14,831 results match your criteria deciduous teeth

Pyogenic meningitis and trigeminal neuritis secondary to periodontogenic paranasal sinusitis in a red deer (Cervus elaphus).

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Okayama University of Science.

An adult female red deer died of a severe seizure and dysbasia. Postmortem computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed. On CT, deciduous right maxillary second and third premolar teeth were observed, and the right infraorbital canal was disrupted. Read More

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Mini-implant and Modified Nance Button Assisted Alignment of a Horizontally Impacted Maxillary Canine - A Case Report.

Turk J Orthod 2021 1;34(1):68-75. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedic, K.L.E. Society's Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Orthodontic alignment of a horizontally impacted canine placed high and deep in the maxilla represents a challenging clinical scenario. This article describes a case report of a 16-year-old postpubertal male patient who was concerned about an unesthetic smile. The clinical and radiographic investigations revealed that the patient had retained deciduous canines and bilaterally impacted maxillary canines. Read More

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GSK3β rephosphorylation rescues ALPL deficiency-induced impairment of odontoblastic differentiation of DPSCs.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2021 Apr 6;12(1):225. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Biodiagnosis and Biotherapy, Precision Medicine Institute, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No.157 Xiwu Road, Xi'an, 710004, China.

Background: Premature exfoliation of the deciduous teeth is a common manifestation in childhood patients with hypophosphatasia (HPP), which is an autosomal inherited disease caused by ALPL mutations. Dysplasia of the cementum, dentin, and alveolar bone has been proposed to be the main reasons for the exfoliation of teeth, while the extraordinarily complex intracellular mechanisms remain elusive. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have been demonstrated to successfully regenerate functional pulp-dentin-like tissue. Read More

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Exploring a Chemotactic Role for EVs from Progenitor Cell Populations of Human Exfoliated Deciduous Teeth for Promoting Migration of Naïve BMSCs in Bone Repair Process.

Stem Cells Int 2021 17;2021:6681771. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Oral and Biomedical Sciences, School of Dentistry, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Mobilization of naïve bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) is crucial to desired bone regeneration in both orthopedic and dental contexts. In such conditions, mesenchymal progenitor cell populations from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) present advantageous multipotent properties with easy accessibility which makes them a good candidate in both bone and periodontal tissue regeneration. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are a functional membranous structure which could participate in multiple cell interactions and imitate the biological functions of their parenting cells largely. Read More

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Microdont Developing Outside the Alveolar Process and Within Oral Diffuse and Plexiform Neurofibroma in Neurofibromatosis Type 1.

Anticancer Res 2021 Apr;41(4):2083-2092

Private Practice in Orthodontics, Hamburg-Lokstedt, Germany.

Background/aim: Numerical aberrations of permanent dentition and dystopic tooth eruption are part of the phenotype of the tumor predisposition syndrome neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). In these cases, surplus tooth germs usually develop in the alveolar processes of the jaw. This report attests to the dystopic development of a dysplastic supernumerary tooth in NF1 arising outside the jaw. Read More

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Observational Study Regarding the Relationship between Nutritional Status, Dental Caries, Mutans Streptococci, and Lactobacillus Bacterial Colonies.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 29;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Science and Technology George Emil Palade, 540139 Târgu-Mureș, Romania.

The prevalence of dental caries and obesity is high as both raise significant health problems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dental caries, the number of salivary colonies forming units of Mutans Streptococci (MS) and Lactobacillus (LB), and the nutritional status in a group of children from Transylvania. This observational study used a sample of 154 school children, aged 9 to 12 years. Read More

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Impact of Oral Health on the Quality of Life of Preschoolers and Their Families.

Glob Pediatr Health 2021 18;8:2333794X21999145. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Postgraduate program in Dentistry, Federal Fluminense University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate how the oral hygiene condition can influence the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of preschoolers and their families. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 446 children aged 2 to 6 years from public schools located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The groups were dichotomized: regular/poor oral hygiene condition (RPOH) or good oral hygiene condition (GOH). Read More

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Negligible therapeutic impact, false-positives, overdiagnosis and lead-time are the reasons why radiographs bring more harm than benefits in the caries diagnosis of preschool children.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 31;21(1):168. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Av. Lineu Prestes, 2227, São Paulo, SP, 05508-000, Brazil.

