Trends Cardiovasc Med 1996 Jan;6(1):10-5
Robert H. Anderson, Sandra Webb, and Nigel A. Brown are at the Department of Pediatrics, National Heart & Lung Institute, Royal Brompton Hospital, London SW3 6LY, United Kingdom.; the MRC Experimental Embryology, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom.; Teratology Unit, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom.
A detailed knowledge of the precise morphology of the congenitally malformed heart has never been more important. In fields as diverse as clinical genetic counseling, epidemiology, surgery, and development biology, a proper description of morphology is essential to understand the cause and prevention of cardiac malformations. There has been a tendency in the past to categorize malformed hearts on the basis of putative developmental faults that are deduced from abnormal morphology, for example "endocardial cushion" or "looping" defects. Read More