4,200 results match your criteria deciduous caries

Clinical and Antimicrobial Evaluation of Desf. Dental Varnish in Children: A Clinical Study.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 25;2021:6647849. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical and microbiological efficacies of () dental varnish in children at high risk of dental caries..

Methods: This is a longitudinal, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Read More

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Observational Study Regarding the Relationship between Nutritional Status, Dental Caries, Mutans Streptococci, and Lactobacillus Bacterial Colonies.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 29;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Science and Technology George Emil Palade, 540139 Târgu-Mureș, Romania.

The prevalence of dental caries and obesity is high as both raise significant health problems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dental caries, the number of salivary colonies forming units of Mutans Streptococci (MS) and Lactobacillus (LB), and the nutritional status in a group of children from Transylvania. This observational study used a sample of 154 school children, aged 9 to 12 years. Read More

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Negligible therapeutic impact, false-positives, overdiagnosis and lead-time are the reasons why radiographs bring more harm than benefits in the caries diagnosis of preschool children.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 31;21(1):168. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Av. Lineu Prestes, 2227, São Paulo, SP, 05508-000, Brazil.

Background: To evaluate the clinical course and interventions required during two years of follow-up of dental surfaces of deciduous molars diagnosed, and consequently treated, by two different strategies: diagnosis made by clinical examination alone or associated with radiographs.

Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a two-arm randomized clinical trial with parallel groups related to the diagnostic strategy for caries detection in preschool children. 216 children (3-6 years old) were followed-up for two years. Read More

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Impact of non-restorative cavity control on proximal carious lesions of anterior primary teeth on the tooth survival and patient-centered outcomes (CEPECO 2): study protocol for a non-inferiority randomized clinical trial.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 31;21(1):167. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Graduate Program in Dentistry, Ibirapuera University, Av. Interlagos 1329, São Paulo, SP, 04661-100, Brazil.

Background: Studies have questioned the necessity of restoring cavitated carious lesion on primary teeth, once the control of biofilm is the most important factor to arrest these lesions. This randomized clinical trial aimed to compare the survival of teeth treated with a non-restorative cavity control (NRCC) compared to resin composite restorations (RCR) on proximal carious lesion in anterior primary teeth, as well as the impact of these treatments on patient-centered outcomes.

Methods: A randomized clinical trial with two parallels arms (1:1) will be conducted. Read More

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Salivary microbial community alterations due to probiotic yogurt in preschool children with healthy deciduous teeth.

Arch Microbiol 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

The Affiliated Hospital of Stomatology, School of Stomatology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, and Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedical Research of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, 310006, Zhejiang, China.

Probiotics are considered valuable to human health since they improve intestinal microbial balance. Probiotics are orally taken and affect the oral microbiota, which is one of the most important parts of the human microbial community. However, there is little information on the effects of probiotics on the oral microbiota. Read More

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Oral health among HIV-positive and HIV-negative children in Phnom Penh, Cambodia: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Paediatr Open 2021 11;5(1):e000992. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Health Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: HIV-positive children are at high risk for oral mucosal disorders. Additionally, their low immune status is associated with dental caries. However, little is known about how their dental caries and related risk factors, such as salivary flow, salivary pH level and oral health-related quality of life, differ from those of HIV-negative children. Read More

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Do composite restorations in primary molar teeth have a higher survival rate following total or selective caries removal?

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):38-39

Newcastle upon Tyne Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; Senior Lecturer/Honorary Consultant in Paediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Study design A double-blind randomised clinical trial, conducted between June 2009 and June 2011, in a paediatric dental department in a Brazilian dental school.Study selection Children aged 3-8 years, in good general health, with deep carious lesions (caries radiographically located in the inner quarter of dentine) affecting either one or two surfaces in primary molars were eligible for inclusion. Teeth were excluded if clinical or radiographic evidence of pulpal inflammation or necrosis or clinical mobility were observed. Read More

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January 2021

What is the best caries removal strategy for primary molars?

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):20-21

Dean, Professor/Honorary Consultant in Paediatric Dentistry, School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, Claremont Crescent, Sheffield, S10 2TA, UK.

Aim This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to compare the efficacy of different caries removal techniques: complete caries removal (CCR), selective caries removal (SCR) and stepwise caries removal (SWR) for deep carious lesions in vital primary teeth.Data sources The design of this review followed the PRISMA guidance ( http://www.prisma-statement. Read More

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January 2021

Are different pulp treatment techniques and associated medicaments effective for the treatment of extensive decay in primary teeth?