Background: To evaluate the clinical course and interventions required during two years of follow-up of dental surfaces of deciduous molars diagnosed, and consequently treated, by two different strategies: diagnosis made by clinical examination alone or associated with radiographs.

Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a two-arm randomized clinical trial with parallel groups related to the diagnostic strategy for caries detection in preschool children. 216 children (3-6 years old) were followed-up for two years. Read More

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Impact of non-restorative cavity control on proximal carious lesions of anterior primary teeth on the tooth survival and patient-centered outcomes (CEPECO 2): study protocol for a non-inferiority randomized clinical trial.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 31;21(1):167. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Graduate Program in Dentistry, Ibirapuera University, Av. Interlagos 1329, São Paulo, SP, 04661-100, Brazil.

Background: Studies have questioned the necessity of restoring cavitated carious lesion on primary teeth, once the control of biofilm is the most important factor to arrest these lesions. This randomized clinical trial aimed to compare the survival of teeth treated with a non-restorative cavity control (NRCC) compared to resin composite restorations (RCR) on proximal carious lesion in anterior primary teeth, as well as the impact of these treatments on patient-centered outcomes.

Methods: A randomized clinical trial with two parallels arms (1:1) will be conducted. Read More

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The effect of fibroblast growth factor 7 on human dental pulp stem cells for differentiation to AQP5-positive and αSMA-positive cells in vitro and in vivo.

Clin Exp Dent Res 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Pathology, Tokyo Dental College, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: Transplantation of stem cells into wounds has become popular in regeneration therapies. As stem cells for transplantation, human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are known to be pluripotent cells that are relatively easy to collect from the pulp of deciduous or wisdom teeth. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether hDPSCs treated with fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7) would contribute to the regeneration of wounded rat submandibular glands (SMGs). Read More

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Salivary microbial community alterations due to probiotic yogurt in preschool children with healthy deciduous teeth.

Arch Microbiol 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

The Affiliated Hospital of Stomatology, School of Stomatology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, and Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedical Research of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, 310006, Zhejiang, China.

Probiotics are considered valuable to human health since they improve intestinal microbial balance. Probiotics are orally taken and affect the oral microbiota, which is one of the most important parts of the human microbial community. However, there is little information on the effects of probiotics on the oral microbiota. Read More

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Oral health among HIV-positive and HIV-negative children in Phnom Penh, Cambodia: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Paediatr Open 2021 11;5(1):e000992. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Health Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: HIV-positive children are at high risk for oral mucosal disorders. Additionally, their low immune status is associated with dental caries. However, little is known about how their dental caries and related risk factors, such as salivary flow, salivary pH level and oral health-related quality of life, differ from those of HIV-negative children. Read More

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Associations of metals and neurodevelopment: a review of recent evidence on susceptibility factors.

Curr Epidemiol Rep 2020 Dec 30;7(4):237-262. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Epidemiologic evidence exists that many metals are associated with adverse neurobehavioral effects in young children, including lead (Pb), methylmercury (meHg), manganese (Mn) and arsenic (As). Importantly, chemical insult can vary depending on host factors and exposure circumstance. This systematic review summarizes the recent literature investigating modifying factors of the associations between metals and neurodevelopment, including immutable traits (sex or genetics) or exposure conditions (timing or co-exposures). Read More

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December 2020

Do composite restorations in primary molar teeth have a higher survival rate following total or selective caries removal?

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):38-39

Newcastle upon Tyne Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; Senior Lecturer/Honorary Consultant in Paediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Study design A double-blind randomised clinical trial, conducted between June 2009 and June 2011, in a paediatric dental department in a Brazilian dental school.Study selection Children aged 3-8 years, in good general health, with deep carious lesions (caries radiographically located in the inner quarter of dentine) affecting either one or two surfaces in primary molars were eligible for inclusion. Teeth were excluded if clinical or radiographic evidence of pulpal inflammation or necrosis or clinical mobility were observed. Read More

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January 2021

What is the best caries removal strategy for primary molars?

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):20-21

Dean, Professor/Honorary Consultant in Paediatric Dentistry, School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, Claremont Crescent, Sheffield, S10 2TA, UK.

