization and increased medical care costs and impose a significant societal burden, in these countries, including Indonesia. Predicting future clinical outcomes can determine the line of treatment and value of healthcare costs, while ensuring effective patient care. Read More

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September 2021

Does serum TSH level act as a surrogate marker for psychological stress and cardio-metabolic risk among adolescent and young people?

Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Biochemisty, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur, India.

Objectives: The incidence of metabolic syndrome is increasing even at younger ages. Metabolic syndrome constitutes a group of cardiovascular risk factors that include high cholesterol, triacylglycerol, hyperglycemia, central obesity, etc., which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, may be even cancer. Read More

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September 2021

Relationship between Chest CT scan Findings with SOFA score, CRP, Comorbidity, and Mortality in ICU Patients with COVID-19.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Sep 15:e14869. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between chest computed tomography (CT) scan findings with sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, C-reactive protein (CRP), comorbidity, and mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19).

Method: Adult patients (≥18 years old) with COVID-19 who were consecutively admitted to the Imam-Reza Hospital, Tabriz, East-Azerbaijan Province, North-West of Iran between March 2020 and August 2020 were screened and total of 168 patients were included. Demographic, clinical, and mortality data were gathered. Read More

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September 2021

Four key challenges in the open-data revolution.

J Anim Ecol 2021 Sep;90(9):2000-2004

Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

In Focus: Culina, A., Adriaensen, F., Bailey, L. Read More

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September 2021

TeleNICU: Extending the reach of level IV care and optimizing the triage of patient transfers.

J Telemed Telecare 2021 Sep 15:1357633X211038153. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

12334The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, USA.

Background: The use of telemedicine to provide care for critically ill newborn infants has significantly evolved over the last two decades. Children's Health System of Texas and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center established TeleNICU, the first teleneonatology program in Texas.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Tele Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (TeleNICU) in extending quaternary neonatal care to more rural areas of Texas. Read More

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September 2021

Compensatory bladder behaviors ("coping") in women with overactive bladder.

Neurourol Urodyn 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Aims: There is little information on how often or within what contexts individuals with OAB use compensatory behaviors ("coping") to manage symptoms. We sought to examine how frequently women with OAB report using coping behaviors and whether these are associated with psychosocial factors.

Methods: One hundred twenty adult women with OAB completed the OAB questionnaire (OAB-q), ICIQ-FLUTS questionnaire, PROMIS Anxiety and Depression, Perceived Stress Scale, patient perception of bladder condition, and demographic and clinical data. Read More

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September 2021

Long-Term Adherence to a Gluten-Free Diet and Quality of Life of Celiac Patients After Transition to an Adult Referral Center.

Dig Dis Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri, IRCCS, Gastroenterology Unit of Pavia Institute, University of Pavia, Via Salvatore Maugeri 10, 27100, Pavia, Italy.

Background: Modalities for the transition to adult care of celiac patients diagnosed during childhood/adolescence and their impact on long-term adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD-A), quality of life (QOL) and maintenance of follow-up in adulthood are unknown.

Aims: To evaluate whether timing of transition affects long-term GFD-A, QOL, and continuity of follow-up in adulthood and to identify predictors of long-term GFD-A.

Methods: Clinical and demographic data about pediatric care and adult follow-up at our center were retrospectively collected from clinical notes of celiac patients diagnosed during childhood/adolescence and then referred to our tertiary center. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical application of a three-dimensional reconstruction technique for complex liver cancer resection.

Surg Endosc 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of General Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, No. 1, Minde Road, Nanchangm, 330006, China.

Objective: To explore the utility of three-dimensional (3D) visualization technology in liver resection for patients with complex liver cancer.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we collected and analyzed clinic pathological data from 105 patients who underwent complicated liver cancer resection at the authors' unit between January 2014 and June 2019. Observation indicators included general demographic information, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion volume, postoperative liver function, complication rate, hospital stay, and in-hospital mortality. Read More

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September 2021

A cooperative approach for treatment of Zenker's diverticulum.

Surg Endosc 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Digestive Disease Institute, Cleveland Clinic Florida, 2950 Cleveland Clinic Blvd, 2nd Floor, Weston, FL, 33331, USA.

Background: Symptomatic Zenker's diverticulum management has evolved from an open intervention to an endoscopic management. At our center, both an otolaryngologist and a gastroenterologist are present in the operating room when treating these lesions. An intra-procedural consensus is reached to undergo either rigid endoscopy or flexible endoscopic diverticulotomy with ENT guidance. Read More

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September 2021

Associations of dietary glycemic index and load during pregnancy with blood pressure, placental hemodynamic parameters and the risk of gestational hypertensive disorders.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the associations of dietary glycemic index and load with gestational blood pressure, placental hemodynamic parameters and the risk of gestational hypertensive disorders.

