28 results match your criteria define embodiment

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Understanding the Body and Embodiment in the Context of Women's Resistance to Intimate Partner Violence: A Scoping Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 Mar 1:1524838021995941. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

John Jay College, The Graduate Center, City University of New York, NY, USA.

Scholars acknowledge that women oppose male intimate partner violence (IPV). Yet there is limited comprehensive knowledge regarding how women's bodies and embodiment, that is, their physical and emotional practices and the cultural and social systems that influence them, figure in this process. Our scoping review helps fill this gap by analyzing and synthesizing 74 research articles published in English-language scholarly journals between 1994 and 2017 to address three research questions: (1) How does existing IPV research conceptualize resistance? (2) To what extent do the body and embodiment appear in this research? and (3) What common themes emerge from investigation of the role of embodiment and the body in the context of IPV? The articles identify several subtypes of resistance strategies including avoidance, help-seeking, violent action, and leaving a violent relationship. Read More

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The conceptualization of emotions across cultures: a model based on interoceptive neuroscience.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Jun 22;125:314-327. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

College of Foreign Languages, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, China.

Mental processes are recognized to be embodied, hence dependent upon functions of the body. Interoception (i.e. Read More

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Body functionality: A review of the literature.

Body Image 2021 Mar 13;36:149-171. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, United States.

Body functionality describes everything that the body is able to do, across diverse domains (e.g., bodily senses, creative endeavours). Read More

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The Pathogenic and Therapeutic Potential of the Gaze of the Other in the Clinic of "Eating Disorders".

Psychopathology 2020 3;53(5-6):291-297. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Department of Psychological, Health and Territorial Sciences, G. d'Annunzio University, Chieti, Italy.

Building on the optical-coenaesthetic disproportion model of so-called eating disorders, this paper provides a framework for the psychotherapy of people affected by these conditions. This model characterizes "eating disorders" as disorders of embodiment and identity, where a sense of unfamiliarity with one's own flesh, experienced as shifting and incomprehensible, leads to an impairment in the constitution of the Self and thus of one's own identity. Since there is a deficit of the coenaesthetic experience of the embodied Self, greater importance is assumed by body perception conveyed from without. Read More

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January 2021

The embodiment of practice thresholds: from standardization to stabilization in surgical education.

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 2021 03 16;26(1):139-157. Epub 2020 May 16.

Centre for Education Research and Innovation, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, Canada.

Surgeons practice their own variations on a procedure. Residents experience shifting thresholds between variations that one surgeon holds firmly as principle and another takes more lightly as preference. Such variability has implications for surgical education, but the impact is not well understood. Read More

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Avatar and Sense of Embodiment: Studying the Relative Preference Between Appearance, Control and Point of View.

IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph 2020 May 13;26(5):2062-2072. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

In Virtual Reality, a number of studies have been conducted to assess the influence of avatar appearance, avatar control and user point of view on the Sense of Embodiment (SoE) towards a virtual avatar. However, such studies tend to explore each factor in isolation. This paper aims to better understand the inter-relations among these three factors by conducting a subjective matching experiment. Read More

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Trans youth in Portugal: gendered embodiments.

Cult Health Sex 2020 09 23;22(9):1047-1062. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

The lived gendered experience of trans youth constitutes a relatively overlooked aspect of current research. Addressing this gap, this study reveals how young trans people in Portugal define their identities and legitimate their bodies in daily life. Drawing on in-depth interviews with 12 Portuguese trans young people, this study focuses on how trans youth situate themselves within dominant paradigms for understanding (trans)gender identities and embodiment. Read More

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September 2020

A Philosophical View on the Experience of Dignity and Autonomy through the Phenomenology of Illness.

J Med Philos 2019 May;44(3):279-298

Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain.