Paula Waterhouse

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):12-13

Clinical Senior Lecturer in Child Dental Health and Honorary Consultant in Paediatric Dentistry, The School of Dental Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Newcastle Dental Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Data sources Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register and Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline Ovid, Embase Ovid, Web of Science, Open Grey, US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register and World Health Organisation International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. There were no restrictions on language or publication dates.Study selection Two reviewers selected randomised clinical trials (RCTs) comparing different pulp interventions in extensively decayed primary teeth, which combined a pulp treatment technique and a medicament. Read More

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January 2021

Dental caries in association with viral load in children living with HIV in Phnom Penh, Cambodia: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 25;21(1):159. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

KHANA Center for Population Health Research, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Background: Oral health status is associated with the overall health among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, it is unclear whether dental caries is associated with the viral load in this population. Particularly, dental caries among children living with HIV needs better understanding as this can affect their overall health and future well-being. Read More

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Evaluation of success of stainless steel crowns placed using the hall technique in children with high caries risk: A randomized clinical trial.

A Kaptan E Korkmaz

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Mar;24(3):425-434

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Sivas Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.

Objective: This study aimed to compare the clinical efficacy and survival rates of the hall technique (HT), and conventional restoration (CR) for the management of occlusoproximal carious lesions in primary molars.

Materials And Methods: This clinical study observed 35 children (aged 4-8 years). Exclusion criteria included symptoms of pulpal or periradicular pathology or systemic conditions requiring special dental considerations. Read More

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Prospective longitudinal study of early childhood caries and developmental defects of enamel on permanent successors in children in the Czech Republic.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2021 ;22(1):41-46

Institute of Dentistry and Oral Sciences, Palacký University in Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Aim: This study investigates the influence of early childhood caries (ECC) on the occurence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) on permanent teeth.

Methods: Study design: This prospective original study was conducted to monitor the relationship between ECC in primary dentition and DDE as their consequences on permanent successors. One hundred and forty children were recruited and included in the study group with diagnosed ECC (ECCG) (N=60) or the control group (CG) (N=80). Read More

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Congenital and acquired defects in enamel of primary teeth: prevalence, severity and risk factors in Brazilian children.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Morphology, Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Araraquara School of Dentistry, UNESP, São Paulo State University, Rua Humaitá, 1680, Araraquara, SP, 14801-903, Brasil.

Objective: This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence of tooth enamel defects and risk factors associated in primary dentition.

Methods: A sample of 656 schoolchildren (population based), aged 4 years old, from Araraquara-SP (Brazil) was evaluated by two trained examiners according to the following indexes: Dental fluorosis (DF), deciduous molar hypomineralization (DMH), non-fluoride related developmental defects of enamel (DDE), tooth erosion and tooth attrition. Structured questionnaires identified socioeconomic condition, medical/dental history, behavior and dietary habits. Read More

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Presence of Interproximal Carious Lesions in Primary Molars.

Pediatr Dent 2021 Jan;43(1):28-33

Dr. Anthonappa is an associate professor, Paediatric Dentistry, Dental School, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

The purposes of this study were to determine the presence of interproximal carious lesions in the primary molars and assess the risk to adjacent and contralateral surfaces when caries is detected in one quadrant. Clinical records of high caries-risk children, including bitewing radiographs, were assessed for interproximal caries and the extent of marginal ridge breakdown. The carious lesions were scored radiographically by two calibrated examiners with excellent inter- and intraexaminer reliability. Read More

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January 2021

Preferential Use of Stainless Steel Crowns as a Strategy to Minimize Retreatment of Primary Molars under General Anesthesia.

Pediatr Dent 2021 Jan;43(1):24-27

Dr. Cully is an assistant professor, Cincinnati, Ohio;, Email:

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether primary molars treated with composite resins (CRs) and stainless steel crowns (SSCs) during an oral rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA1) required retreatment at a second oral rehabilitation under GA (GA2). Records were examined from 296 healthy patients with more than one dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia from June 2012 to January 2019. Data included treatment details and demographic information. Read More

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January 2021

Casein Phosphopeptide Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Fluoride Varnish in Remineralization of Early Carious Lesions in Primary Dentition: Randomized Clinical Trial.