Aim This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to compare the efficacy of different caries removal techniques: complete caries removal (CCR), selective caries removal (SCR) and stepwise caries removal (SWR) for deep carious lesions in vital primary teeth.Data sources The design of this review followed the PRISMA guidance ( http://www.prisma-statement. Read More

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January 2021

Are different pulp treatment techniques and associated medicaments effective for the treatment of extensive decay in primary teeth?

Paula Waterhouse

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):12-13

Clinical Senior Lecturer in Child Dental Health and Honorary Consultant in Paediatric Dentistry, The School of Dental Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Newcastle Dental Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Data sources Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register and Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline Ovid, Embase Ovid, Web of Science, Open Grey, US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register and World Health Organisation International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. There were no restrictions on language or publication dates.Study selection Two reviewers selected randomised clinical trials (RCTs) comparing different pulp interventions in extensively decayed primary teeth, which combined a pulp treatment technique and a medicament. Read More

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January 2021

Dental caries in association with viral load in children living with HIV in Phnom Penh, Cambodia: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 25;21(1):159. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

KHANA Center for Population Health Research, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Background: Oral health status is associated with the overall health among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, it is unclear whether dental caries is associated with the viral load in this population. Particularly, dental caries among children living with HIV needs better understanding as this can affect their overall health and future well-being. Read More

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Is lentulospiral the best option for root canal filling of endodontically treated primary teeth? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

School of Dentistry, Post-Graduate Program in Pediatric Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande Do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Purpose: To evaluate the quality of root canal filling of primary teeth using lentulospiral in comparison with other instruments.

Methods: Electronic databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, TRIP, LILACS, and CENTRAL Cochrane) were searched up to Jan 2021. Clinical trials that compared the quality of root canal filling of endodontically treated primary teeth using lentulospiral with other instruments were included. Read More

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Gene expression patterns associated with dental replacement in the rabbit, a new model for the mammalian dental replacement mechanisms.

Dev Dyn 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Institut de Génomique Fonctionnelle de Lyon, Université de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5242, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Lyon, France.

Background: Unlike many vertebrates with continuous dental replacement, mammals have a maximum of two dental generations. Due to the absence of dental replacement in the laboratory mouse, the mechanisms of the mammalian tooth replacement system are poorly known. In this study, we use the European rabbit as a model for mammalian tooth development and replacement. Read More

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Chronic paronychia in cats with patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome.

J Feline Med Surg 2021 Mar 24:1098612X21998612. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Langford Small Animal Hospital, Langford House, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Case Series Summary: The aim of this case series was to describe the clinical features and treatment of paronychia in cats diagnosed with patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome (PADS). Clinical records, photographs, microbiology, cytology and histopathology reports were collected, and follow-up was obtained. Five cats with paronychia were included. Read More

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[Is needleless anaesthesia effective?]

J K M Aps

Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd 2021 Mar;128(3):139-144

Needle phobia is an important reason to postpone a dental appointment.Needleless anaesthesia exists, but is it as effective as the conventionalmethods of dental anaesthesia? A literature review showed conclusionsto differ regarding the use of so-called jet injectors, which force a smallquantity of anaesthetic liquid through the mucosa under high pressure.According to some researchers, this technique works sufficiently wellin the deciduous dentition; this has, however, not been confirmed inall studies, nor is effectiveness guaranteed. Read More

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VEGFR1 primes a unique cohort of dental pulp stem cells for vasculogenic differentiation.

Eur Cell Mater 2021 Mar 16;41:332-344. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Cariology, Restorative Sciences and Endodontics, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, 1011 N. University Rm. G049, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1078,

Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) constitute a unique group of cells endowed with multipotency, self-renewal, and capacity to regenerate the dental pulp tissue. While much has been learned about these cells in recent years, it is still unclear if each DPSC is multipotent or if unique sub-populations of DPSCs are "primed" to undergo specific differentiation paths. The purpose of the present study was to define whether a sub-population of DPSCs was uniquely primed to undergo vasculogenic differentiation. Read More

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Evaluation of success of stainless steel crowns placed using the hall technique in children with high caries risk: A randomized clinical trial.

A Kaptan E Korkmaz

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Mar;24(3):425-434

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Sivas Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.

