7,368 results match your criteria degree apoptosis


Hypoxia Constructing the Prognostic Model of Colorectal Adenocarcinoma and Related to the Immune Microenvironment.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 20;9:665364. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Oncology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Hypoxia is a common phenomenon in solid tumors, which plays an important role in tumor proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis, energy metabolism and chemoradiotherapy resistance. However, comprehensive analysis of hypoxia markers in colorectal adenocarcinoma (COAD) is still lacking. And there is a need for mechanism exploration and clinical application. Read More

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Hydroxychloroquine Potentiates Apoptosis Induced by PPAR Antagonist in 786-O Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Cells Associated with Inhibiting Autophagy.

PPAR Res 2021 19;2021:6631605. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Laboratory of Urology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou 213003, China.

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the major pathological pattern of renal cell carcinoma. The ccRCC cells exhibit a certain degree of inherent drug resistance due to some genetic mutations. In recent years, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor- (PPAR) antagonists have been reported as a targeted therapeutic drug capable of inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in the ccRCC cell line. Read More

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Oocyte Elimination Through DNA Damage Signaling from CHK1/CHK2 to p53 and p63.

Genetics 2020 Jun;215(2):373-378

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850.

Unrepaired DNA damage in mouse oocytes leads to apoptosis, in part via CHK2 signaling to TRP53 and TRP63. Here, Rinaldi, Bloom, and Schimenti provide evidence that CHK1 can also be involved, especially.. Read More

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The combination of vitamin D3 and erythropoietin alleviates acute kidney injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion via inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2021 Feb;24(2):167-174

Department of Nephrology, Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital & NHC Key Laboratory of Pulmonary Immunological Disease (Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital), Guiyang, Guizhou, 550002, P.R. China.

Objectives: Acute renal ischemia may cause acute renal dysfunction due to lack of blood supply; the manifestations are renal tubular cell apoptosis, infiltration of macrophages, and microvascular destruction. Many studies have shown that erythropoietin (EPO) and vitamin D3 (VD3) can be used to prevent or treat renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, and VD3 may interact with EPO. In the present study, the effects of the combination of VD3 and EPO in I/R acute kidney injury were studied. Read More

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February 2021

Glutathione S-Transferases in Cancer.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Apr 29;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Biological Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108, USA.

In humans, the glutathione S-transferases (GST) protein family is composed of seven members that present remarkable structural similarity and some degree of overlapping functionalities. GST proteins are crucial antioxidant enzymes that regulate stress-induced signaling pathways. Interestingly, overactive GST proteins are a frequent feature of many human cancers. Read More

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Role of Roflumilast Combined with ESHAP Chemotherapy in Relapsed/Refractory Patients with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma.

Cancer Res Treat 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Biochemical Research Institution, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Purpose: There are unmet needs associated with the current treatment strategies for relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) due to the poor treatment outcomes of these strategies. Roflumilast, a selective phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor used for treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is effective against B-cell malignancy via PI3K-activity suppression. We analyzed the effects of roflumilast combined with ESHAP (etoposide, cisplatin, methylprednisolone, and cytarabine) chemotherapy in experimental and clinical settings. Read More

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Congenital Human Cytomegalovirus Infection Inducing Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Front Microbiol 2021 14;12:649690. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Microbiology, Weifang Medical University, Weifang, China.

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the primary cause of congenital infections. Despite its clinical significance, congenital HCMV infection is frequently overlooked clinically since most affected infants are asymptomatic. Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is one of the most widely known disorders caused by congenital HCMV infection. Read More

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Antagonistic effect of nano-selenium on hepatocyte apoptosis induced by DEHP via PI3K/AKT pathway in chicken liver.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Apr 29;218:112282. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, 1 Shizishan Street, Wuhan 430070, People's Repubilc of China. Electronic address:

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a common plasticizer which is mainly used as a kind of plastic additive to increase the flexibility of plastic products. Given the widespread use of plastic products, DEHP, as a ubiquitous artificial pollutant, are widely present in the environment. In addition, DEHP could cause biological damage in various organs through oxidative stress. Read More

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Down-regulated long non-coding RNA RMST ameliorates dopaminergic neuron damage in Parkinson's disease rats via regulation of TLR/NF-κB signaling pathway.