Methods: In a population-based cohort among 3378 pregnant Dutch women, dietary glycemic index and load were assessed from food frequency questionnaires at median 13.4 (95% range 9. Read More

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September 2021

Body mass index as a predictor of sonographic visualization of the pediatric appendix.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Center for Pediatric Population Health, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and Children's Health System of Texas, Dallas, TX, USA.

Background: Appendicitis is a common condition that is often confirmed with imaging. Ultrasound (US) is recommended as the first radiologic test in the work-up of appendicitis in children. Increased body mass index (BMI) has been implicated as a limiting factor to the sensitivity of US. Read More

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September 2021

Risk Factors Associated with Aggravation of Cervical Spine Lesions in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yokohama City University Medical Center, 4-57 Urafune-cho, Minamai, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 232-0024, Japan.

Study Design: A retrospective cohort study.

Objective: To examine factors related to severe aggravation of pre-existing cervical lesions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) under current pharmacologic treatments with biologics.

Summary Of Background Data: Advanced RA cervical lesions carry a risk of irreversible damage to the spinal cord; however, risk factors for aggravation are unclear after the use of biologics became more popular. Read More

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September 2021

Is Ignorance Bliss? Examining the Effect of News Media Exposure on Anxiety and Depression During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Psychology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts Department of Agriculture, Nutrition, and Food Systems, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire.

Abstract: There has been a widespread increase in affective disorders after the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the current study, we investigated the effects of exposure to and perceived accuracy of news media and demographic characteristics on anxiety and depressive symptoms. We conducted an online survey of US adults (N = 480) using hierarchical linear regression models to understand the predictive roles of duration and frequency of news media exposure, as well as the perceived accuracy of COVID-19 portrayal by the news media, on anxiety and depression. Read More

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September 2021

Assessing Loss to Follow-up After Newborn Hearing Screening in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Sociodemographic Factors That Affect Completion of Initial Audiological Evaluation.

Ear Hear 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objectives: Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients are at high risk for congenital hearing loss. Previous studies have found sociodemographic factors associated with loss to follow-up for newborn hearing screening, but none have specifically studied the NICU population. Our objective is to determine if demographics and socioeconomic status is associated with loss to follow-up in a newborn population with extended NICU stay. Read More

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September 2021

Latina Women in the U.S. Physician Workforce: Opportunities in the Pursuit of Health Equity.

Acad Med 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Y.B. Anaya is assistant clinical professor, Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3454-7667. P. Hsu is research associate, Center for the Study of Latino Health and Culture, David Geffen School of Medicine, and adjunct assistant professor of epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6153-364X. L.E. Martínez is a postdoctoral fellow, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, and researcher, Center for the Study of Latino Health and Culture, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California. S. Hernandez is a medical student, Charles R. Drew/UCLA Medical Education Program, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science and David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California. D.E. Hayes-Bautista is distinguished professor of medicine and director, Center for the Study of Latino Health and Culture, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8363-9034.

Purpose: Some progress has been made in gender diversity in undergraduate medical education and the physician workforce, but much remains to be done to improve workforce disparities for women, particularly women from underrepresented populations, such as Latinas. This study examines the current level of representation and demographic characteristics of Latina physicians, including age, language use, nativity, and citizenship status.

Method: The authors used data from the 2014-2018 U. Read More

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September 2021

International Medical Graduate Resident Wellness: Examining Qualitative Data from J-1 Visa Physician Recipients.

Acad Med 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

H.A. Symes is research associate, Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (FAIMER/ECFMG), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. J.R. Boulet is vice president, Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (FAIMER/ECFMG), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. N.A. Yaghmour is associate director, Wellness and Milestones Research, Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), Chicago, Illinois; https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7297-1517. T. Wallowicz is assistant vice president, Exchange Visitor Sponsorship Program and Compliance, Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. D. Waller McKinley is assistant vice president, Research and Data Resources, Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (FAIMER/ECFMG), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8709-0365.

Purpose: International medical graduates (IMGs), approximately 25% of the U.S. physician workforce, have unique needs as they enter residency programs. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on operations in general surgery clinics in Turkey.

Ann Ital Chir 2021 ;92:333-338

Introduction: The Covid-19 pandemic spread rapidly throughout Turkey from March 2020 onward, and despite modified working conditions in the surgical clinics of our hospitals, some surgical patients became infected with the coronavirus during their perioperative period.

Aim: The present study investigates the impact of the novel coronavirus on patients undergoing general surgical operations in our clinics during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of all surgeries performed in the general surgery clinics of two 'pandemic hospitals' between March 19 and April 30, 2020 - a period when all elective surgeries were suspended in hospitals within Turkey. Read More

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January 2021

Totally laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with up-down approach. A single institution experience.