Pediatr Dent 2021 Jan;43(1):17-23

Dr. Talaat is an associate professor of Pediatric Dentistry, Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt;, Email:

Casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate fluoride varnish (commercially available as MI Varnish) is a promising minimally invasive remineralizing agent. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of intensive application of MI and sodium fluoride (commercially available as Duraphat Varnish) varnishes on white spot lesion remineralization. This randomized controlled clinical trial included a sample of 44 healthy three- to five-year-old children with at least four active white spot lesions on their anterior primary teeth. Read More

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January 2021

Effect of Parental Employment and Family Status (Nuclear-Joint) on the Child's Oral Health in Jammu Population: A Cross-sectional Study.

Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020 Sep-Oct;13(5):504-507

Department of Dentistry, Govt Hospital Sarwal, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

This study was conducted to assess or evaluate the influence of parental employment on the child's oral and dental health.

Aims And Objectives: This study aims to assess the repercussions of working parents in Jammu belonging to nuclear and joint families on the oral and dental health of children aged 2-14.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which a total of 1,848 children were examined from March 01, 2012, to February 28, 2014, who came to seek treatment in the Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Indira Gandhi Govt. Read More

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February 2021

Interproximal contact areas of primary molars based on OXIS classification - a two centre cross sectional study.

Wellcome Open Res 2020 3;5:285. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Division of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry,, Goa Dental College, Goa, 403202, India.

Contact areas in primary teeth are known to be broader, flatter and situated farther gingivally than permanent teeth. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of OXIS contact areas between primary molars using die models of children from two different ethnic populations. The research question of the present study is "What is the prevalence OXIS contact areas of primary molars in the populations studied?". Read More

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February 2021

Dental, Occlusal, and Craniofacial Features of Children With Microcephaly Due to Congenital Zika Infection: 3 Cases Report From Valle del Cauca, Cali-Colombia-2020.

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2021 Feb 10:1055665621990978. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Dentistry School, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia.

Objective: Describes dental, occlusal, and craniofacial characteristics of 3 children aged 3 to 4 years with microcephaly due to congenital Zika infection in Cali Valle del Cauca, 2020.

Design: Three children case report with congenital Zika virus microcephaly.

Setting: Institutional. Read More

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February 2021

Antimicrobial effects of silver diamine fluoride: An in vivo study.

Am J Dent 2021 02;34(1):49-53

Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Science, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil.

Purpose: To compare the antimicrobial effect of treating dentin caries lesions with silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in different concentrations and chlorhexidine (CHX).

Methods: Children aged 7-10 years presenting one occlusal dentin carious lesion in primary molars were selected, totaling 40 teeth. The sample was randomly divided into four groups: (G1) 38%-SDF + potassium iodide (KI); (G2) 30%-SDF; (G3) 2%-CHX; and (G4) control group. Read More

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February 2021

A Longitudinal Study on the Relationship of Oral Health at 4 Years of Age with That in Adulthood.

Dent J (Basel) 2021 Feb 1;9(2). Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Division of Clinical Chemistry, Niigata University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Niigata 951-8518, Japan.

This longitudinal study aimed to clarify the relationship of oral health in infancy with that in adulthood among participants who were the subjects of the oral health promotion project (OHPP) conducted in Miyako Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, since 1984. Twenty-seven subjects, around 35 years of age, were examined for dental caries, periodontal diseases (community periodontal index), dental plaque, occlusion, and bite-force and compared with those at 4 and 13-15 years of age. The dental caries status and maximum bite force in adulthood was significantly reflected for those at 4 and 13-15 years of age ( < 0. Read More

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February 2021

Carious lesions in permanent dentitions are reduced in remote Indigenous Australian children taking part in a non-randomised preventive trial.

PLoS One 2021 28;16(1):e0244927. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

School of Dentistry & Oral Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

We tested the effect of an annual caries preventive intervention, delivered by a fly-in/fly-out oral health professional team, with Indigenous children residing in a remote Australian community. Around 600 Indigenous children aged 5 to 17 years were invited to participate at baseline, of who 408 had caregiver consent. One hundred and ninety-six consented to the epidemiological examination and intervention (Intervention group) and 212 consented to the epidemiological examination only (Comparison group). Read More

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January 2021

Success rates of coronal and partial pulpotomies in mature permanent molars: a systematic review and single-arm meta-analysis.