Objective: This study aimed to compare the clinical efficacy and survival rates of the hall technique (HT), and conventional restoration (CR) for the management of occlusoproximal carious lesions in primary molars.

Materials And Methods: This clinical study observed 35 children (aged 4-8 years). Exclusion criteria included symptoms of pulpal or periradicular pathology or systemic conditions requiring special dental considerations. Read More

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Prospective longitudinal study of early childhood caries and developmental defects of enamel on permanent successors in children in the Czech Republic.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2021 ;22(1):41-46

Institute of Dentistry and Oral Sciences, Palacký University in Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Aim: This study investigates the influence of early childhood caries (ECC) on the occurence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) on permanent teeth.

Methods: Study design: This prospective original study was conducted to monitor the relationship between ECC in primary dentition and DDE as their consequences on permanent successors. One hundred and forty children were recruited and included in the study group with diagnosed ECC (ECCG) (N=60) or the control group (CG) (N=80). Read More

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Diagnosis and treatment of dens invaginatus with open apex in a young adult patient by using cone-beam computed tomography and operative microscope.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2021 ;22(1):15-18

Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Background: Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly that can affect both deciduous and permanent dentition. The anomaly is caused by the invagination of the enamel organ into the dental papilla prior to the calcification of the dental tissues. The treatment option changes according to the classification, from the simple filling of the invaginated enamel area to root canal treatment with or without retrograde surgery, intentional re-implantation, or the extraction of the affected tooth. Read More

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Congenital and acquired defects in enamel of primary teeth: prevalence, severity and risk factors in Brazilian children.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Morphology, Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Araraquara School of Dentistry, UNESP, São Paulo State University, Rua Humaitá, 1680, Araraquara, SP, 14801-903, Brasil.

Objective: This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence of tooth enamel defects and risk factors associated in primary dentition.

Methods: A sample of 656 schoolchildren (population based), aged 4 years old, from Araraquara-SP (Brazil) was evaluated by two trained examiners according to the following indexes: Dental fluorosis (DF), deciduous molar hypomineralization (DMH), non-fluoride related developmental defects of enamel (DDE), tooth erosion and tooth attrition. Structured questionnaires identified socioeconomic condition, medical/dental history, behavior and dietary habits. Read More

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Assessment of the DNA Damage Response in Dental Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Following Low Dose X-ray Exposure.

Front Public Health 2021 15;9:584484. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Institute for Environment, Health and Safety, Radiobiology Unit, Mol, Belgium.

Stem cells contained within the dental mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) population are crucial for tissue homeostasis. Assuring their genomic stability is therefore essential. Exposure of stem cells to ionizing radiation (IR) is potentially detrimental for normal tissue homeostasis. Read More

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February 2021

Postoperative Bleeding Complications after Stainless Steel Crown Placement: A Case Series.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021 Jan;45(1):12-14

Stainless steel crown (SSC) placement is a common pediatric restorative treatment, generally completed with minimal complications. Discussed in this case series are two patients who presented to the emergency department (ED) with moderate oral bleeding persisting more than 12 hours after oral rehabilitation under general anesthesia. Bleeding incidence after pediatric oral rehabilitation has been found to range from 20% to 40%, with most being considered mild and significantly associated with extractions. Read More

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January 2021

Success of Biodentine and Ferric Sulfate as Pulpotomy Materials in Primary Molars: A Retrospective Study.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021 Jan;45(1):22-28

Objective: To determine the clinical and radiographic success of Biodentine® (BD) and Ferric Sulfate (FS) as primary molar pulpotomy materials and to compare their outcomes.

Study Design: Retrospective data was obtained from the electronic health records (EHR) of a university-based pediatric dental clinic. Participants were enrolled according to specified inclusion and exclusion criteria. Read More

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January 2021

A Cost Analysis of an Outreach School-Based Dental Program: Teeth on Wheels.

Children (Basel) 2021 Feb 18;8(2). Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Deakin Health Economics, Institute of Health Transformation, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Waurn Ponds, VIC 3216, Australia.

Background: This study evaluated an outreach mobile dental service called Teeth on Wheels (TOW). The dental program targeted Australian children from low household income, who are eligible for the Child Dental Benefits Scheme (CDBS) in Victoria, Australia. The program is complemented with a school-based oral health promotion element. Read More

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February 2021