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Influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on telepractice in speech-language pathology.

J Prev Interv Community 2021 Apr 10:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Communication Disorders and Sciences, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ, USA.

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, speech-language pathology telepractice was used by a small percentage of consumers. The 2020 pandemic necessitated the transition of most services to an online format. This article reports on a brief, electronic survey that was completed by 145 speech-language pathologists (SLPs) during the early months (June 2020) of the pandemic. Read More

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The impact of a mother-infant intervention on parenting and infant response to challenge: A pilot randomized controlled trial with adolescent mothers in El Salvador.

Infant Ment Health J 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK.

A pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in El Salvador of an intervention ('Thula Sana') previously shown to enhance maternal sensitivity and infant security of attachment in a South African sample. In El Salvador, trained community workers delivered the intervention from late pregnancy to 6 months postpartum as part of a home-visiting programme. The sample comprised 64 pregnant adolescent women, aged 14-19 years, living in predominantly rural settings. Read More

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Barriers and facilitators to implementing perinatal mental health care in health and social care settings: a systematic review.

Lancet Psychiatry 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Centre for Maternal and Child Health, City, University of London, London, UK.

The improvement of perinatal mental health formed part of WHO's Millennium Development Goals. Research suggests that the implementation of perinatal mental health care is variable. To ensure successful implementation, barriers and facilitators to implementing perinatal mental health services need to be identified. Read More

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CommunityRx: Optimizing a Community Resource Referral Intervention for Minority Dementia Caregivers.

J Appl Gerontol 2021 Apr 9:7334648211005594. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

University of Chicago, IL, USA.

Community resource referral systems have been implemented into care settings that serve persons with dementia but with little input from caregivers. Focus groups were conducted with African American, Hispanic, and Asian caregivers to describe their preferences for community resource referral information. Caregivers discussed the significance of a community resource list for dementia caregiving and self-care and articulated strategies for effective information delivery during a medical visit. Read More

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Delivering Behaviour Change Interventions: Development of a Mode of Delivery Ontology.

Wellcome Open Res 2020 26;5:125. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Centre for Behaviour Change, University College London, London, UK.

Investigating and improving the effects of behaviour change interventions requires detailed and consistent specification of all aspects of interventions. An important feature of interventions is the way in which these are delivered, i.e. Read More

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February 2021

Intraoperative cortico-cortical evoked potentials for language monitoring in epilepsy surgery.

World Neurosurg 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

"C. Munari" Centre for Epilepsy Surgery, Grande Ospedale Metropolitano Niguarda, Milan, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the applicability of cortico-cortical evoked potentials (CCEP) for intraoperative monitoring of the language network in epilepsy surgery under general anesthesia. To investigate the clinical relevance on language functions of intraoperative changes of CCEP recorded under these conditions.

Methods: CCEP monitoring was performed in 14 epileptic patients (6 females, 4 children) during resections in the left perisylvian region under general anesthesia. Read More

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Delivering an iterative Communication Partner Training programme to multidisciplinary healthcare professionals: A pilot implementation study and process evaluation.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background: Despite evidence that Communication Partner Training (CPT) can enable health professionals to communicate more effectively with people with aphasia (PWA), an evidence-practice gap exists. To address this, a tailored implementation intervention was developed and trialled to improve health professionals' implementation of communication strategies in a subacute setting.

Aims: To explore the outcomes and perceived feasibility, acceptability and potential effectiveness of an iterative CPT implementation intervention on multidisciplinary healthcare professionals' communication with PWA. Read More

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Cultural difference in attitudes towards stuttering among British, Arab and Chinese students: Considering home and host cultures.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Background: Geographical and cultural differences have been shown to affect public attitudes towards stuttering. However, increasingly for many individuals in the world one's birthplace culture (or home culture) and culture in their local geographical environment (or host culture) are not the same.

Aims: The effects of home culture and host culture in shaping the attitudes towards stuttering among students with British, Arab and Chinese home cultures attending one British university were explored. Read More

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Validation of teleaudiology hearing aid rehabilitation services for adults: a systematic review of outcome measurement tools.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Mar 31:1-18. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Ear Sciences Centre, Medical School, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.

Purpose: To investigate outcome measurement tools for the validation of teleaudiology hearing aid rehabilitation services for adults.