Quintessence Int 2021 ;0(0)

Objectives: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of coronal and partial pulpotomies in mature permanent molars with cariously exposed vital pulp. Method and materials: The protocol of the current review was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD 42020190785). Articles published between January 1980 and June 2020 were searched in eight different online databases and six textbooks according to PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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January 2021

Comparison of oral microbiome profiles in 18-month-old infants and their parents.

Sci Rep 2021 Jan 13;11(1):861. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

The Lion Foundation for Dental Health, 1-3-7, Honjo, Sumida-ku, Tokyo, 130-8644, Japan.

The onset and progress of dental caries and periodontal disease is associated with the oral microbiome. Therefore, it is important to understand the factors that influence oral microbiome formation. One of the factors that influence oral microbiome formation is the transmission of oral bacteria from parents. Read More

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January 2021

Generalised hypomineralisation of enamel in oculodentodigital dysplasia: comprehensive dental management of a case.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jan 11;14(1). Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Discipline of Paediatric Dentistry, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is a rare congenital disorder characterised by developmental abnormalities of the eye, dentition and digits of the hands and feet, with neurological symptoms reported in 30% of individuals. Dental anomalies associated with ODDD include enamel hypoplasia and subsequent caries, microdontia, missing teeth, amelogenesis imperfecta, pulp stones and delayed tooth development. Here, we describe the comprehensive dental management of a 3-year-old girl who presented with rapid deterioration of the primary dentition due to generalised enamel hypomineralisation. Read More

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January 2021

Cariogenic Biofilms and Caries from Birth to Old Age.

Monogr Oral Sci 2021 21;29:53-64. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Research Department, University Center for Dental Medicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Caries is a complex microbial disease characterized by a multifactorial etiology. The disease is driven by cariogenic microbiota that metabolize dietary carbohydrates into acids, creating prolonged periods of low pH on the biofilm surrounding the teeth, which will result in loss of calcium from the teeth leading to carious lesions. Caries remains a major public health problem globally, ranking first for the decay of permanent teeth (2. Read More

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January 2021

Oral health status of children and young adults with maple syrup urine disease in Turkey.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Jan 6;21(1). Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Section of Pediatric Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inherited disorder clinically characterized by ketoacidosis, seizures, coma, psychomotor delay, and intellectual disability. The treatment requires a life-long protein-restricted diet, rich in carbohydrates and fats, supplemented with a medical amino acid formula. Diet, oral health and general health influence each other in a vicious cycle. Read More

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January 2021

Clinical, microbiological, and radiographic evaluation of sealed carious dentin after minimal intervention in primary molars.

J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2020 Oct-Dec;38(4):400-406

Department of Microbiology, ESIC Dental College, Rohini, New Delhi, India.

Background: In continuation with the ultraconservative minimal intervention approach for carious lesions treatment, lesion sterilization and tissue repair (LSTR) is a novel concept of using antibacterial drugs to disinfect dentinal, pulpal, and periapical lesions.

Aims: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical, radiographic, and microbiologic success rate of indirect pulp treatment (IPT) using a new technique minimal excavation and LSTR with triple antibiotic paste (TAP), for primary molars.

Settings And Design: This was randomized controlled trial design. Read More

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January 2021

Blood Gas Tension and Acidity Level of Caries Exposed Vital Pulps in Primary Molars.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020 Dec;44(6):418-422

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine if gas tension and acidity levels could serve as biomarkers of pulp inflammatory status in primary dentition.

Study Design: The present study evaluated acidity level and blood partial pressures of O2 and CO2 collected from vital pulp chambers of 84 primary molars with deep carious lesions encroaching the pulp. Teeth were treated with pulpotomy or pulpectomy based on clinical judgement. Read More

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December 2020

Malnutrition and Its Association with Dental Caries in the Primary and Permanent Dentition: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Pediatr Dent 2020 Nov;42(6):418-426

Dr. Purohit is an assistant professor, Division of Public Health Dentistry, Centre for Dental Education and Research, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, a WHO Collaborating Centre for Oral Health Promotion, New Delhi, India.

This study evaluated the evidence for associations between malnutrition and dental caries among children and adolescents in primary and permanent dentition. A search was conducted in Medline, Cochrane, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science databases for studies comparing malnourishment and dental caries among children and adolescents. PRISMA guidelines were followed for the meta-analysis. Read More

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November 2020