Brain Res Bull 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Neurology Department, The 960th Hospital of the PLA, Zibo 255300, Shandong, China; Neurology Department, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450014, Henan, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Current treatment and prognosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) are not ideal. This study explored the mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) rhabdomyosarcoma 2-associated transcript (RMST) in dopaminergic (DA) neuron damage in PD rats.

Methods: PD rats were modeled and injected with RMST silence or overexpression vectors to figure out its roles in oxidative stress, the apoptosis of DA neurons in brain substantia nigra (SN), and neurobehavioral activities of PD rats. Read More

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Fast hypothermia induced by extracorporeal circuit cooling alleviates renal and intestinal injury after cardiac arrest in swine.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Apr 23;47:231-238. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Hangzhou Emergency Medical Center of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Background: Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was currently demonstrated to be an effective way to induce fast hypothermia and had proective effects on cardiac dysfunction and brain damage after cardiac pulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In the present study, we aimed to investigate the influence of extracorporeal circuit cooling using CRRT on renal and intestinal damage after CPR based on a porcine model.

Methods: 32 pigs were subjected to ventricular fibrillation for 8 min, followed by CPR for 5 min before defibrillation. Read More

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Histone deacetylase 3 suppresses the expression of SHP-1 via deacetylation of DNMT1 to promote heart failure.

Life Sci 2021 Apr 28:119552. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

School of Basic Medical Sciences, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004, China.

Aims: Heart failure (HF) is a progressive disease with recurrent hospitalizations and high mortality. However, the mechanisms underlying HF remain unclear. The present study aimed to explore the regulatory mechanism of histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) and DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1)/Src homology domain 2-containing tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) axis in HF. Read More

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[Cathepsin-B involved in effect of electroacupuncture by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in rats with acute gouty arthritis].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Apr;46(4):295-300

College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016,China.

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on Cathepsin-B in the synovium of the knee joint of acute gouty arthritis(AGA) rats, so as to explore the mechanism of EA in the treatment of AGA.

Methods: A total of 60 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control,model, medication and EA groups, with 15 rats in each group. Rat model of AGA was established by injection of 0. Read More

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Design, synthesis of novel celastrol derivatives and study on their antitumor growth through HIF-1α pathway.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Apr 21;220:113474. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines of the Changbai Mountain, Ministry of Education, College of Pharmacy, Yanbian University, Yanji, 133002, China. Electronic address:

Four series of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) functioning derivatives stemming from modifications to the C-29 carboxyl group of celastrol were designed and synthesized, and their anticancer activities were evaluated. To address the structure and activity relationship of each derivative, extensive structural changes were made. HRE luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that 12 modified compounds showed superior HIF-1α inhibitory activity. Read More

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PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy inhibits warangalone-induced mitochondrial apoptosis in breast cancer cells.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Apr 30;13. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Tropical Disease Research, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, Guangdong, China.

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women all around the world, especially in many countries in Asia. However, antitumor drugs with unique curative effects and low toxic side-effects have not been found yet. Warangalone is an isoflavone extracted from the fruit, and is reported to possess anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activity. Read More

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Antitumor Effects of a Sesquiterpene Derivative from Marine Sponge in Human Breast Cancer Cells.

Mar Drugs 2021 Apr 26;19(5). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan.

In this study, the anti-proliferative effect of ilimaquinone, a sesquiterpene derivative from the marine sponge, in breast cancer cells was investigated. Ilimaquinone inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells with IC values of 10.6 μM and 13. Read More

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Molecular Mechanisms of Apoptosis Induction and Its Regulation by Fatty Acids in Pancreatic β-Cells.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 20;22(8). Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology & Center for Research of Diabetes, Metabolism and Nutrition, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Ruská 87, 100 00 Prague, Czech Republic.

Pancreatic β-cell failure and death contribute significantly to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. One of the main factors responsible for β-cell dysfunction and subsequent cell death is chronic exposure to increased concentrations of FAs (fatty acids). The effect of FAs seems to depend particularly on the degree of their saturation. Read More

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Oxidative Properties of Polystyrene Nanoparticles with Different Diameters in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (In Vitro Study).