Ann Ital Chir 2021 ;92:365-371

Aim: Many laparoscopic techniques have been described for the treatment of right colon cancer. The purpose of this study is to communicate our experience in the totally laparoscopic treatment of right colon cancer and to report our short-term results in order to confirm the feasibility and safeness of this demanding procedure.

Material Of Study: From November 2017 to April 2020, we performed 384 surgical operations for colorectal cancers, of these 81 have involved tumors of the right colon in urgent and elective conditions. Read More

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January 2021

Original Designed Uniportal-Bichannel Spinal Endoscopic System (UBiSES) for Foraminoplasty in Percutaneous Endoscopic Transforaminal Discectomy.

Orthop Surg 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Orthopaedics Department, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objective: The study introduced uniportal-bichannel spinal endoscopic system (UBiSES) and explored the feasibility of applying UBiSES to conduct lumbar foraminoplasty in percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD).

Methods: This is a cohort study. 36 patients confirmed as L5/S1 lumbar disc herniation (LDH) in our hospital from March, 2019 to November, 2019 were enrolled. Read More

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September 2021

Characteristics and dose-effect relationship of clinical gamma-hydroxybutyrate intoxication: A case series.

J Forensic Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Toxicology, Institute of Legal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) overdoses cause respiratory depression, coma, or even death. Symptoms and severity of poisoning depend on blood-concentrations and individual factors such as tolerance. A retrospective case study was conducted, evaluating GHB intoxication cases. Read More

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September 2021

Patterns and outcomes of high-voltage versus low-voltage pediatric electrical injuries: an 8-year retrospective analysis of a tertiary-level burn center.

J Burn Care Res 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

University of Health Sciences, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Burn Center, Adana, Turkey.

Introduction: Although electrical injuries (EIs) are rare traumas in the pediatric age group, they are considered one of the most devastating injuries. We aimed to evaluate the patterns and outcomes of pediatric high-voltage (HVI) vs. low-voltage injuries (LVIs), admitted to the burn center within the efforts of determining evidence-based data for contributing to burn prevention strategies. Read More

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September 2021

Characteristics of a large-scale cohort with accessory pathway(s): A cross-sectional retrospective study highlighting over a twenty-year experience.

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2021 Sep;49(6):456-462

Department of Cardiology, Liv Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Catheter ablation following electrophysiologic study (EPS) is the mainstay of diagnosis and treatment for patients with atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT), demonstrating excellent long-term outcome and a low rate of complications. In this study, our aim was to assess our experience in patients with accessory pathway (AP) and to compare our data with the literature.

Methods: We included 1,437 patients who were diagnosed and treated for AP in our hospital between 1998 and 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Risk factors for Covid-19 in India.

Authors:
Manas Pratim Roy

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Public Health Specialist, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi.

Like many developing countries, India was devastated by the raging pandemic of Covid 19. With the active involvement of the government and the community, the disaster was fought with. However, the impact was uneven across the country. Read More

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September 2021

Demographic and clinical factors associated with early hospital Coronovirus disease 2019 deaths in a low middle income setting: A record-based analysis of 20,641 deaths from India.

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh.

Understanding the demographic and clinical characteristics cases and deaths is essential for better clinical and public health management of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) in resource-limited settings. We analyzed the COVID-19 deaths reported from India, to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics and identify the factors associated with early hospital deaths (within one day of hospitalization) and survival duration. We conducted a record review of the publicly available data on COVID-19 deaths reported between January 30th and November 30th, 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Fathers' daily intake of fruit and vegetables is positively associated with children's fruit and vegetable consumption patterns in Europe: The Feel4Diabetes Study.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.

Background: Past research has focused on the relationship between mothers' and children's eating habits, although little is known about fathers as potential agents. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between fathers' and children's fruit and vegetable (FV) intake in the context of fathers' education level and family income insecurity.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis using baseline data from the multicentre Feel4Diabetes Study were collected in 2016. Read More

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September 2021

Decreased proliferation of aged rat beta cells corresponds with enhanced expression of the cell cycle inhibitor p27.

Biol Cell 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, 84602, USA.

Background: Over 400 million people are diabetic. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are characterized by decreased functional β-cell mass and, consequently, decreased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. A potential intervention is transplantation of β-cell containing islets from cadaveric donors. Read More

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September 2021

Patients' experiences in the intensive care unit in Jordan: A cross-sectional study.

Nurs Forum 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

School of Dentistry, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of Jordanian patients during their stay in intensive care unit (ICU) and to explore associated factors.

Background: Various factors can negatively affect patients' experiences and lead to negative consequences that can affect their outcomes.

Materials & Methods: A descriptive, correlational design was used to collect data from 150 patients using the Intensive Care Experience Questionnaire through structured interviews after being transferred from medical and surgical ICUs to general wards. Read More

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September 2021