Methods: A search strategy was developed to identify tools used to evaluate standard and teleaudiology hearing aid rehabilitation services for adults. A seven-domain hearing-health-care service model for validation was defined and used to analyse the applicability and suitability of patient- and service-centred tools. Read More

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Impact of non-pharmacological interventions on quality of life, anxiety, and depression scores in patients with colorectal cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Mental Health Center of West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Purpose: Different non-pharmacological interventions have been considered and applied to patients with colorectal cancer to improve their quality of life and distress symptoms; however, there is little evidence comparing the effectiveness of these strategies. This review aimed at assessing the effect of non-pharmacological interventions on quality of life, anxiety, and depression scores among patients with colorectal cancer.

Methods: A systematic search for articles published until August 1, 2020, in the English language was performed in Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library; the reference lists of eligible articles were scanned for other potentially eligible publications. Read More

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Parental Participation in NICU-Based Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy, and Speech and Language Therapy: A Qualitative Study.

Adv Neonatal Care 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Speech and Language Therapy, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Preston, England (Ms Edney); and School of Healthcare, University of Leeds, Leeds, England (Prof McHugh).

Background: Parent involvement in neonatal care is beneficial to families and infant outcomes. Few studies have explored parental experiences of neonatal therapy participation.

Purpose: This study had 2 purposes: (1) to explore parental attitudes and beliefs about participating in neonatal therapies and (2) to identify barriers and facilitators to parental involvement and suggest ways to optimize neonatal therapy services. Read More

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Early language screening and intervention can be delivered successfully at scale: evidence from a cluster randomized controlled trial.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: It is well established that oral language skills provide a critical foundation for formal education. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Nuffield Early Language Intervention (NELI) programme in ameliorating language difficulties in the first year of school when delivered at scale.

Methods: We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) in 193 primary schools (containing 238 Reception classrooms). Read More

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Testing the Efficacy of the Red-Light Purple-Light Games in Preprimary Classrooms in Kenya.

Front Psychol 2021 11;12:633049. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Research Computing Division, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, United States.

This study adapted and tested the efficacy of the Red-Light Purple-Light (RLPL) games for improving executive function (EF) skills in preprimary classrooms in Nairobi, Kenya. A cluster randomized controlled trial was used to evaluate the efficacy of the adapted RLPL intervention. Specifically, 24 centers (including 48 classrooms) were randomized to the RLPL or a wait-list control condition. Read More

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Four-Year-Old's Online Versus Face-to-Face Word Learning via eBooks.

Front Psychol 2021 12;12:610975. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

The MARCS Institute for Brain, Behaviour and Development, Western Sydney University, Bankstown, NSW, Australia.

Developmental research typically relies on face-to-face testing at laboratories, childcare centers, museums or playgroups. Current social distancing measures have led to a halt in research. Although face-to-face interaction is considered essential for research involving young children, current technology provides viable alternatives. Read More

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rTMS affects EEG microstates dynamic during evoked activity.

Cortex 2021 Mar 4;138:302-310. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Neuroscience Imaging and Clinical Science, ITAB, Institute for Advanced Biomedical Technologies, University "G. D'Annunzio", Chieti, Italy. Electronic address:

Electrophysiological (EEG) correlates both at time (i.e., event-related potentials, ERP) and frequency (i. Read More

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Cultural and Linguistic Adaptations of Early Language Interventions: Recommendations for Advancing Research and Practice.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 Mar 26:1-23. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

University of Oregon, Eugene.

Purpose Speech-language pathologists are responsible for providing culturally and linguistically responsive early language intervention services for legal, ethical, and economic reasons. Yet, speech-language pathologists face challenges in meeting this directive when children are from racial, ethnic, or linguistic backgrounds that differ from their own. Guidance is needed to support adaptation of evidence-based interventions to account for children's home culture(s) and language(s). Read More

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Mobile phone-based interventions for improving adherence to medication prescribed for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 03 26;3:CD012675. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of disability and mortality globally. Premature fatal and non-fatal CVD is considered to be largely preventable through the control of risk factors by lifestyle modifications and preventive medication. Lipid-lowering and antihypertensive drug therapies for primary prevention are cost-effective in reducing CVD morbidity and mortality among high-risk people and are recommended by international guidelines. Read More

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Joint engagement is a potential mechanism leading to increased initiations of joint attention and downstream effects on language: JASPER early intervention for children with ASD.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Social communication interventions benefit children with ASD in early childhood. However, the mechanisms behind such interventions have not been rigorously explored. This study examines the mechanism underlying a naturalistic developmental behavioral intervention, JASPER (Joint Attention, Symbolic Play, Engagement, and Regulation), delivered by educators in the community. Read More

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Words Matter: An Antibias Workshop for Health Care Professionals to Reduce Stigmatizing Language.