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 23;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Biophysics of Environmental Pollution, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Pomorska Str. 141/143, 90-236 Lodz, Poland.

With the ongoing commercialization, human exposure to plastic nanoparticles will dramatically increase, and evaluation of their potential toxicity is essential. There is an ongoing discussion on the human health effects induced by plastic particles. For this reason, in our work, we assessed the effect of polystyrene nanoparticles (PS-NPs) of various diameters (29, 44 and 72 nm) on selected parameters of oxidative stress and the viability of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in the in vitro system. Read More

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Effect of Oversulfation on the Composition, Structure, and In Vitro Anti-Lung Cancer Activity of Fucoidans Extracted from .

Mar Drugs 2021 Apr 12;19(4). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Seafood Science, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, No. 142, Haijhuan Rd., Nanzih District, Kaohsiung City 81157, Taiwan.

Intensive efforts have been undertaken in the fields of prevention, diagnosis, and therapy of lung cancer. Fucoidans exhibit a wide range of biological activities, which are dependent on the degree of sulfation, sulfation pattern, glycosidic branches, and molecular weight of fucoidan. The determination of oversulfation of fucoidan and its effect on anti-lung cancer activity and related signaling cascades is challenging. Read More

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Targeting Post-Translational Modifications of the p73 Protein: A Promising Therapeutic Strategy for Tumors.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 15;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

King Fahd Medical Research Center, Cancer and Mutagenesis Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia.

The tumor suppressor p73 is a member of the p53 family and is expressed as different isoforms with opposing properties. The TAp73 isoforms act as tumor suppressors and have pro-apoptotic effects, whereas the ΔNp73 isoforms lack the N-terminus transactivation domain and behave as oncogenes. The TAp73 protein has a high degree of similarity with both p53 function and structure, and it induces the regulation of various genes involved in the cell cycle and apoptosis. Read More

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Tenacissoside G synergistically potentiates inhibitory effects of 5-fluorouracil to human colorectal cancer.

Phytomedicine 2021 Mar 23;86:153553. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, China. Electronic address:

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most malignant tumors worldwide with poor prognosis and low survival rate. Since the clinical efficacy of the commonly used 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) based chemotherapy in CRC patients is limited because of its intolerable adverse effects, there is an urgent need to explore agents that can enhance the anti-cancer activity of 5-FU, reduce adverse effects and prevent resistance.

Purpose: This study aims to investigate Tenacissoside G (TG)'s synergistic potentiation with 5-FU in inhibitory activity to colorectal cancer cells. Read More

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Ischaemic postconditioning reduces apoptosis in experimental jejunal ischaemia in horses.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Apr 26;17(1):175. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Clinic for Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Ischaemic postconditioning (IPoC) refers to brief periods of reocclusion of blood supply following an ischaemic event. This has been shown to ameliorate ischaemia reperfusion injury in different tissues, and it may represent a feasible therapeutic strategy for ischaemia reperfusion injury following strangulating small intestinal lesions in horses. The objective of this study was to assess the degree cell death, inflammation, oxidative stress, and heat shock response in an equine experimental jejunal ischaemia model with and without IPoC. Read More

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Neuroprotective effects of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) juice and seed extract in paraquat-induced mouse model of Parkinson's disease.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2021 Apr 26;21(1):130. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt.

Background: Paraquat, (PQ), an herbicide that can induce Parkinsonian-like symptoms in rodents and humans. The consumption of phytochemical-rich plants can reduce the risk of chronic illnesses such as inflammation and neurodegenerative diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of pomegranate seed extract (PSE) and juice (PJ) against PQ-induced neurotoxicity in mice. Read More

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Functional characterization of organoids derived from irreversibly damaged NASH patient liver.

Hepatology 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Medicine, Division of Translational Medicine and Human Genetics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.

