Antioxid Redox Signal 2007 May;9(5):603-8
Department of Biological Responses, Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
We show that 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)), an active metabolite of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), induces cytotoxicity via endoplasmic reticulum (ER)- and mitochondria-mediated pathways, and thioredoxin-1 (TRX-1), a redox-active protein, prevents MPTP-induced neurotoxicity. TRX-1 overexpression suppressed reactive oxygen species and the ATP decline caused by MPP(+) in HepG2 cells. MPP(+) activated caspase-12 in PC12 cells and induced cytotoxicity in HeLa-rho(0) cells lacking mitochondrial DNA, as well as in the parental HeLa-S3 cells. Read More