MedEdPORTAL 2021 03 2;17:11115. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Assistant Professor, Division of Pediatric Hospital Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine.

Introduction: Biased language influences health care providers' perceptions of patients, impacts their clinical care, and prevents vulnerable populations from seeking treatment. Training clinicians to systematically replace biased verbal and written language is an essential step to providing equitable care.

Methods: We designed and implemented an interactive workshop to teach health care professionals a framework to identify and replace stigmatizing language in clinical practice. Read More

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Rapid, point-of-care antigen and molecular-based tests for diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 03 24;3:CD013705. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

NIHR Birmingham Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust and University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Background: Accurate rapid diagnostic tests for SARS-CoV-2 infection could contribute to clinical and public health strategies to manage the COVID-19 pandemic. Point-of-care antigen and molecular tests to detect current infection could increase access to testing and early confirmation of cases, and expediate clinical and public health management decisions that may reduce transmission.

Objectives: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of point-of-care antigen and molecular-based tests for diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Read More

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Cognitive therapy compared with CBT for social anxiety disorder in adolescents: a feasibility study.

Health Technol Assess 2021 Mar;25(20):1-94

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is common, typically starts in adolescence and has a low natural recovery rate. Existing psychological treatments for adolescent SAD are only moderately effective. It is possible that recovery rates for adolescents could be substantially improved by adapting a psychological therapy that is highly effective among adults with SAD. Read More

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The effect of training intensity on implicit learning rates in schizophrenia.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 22;11(1):6511. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Cognition Imaging Schizophrenia Lab, Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Cognitive impairments in learning and memory are core symptoms of schizophrenia, associated with reduced self-reported quality of life. The most effective treatment of cognitive impairments is drill and practice cognitive training. Still, to date no study has investigated the effect of varying the frequency of training on cognitive outcomes. Read More

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Continuation of an eating disorders day programme during the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Eat Disord 2021 Mar 9;9(1):34. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

School of Psychology & Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Harry Pitt Building, Earley Gate, Reading, RG6 6ES, UK.

The current paper describes an adaptation of a daypatient programme for adults with anorexia nervosa in the UK in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and consequent government guidelines. The paper details how the programme, which is normally delivered face-to-face, became a 'virtual' clinic, providing support to a group of patients via the Internet and conducting its core activities almost exclusively via videoconferencing. Anxiety around the pandemic influenced patients' feelings about recovery, and there were concerns about the programme moving online, which necessitated careful management. Read More

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"Role Of Stereotactic Radiosurgery In Intracranial Histiocytosis: A Systematic Review Of Literature Of An Emerging Modality For Localized Disease".

World Neurosurg 2021 Mar 17. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: A histiocytosis is a group of immunoproliferative disorders of clonal cells. The management protocols are still evolving, with chemotherapy as the mainstay of treatment.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the feasibility, safety, efficacy, and complication profile of stereotactic radiosurgery for intracranial histiocytosis. Read More

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Community health worker interventions for older adults with complex health needs: A systematic review.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Background/objectives: The number of older adults with complex health needs is growing, and this population experiences disproportionate morbidity and mortality. Interventions led by community health workers (CHWs) can improve clinical outcomes in the general adult population with multimorbidity, but few studies have investigated CHW-delivered interventions in older adults.

Design: We systematically reviewed the impact of CHW interventions on health outcomes among older adults with complex health needs. Read More

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Rapid online assessment of reading ability.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 18;11(1):6396. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Stanford University Graduate School of Education, Stanford, CA, USA.

An accurate model of the factors that contribute to individual differences in reading ability depends on data collection in large, diverse and representative samples of research participants. However, that is rarely feasible due to the constraints imposed by standardized measures of reading ability which require test administration by trained clinicians or researchers. Here we explore whether a simple, two-alternative forced choice, time limited lexical decision task (LDT), self-delivered through the web-browser, can serve as an accurate and reliable measure of reading ability. Read More

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The Effectiveness of Verbal-Gestural Treatment on Verb Naming in Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 Mar 18;30(2):713-721. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Speech-Language Pathology Program, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, IL.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of verbal-gestural treatment on verb production in patients with acute aphasia. Method Treatment was delivered during inpatient stay to four participants using a single-subject design. Results All patients demonstrated improvements in verbal expression. Read More

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