In the context of the end of life, many authors point out how the experience of identity is crucial for the well-being of patients with advanced disease. They define this identity in terms of autonomy, control, or dependence, associating these concepts with the sense of personal dignity. From the perspective of the phenomenology of embodiment, Kay Toombs and other authors have investigated the ways disease can impact on the subjective world of patients and have stressed that a consideration of this personal world can promote understanding and recognition of their experience. Read More

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Automatic hand phantom map generation and detection using decomposition support vector machines.

Biomed Eng Online 2018 Jun 11;17(1):74. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

BME Lab, Institute for Human Centered Engineering, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Quellgasse 21, 2502, Biel, Switzerland.

Background: There is a need for providing sensory feedback for myoelectric prosthesis users. Providing tactile feedback can improve object manipulation abilities, enhance the perceptual embodiment of myoelectric prostheses and help reduce phantom limb pain. Many amputees have referred sensation from their missing hand on their residual limbs (phantom maps). Read More

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The Physical Examination as Ritual: Social Sciences and Embodiment in the Context of the Physical Examination.

Med Clin North Am 2018 May;102(3):425-431

Department of Medicine, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Drive S102, Stanford, CA 94305-5110, USA.

The privilege of examining a patient is a skill of value beyond its diagnostic utility. A thorough physical examination is an important ritual that benefits patients and physicians. The concept of embodiment helps one understand how illness and pain further define and shape the lived experiences of individuals in the context of their race, gender, sexuality, and socioeconomic status. Read More

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Learning Empathy Through Virtual Reality: Multiple Strategies for Training Empathy-Related Abilities Using Body Ownership Illusions in Embodied Virtual Reality.

Front Robot AI 2018 22;5:26. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Laboratoire Adaptations Travail-Individu, Université Paris Descartes - Sorbonne Paris Cité, Institut de psychologie, Paris, France.

Several disciplines have investigated the interconnected empathic abilities behind the proverb "to walk a mile in someone else's shoes" to determine how the presence, and absence, of empathy-related phenomena affect prosocial behavior and intergroup relations. Empathy enables us to learn from others' pain and to know when to offer support. Similarly, virtual reality (VR) appears to allow individuals to step into someone else's shoes, through a perceptual illusion called embodiment, or the body ownership illusion. Read More

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Experience of Touch in Health Care: A Meta-Ethnography Across the Health Care Professions.

Qual Health Res 2018 Jan 11;28(2):200-212. Epub 2017 May 11.

2 Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Touch mediates health professionals' interactions with patients. Different professionals have reported their practices but what is currently lacking is a well-theorized, interprofessional synthesis. We systematically searched eight databases, identified 41 studies in seven professions-nursing (27), medicine (4), physiotherapy (5), osteopathy (1), counseling (2), psychotherapy (1), dentistry (1)-and completed a meta-ethnographic line-of-argument synthesis. Read More

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January 2018

Being Better Bodies.

Hastings Cent Rep 2017 Nov;47(6):46-47

Bioethics has an uneasy relationship with embodiment. Only with vigilance does knowledge of the body as it is lived counterbalance the momentous inertia of knowledge of the body as an object brought about by modern medical sciences. As a field tethered to detached, technical ways of knowing the world, bioethics must toil to treat the body as more than mere material and machine. Read More

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November 2017

"I am not a friend to men": Embodiment and desire in Magnus Hirschfeld's Transvestites case studies.

Authors:
Emma Heaney

J Lesbian Stud 2018 Apr 2;22(2):136-152. Epub 2017 Aug 2.

a William Paterson University.

This article reads sexological case studies of the fin-de siècle that contain accounts of trans women's lives in the period. It argues that these sources contradict the diagnostic criteria that doctors determine as the factors that define trans feminine identity in the period: desire for men, social isolation, and tortured bodily dissatisfaction. Chief among these contradictions is the prevalence of the expression of trans women's desire for women and easy participation in women's social and kinship networks. Read More

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Conceptual and Biofunctional Embodiment: A Long Story on the Transience of the Enduring Mind.

Front Psychol 2016 10;7:1990. Epub 2017 Jan 10.

Department of Psychology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham AL, USA.