Background And Aims: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) will soon become the leading cause of liver transplantation in the US and is also associated with increased COVID-19 mortality. Currently, there are no FDA approved drugs available that slow NASH progression or address NASH liver involvement in COVID-19. Since animal models cannot fully recapitulate human NASH, we hypothesized that stem cells isolated directly from end-stage NASH patient liver may address current knowledge gaps in human NASH pathology. Read More

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Compound Dihuang Granule Inhibits Nigrostriatal Pathway Apoptosis in Parkinson's Disease by Suppressing the JNK/AP-1 Pathway.

Front Pharmacol 2021 8;12:621359. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Diagnostics of Traditional Chinese Medicine, School of Basic Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Compound Dihuang Granule (CDG) is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). It has been shown to alleviate PD symptoms. However, the molecular mechanisms of its action have not been established. Read More

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Identification of key genes and pathways of BMP-9-induced osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells by integrated bioinformatics analysis.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Apr 20;16(1):273. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Rehabilitation Department, Jingjiang People's Hospital, No.28, Zhongzhou road, Jingjiang, Taizhou, 214500, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: The purpose of present study was to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with BMP-9-induced osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by using bioinformatics methods.

Methods: Gene expression profiles of BMP-9-induced MSCs were compared between with GFP-induced MSCs and BMP-9-induced MSCs. GSE48882 containing two groups of gene expression profiles, 3 GFP-induced MSC samples and 3 from BMP-9-induced MSCs, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Read More

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Expression and functional characterization of INPP4B in gallbladder cancer patients and gallbladder cancer cells.

BMC Cancer 2021 Apr 20;21(1):433. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of General Surgery, the Armed Police Corps Hospital of Anhui, Hefei, 230041, People's Republic of China.

Background: Inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase type II (INPP4B) is a negative regulator of the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway and plays a contradictory role in different types of cancers. However, the its biological role played by INPP4B in human gallbladder cancer (GBC) has not been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the expression, clinical significance and biological function of INPP4B in GBC patients and cell lines. Read More

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Cryptotanshinone interferes with chondrocyte apoptosis in osteoarthritis by inhibiting the expression of miR‑574‑5p.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Jun 21;23(6). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Osteoarthrosis, Luoyang Orthopedic‑Traumatological Hospital of Henan Province (Henan Provincial Orthopedic Hospital), Zhengzhou, Henan 450000, P.R. China.

Chondrocyte apoptosis is an important factor in the development and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). Cryptotanshinone (CTS) can inhibit chondrocyte apoptosis, but the specific mechanism remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to explore how CTS may affect chondrocyte apoptosis. Read More

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An immuno-blocking agent targeting IL-1β and IL-17A reduces the lesion of DSS-induced ulcerative colitis in mice.

Inflammation 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Bio-pharmaceutical Lab, College of Life Sciences, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, Heilongjiang, China.

In recent decades when biological agents have flourished, a part of patients suffering from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have received the treatment of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors or IL-1 antibodies. This study aims to investigate the anti-colitis effects of bispecific antibody (FL-BsAb1/17) targeting IL-1β and IL-17A comparing with TNF-α soluble receptor medicine etanercept. IBD model in mice was established by drinking 3% DSS (dextran sulfate sodium salt). Read More

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TRAIL induces proliferation in rodent pancreatic beta cells via AKT activation.

J Mol Endocrinol 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

A Sanlioglu, Center for Gene and Cell Therapy, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

Strategies to increase functional pancreatic beta cell mass is of great interest in diabetes-related research. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is well-known to promote proliferation and survival in various cell types, including vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells. Correlation between the protective nature of TRAIL on these cells and its proliferative effect is noteworthy. Read More

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Evaluation of Programmed Cell Death in the Immune System of Pacific Oyster by the Effect of Marine Toxins.

Front Immunol 2021 1;12:634497. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Departamento de Fisiología, Biofísica y Neurociencias, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN (CINVESTAV), Mexico City, Mexico.

Programmed cell death (PCD) is an essential process for the immune system's development and homeostasis, enabling the remotion of infected or unnecessary cells. There are several PCD's types, depending on the molecular mechanisms, such as non-inflammatory or pro-inflammatory. Hemocytes are the main component of cellular immunity in bivalve mollusks. Read More

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