We examine how embodiment in biological activity is different from conceptual embodiment as reflected in classic, modern, and postmodern perspectives on tacit knowledge. The central theme of the essay is how understanding is embodied conceptually and biofunctionally. We focus (a) on how biofunctional understanding (BU) is different from conceptual understanding (CU) and (b) on how the overall differences between these two types of embodied understanding are complementary. Read More

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January 2017

Use of low level laser therapy to control neuropathic pain: A systematic review.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2016 Nov 31;164:36-42. Epub 2016 Aug 31.

Physiotherapeutic Resources Laboratory, Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Neuropathic pain can be defined as pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction in the central or peripheral nervous system. The low level laser therapy (LLLT) has gained great prominence as a treatment in this type of pain; however, the application parameters are still controversial in the literature. This study aimed to review the literature on the use of LLLT in neuropathic pain with the goal of establishing a "therapeutic window" for the effective use of this treatment. Read More

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November 2016

Predicting Neural Activity Patterns Associated with Sentences Using a Neurobiologically Motivated Model of Semantic Representation.

Cereb Cortex 2017 09;27(9):4379-4395

Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, NY14627, USA.

We introduce an approach that predicts neural representations of word meanings contained in sentences then superposes these to predict neural representations of new sentences. A neurobiological semantic model based on sensory, motor, social, emotional, and cognitive attributes was used as a foundation to define semantic content. Previous studies have predominantly predicted neural patterns for isolated words, using models that lack neurobiological interpretation. Read More

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September 2017

When Sex and Power Collide: An Argument for Critical Sexuality Studies.

J Sex Res 2016 May-Jun;53(4-5):392-416. Epub 2016 Mar 30.

b Department of Psychology and Women's Studies , University of Michigan.

Attentive to the collision of sex and power, we add momentum to the ongoing development of the subfield of critical sexuality studies. We argue that this body of work is defined by its critical orientation toward the study of sexuality, along with a clear allegiance to critical modalities of thought, particularly feminist thought. Critical sexuality studies takes its cues from several other critical moments in related fields, including critical psychology, critical race theory, critical public health, and critical youth studies. Read More

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Eugenic World Building and Disability: The Strange World of Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go.

J Med Humanit 2017 Jun;38(2):133-145

Department of English, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.

A crucial challenge for critical disability studies is developing an argument for why disabled people should inhabit our democratic, shared public sphere. The ideological and material separation of citizens into worthy and unworthy based on physiological variations imagined as immutable differences is what I call eugenic world building. It is justified by the idea that social improvement and freedom of choice require eliminating devalued human traits in the interest of reducing human suffering, increasing life quality, and building a more desirable citizenry. Read More

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The Nature and Meaning of Body Concepts in Everyday Language and Theoretical Discourse.

J Psycholinguist Res 2016 Jun;45(3):653-70

Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, 311 Austin Peay Building, Knoxville, TN, 37996-4503, USA.

Within phenomenological philosophy four topics, (1) Body, (2) Time, (3) Others and the Social Order and (4) World serve as the major contexts in which human perception, action and reflection take place. At present only three of these domains have been studied from an empirical perspective, leaving Body as the one domain requiring further analysis. Given this state of affairs, the purpose of the present study is to determine the everyday and theoretical meanings of body. Read More

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Embodied and exbodied mind in clinical psychology. A proposal for a psycho-social interpretation of mental disorders.

Front Psychol 2015 3;6:236. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

Department of Human and Social Science, University of Bergamo , Bergamo, Italy ; Human Factors and Technology in Healthcare, University of Bergamo , Bergamo, Italy.

A brief theoretical review of the current state of the art of embodiment research in clinical psychology has been expounded in order to highlight the key role that embodied conceptualization has on the understanding and explanation of several mental disorders, such as eating disorders, schizophrenia and depression. Evidence has suggested that mental disorders may be explained as disturbances of embodiment, from the disembodiment to the hyperembodiment. In order to understand how some clinical conditions are affected by cultural models, we propose and define a new framework called Exbodiment, complementary to the Embodiment approach to cognition. Read More

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Embodiment of intersubjective time: relational dynamics as attractors in the temporal coordination of interpersonal behaviors and experiences.

Front Psychol 2014 31;5:1180. Epub 2014 Oct 31.

PErSEUs, Université de Lorraine Metz, France.

This paper addresses the issue of "being together," and more specifically the issue of "being together in time." We provide with an integrative framework that is inspired by phenomenology, the enactive approach and dynamical systems theories. To do so, we first define embodiment as a living and lived phenomenon that emerges from agent-world coupling. Read More

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November 2014

The Body of Evidence: What Can Neuroscience Tell Us about Embodied Semantics?

Front Psychol 2013 13;4:50. Epub 2013 Feb 13.

MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit Cambridge, UK.

Semantic knowledge is based on the way we perceive and interact with the world. However, the jury is still out on the question: to what degree are neuronal systems that subserve acquisition of semantic knowledge, such as sensory-motor networks, involved in its representation and processing? We will begin with a critical evaluation of the main behavioral and neuroimaging methods with respect to their capability to define the functional roles of specific brain areas. Any behavioral or neuroscientific measure is a conflation of representations and processes. Read More

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February 2013

Coming of age: a review of embodiment and the neuroscience of semantics.

Cortex 2012 Jul 18;48(7):788-804. Epub 2010 Nov 18.

Clinical Language Sciences Section, School of Psychology & Clinical Language Sciences, Harry Pitt Building, University of Reading, London, UK.

Over the last decade, there has been an increasing body of work that explores whether sensory and motor information is a necessary part of semantic representation and processing. This is the embodiment hypothesis. This paper presents a theoretical review of this work that is intended to be useful for researchers in the neurosciences and neuropsychology. Read More

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Metaplasticity and the human becoming: principles of neuroarchaeology.

J Anthropol Sci 2010 ;88:49-72

McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Downing Street, Cambridge, U.K.

Important recent developments in brain and cognitive sciences offer new avenues for productive cooperation between archaeology and neuroscience. Archaeologists can now learn more about the biological and neural substrates of the human cognitive abilities and use that knowledge to better define and identify their archaeologically visible traces and possible signatures. In addition, important questions and prevailing assumptions about the emergence of modern human cognition can be critically reviewed in the light of recent neuroscientific findings. Read More

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November 2010

Can psychiatric terminology be translated into legal regulation? The anorexia nervosa example.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2004 Oct;38(10):819-29

University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To explore the tension between the definition of mental illness in clinical psychiatry and its embodiment in legislation applied by tribunals reviewing decisions to treat.

Method: Severe anorexia nervosa is used as a case exemplar of the tension between the appropriate narrative to express the clinical imperative to treat and the law's focus on finer technical language which secures individual civil rights and liberties. Australian and international experience is reviewed. Read More

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October 2004

Corps de ballet: the case of the injured ballet dancer.

Sociol Health Illn 2003 May;25(4):269-88

Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge.

This paper contributes to debate on social constructionism in the sociology of health and illness through a study of injury among ballet dancers. In this empirical study of classical ballet dancers, we outline a phenomenology of the injured and ageing body in terms of a critical commentary on constructionism. We explore dancers' experiences of embodiment to illustrate our critique of recent interpretations of dance as a textual practice. Read More

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Toward a pluralistic animal science: postliberal feminist perspectives.

Authors:
K K Schillo

J Anim Sci 1998 Nov;76(11):2763-70

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40546-0215, USA.

Women have not had the authority to define the conditions of animal agriculture or to develop strategies for addressing its problems because the field of animal science has been and remains dominated by men. Therefore, criteria for assessing the professional performance of animal scientists reflect the views of men and the experiences of masculinity. Recent attempts to improve the retention rates of women in the animal science profession have focused on socializing female protégés to the norms and expectations of the discipline. Read More

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November 1998
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